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deeply on any political ques- Gazette announcing that a subscription affecting them as I do upon tion was opened to build a church this. I cannot contemplate the in London, and that among the adoption of this Bill without dis- persons appointed to receive submay. You may put down rebellion scriptions was Cardinal Wiseman, with the sword, but, my Lords, how "Archbishop of Westminster." He will you contend with

(Lord Minto) never saw that para

graph until he entered the House ** The unconquerable will

that evening, when a copy of the And study of revenge, immortal hate, And courage never to submit or yield?" paper was placed in his hands.

On a former occasion he had acThe Earl of Jinto gave the knowledged he was aware that an latest explanation respecting his intention existed of creating Carmission to Rome.

dinal Wiseman Archbishop of When there, he had had a con. Westminster. Every one knew versation with the Pope on the it. (Laughter.) It was spoken of question of resuming diplomatic on all hands. At the time that relations between the two coun- appeared, he understood that sometries. He told the Pope openly, thing had occurred, and that the that we should not be willing to elevation of Cardinal Wiseman receive in this country an ecclesi- would not take place. lle thought astic as his representative. The he could perceive in the paragraph Pope said, he could not undertake evidence that Cardinal Wiseman to send a Minister who was not an was not the person referred to. ecclesiastie; but added, that this The Cardinal was not namned in need not occasion any difficulty in the paragraph, and he believed the transaction of business between that it referred to Dr. Gregory. the two Courts, because we might Lord Aberdeen.—" What differadopt the course suggested by the ence does that make? The paranoble Earl who had moved the graph speahs of an Archbishop amendment- the coure taken by of Westminster.'” the Governments of Prussia and Lord Minto. — It certainly Russia, and accredit a Minister to showed an intention to create him. On that understanding mat somebody “ Archbishop of Westters stood at that time; but when minster." Of course he was aware a clause, supported by the noble of the intention, as he stated beEarl (Aberdeen), was introduced fore, long before he visited Eume. into the Diplomatic Relations Bill ("* Hear," and laughter.) in their Lorilships' House, the Pope Lord Fitzwilliam said, that be said that that circumstance had en- did not quite understand the effect tirely altered the state of the case, of the Bill. He would have preand that after that parliamentary ferred & declaration condemning refusal to entertain such a Minister the assumption of titles, and he from him as could alone represent would not have interfered with the him, nothing on earth should in- peculiar circumstances of Ireduce him to receive a Minister land. accredited from this country to The Earl of Hardwicke observed, Rome. Lord Aberdeen had said, that the Bill was not thoroughly that while Lord Minto was at Rome supported by any party: he should a paragraph appeared in the Roman vote for it reluctantly; to maintain

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the honour and dignity of the opponents being the Earl of AberCrown.

deen and the Earl of EllenboAfter a brief reply from the Mar- rough, supported by other Peers. quis of Lansdowne, the House di- Lord Aberdeen pointed out, that vided, with the following result:- the word “otherwise" prohibited

the appointment of any bishops, Contents. For second reading- and yet they exempted the bishops Present.

