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spirits were not the kind of tax Wood then gave notice that on the which he specially desired to re- report of the resolutions being duce. Mr. Disraeli interposed his brought up, he should once more sauction of the motion : it was take the sense of the House upon quite time that these routine rea- the subject. He did so, and at sonings and stereotype arguments last succeeded in defeating his opof public officers should receive ponent, the Bill brought in by some decided check. The House Lord Naas being thrown out by divided, and the numbers were- 194 against 166. For the motion to go into

A nearly similar result attended

a motion made by Lord Robert Committee

159

Grosvenor, for leave to bring in a Against it

159

Bill to repeal the annual certificate Ministers and Opposition

duty on attorneys and solicitors.

The noble Lord proposed not to rein equilibrio

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move the duty in the present year, The Speaker had to give his and if the Chancellor of the Exchecasting-vote, and in accordance with quer would promise a favourable custom he voted for going into consideration of the subject in the Committee, that the House might following session, he would not have an opportunity for second press the motion at all, though he thoughts on the resolution itself. regarded the tax as a sample of The result produced great cheer- unjust legislation against a class. ing from the Opposition.

The Chancellor of the Exchequer On the 6th of June the Ministers declared that the revenue could not were again defeated by Lord Naas, afford the loss of this duty, neither and in a more decisive manner. did he regard it as having a paraOn the House going into Com- mount claim to remission. On a mittee on the resolutions already division the Government were deagreed to, the Chancellor of the feated by 162 to 132. The vicExchequer moved that the chair- tory, however, was fruitless, as the man do leave the chair, and was out- Ministers succeeded in getting rid of voted by 140 to 123. Sir Charles the Bill before the second reading. CHAPTER V.

FOREIGN AND COLONIAL AFFAIRS--Ceylon, and the Charges against Lord

Torrington-Notice of Resolutions censuring the Conduct of that Nobleman and of Earl Grey given by Mr. Baillie-Lord Torrington enters into a detailed Explanation of his own Conduct in the House of Lords-Remarks of Earl Grey and of the Duke of Wellington Important Debate on Mr. Baillie's Motion continued for two NightsSpeeches of Serjeant Murphy, Mr. Ker Seymer, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Hume, Sir James Hogg, Sir F. Thesiger, Mr. Hawes, Mr. Gladstone, the Attorney-General, Lord John Russell, and Mr. Disraeli

Mr. Baillie's Resolutions are negatived by a Majority of 82. Colo. MAL EXPENDITURE AND SELF-GOVERNMENT-Sir William Molesworth moves Resolutions in favour of a Reduction of the former, and an Extension of the latter tothe British ColoniesHis able and comprehensive Speech-He is answered by Mr. Hawes-Speeches of Mr. Adderley, Mr. Cobden, and Lord John Russell-The Debate is adjourned, and is not afterwards resumed. AFFAIRS OF THE CAPE COLONI-Political Agitation and Discontent in that Settlement, and renewal of the Kafir War --Debates in Parliament on these subjectsMr. Adderley moves an Address to the Crown, praying that a Commission may be sent out to inquire into the Relations between the British Government and the Kafir Tribes--His Speech-Lord John Russell moves as an Amendment, that a Select Committee be appointed with the same objectSpeeches of Mr. Vernon Smith, Mr. F. Scott, Mr. Gladstone, Mr. Roebuck, Mr. Labouchere, Mr. Sidney Herbert, and other MembersThe Amendment is carried by 128 to 60Further Discussions in the House of Lords, and in the House of Commons, on the vote being proposed for the Expenses of the Kafir War in Committee of SupplyImportant Debate on the Political Grievances of the Cape Colony in the House of Lords, on the Motion of the Earl of Derby-He enters fully into the subjects of the Postponement of the promised Constitution, and the sending of Convicts to the Cape-Earl Grey defends his own PolicyThe Earl of Malmesbury, Lord Lyndhurst, Lord Cranworth, the Lord Chancellor, the Duke of Argyll, and the Duke of Newcastle, take part in the Discussion-Lord Derby's Motion for a Select Committee of Inquiry is negatived by 74 to 68. SIR JAMES BROOKE-Mr. Hume moves for an Inquiry into the Conduct of this Officer in reference to some of his operations against the Dyak Tribes for alleged Piracy-Mr. Headlam, Mr. H. Drummond, Mr. Milnes, and Lord Palmerston vindicate Sir J. Brooke's Character-Mr. Cobden supports the Motion Mr. Gladstone discredits the personal Charges, but is in favour of Inquiry-On a Division, the Motion is defeated by 230 to 19. The SLAVE TRADE-Interesting Statement made by Lord Palmerston respecting the progress made towards its Suppression-Remarks of Sir John Pakington and Mr. Hutt. STATE PROSECUTIONS OF THE NEAPO

GOVERNMENT - Publication of Mr. Gladstone's Letters to the Earl of Aberdeen-Strong public interest and sympathy excited by these disclosures--Sir De Lacy Evans questions the Government on the subject in the House of CommonsAnswer of Lord Palmerston, and steps taken by him in reference to Mr. Gladstone's Pamphlet.

