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1419 GALES & SEATON'S REGISTER 1426
H. of R.] List of the Members.--First Proceedings. [DEc. 5, 1837,
LIST OF THE MEMBERS.
From MAINE--John Anderson, James Bates, George Evans, Cornelius Ilolland, Leonard Jarvis, Edward Kavanagh, Rufus McIntire. NEW II AMPSHIRE–John Brodhead, Thomas Chandler, Joseph Hammons, Henry Hubbard, Joseph M. Harper, John W. Weeks. MASSACHUSETTS-John Quincy Adams, Nathan Appleton, Isaac C: Bates, George N. Briggs, IRufus Choate, Henry A. S. Dearborn, John Davis, Edward Everett, George Grennell, jun., James L. Hodges, Joseph G. Kendall, John Recd, (one vacancy.) RHODE ISLAND--Tristam Burges, Dutce J. Fearce. CONNECTICUT--Noyes Barber, William W. Fl's. worth, Jabez W. Huntington, Ralph I. Ingersoll, William L. Storrs, Ebenezer .."; VERMONT—Heman Allen, william Calioon, Horace I’verett, Jonathan Hunt, William Slade. NEW YORK-William G. Angel, Gideon H. Barstow, Joseph Bouck, William Babcock, John T. Bergen, John C. Brodhead, Samuel Beardsley, John A. Collier, Bates Cooke, C. C. Cambreleng, John Dickson, Charles Dayan, Ulysses F. Doubleday, William Hogan, Michael Hoff. man, Freeborn G. Jewett, John King, Gerrit Y. Lansing, James Lent, Job Pierson, Nathaniel Pitcher, Edmund II. Pendleton, Edward C. Reed, Erastus Root, Nathan Soulc, John W. Taylor, Phineas L. Tracy, Gulian C. Verplanck, Frederick Whittlesey, Samuel J. Wilkin. Grattan H. Wheeler, Campbell P. White, Aaron Ward, Daniel Ward well. NEW JERSEY--Lewis Condict, Silas Condict, Richard M. Cooper, Thomas H. Hughes, James Fitz Randolph, - Isaac Southard.
- PENNSYLVANIA—Robert Allison, John Ranks, George
Iłurd, John C. Bucher, Thomas H. Crawford, Richard
niel, Nathan Gaither, Albert G. Hawes, R. M. Johnson-
This being the day appointed by the constitution fo meeting of Congress, at 12 o'clock the Clerk called House to order, and having called the roll of the n : bers by States, to ascertain if a quorum was present . . hundred and two members answered to their names quorum being present, , , , The Hoose proceeded to the election of a Speaker, on counting the ballots, the following result was anno: ed, viz. The whole number of votes given in, 195; ne sary to a choice, 98. For Ann Row STEvroso N, of Virginia, 98. For Jool. B. St. Th: Rías n, of Pennsylvania, 54. For C. A. Wickliff E, of Kentucky, 15. For Josis W. Taylor, of New York, 18. For J. Ew's Cox pier, of New Jersey, 4. Scattering, 6. [Mr. Cooke, of Ohio, offered his ballot to the tellers, after they had conmenced counting the votes, (he having been accidentally without the Hall while the baliot boxes were handed round;) but some hesitation being manifested by the tellers as to the regularity of receiving the vote of Mr. C. at that period of the proceeding, he waived pressinfo it. ...] Hon. As eszw Steve Nson, of Virginia, having received 98 votes, (the exact number necessary for a choice, 2 was declared to be duly elected Speaker of the House of Representatives: whereupon, being conducted to the chair by the Hon. Thox. As Newton, of Virginia, the Spy Area addressed the House as follows: “GENTI.E.M. Es: In accepting, a third time, this exalted. station, I cannot adequately express the deep sense I en- || tertain of the honor you have been pleased again to con- F. fer upon me, or my warm feelings of gratitude for this F. distinguished proof of your continued confidence and unchanging kindness. t “It is an honor, too, gentlemen, which has been con. ferred in a manner, and under circumstances, peculiarly calculated to gratify and flatter me; and I shall eve rish it as the most valuable reward for my past ser s The office of speaker of this House has, at no period history, been without its embarrassments and trial
if, in times of profound tranquillity and repose, its duties have justly been regarded by the most eminent of the distinguished individuals who have filled the chair, as ar. duous and responsible, how greatly must its labors and responsibilities be enhanced in times of high political and party divisions! “I certainly am not vain enough to suppose that it will be in my power to discharge the duties of this high office in a manner suitable to its dignity and importance, or as I could myself wish; indeed, there is no man, I am very confident, be he whom he may, who could at such a time assume its responsibilities, without distrusting greatly his own abilities. I shall not, however, despair. Actuated by an honest and manly zeal, I shall endeavor at least to justify the choice of my friends, and merit the confidence and the respect of the House. “Whoever shall fill this chair to his own honor or the advantage of the nation, must possess not only this confidence of the House, but the esteem and respect of the honorable and high minded men over whom he presides. Neither station nor power can coerce esteem or respect. They can only be acquired by integrity, impartiality, and independence here. These alone can shed honor or lustre on this station, and make it, both as it regards the