146

of the Scottish Episcopal Church. Proxies

119

The Duke of Argyll strongly ob

265 jected to the provision which enNon-contents

abled any informer to sue for the Present

26

penalty, and he moved to omit it. Proxies

The Lord Chancellor ascribed the 38 insertion of that clause to the ab

sence of the Irish Members in the Majority for the second

House of Commons. That was reading

227

no reason, said the Duke of Newcastle, why the Peers should neg

lect their duty. But in fact, he The Bill, thus sanctioned by the added, Ministers were afraid to let votes of a great majority of the a word of the Bill be altered, lest Peers, passed through Committee the other House should have an in a single night. A good deal of opportunity of revising it. The questioning and explanation, howe amendment was negatived by 61 ever, took place at this stage be- to 26. tween the opponents and sup- The first clause was carried by porters of the measure. Lord 77 to 26, and the other sections Monteagle addressed a string of and the preamble without a diviquestions to the Lord Chancellor sion. respecting the operation of the On the 29th of July Parliament various clauses, but professed him- was at length relieved of the meaself unsatisfied with the explana- sure with which it had so long and nations of the learned Lord. Lord painfully travailed, by the Bill beMonteagle then moved an amend- ing read a third time in the House ment, supported by Lord Camoysof Lords. The final stage was to exempt Ireland from the ope- not suffered to pass sub silentio. ration of the Bill. Viscount Can- The Earl of Aberdeen repeated ning, and the Earls of Wicklow some of his general arguments and St. Germans condemned the against the policy of legislaapplication of the measure to that tion on the subject ; announcing country, but could not vote for the his intention of recording his proamendment, because it drew a dis- test against it. He argued that tinction between the supremacy of this Bill would prove most injuthe Crown in the two parts of the rious to the public interests; he anUnited Kingdom.

ticipated from it greater evil than On a division, Lord Monteagle's he could contemplate“ without proposition was negatived by 82 feelings of the deepest horror.” to 17.

The Bishop of Oxford made a More opposition arose on spe- speech of some length to explain cific clauses of the Bill, the leading the reasons which induced him to

give his assent to the Bill. His ment to regulate the admission of main argument in favour of the Papal bulls : such a regulation Bill was, that the appointment of would have prevented all this unRoman Catholic bishops consti- happy dissension. He regretted tuted an aggression in this coun- various amendments that have been try; and he supported that con- lost in the Commons; and, inter clusion by disunguishing the act of alia, the want of a provision for the Bishop of home from certain controlling religious houses by a acts of the central Christin visitation. authonty at Jerusalem in olden The Duke of Argull defended unes, appwinting bishops in cer- the Bill against the support of Dr. tain foreign countris suill under Wilberforce, and himself against heathen control.

sume allusions which the Bishop * England," he said, “is a Chris. lud made to him. He remarked, tian country, and the new bishops that though he was willing to deare appwinted to super de the Pro- fend the Church of England, this testani biskops; su that if there was not the time to be singing lo were a revolutiou in furour of the Pxans upon the state of ihat Roman Catholic faith. — which Church, which was the only Church may Gud avert, – the Bishop of day by day and week by week Rome wou.d have swept away all giving forth converts to the Church our ancient sets would have no of Rome. necessity to try the exisung bi- The Bull was supported by Earl shups for heresy, but tind his work Fortescue-who kuhed for a more rea is done to his hands with his stringent measure from Parimanew biskups in fuil pwer. Thus ment of the provisions of this one the Bishop of humr has mterfered should be evaled; by the Eart of with our bustiutvus, and yarti- Giengall, Laird heddesia e, and Earl cularly w.th three reilus insti- Grey-the last mainly in defence tutious which Engiand has esta of his own consistens. It was huisdie iur the insiru tavu of beruppened by Lord St jari de Decies: propie.' It was on the grounds by Earl Nelson-wbo objected to that be supired the B.il. - rst time stessa.n, but also to penal bevan te Basin p of lowme haud lezbuniivn; by the Varquis of endeavvurd to rem ve us fn-m Son; and La rd Gage. the cate or vi taristun peu ple: 15 buil having been read a sud, seoulder, bech he luud been third time. Loni Nocteau le mured &ta: ung te thurn of Erxlardan alle Die 3, pruuning thai the kv atlet purg w atuash, and, as Bull sbauid * apy w or in tar as his rew'n sent as any way akt, any di dune by abolishi: g, its nie bolignes aux Ar thuisp. Basb por irean, Surt: AVTessut le bridisaal & a los virtue if has appuntineot by nstwh, we were bunal wretch the see et læne, or cn ste any I ne lip areperi tie bui pasity, disisiy, ir tience, by for that runs, lut awwi berau 1 diel rument of ap was qu te llevalented with patient, Assumpa sa or He turnerind # fenekese of an exieussucai uue oreHie segredo wa Muat arurd & Ti «r pun. w bar ug sad the groen nies but relemei by the only the

