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the Duke of Argyll's misapprehen- which have been spread on this sion that he had advised that the subject—to say that it appears aggression should be passed over perfectly clear that Lord Stanley without any notice; on the con- had full power and opportunity to trary, he particularly mentioned, form a Government, and that no in the few words he addressed to request he thought it reasonable to their Lordships the other night, make was denied him in the prothat he thought it might properly gress of his negotiations. I stated engage the attention of Her Ma- on Friday last, that Her Majesty jesty's Government, and even the had been pleased to send for the attention of Parliament; and in Duke of Wellington, in order to saying so,

he referred to the view learn his opinion on the present he had expressed to Lord Stanley state of affairs. The Queen saw before the meeting of Parliament, the Duke of Wellington on Saturthat in his opinion the proper mode day, and late yesterday evening of dealing with this subject was Her Majesty received a written precisely that which had been re- communication from his Grace. I commended by Lord Brougham- had the honour of an audience of namely, by resolution on the part the Queen this morning; and Her of both Houses of Parliament Majesty having received the opicarried to the foot of the Throne; nion of the Duke of Wellington, but that he did not think it was a that, in the present state of affairs, fit subject for legislation. He was the best course Her Majesty could much mistaken if the experience pursue was to invite her former of their Lordships and the other Ministers to resume office, Her House of Parliament did not con- Majesty was pleased to desire that vince them of the difficulty of her former Ministers should relegislation on this subject. The sume their offices accordingly. noble Lord at the head of the After what has occurred after Government had already proposed the failure of the repeated attempts to alter the Bill very materially; which have been made to form a and Lord Aberdeen believed that, Government, as has been stated as further advances were made in to the House-I and my colleagues the prosecution of the measure, it thought that we could not perform would be found, as in all cases of our duty to Her Majesty and the the kind, that greater difficulties country otherwise than by acceptwould daily arise.

ing the offer which Her Majesty In the House of Commons, on the had been pleased to make. Having same evening, Lord John Russell entered so fully the other day into spoke as follows:

the subjects which have recently “Since I last addressed the formed matter of debate, I will House, the public has been put in only say now, that I trust the possession of a statement made by House will allow us an adjournLord Stanley with respect to his ment for a few days before proceedattempts to form a Government, ing with matters of public debate; and the reasons why those attempts by which means we shall have an were not successful. It is not my opportunity of considering the intention to make any comment various measures we purpose introon those reasons; but I feel it ducing, and the state of public right-especially after the rumours business generally. I purpose proceeding with the Ecclesiastical sumption Bill be postponed to the Titles Assumption Bill on the 7th 7th of March." instant; and my right hon. Friend Some observations were made in the Secretary of State for the Home the course of a desultory disDepartment, on moving the second cussion that followed respecting reading of that Bill, will state what the position of the Government amendments and alterations it is and the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill. intended to make in it when it Some of the Irish Members, Mr. shall go into Committee. I there. Keogh, Mr. Moore, and Mr. Reyfore propose that the second read- nolds, threatened that measure ing of the Bill shall be fixed for with a protracted and vigorous the 7th of March, with the inten- opposition. Lord John Manners tion of taking it as the first order assured Lord John Russell that of the day. Before, however, pro- his policy would encounter no ceeding with the orders of that day, factious or unnecessary opposiI will state the course which the tion from his friends the ProtecGovernment mean to pursue with tionist party. But he added, that respect to other business before if no relief were proposed for the the House-as far, at least, as fis- agricultural distress, the Member ing the time at which it shall be for Bucks, Mr. Disraeli, would brought under consideration. On probably ask the opinion of the that occasion I will answer the House on some measure for its question put to me the other day, mitigation. Mr. Wakley thought which I was not then in a position the pledge that there should be to answer, as to the time at which no factious or unnecessary oppowe shall proceed with the Budget. sition from the Protectionists, conI shall be prepared to state the sidering the decapitated state of day on which the Budget will come that party, was not worth much. on, and the course which we are He extolled, however, in very high prepared to pursue on that sub- terms, the candour and manliness ject. I now move that the order of Lord Stanley's conduct in the of the day for the second reading recent crisis. of the Ecclesiastical Titles As

CHAPTER III.