House and the nation, what it should be. “I unfeignedly assure you, gentlemen, that I shall need and expect your cordial and kind co-operation in preservng order and dignity in our deliberations, and sustaining he authority of the Chair; and I earnestly hope so to discharge its duties as to ensure to its decisions not merely a reluctant support, but a steady and cheerful acquiescence n their justice and propriety. “I tender you gentlemen, my co dial co-operation in he discharge of your high duties, and ardently pray that we may, by our conduct and deliberations, render this House worthy of the high name and character of our beloved country.” The oath to support the constitution of the United states, as prescribed by the act, entitled “An act to regulaté the time and manner of administering certain oaths,” was then administered to the Speaker, by Mr. New Fox, one of the loepresentatives from the State of Virginia, and the same oath (or affirmation) was thereupon administered by the Speaken to all the other members present. On motion of Mr. SPEIGHT, it was Resolved, unanimously, That M. St. C. Clarks, Clerk to the late House of Representatives, be appointed Clerk *o this House. on motion of Mr. TAYLOR, it was Resolved, That the rules and orders established by the s, ite House of Representatives be deemed and taken to to the rules and orders of proceeding to be observed in f. House, until a revision or alteration shall have taken place. It On motion of Mr. POLK, it was | Ordered, That a message be sent to the Scnate to inform hat body that a quorum of this House has assembled; that ANnnew STEv Exson has been elected Speaker thereof; that this House is now ready to proceed to business; and that the Clerk do go with said message. On motion of Mr. WARD, it was Resolved, That a committee be appointed, on the part of this House, to join such comunittee as may be appointed on the part of the Senate, to wait on the President of the United States, and inform him that Congress is assembled, und ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make. Mr. Wann, of New York, and Mr. Bell, of Tennessee, were appointed the committee on the part of this House. On motion of Mr. JOHNSON, of Kentucky, it was Resolved, That the Clerk cause the members of this House to be furnished, during the present session, with uch newspapers as they may direct, the expense where
On motion of Mr. TAYLOR, it was
Resolved, That two Chaplains, of different denominations, be elected by Congress, one by each House, to serve during the present sessions who shall interchange weekly.
Mr. WARD, from the joint committee appointed yes. terday to wait on the President of the United States, and inform him that Congress is assembled, and ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make, reported that the committee had performed the duties of its appointment, and that the President answered that he would make a communication to the two Houses of Congress to-day at 12 o'clock, M.
Immediately after, a communication in writing was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Donelson, his private Secretary; which was read. [Sce Appendix.)
On motion of Mr. Johnson, of Kentucky, the said message was committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union; and ten thousand copies thereof, with the documents accompanying the same, were ordered to be printed for the use of the members of this House.
WEDx Esnay, Dzczrin on 7. FIFTH CENS U.S. The following message was received from the President of the United States, by Mr. Donelson, his private Secre. tary: Washin arox, December 7, 1831 I transmit here with, for the information of Congress, two letters from the Secretary of State, accompanied by. statements from that department, showing the progress which has been made in taking the fifth census of the inhabitants of the United States. And also, by a printed copy of the revision of the statements heretofore transmitted to Congress, of all former enumerations of the population of the United States, and their Territories. ANDREW JACKSON. The message being read, was laid on the table, and ordered to be printed. The following is the recapitulation, Exhibiting the general aggregate amount of each description of persons in the United States, by classes. ERer, white Pr. insox 8.
Total aggregate of the United States, 12,856,154 FiNANCES.
"I'lle SPEAKER laid before the House thc annual report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the state of the finances, [see Appendix,] which was laid on the table, and, On motion of Mr. POLK, ten thousand copies thereof were ordered to be printed. The rule requiring a motion to print an extra number of copies of any document, to lie one day for consideration, being dispensed with by unanimous consent of the House. OFFICERS OF THE IIOUSE. The House then proceeded to the clection of its remaining officers. For Sergeant-at-Arms, there were two ballotings, as follows:
A second balloting became necessary; but, before going into it,
The House adjourned.