ese gritted to im'n was no arnea Rar, pusiauli the earless

astical name, style, desiguation, or if he had informed the Governtitle assumed, or used by any such ment that such was his intention Archbishop, Bishop, or Dean, in -and if he had confined himself, the holy orders of the Roman both in his brief and in the manCatholic Church, shall be the style date announcing the brief, to the or title of Roman Catholic Arch- designations which were contained bishop, Roman Catholic Bishop, in the proposed amendment—there or Roman Catholic Dean, as the would not have been the least obcase may be, officiating or having jection to his so doing. Lord episcopal functions within the dio- Lansdowne would go further, and cese or district in which he is au- say that even now, although the thorized to officiate, in respect to Pope had not taken that course, all persons and congregations of there was not one of the spiritual persons professing the Roman Ca- functions of the Roman Catholic tholic religion within the said dio- Church which, stripped of all concese or district."

nection with the assumption of terThe Marquis of Lansdowne op- ritorial titles, could not be suffi. posed the addition, maintaining ciently exercised under the Bill that it was needless. He would as it now stood, without the addisay at once and without hesitation, tion proposed by his noble Friend. that if the Pope had desired to After a short debate the amendsecure, as it was a lawful object for ment was withdrawn, and so the him to secure, the benefit of epis- Bill passed, and shortly afterwards copal administration to the Roman received the royal assent. Catholic subjects of the Queen

CHAPTER IV.

FINANCE.-- The Chancellor of the Exchequer makes his second Financial

Statement for the Year, on the 5th of April, He explains at length the motires which had influenced him in making his Propositions to the House, and the subsequent modifications in his PlansHe proposes a total Repeal of the Windore Tax in lieu of the Alteration before propounded, and retracts some of the boons to the Agricultural Interest ühich had been ungraciously receiced— The Budget meets with a more facourable reception than the former one. THE INCOME TAX.-- Mr. Herries mores a Resolution directed to an alleriation of that Im poslHe is answered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer-Speeches of Mr. Prinsep, Mr. F. Peel, Mr. T. Biring, Mr. J. Wilson, Sir R. Inulis, and other Members-Yr. Herries's Resolution is rejecteil on a dicision by 278 against 230— The Second Reading of the Income Tax Bill is opposed by Mr. Spooner and Mr. Munts, but reithout effect-On the Bill going into Committee, Mr. Hume moves that the Grant le limited to one year, with the object of having the whole subject corsidered in a Select Committee The Amendment is opposed by the Gorernment, also by Mr. Cullen and Mr. Sidney Herbert-It is supported by A' lerman Thompson, Mr. Miles, and Nr. Disraeli, and is carried by 244 to 230, amidst great cheering from the OppositionA few days afterwards, Lord John Russell declares the intention of the Gorernment to acquirece in the Amendment-Remarks of Mr. Disraeli-Mr. Hume experiences much difficulty in nominating a Select Committee on the Income Tax-Discussion as to the olject of the Amendment, and the moires of those who had supported i- Remarks of Lord John Russell and Sir C. Wood- A Committee is at length nominated. PROTECTIONIST FINANCE.-On the 30th of June Mr. Disraeli mores certain Resolutions respecting the Financial Position and Prospects of the Country, and the Policy of the Gorernment-His Speech-He is answered by the Chancellor of the Erchequer-Speeches of Mr. Veredegate, Mr. Labouchere, Mr. Hume, and other SlembersThe Resolutions are negatired by a majority of 113. ALTERATION OF DUTIES ON COFFEE AND TIMBER.— The former opposed by Jr. E. H. Stanley, but agreed to by the House-Mr. T. Baring mores a Resolution condemnatory of the Adulteration of Coffre by means of Chicory- The Motion is opposed by the Chancellor of the Erchequer, and rejected after a debate by 5 rotes only-On a scond attempt with the same cier, Mr. T. Baring is outroted by 199 to 122. Malt Tax.-- Repeal of that Duty mored by Mr. CayleyHis Speech -He is supported by Mr. Disraeli and other Members of the Agricultural Party- The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord John Russell

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