ECCLESIASTICAL TITLES BillThe Bill is reintroduced by Sir George

Grey on the 7th of March, with the omission of the second and third Clauses-Remarks of Mr. Stuart, Mr. M. Gibson, Sir R. Inglis, Mr. Bankes, Mr. Gladstone, Lord C. Hamilton, and Lord John RussellThe Debate on the Second Reading of the Bill commences on the 15th March, and is continued for seven nights by adjournmentSummary of the

leading Speeches, including those of Lord Arundel and Surrey, Mr. Roundell Palmer, Sir Robert Peel, the Solicitor-General, Mr. Goulburn, Mr. Cardwell, Lord Ashley, Mr. Sidney Herbert, and Mr. H. Drummond (whose remarks excite a violent commotion in the House), Sir James Graham, Lord John Russell, Mr. Walpole, Mr. Roebuck, the Attorney-General, Mr. Fagan, Sir John Young, Mr. Grattan, Mr. Hume, Sir F. Thesiger, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Disraeli, and Sir George Grey-On a division the Second Reading is carried by 438 to 95 -Proceedings on the Committal of the Bil-Protracted discussions and numerous Amendments proposed, but without success— -The Bill does not pass through Committee till the end of June-On bringing up the Report Sir F. Thesiger moves three important Amendments of which he had given notice-A large number of Roman Catholic Members walk out of the House, and the Amendments are carried against the Government by considerable majorities-On the Third Reading Lord John Russell attempts to induce the House to rescind Sir F. Thesiger's Amendments, but is again defeated— The Third Reading is carried somewhat unexpectedly by 263 against 46, and the Bill is sent up to the Lords The Second Reading is moved by the Marquis of Lansdowne on the 21st July, when a spirited discussion takes place, which is continued for two nightsSpeeches of the Earl of Aberdeen, Lord Beaumont, the Duke of Wellington, who supports the measure, the Earl of Malmesbury, Viscount Canning, the Duke of Argyll, the Bishop of St. David's, the Earl of Winchilsea, Lord Lyndhurst, the Duke of Newcastle, the Marquis of Clanricarde, Lord Monteagle, the Lord Chancellor, the Earl of St. Germans, the Earl of Minto, and Earl Fitzwilliam— The Second Reading is carried by 265 against 38—The Bill passes through Committee unaltered-On the Third Reading a further Debate takes place, when the House is again addressed by the Earl of Aberdeen, the Bishop of Oxford, the Duke of Argyll, and other Peers-Lord Monteagle moves an Amendment, which is negatived, and the Bill becomes Law.

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PON the resumption of office the brief interval of their retireby the Whig Government after ment, Lord John Russell had an.

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nounced their intention of modify- the Bill, which might create new ing in some respects the measure difficulties and yet fail in the dewhich he had obtained leave to sired object, the Government had introduce with respect to the eccle- come to the conclusion to propose siastical titles assumed by the in Committee the omission of the Romish clergy. Accordingly, on second and third clauses altogether. the 7th of March, on the order of The Bill would then be an unamthe day being read for the second biguous declaration of Parliament, reading of that Bill, Sir George embodying a