Thomsday, DeceXth ER 8.
On motion of Mr. TAYLOR, an order was passed for the appointment of the several standing committees, pursuant to the rules and orders of the House.
The House resumed the balloting for an Assistant Doorkeeper, which was suspended yesterday by the adjournment. Four ballotings took place, of each of which the following statement shows the result: 4th ballot.
2d ballot. 3d ballot. John W. Hunter, - 32 51 104 Moses Poor, - - 52 59 63 Chester Griswold, - 27 22 withdrawn. Franklin S. Meyer, 17 15 * 3 John 13. I)ade, - - 14 12 withdrawn. William B. Randolph, 8 3 2 William J. McCormick, 6 4. 1)aniel Palmer, - - 4. 1 David Brearley, - 6 8 5 H. W. IIill, - - 3 4. Francis Barnes, - 5
Joux W. Huxten, of Georgia, having, on the fourth ballot, a majority of the votes, was declared duly elected.
Whereupon, the Spraken administered to the several officers elected, the oath prescribed by law.
The House then adjourned to Monday.
The following gentlemen were announced as having been appointed by the Chair, since the last sitting of the House, to compose the several
STANDING COMMITTEES. Committee of Elections.--Messrs. Claiborne, Randolph, Holland, Griffin, Bethune, Collier, and Arnold. Committee of o and Means.--Messrs. McDuffie, Verplanck, Ingersoll, Gilmore, Alexander, Wilde, and Gaither. Committee on Commerce.--Messrs. Cambreleng, Howard, Sutherland, Lamar, Newton, Davis of Massachusetts, and Jarvis. Committee of Claims.—Messrs. Whittlesey of Ohio, Bar. ber of Connecticut, McIntire, Patton, Ihrie, Hogan, and Renclacr. Committee on Foreign Affairs.—Messrs. Archer, Everett of Massachusetts, 'i'aylor, Polk, Crawford, Darnwell, and Wayne. Committee on Military.Affairs.—Messrs. Drayton, Vance, Blair of South Carolina, Mitchell of Maryland, Speight, Adair, and Ward. Committee on Naval Affairs.-Messrs. Hoffman, Carson, White, of New York, Anderson, Branch, Milligan, and Watmough. Committee on Indian Affairs.-Messrs. Bell, Lewis, Thompson of Georgia, Angel, Storrs, Mason, and Lecompte. Committee on Manufactures.—Messrs. Adams, Lewis Condict, Findlay, liorn, Dayan, Worthington, and Barbour, of Virginia. Committee on Agriculture.—Messrs. Root, McCoy, of Virginia, Smith, of Pennsylvania, Chandler, Jenifer, Wheeler, and Tompkins. Committee on the Judiciary —Messrs. Davis, of South Carolina, Ellsworth, Daniel, White, of Louisiana, Foster, Gordon, and Beardsley. Committee for the District of Columbia.--Messrs. Dod. dridge, Washington, Semmes, Armstrong, Thomas, of
John W. Hunter, - - - - 25 John B. Ilade, - - - - 16 Franklin S. Meyer, - - - - 14 W. J. McCormick, - - - - 12 William B. Randolph, - - - 11 i)aniel Palmer, - • - - - 11 Francis Barnes, - - - - - 10 John Kemper, - - - - - 9 George Price, - - - - • 4. George W. Howell, - - - - 3
Maryland, McCoy, of Pennsylvania, and Chinn.
Dec. 12, 1831.]
Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads. –Messrs. Johnson, of Kentucky, Conner, Russel, Pearce, Jewett, Johnston, of Virginia, and Newnan. Connittee on Private Land Claims.-Messrs. Johnson, of Tennessee, Coke, Stanberry, Mardis, Marshall, Carr, of Indiana, and Bullard. Committee on Public Lands.--Messrs. Wickliffe, Duncan, Hunt, Irvin, Clay, Boon, and Plummer. Committee on Revolutionary Claims.-Messrs. Muhlenberg, Nuckolls, Bouldin, Crane, Bates, of Massachusetts, Hammons, and Standifer. (ommittee on Ilevolutionary Pensions.—Messrs. Hubbard, Isacks, Mitchell, of South Carolina, Denny, Pendleton. Doubleday, and Kavanagh. Committee on Invalid Pensions.—Messrs. Burges, Ford, Evans, of Maine, Reed, of New York, Appleton, Lansing, and Southard. Committee on Public Expenditures.—Messrs. Hall, of North Carolina, Davenport, Lyon, Thomson, of Ohio, Coulter, Pierson, and Henry King. Committee on the Territories.--Messrs. Kerr, of Maryland, Creighton, W. B. Shepard, Williams, of North Carolina, Huntington, Allan, of Kentucky, and Roane. Committee of .4ccounts.-Messrs. Allen, of Virginia, Burd, and Bergen. Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business.-Messrs. Reed, of Massachusetts, Kennon, and Soule. Committee on Erpenditures in the Treasury Departincat.-Messrs. Stephens, Wardwell, and Fitzgerald. Committee on Expenditures in the War Department.— Messrs. A. H. Shepperd, Mann, and Felder. Committee on Erpenditures in the State Department.— Messrs. Lent, Evans, of Pennsylvania, and McKay. Committee on Erpenditures of Public Buildings.--Messrs. Young, Spence, and Tracy. Committee on Erpenditures in the Post Office.—Messrs. Hawes, Bates, of Maine, and Brodhead, of New York. Committee on Expenditures in the Nary Department.— Messrs. Maxwell, Hall, of Tennessee, and Harper.
SLAVERY IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
This being the first day of the session for presenting petitions, a great number were presented. Among others, Mr. ADAMS, of Massachusetts, (the cz-President of the United States,) presented fifteen petitions, all numerously subscribed, from sundry inhabitants of Pennsylvania, all of the same purport, praying for the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and moved that the first of them should be read; and it was read accordingly. Mr. A. then observed that it had doubtless been remarked that these petitions came not from Massachusetts, a Fo of whose people he had the honor to represent, ut from citizens of the State of Pennsylvania. He had received the petitions many months ago, with a request
that they should be presented by him, and, although the
Petitioners were not of his immediate constituents, he had not deemed himself at liberty to declinc presenting their Petitions, their transmission of which to him manifested a confidence in him for which he was bound to be grateful. From a letter which had accompanied those petitions, he inferred that they came from members of the society of Friends; a o of men than whom there was no more respectable and worthy class of citizens, none who more strictly made their lives a commentary on their professions; * body of then comprising, in his firm opinion, as much of human virtue, and as little of human infirmity, as any other equal number of men of any denomination upon the face of the globe. The petitions, Mr. A. continued, asked for two things: the first was the abolition of slavery; the second, the abolition of the slave trade in the District of columbia. There was a traffic in slaves carried on in the District, of Vol. VIII.--90
which he did not know but that it might be a proper subject of legislation by Congress, and he, therefore, moved that the petitions he had had the honor of presenting, should be referred to the Committee on the Affairs of the District of Columbia, who would dispose of them as they, upon examination of their purport, should deem proper, and might report on the expediency of granting so much of the prayer of the petitioners as referred to the abolition of the slave trade in the District. As to the other prayer of the petitions, the abolition by Congress of slavery in the District of Columbia, it had occurred to him that the petitions might have been committed to his charge under an expectation that it would receive his countenance and support. He deemedit, therefore, his duty to declare that it would not. Whateyer might be his opinion of slavery in the abstract, or of slavery in the District of Columbia, it was a subject which he hoped would not be discussed in that House; if it should be, he might perhaps assign the reasons why he could give it no countenance or support. At present, he would only say to the House, and to the worthy citizens who had committed their petitions to his charge, that the most salutary medicines, unduly administered, were the most deadly of poisons. He concluded by moving to refer the petitions to the Committee for the District of Columbia.
To the estimates are added statements, showing—
1. The appropriations for the service of the year 1832, made by former acts, including public debt, gradual improvement of the navy arming and equipping the militia, subscription to canal stocks, revolutionary claims, and Indian affairs, amounting to - -
2. The existing appropriations, which will not be required for the service of the year 1831, and which it is proposed to apply in aid of the service of the year 1832, amounting to - -
3. The existing appropriations, which will be required to complete the service of 1831, and former years, but which will be expended in 1831, amounting to - 3,423,525 87
These three last mentioned amounts, together with as much as may remain unexpended of the sum stated in the report on the finances, presented by this department on the 7th instant as the estimated expenditure in the fourth quarter of the present year, and with such sums as may be appropriated by Congress for the year 1832, will complete the whole amount subject to the disposition of the Executive Government in that year.
There is also added to the estimates a statement of the several appropriations which will probably be carried to the surplus fund at the close of the present year, either because the objects for which they were made are completed, or because these sums will not be required for, or will no longer be applicable to, them, amounting to two hundred and fifteen thousand one hundred and ninetyfour dollars and forty-eight cents.
