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Sir Henry Clinton to secure the submission of South Caro-

lina.He sails for New-York...Lord Cornwallis succeeds

to the command...Manifestations of revolt against the

Royal Authorities in South Carolina... The Baron de Kalb

and Major General Gates arrive in North Carolina... Two

battalions of militia leave the enemy, and rejoin the Ame-

rican standard.General Gates advances towards Cambden...

Skirmish of Brigadier General Sumpter...Gates and Corn-

wallis meet between Clermont and Cambden...Battle and

defeat of Gates...Losses of the American army... Surprise

and discomfiture of General Sumpter..Retreat of the rem-

nant of the American army to Salisbury and Hillsborough...

Their wretched condition.

296

CHAP. xiv. Events of 1780 continued... Proceedings of Con-

gress, their reply to the communications of the French mi-

nister...Second communication of the French Minister...

Congress resolve to issue a new species of paper bills...

They fix the value of loan certificates...Situation of the

American army at Morristown... Their distresses relieved

by the people of Jersey...Severity of the winter.—Lord

Stirling makes an unsuccessful attempt on Staten Island...

Mutiny in the American army...Expedition of the royal

army into Jersey...Destruction committed at Connecticut

Farms...Murder of Mrs. Caldwell... The enemy move to-

wards Springfield—but retire to Elizabeth Town without

an attack...Sir Henry Clinton arrives from Charleston,

sends over reinforcements, and the army a second time

move upon Springfield, which they destroy...Brave conduct

of the American troops...The enemy evacuate New Jersey,

and return to Staten Island...Arrival of the Count De Ro-

chambeau, and a French fleet at Newport...Joy of the citi-

zens... Washington orders the white and black cockade to

be united... Admiral Graves arrives at New-York with re-

inforcements to the fleet and army... The enemy project

an attack against Rhode Island...General Wayne is de-

tached to Bergen Neck... Washington's situation at Orange-

town...his letters to Governour Reed... Treachery of Ar-

nold...Capture, trial and execution of Major Andre, a

British spy...Arnold arrives at New.York, and receives the

reward of his treachery.. Makes an insolent address to the

VOL. II.

PAOLT
Americans...

Resolution of Congress in favour of the three

New-York militia men... Proposition of Washington for a

change of prisoners... Congress resolve to erect a monu-

ment to the memory of the Baron de Kalb... Sir Henry

Clinton sends reinforcements to the south...Congress or-

der a Court Martial on General Gates...General Greene

appointed to the command of the south...Death of the Che-

valier de Ternay.

327

CHAP. xv. Events of 1780 continued...Sanguinary conduct of

Lord Cornwallis...State of Gates's army...Colonel Mor-

gan arrives at Hillsborough... The British army move from

Cambden...Colonel Davie defeats a foraging party of the

enemy...Destruction of Wahab's house...Unsuccessful at-

tempt of Colonel Clarke against Augusta... Battle of King's

Mountain, and defeat of Ferguson...Cornwallis retreats to-

wards Cambden... General Sumpter forces Tarleton to re-

treat from Blackstock Hill... The American army move

from Hillsborough...General Greene arrives to take com-

mand of the southern army... General Gates is kindly re-

ceived by the Virginia legislature, and retires to his farm...

Colonel Washington with his cavalry effects the surrender

of a garrison at Rudgely's Farm by stratagem...General

Greene takes a position on the Pedee...Morgan advances

to the Pacolet and Broad Rivers...Leslie arrives at Charles-

ton with reinforcements for Cornwallis, and marches to

Cambden... Half pay for life voted by Congress to their offi-

cers...Major Lee promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Co-

lonel...is ordered to the south... The Baron de Steuben or-

dered to Virginia...Massachusetts establishes an Academy

of Arts and Sciences...Pennsylvania abolishes slavery...

The torture abolished in France... The inquisition abolish-

ed by the Duke of Modena,

359

CHAP. XV). Events of 1781...Movements of the army in the

South...Lieutenant Colonel Lee joins the army with his

legion...Lee and Marion surprise the British post of

Georgetown...Cornwallis advances from Cambden...Battle

of the Cowpens, and defeat of Tarleton...

Morgan retreats

to the Catawba... Is there joined by General Greene...Corn-

wallis is prevented from crossing by the sudden rise of the

river...General Davidson opposing his passage, is killed.

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Tarleton disperses the militia at Terrants...Greene retreats

to Guilford Court-House, crosses the Yadkin, and is

again saved by the gwelling of the river...Greene and Hu-

ger form a junction at Guilford-Court-House... They re-

treat to Virginia across the Dan...Skirmish between Lee's

and Tarleton's horse...Cornwallis moves to Hillsborough...

Greene recrosses the Dan and advances towards the Bri-

tish...Lee disperses a large party of loyalists under Colo-

nel Pyle..His attempts to bring Tarleton to action fail...

The latter retreats to Hillsborough...Cornwallis again

moves in pursuit of Greene, forces Colonel Williams to

retreat...Manæuvres of Lee and his legion... General Greene

retires across the Haw, and Cornwallis relinquishes the

pursuit...Greene receives a reinforcement...Moves to Guil-

ford Court-House...Battle of Guilford...Defeat of Gene-

ral Greene...Cornwallis retires to Wilmington...Greene

pursues him as far as Ramsay's mill, where he encamps his

army.

