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upon them.

Declaring his conviction that system, it had left the artificial Parliament would not listen to the burden. Upon the question of the proposition that had been mooted Papal aggression, he criticised the for the arrangement of these affairs letter of Lord J. Russell, which he by the sort of treaty called a thought had not been provoked “concordat," Lord John concluded, solely by the appointment of Dr. “I am firmly persuaded that we Wiseman-an act, not insidious, have already, in our own public but frank almost to indiscretion, feeling, our own polity, our own nor insolent, for it was fully expublic discussion, and in the exist- pected, and was in daily operation ing law and authority of Parlia- in Ireland; but it was connected ment, sufficient to protect the in- with the existing state of our retegrity of that civil and religious lations with the Court of Rome. freedom that all classes of Her Ma- The motion was then agreed to. jesty's subjects are so earnest to On the first evening of their maintain against all aggressions of meeting, each House was called this kind that may be attempted upon to pay a tribute of acknow

After all that has ledgment to the name of a valuaarisen to call forth the expres- ble officer lately removed from its sion of that feeling, it is upon service. In the House of Lords that feeling that I rely with the the Marquis of Lansdowne angreatest confidence. It is on the nounced that the Earl of Shaftesattachment of the people to those bury had, from the weight of adinstitutions, on their deep and vancing years and infirmities, reearnest feeling for all that regards signed the post of Chairman of their welfare and integrity, that I Committees. Lord Lansdowne look for the surest protection of paid a high compliment to the inthis kingdom against the machina. tegrity and ability of Lord Shaftestions and aggressions of the Court bury, and intimated the neutrality of Rome, or of any other foreign of the Government on the choice power, spiritual or temporal, what- of his successor, by stating that ever."

he did not wish that there should Mr. Disraeli, after a passing be any discussion on the subject. reference to foreign politics, dwelt Lord Stanley added his tribute of at some length upon the depres. sincere admiration for Lord sion of the agricultural class, ob- Shaftesbury, and moved that Lord serving that there must be some Redesdale be his successor. The cause deep-seated in the constitu. Duke of Wellington mentioned, tion, why all classes but one that some years ago, in anticipation should be in a flourishing con- of the present resignation, he had dition; that class, in fact, con- recommended Lord Redesdale to tributed the capital by which the devote himself to the Committee other classes prospered. In dis- business of the House: he becussing the motion of which he lieved there was now no person had given notice, he should con- more capable of the duties of sider the subject of agricultural Chairman. Lord Lansdowne distress with reference to the whole

concurred.

Lord Redesdale was of our system of taxation, and show unanimously chosen, and suitably that whilst the policy of the Govern- acknowledged the honourable apment had destroyed an artificial pointment.

more

In the Commons, a resolution tirely of ecclesiastics, who had of respect to the memory of Mr. thought proper to prescribe to the John Henry Ley, late First Clerk Irish people their duties in referof the Table (who had died during ence to these questions; he obthe recess) for the distinguished served that these questions gave and exemplary manner in which warning of other measures on the he had discharged his duties for part of the Court of Rome, to be 39 years, was moved by Lord John attended with more important reRussell, and adopted by the House, sults. After a brief allusion to the after testimonies of warm respect proceedings of that Court in cerexpressed by Sir R. Inglis, Mr. tain Roman Catholic countries, Goulburn, and Mr. Hume. The Lord John addressed himself to last - mentioned gentleman made the subject of the letters apostolic, some unfavourable comments on changing the organization of the the choice made by the Govern- heads of the Romish Church in ment of a successor to Mr. Ley, this country, which he declared which was vindicated by Lord John had been done entirely without the Russell.

consent or knowledge of the GoOn the 7th of February, the vernment of this country. PrePrime Minister, in pursuance of mising that it was the nature of the notice which he had given, all ecclesiastical bodies to endeaproceeded to take the first oppor- vour to encroach upon the tempotunity for introducing his measure ral authority—a doctrine for counteracting the ecclesiastical especially true of the Church of aggression of the Church of Rome. Rome-he proceeded to consider

