Locke King moves for leave to bring in a Bill to extend the Franchise in

Counties to 101. Occupiers-His Motion is supported by Mr. Hume and

Mr. Cobden, and opposed by Lord John Russell, but is carried against the

Government by 100 votes against 52. THE BUDGET--First Financial

Statement of the Year made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer

on the 17th of February - His Propositions respecting the Income

Tax, and Partial Repeal of the Window Tax—The Statement is very

unfavourably received by the House—Adverse Criticisms from various

Members. THE MINISTERIAL CRISIS-On the 20th of February the Re-

signation of Lord John Russell's Cabinet is announced in the Newspapers

-Reasons generally alleged for this step-On the meeting of the Houses

on the 21st, the Ministerial Leaders propose Adjournments till the 24th-

On the 24th Explanations are given in both Houses—Statement of the

Marquis of Lansdowne in the House of Lords—Remarks of Lord Stanley

-Similar Statement by Lord John Russell in the House of Commons-

Remarks of Mr. Disraeli and Mr. Roebuck-Further Adjournments till the

28th are proposed and agreed to~On that day the Marquis of Lansdowne,

in the Upper House, enters into a detailed account of the Negotiations

carried on for the reconstruction of the Ministry-He announces that the

Queen had had recourse to the Duke of Wellington for advice at this

juncture—Speeches of the Earl of Aberdeen and Lord Stanley relative to

the parts taken by them in the late transactions—In the Commons, on

the same evening, Lord John Russell enters into a full Statement of what

had occurred—Important Speech of Sir James Graham-Remarks of Mr.

Disraeli, Mr. Hume, Sir R. Inglis, and other Members—Ultimate adjust-

ment of the Ministerial Crisis, and Reinstalment of the late Cabinet

announced on the 3rd of March-Discussions in both Houses on this

occasion-Declarations by Irish Members of determined hostility to the

Ecclesiastical Titles Bill Remarks of Lord John Manners and Mr.



Discussions, and numerous Amendments proposed, but without success

The Bill does not pass through Committee till the end of June—On

bringing up the Report Sir F. Thesiger moves three important Amend-

ments of which he had given notice-A large number of Roman Catholic

Members walk out of the House, and the Amendments are carried against

the Government by considerable majorities—On the Third Reading Lord

John Russell attempts to induce the House to rescind Sir F. Thesiger's

Amendments, but is again defeated— The Third Reading is carried some-

what unexpectedly by 263 against 46, and the Bill is sent up to the Lords

— The Second Reading is moved by the Marquis of Lansdowne on the 21st

of July, when a spirited Discussion takes place, which is continued for

two nights—Speeches of the Earl of Aberdeen, Lord Beaumont, the Duke

of Wellington, who supports the Measure, the Earl of Malmesbury, Vis-

count Canning, the Duke of Argyll, the Bishop of St. David's, the Earl of

Winchilsea, Lord Lyndhurst, the Duke of Newcastle, the Marquis of Clan-

ricarde, Lord Monteagle, the Lord Chancellor, the Earl of St. Germans,

the Earl of Minto, and Earl Fitzwilliam— The Second Reading is carried

by 265 against 38—The Bill passes through Committee unaltered—On the

Third Reading a further Debate takes place, when the House is again

addressed by the Earl of Aberdeen, the Bishop of Oxford, the Duke of

Argyll, and other Peers-Lord Monteagle moves an Amendment, which is

negatived, and the Bill becomes Law


Finance.—The Chancellor of the Exchequer makes his second Financial

Statement for the Year, on the 5th of April-He explains at length the

motives which had influenced him in making his Propositions to the

House, and the subsequent modifications in his Plans—He proposes a total

Repeal of the Window Tax in lieu of the Alteration before propounded,

and retracts some of the boons to the Agricultural Interest which had

been ungraciously received—The Budget meets with a more favour-

able reception than the former one. The Income Tax-Mr. Herries

moves a Resolution directed to an alleviation of that Impost—He is

answered by the Chancellor of the Exchequer-Speeches of Mr. Prinsep,

Mr. F. Peel, Mr. T. Baring, Mr. J. Wilson, Sir R. Inglis, and other Mem-

bers—Mr. Herries's Resolution is rejected on a division by 278 against

230— The Second Reading of the Income-Tax Bill is opposed by Mr.

Spooner and Mr. Muntz, but without effect-On the Bill going into Com-

mittee, Mr. Hume moves that the Grant be limited to one year, with the

object of having the whole subject considered in a Select Committee-

The Amendment is opposed by the Government, also by Mr. Cobden, and

Mr. Sidney Herbert-It is supported by Alderman Thompson, Mr. Miles,

and Mr. Disraeli, and is carried by 244 to 230, amidst great cheering from

the Opposition—A few days afterwards, Lord John Russell declares the

intention of the Government to acquiesce in the Amendment-Remarks

of Mr. Disraeli-Mr. Hume experiences much difficulty in nominating a

Select Committee on the Income Tax-Discussion as to the object of the
Amendment, and the motives of those who had supported it—Remarks of

Lord John Russell and Sir C. Wood-A Committee is at length nominated.