373

CHAP. XVII. Events of 1781 continued...Revolt of the Pennsyl-

vania troops at Morristown...Sir Henry Clinton attempts to

take advantage of the discontents...His agents are deliver-

ed up by the mutineers at Princeton...A committee of Con-

gress meet them at Trenton, and adjust their claims... The

New Jersey line revolt, are reduced to obedience, and their

ringleaders executed... Views of Washington with regard to

the state of the country..Arnold's expedition to Virginia,

He destroys the stores at Richmond, Smithfield, and else-

where, and establishes himself at Portsmouth...Washington

calls upon the French commanders to cooperate with him

in an expedition against Arnold... The Marquis de la Faya

ette sent with a detachment to Annapolis..Engagement of

the French and English squadrons off Cape Henry.Admi:

ral D’Estouches retires to Newport... The Marquis de la

Fayette recalled from Annapolis, and ordered to Virgi-

nia..Major General Phillips is sent with a strong detach-

ment to reinforce the British army at Portsmouth, and takes

the command... His marauding excursions up the James Ri-

ver... The Marquis de la Fayette arrives at Richmond, and

is joined by the militia under Baron Steuben...General

Phillips moves with his forces to Petersburg...The Marquis

establishes himself near Richmond...

General Greene moves

PAGE.

from Ramsay's mill, and advances to Cambden...Marion and

Lee invest Fort Watson, and reduce it...Battle of Cambden.

and retreat of General Greene...Lord Rawdon evacuates

Cambden, and retires to Monk's Corner... The post of

Motte's surrenders to Marion and Lee... The Americans re-

duce Orangeburg and Fort Granby...Marion gains posses-

sion of Augustax.Greene lays siege to Ninety-Six-at-

tempts a storm and is repulsed...Arrival of Lord Rawdon

with reinforcements...

General Greene retreats-Is pursu-

ed by Lord Rawdon to the Ennoree...Evacuation of Nine-

ty-Six...Skirmishes of Lee's legion at Monk's Corner-

at Quimbey Bridge... General Greene retires with his army

to the high hills of Santee.

400

Chap. xviii. Events of 1781 continued...Capture of Mr. Lau-

rens on his way to Holland...

Maryland accedes to the con-

federation... Death of General Phillips...Cornwallis enters

Virginia...Marquis de la Fayette forms a junction with Ge-

neral Wayne... American stores destroyed at the Point of

Fork...Baron Steuben escapes

with his levies... Tarleton en-

ters Charlotteville...Narrow escape of the Governour and

Legislature of Virginia...Extensive destruction of tobacco

and other American property by the British army...The ene-

my are intercepted by the Marquis in their attempt upon

Albemarle...Baron Steuben succeeds in joining the Mar-

quis...Cornwallis retires down the James River...Skirmish

between Butler and Simcoe on the Chickahominy... Battle

of Greenspring...Cornwallis crosses the river, and retires

to Portsmouth...Moves from thence to York and Glouces-

ter...Affairs of the North... Washington and Count Rocham-

beau plan an attack against New-York...Sir Henry Clinton

is deceived, and the allied armies move to Virginia..Arri-

val of the Count de Grasse...Action between the French

and British flects off the Capes of Virginia... The Count de

Barras enters the Chesapeake... Washington joins the Mar-

quis de la Fayette and St. Cimon at Williamsburg... The

combined armies move towards York...General Greene

moves from the hills of Santee...Execution of Colonel

Hayne at Charleston... Temper with which Greene marches

to the enemy..Battle of the Eutaw Springs..The enemy re-

tire to Charleston...Expedition of Arnold against New-

London.

436

PAGE.

CHAP. xix. Events of 1781 continued...Siege of York, and

surrender of Lord Cornwallis...Universal joy which that

event occasioned...Sir Henry Clinton appears of the Capes

of Virginia with the British fleet, and an army of 7000

men... Hears of the fall of Cornwallis, and returns to New-

York...Inexplicable conduct of that commander...The Mar-

quis de St. Cimon reembarks, and the Count de Grasse re-

turns to the West Indies... The Count Rochambeau can-

tons his army in Virginia...Major General St. Clair sent to

the assistance of Greene. Washington retires to Philadel-

phia... The Marquis de la Fayette obtains permission to

return to France...Robert Morris is appointed Minister of

finance...General Lincoln is made Secretary of War..Mr.

Laurens is released from the tower...Prospect of the coun-

try at the close of the year.

458

CHAP. xx. Events of 1782...Situation of General Greene's ar-

my...Mr. Laurens liberated from the tower...Marquis de la

Fayette returns to France...Mutiny in the southern ar-

my...Skirmishes between General Wayne and the ene-

my... Wayne defeats a party of Indians... The enemy eva-

cuate Savannah...Skirmish on the Combahee...Lieuten-

ant Colonel Laurens is killed...His character...Correspon-

dence between General Leslie and Governour Matthews...

Charleston is evacuated...Count de Grasse defeated in the

West Indies...Siege of Gibraltar...Mr. Adams forms a

treaty with Holland, and obtains a loan... Propositions in

the British parliament for peace...Lord North resigns and

is succeeded by the Marquis of Rockingham...Death of this

nobleman...Lord Shelburne placed at the head of the ad-

ministration...Sir Guy Carleton appointed to the com-

mand of the British forces in America...Case of Captain

Huddy...Sir Guy Carleton attempts a correspondence with

Congress..A passport is refused to his secretary...Commis-

missioners appointed to negotiate a general peace...Nego-

tiation at Paris...Provisional articles signed between Eng-

land and America.

437

Conclusion,

501

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