In moving for leave to bring in what had been the conduct of a Bill to prevent the assumption other Governments with regard to of certain ecclesiastical titles, in measures of this kind attempted respect of places in the United by the Pope. He showed, that in Kingdom, Lord John Russell pre- France, under the old Bourbon faced his motion by adverting to rule, as well as in more recent the deep interest felt by all classes times, and even in Austria, the in the country, denoted by the sanction or placet of the Sovereign numerous petitions to the House, was indispensable to the validity and the addresses to the Crown, of high spiritual appointments; which cast a serious responsibility and he asserted broadly that no upon the Government, as well as Roman Catholic power would perto the anxiety with which he ap- mit a bull to be brought into its proached this important subject, country without the sanction of not diminished by the intimations some civil authority, and that there which had recently fallen from was no such Power, however weak, certain Members in that House. upon which the Pope would have After referring to late occurrences attempted to pass such an insult in Ireland—the appointment of as he had offered to the Queen of Dr. Cullen, the mode of his ap- England. Lord John then argued pointment, and the spirit he mani- from the very terms and language fested; the Synod of Thurles, and of the letters apostolic, that there its dealing with the colleges, and was an assumption of territorial with questions of the occupancy of power : it was nothing to say the land—that synod consisting en- authority could not be enforced;

it was enough for him that it was Rome, we must prepare for a long assumed. He next showed, from and arduous struggle, in which the the earliest history of this country, part he should take would be even in the time of the Con- guided by the principles which queror, that our Roman Catholic had always governed his conduct ancestors were jealous of the en- in these questions. He was for croaching power of Rome, and the fullest enjoyment of religious took measures to check it. Before liberty, but he was entirely opposed he indicated the course he intended to interference by any ecclesiastics to propose, Lord John stated that with the temporal supremacy of the Government had, in the first this realm. instance, consulted the legal ad- Mr. Roebuck said, one broad visers of the Crown as to the ex- fallacy ran through the whole of isting law, who were of opinion, Lord J. Russell's speech; he apthat neither by the common nor plied facts and principles derived statute law could the mere assump- from Roman Catholic States to tion of titles be prosecuted as an one that was not Roman Catholic, offence; and that, although the in- and he pmitted all reference to a troduction of bulls or writings from country which bore the strongest Rome was illegal, and subjected analogy to ours—the United States the party to penalty, the law had of America, which, governed by our been so long in disuse, that a pro- institutions, and speaking our lansecution would on that ground guage, was not afraid of the Pope. probably fail. After specifying the He insisted upon the injustice of objections to which other courses legislating against one class of ecwere open, the Government, he clesiastics only-a class which in observed, had, under the circum- Ireland had been constantly acstances, and with reference to the knowledged by their territorial

, control which the new Roman Ca- titles, even in Acts of Parliament. tholic prelates would obtain over He objected to this Bill as a step large endowments in the hands of backwards in obedience to prejuRoman Catholic trustees in this dices out of doors ; an Act, howcountry, proposed, in the first ever, which derived its benefit place, to prevent the assumption from its utter inefficiency. If Dr. of any title, not only from any Wiseman, instead of being called diocese now existing, but from Archbishop of Westminster, were any territory or place in any part called Archbishop in Westminster, of the United Kingdom, and to the Act would not touch him. restrain parties from obtaining by What was the offence to be called ? virtue of such titles any control How was it to be tried ? What over trust property. In conclu- was to be the penalty ? He warned sion, he remarked, the best course the House of the terrible conseDr. Wiseman could pursue was, to quences of such a persecution in renounce the title he had as- Ireland. The whole conduct of sumed, and, as he assured him Ministers, he contended, had in(Lord John) was his original in- duced the Roman Catholics to betention, to reside at Rome; but if lieve that what was about to be other counsels should prevail, and done was no offence; and he had he should instil motives of ambi- heard, he said, that Lord Minto tion or revenge into the Court of had received a letter from Abbate Hamilton, a Scotchman, resident contended that the Bill proposed at Rome, who reminded his Lord- was unnecessary, inasmuch as the ship, that when coming from an statute of 13 Elizabeth, c. 2, was audience of the Pope, he had sufficient to meet the offence of instated that he had seen the brief troducing bulls; whilst it was an by which the Roman Catholic hier- attempt to ignore the Roman Caarchy was to be established in tholic Church, which had been England.