PROTECTIONIST Finance—On the 30th of June, Mr. Disraeli moves certain

Resolutions respecting the Financial Position and Prospects of the

Country, and the Policy of the Government—His Speech-He is answered

by the Chancellor of the Exchequer-Speeches of Mr. Newdegate, Mr.

Labou ere, Mr. Hume, and other Members—The Resolutions are ne-

gatived by a majority of 113. ALTERATION OF DUTIES ON COFFEE AND

Timber—The former opposed by Mr. E. H. Stanley, but agreed to by the

House-Mr. T. Baring moves a Resolution condemnatory of the Adul-

teration of Coffee by means of Chicory—The Motion is opposed by the

Chancellor of the Exchequer, and rejected after a Debate, by 5 votes only

-On a second attempt with the same view, Mr. T. Baring is outvoted by

199 to 122. Malt Tax-Repeal of that Duty moved by Mr. Cayley-

His Speech-He is supported by Mr. Disraeli and other Members of the

Agricultural Party-The Chancellor of the Exchequer and Lord John

Russell resist the Motion, which is rejected by 258 to 122–Mr. Bass after-

wards moves that the Malt Duty be reduced one-half—This also is ne-

gatived by the House-Mr. Frewen attempts a Repeal of the Hop Duty,

but without success—Lord Naas twice defeats the Government on his

Motion with respect to the mode of levying Duties on Home-made

Spirits in Bond; and Lord Robert Grosvenor once, upon a Proposi-

tion for repealing the Attorney's Certificate Duty—The Chancellor of

the Exchequer ultimately succeeds in reversing the decisions as to



Vernon Smith, Mr. F. Scott, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Labouchere,

Mr. Sidney Herbert, and other Members—The Amendment is carried by

128 to 60—Further Discussions in the House of Lords, and in the House

of Commons, on the vote being proposed for the Expenses of the Kafir

War in Committee of Supply-Important Debate on the Political Griev-

ances of the Cape Colony in the House of Lords, on the Motion of the

Earl of Derby-He enters fully into the subjects of the Postponement of

the promised Constitution, and the sending of Convicts to the Cape—Earl

Grey defends his own Policy—The Earl of Malmesbury, Lord Lyndhurst,

Lord Cranworth, the Lord Chancellor, the Duke of Argyll, and the Duke

of Newcastle, take part in the Discussion-Lord Derby's Motion for a

Select Committee of Inquiry is negatived by 74 to 68. SIR JAMES BROOKE

-Mr. Hume moves for an Inquiry into the Conduct of this Officer in

reference to some of his operations against the Dyak Tribes for alleged

Piracy-Mr. Headlam, Mr. H. Drummond, Mr. Milnes, and Lord Palmer-

ston vindicate Sir J. Brooke's Character—Mr. Cobden supports the Motion

-Mr. Gladstone discredits the personal Charges, but is in favour of In-

quiry-On a Division, the Motion is defeated by 230 to 19. THE SLAVE

Trade-Interesting Statement made by Lord Palmerston respecting the

progress made towards its Suppression-Remarks of Sir John Pakington


Publication of Mr. Gladstone's Letters to the Earl of Aberdeen—Strong

public interest and sympathy excited by these disclosures-Sir De Lacy

Evans questions the Government on the subject in the House of Commons

—Answer of Lord Palmerston, and steps taken by him in reference to

Mr. Gladstone's Pamphlet .

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and Mr. Disraeli-On a Division the Bill is lost by 299 to 83— Motion by

Mr. Henry Berkeley in favour of the Ballot supported by Mr. Hume and

Captain Scobell, and carried against the Ministers by 87 to 50—The

Motion, however, produces no further result. St. Alban's ELECTION-

Gross Bribery alleged to have been practised at that Borough -Bill pro-

posed and carried for appointing Commissioners to investigate the mode

in which the Election had been conducted. PEACE POLICY-Mr. Cobden's

Proposition in favour of a reciprocal National Disarmament-Speeches of

Mr. Cobden, Mr. Mackinnon, Lord Palmerston, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Hume,

and other Members-Several Members advise the withdrawal of the

Motion in consequence of the language held by the Secretary for Foreign

Affairs-Mr. Cobden accedes to that suggestion. MARRIAGES OF AFFINITY

-The Bill rejected in the preceding Year for legalizing Marriages with a

deceased Wife's Sister is again introduced in the House of Lords-Earl

St. Germans proposes and argues in favour of the Measure—The Arch-

bishop of Canterbury declares himself opposed to the principle of the

Bill, and moves its postponement for Six Months—The Bishops of Exeter,

St. David's, and Norwich, support the Amendment- Lord Campbell

argues forcibly against the Bill—Lord Gage supports the Measure-On a

Division the Amendment is carried by a Majority of 34. THE CHURCH

OF ENGLAND AND CONVOCATION--Discussion in the House of Lords on the

Motion of Lord Redesdale on this subject—The Archbishop of Canterbury

argues with much force against the revival of Convocation-Important

Speeches of Lord Lyttelton, the Marquis of Lansdowne, the Bishop of

London, the Archbishop of Dublin, the Duke of Argyll, and the Bishop

of Oxford,

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