I have the honor to be, with great respect, your obedicnt servant,
To the Hon. the Speaker
DISSECTION OF THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE.
On motion of Mr. WAYNE, of Georgia, the House then resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union, Mr. AoAIR, of Kentucky, in the chair. The result of the proceedings in Committee of the Whole was the adoption of the following resolutions; all of which were moved by Mr. WAYNE, except that concerning the Patent Office, which was moved by Mr. TAylon, of New York; that concerning internal improvements, which was moved by Mr. W1cKLIFFE, of Kentucky; and that concerning imprisonment for debt, which was moved by Mr. Johnsox, of Kentucky. 1. Resolved, That so much of the President’s message as relates to the political relations of the United States with foreign nations, and which recommends a revisal of our consular laws, be referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. 2. Resolved, That so much of the said message as relates to the state of the public finances, the public debt, and revenue, of the Bank of the United States, and which recommends that arrangements be adopted at the present session of Congress to relieve the people from unneces. sary taxation after the extinguishment of the public debt, be referred to the Committee of Ways and Means. 3. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the commerce of the United States with foreign nations and their dependencies, and which submits to the consideration of Congress “occurrences which have lately taken place at the Falkland Islands, in which the name of the republic of Buenos Ayres” has been used to cover with a show of authority acts injurious to our commerce, and to the property and liberty of our fellow-citizens, be referred to the Committee on Commerce. 4. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the report of the Secretary of War, and the public interests entrusted to the War Department, be referred to the Committee on Military Affairs. 5. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the report of the Secretary of the Navy and the naval service, be referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs. 6. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the operation of the laws respecting patents; to the extension of the judiciary system of the United States, which recommends a more liberal policy towards unfortunate debtors to the Government; the extension of the provisions of the act passed for the relief of certain insolvent debtors in the second session of the twenty-first Congress, and which recommends a modification of the laws “for enforcing the payment of debts due either to the public or to . suing in the courts of the United States, as to restrict the imprisonment of the person to cases of fraudulent concealment of property, be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. 7. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the patent laws, be referred to a select committee. 8. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to imprisonment for debt, be referred to a select committee. 9. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to
manufactures, and a modification of the tariff, be referred to the Committee on Manufactures. 10. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the Indian tribes, and to their removal beyond the limits of the States, be referred to the Committee on Indian Affairs. 11. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the public lands, be referred to the Committee on Public Lands. 12. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the condition of the District of Columbia, be referred to the Committee for the District of Columbia. 13. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to our system of public accounts, and which recommends the subject to the attention of Congress, “with a view to a general reform in the system,” be referred to a select committee. 14. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to giving the election of President and Vice President to the people, and limiting the service of the former to a single term, and which recommends the disqualification of members of Congress to receive an office from a President in whose election they may have had an official agency, be referred to a select committee. 15. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to the Bank of the United States, and to the disposal of the stock held in the same by the Government, be referred to a select committee. 16. Resolved, That so much of said message as relates to internal improvements, be referred to a select comInittee. On these resolutions there was some desultory debate, the only remarkable part of which was what concerned the
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
The form of the resolution on that subject, as Mr. Ways E first moved it, was, that so much of the message as relates to the subject of the Bank of the United States should be referred to a select committee. Mr. McDUFFIE moved to amend the resolution so as to refer the subject to the Committee of Ways and Means. Mr. WAYNE observed that he must carnestly oppose the amendment offered by the gentleman from South Carolina, and that in doing so he would be obliged to say more than he wished to do at this early period of the session. Among the resolutions offered by him, referring the dif. ferent parts of the President’s message to the standing and select committees, there was a proposal to refer so much of the message as related to the Bank of the United States to a select committee. He had been induced to make it for many reasons-—besides the peculiar attitude in which the subject had been presented to the country, by the difference of opinion in regard to it between the President of the United States and the Secretary of the Treasury. The one told us that his opinions heretofore expressed in relation to the Bank of the United States, as at present organized, were unchanged; and those opinions had been so expressly, distinctly, and positively announced, that no one doubted what they were. The Secretary’s were directly the reverse of those of the President, and, Mr. W. thought, had already been improperly used, or had been affected to be considered as a compromise by the President of his original views upon the subject. Indeed, many said they once thought the bank to have been in danger, but now no longer so; because the Scoretary’s report be gan with an extended argument in support of the bank, and was concluded with a petitionary recommendation that it might be viewed as one of those subjects of concession and compromise which the public good required. The disclaimer of the Secretary, that the expression of his own views implied no commitment of any other department of the Government, is overlooked, or said to be