virtually, and even directly, recogMr. J. O'Connell declined to nised by the Legislature. The discuss the merits of the Bill a worst feature of the bill was, that mouse out of a mountain. He ex- it was to extend to Ireland, where plained and vindicated the proceed- a religious agitation would be most ings of the Papal authorities in re- mischievous. ference to Ireland, to the appoint- Mr. Moore said, the appeals ment of Dr. Cullen, and the Synod which Lord J. Russell had made of Thurles; he controverted some to ancient English history, and to of the allegations of Lord J. Russell the examples amongst European as to the conduct of the Pope in States, seemed to adopt the policy other Catholic countries, as well as of despotic Governments, and to his deductions from English his- abandon that of free institutions. tory; and repelled the implied America was a more germane excharge of disloyalty made against ample, and that he had overlooked. the Roman Catholics because they The question was, whether the do not acknowledge the spiritual Roman Catholic prelates should be or ecclesiastical supremacy of the nominated at all; if the Pope Queen over their own affairs. must not nominate, and the State Mr. Henry Drummond was as

stood aloof, the Sovereign protesttonished to hear that this was not ing against the religion of onea question of aggression; in no third of her subjects, this was ty. State of Europe would the Pope ranny. If the nation had retrohave dared to do what he had done graded into second childhood, this here. This act was in furtherence House should assume its high of the old scheme for establishing function of asserting, against the the domination of the priesthood wild voice of agitation, the deand the subjection of the laity. velopment of mature public In Ireland, hostility towards this opinion. If so much respect was country was kept up in the minds paid to the voice of the people of of the people, who were taught to England, what was to be said of believe what their priests told the people of Ireland ? There them as if it were the voice of but one answer would be given to God. To this anti-English spirit this measure, We defy you to at Rome, as well as to the thirst carry it into effect." for power, Mr. Drummond traced Mr. Bright, in animadverting this act of usurpation, the civil upon Lord John Russell's letter, and social evils attending which he accused him of appealing thereby described in very dark colours. to the bigotry of the country.

Mr. Roche, who characterized There was a belief that the Roman the speech of Lord J. Russell as a Catholic religion was making homage to the spirit of bigotry, rapid strides in the United Kingwhich he had contributed to raise, dom, and that this measure of the Pope was an indication of its pro- which could not have been more gress; and thinking, as he did, colossal if the object had been to that it would be a calamity to this re-enact the penal laws. He had kingdom if it should return to expected at least a measure conCatholicism, he proceeded to in- sistent with the exposition of the quire how far our past policy had First Minister, who had given a been calculated to make this a most unsatisfactory reason for the Protestant empire. In the course contrast between his introductory of this inquiry, he described the statement and the remedy he proIrish Church, abounding in wealth, posed. With respect to the proand leagued, as he affirmed, with ceedings of the Pope, remembering the civil power in acts of oppres- the language and acts of the presion, as at the root of the extended sent Government, and of the noble Catholicism of Ireland. And how Lord himself, it was not just or had our legislation acted with re- fair for him to say that that progard to the Roman Catholic religion ceeding was a blunder on the sudin England ? According to the den. The course which the Gonoble Lord's letter, the Church of vernment were now taking was not England, which had been called merely very unsatisfactory for the the bulwark of Protestantism, was present, but extremely perilous for a kind of manufactory of home the future. Suppose another PaPopery. Notwithstanding the pal aggression, was there to be power and influence of the episco- another measure adapted to the pacy in England, and its revenues, new assault ? He considered a the depth of which the plummet Roman Catholic hierarchy not reof inquiry had never sounded, not cognised by the law to be a great only had the Church of England political evil; but the problem not saved the country from Popery, was to be solved by the introducbut it was said to be deeply in- tion of a measure equal to the fected with it; yet it was the as- occasion, not by a petty remedy cendancy of this Church that the unworthy of the dignity of ParliaBill of the noble Lord was intended ment. to bolster up, and which he believed Mr. M. J. O'Connell disputed would be impotent for the object the grounds upon which the noble in view.

Lord had based his Bill, the effect Mr. Disraeli said, the reason of which would be merely to create why he should vote for the intro- annoyance and irritation. duction of the Bill was, that the Sir R. Inglis, after briefly recommunity might see the result plying to Mr. Bright, thanked Lord of the agitation which had been John Russell for his speech, as fostered by the Government, and well as for his letter, and wished he which had led to a national demon- could make the same return for stration seldom equalled—a result the Bill he had proposed, which he which, when known, would produce feared would fall far short of what a feeling of great disappointment, had been expected. He would not, and perhaps of mortification. He however, pronounce a decided opicontrasted the feebleness of the nion upon a measure not yet before measure with its antecedents, and the House. even with the speech of the noble Mr. Reynolds, in opposing the Lord that night, the proportions of motion, attacked the temporalities

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