national protest Grey proceeded to explain the against the assumption of these alterations which, after careful titles. After a few further explaconsideration, the Government nations upon subordinate points, had determined to propose. Re- Sir George, purposely refraining viewing the various objections from a discussion of the merits of which had been taken to the Bill, the measure, moved that the order he pointed out, in the first place, of the day be deferred until the the inexpediency of Lord Stanley's 14th instant. proposal, simultaneously with a Mr. Stuart contended that the resolution of Parliament, to refer Bill thus mutilated would not corthe whole subject to Committees respond to the wishes of the counof Inquiry, which, instead of allay- try, or even to the object proposed ing, would keep agitation alive. by Lord J. Russell when he brought Another proposal, that Ireland the subject before the House; and should be excluded from the Bill, he arraigned the manner in which had been reconsidered by the Go- the insult offered to the Crown vernment, and that reconsideration had been met, not by a proclamahad only confirmed them in the tion, or any of the constitutional conviction to which they had pre- modes of vindicating the dignity viously arrived, that it would be of the Sovereign, but by a letter wholly inconsistent with their duty addressed by the First Minister, to consent to such exclusion. At as an individual, to another indithe same time, he admitted that vidual, and published in a newsthere was a wide practical differ- paper. ence between the circumstances of Mr. M. Gibson explained his Ireland and those of England and views respecting this question, Scotland; and it was this distinc- which Sir G. Grey, he said, had tion, he observed, which consti- misapprehended. He did not wish tuted the main difficulty of the that there should be any inquiry; Government in dealing with this but if legislation was desired, he subject. Owing to the peculiar thought it was better to legislate circumstances of Ireland, the Bill, with information than without it. as it now stood, would, without in- His plan was to do nothing in this tending it, interfere with the matter, and he was glad to perpurely spiritual practices of Irish ceive that this Bill was approxiRoman Catholic prelates in rela mating to his plan. tion to ordination and collation Sir R. Inglis was very much of of priests, and, in regard to be the same opinion respecting the quests, with practices which had Bill. Although he was willing to been long sanctioned; and, this take 9d. in the pound rather than being the case, without attempting nothing, he warned the Governto make alterations in this part of ment that the country would not

be satisfied with such a composi- the mere insult, so much difficulty tion.

existed in discovering terms which Mr. Bankes considered that the would meet the evil without trenchBill, if it passed in its mutilated ing upon spiritual authority, that state, would be a disgrace to the he was of opinion that legislation Legislature. This strange dis- should be confined to the absolute appointment of the demands of assertion of the sovereignty of the the country required a fuller ex- Crown in this matter. planation. The Bill would add Mr. Newdegate and Mr. Stannothing to the law as it now ex- ford condemned the Bill and the isted.

conduct of the Government. Mr. Mr. Gladstone, reserving for the Plumptre thought the omission of present the expression of his opi. the second and third clauses nion regarding the Bill, suggested would deprive it of all practical that the preamble and first clause, utility. Mr. W. Fagan denied that as they would stand, should be re- any intentional insult had been printed

offered by the Pope, whose object, Lord C. Hamilton thought it he alleged, was purely spiritual. would be a mockery to apply the The motion of Sir G. Grey was measure, altered as proposed, to then agreed to. Ireland.

On the 14th of March comLord J. Russell, in reply to Mr. menced the debate on the second Bankes, repeated what he had said reading of this much-contested on introducing the Bill; that the measure, which, though curtailed Government had consulted the by the alterations made by its law officers of the Crown, who did authors within the shortest limits, not think that the assumption of yet afforded matter for opposition new titles was contrary to the that occupied Parliament almost common or statute law; so that it throughout the session. It would would have been futile to have di- be impossible in the short space rected a prosecution for such an allotted to us to give more than a act. But they said that, if it could very brief sketch of these reiterated be proved that bulls or writings and protracted discussions, in which from Rome had been introduced the same arguments were again and for the establishment of sees, this again advanced and combated, would be an offence under the until the subject in all its bearstatute law; but the Government ings was thoroughly exhausted, thought it would have been oppres- and the public mind wearied with sive to prosecute for this offence, the incessant repetition. The seand not for the other. The essence cond reading was not carried, of the offence which had been although the majority in favour of committed was the insult offered, the Bill was overwhelming, until and the direct way of meeting seven nights had been that insult was to bring in a Bill sumed in the discussion. A short to forbid and prevent the assump- notice of the more important tion of such titles. In the parti. speeches delivered on either side, cular circumstances of Ireland, will suffice to exhibit the main though the mischief arising from features of the controversy. the synodical action of the Roman The opposition to the Bill was Catholic hierarchy went beyond opened by the Earl of Arundel

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