LITAN

T

THE affairs of Ceylon, and the nion that the execution of eighteen

charges of mal-administration persons, and the transportation, alleged against Lord Torrington imprisonment, and corporal punishin his government of that island, ment of one hundred and fifty which had occupied a prominent persons, by military tribunals, for space in the parliamentary pro- alleged offences after those disceedings of the two preceding turbances had been suppressed years, were in this session again (during which one individual only made the subject of warm discus- of Her Majesty's troops had been sion, and at length finally dis- slightly injured), is at variance posed of. Considerable delays had with the merciful administration arisen in prosecuting the inquiry of the British penal laws, and is referred to the Select Committee not calculated to insure the future of the House of Commons; partly affections and fidelity of Her Mafrom unavoidable causes, the dis- jesty's Colonial subjects. tance of the scene, and the absence “3. That this House is therefore of the necessary witnesses; partly, of opinion, that the conduct of as the adversaries of the ex-Go. Earl Grey, in signifying Her Ma. vernor alleged, from obstacles jesty's unqualified approbation of thrown in the way of investigation Lord Torrington's administration by the Colonial Office at home. At of Ceylon, has been precipitate an early period of the present ses- and injudicious, tending to estasion, however, Mr. Henry Baillie, blish precedents of rigour and who had been the Chairman of the severity in the government of Her Select Committee, gave notice of Majesty's foreign possessions, and his intention to move the following injurious to the character of this resolutions :

country for justice and humanity." "1. That this House, having Circumstances, which arose in taken into consideration the evi- part out of the Ministerial crisis dedence adduced before the Select scribed in a former chapter of this Committee appointed to inquire volume, led to the postponement into the grievances complained of of Mr. Baillie's motion, which did in the Crown colony of Ceylon, is not come on for discussion till the of opinion that the punishment of 28th of May. Meanwhile, Lord the natives of that island impli- Torrington, feeling the painful pre. cated in the disturbances of 1848 dicament in which his political has been excessive and unneces- reputation was placed, determined sarily severe.

to vindicate his own conduct by 2. That this House is of opi- stating his version of the transcoffee ; and all the order did was, his patronage, and had no feeling not to sanction a fraud upon the for the honest trader, who was public, but to exempt dealers from entitled to his protection. Excise penalties. He did not think Mr. Hume, on the other hand, it was the duty of the Govern- complained of the ivconsistency of ment in all cases to interfere be- Mr. Wakley, who was advocating tween the public and sellers: the extension of the Excise. He careat emptor; purchasers must thought the Government perfectly take care of themselves. In nive right in refusing to do so, and he cases out of ten, however, no fraud wished they would abolish the Ex. was really perpetrated, the parties cise altogether. knowing that what they bought was After a few remarks from Sir W. not pure coffee. Every one of the Jolliffe and Mr. Bass, the House numerous complaints which had divided, when the motion was pega. been made to him had come from tived by five votes only, 89 roting the sellers of coffee. Parties could for, and 94 against Mr. Baring's easily protect themselves against proposition. On a subsequent the adulteration of coffee-the day Mr. Baring made a second bean could not be imitated. The attempt, with the same ohject, mere revocation of the order would moving that it be an instruction to be insufficient, and he was not the Committee to make provision prepared to undertake a crusade for preventing the mixture of chiagainst all adulterations, and a cory with coffee by the vendors of vexatious interference by the Ex- that article. His motion was again cise, which would provoke general opposed by the Chancellor of the complaint.

Exchequer, Sir Job Trollope, Sir Mr. E. Stanley observed that the Francis Baring, and Mr. Humne : Government did interfere, in the and was advocated by Mr. Crawcase of other articles, and all that ford, Mr. Herries, Mr. Wakley, was sought was, not the introduc- and Mr. Cayley. The result of a tion of any new principle, but that division was, however, more adthe principle adopted in respect to verse to the motion than on the tobacco should be applied to coffee, former occcasion, the numbers the consumption of which had against the motion being 199, and gradually fallen off

, and no cause the supporters 1:22. could be assigned for this diminu. Among the tinancial measures tion but adulteration. Assuming proposed during the present session that chicory was harmless--which by independent Members, one of was a disputed question--that was the most important was the motion no reason why a person should pay of Mr. Cayley, which came on for for chicory the price of pure cotiee. discussion on the sth of May, for But chicory itself was adulterated the repeal of the Malt Taxi la with vile and noxious ingredients. his opinion, said the hon. Member,

Colonel Thompson and Sir J. there was no measure, short of a Tyrell opposed the motion, which return to the system of commer. Wils supported by

cial legislation we had unhappily Mr. Wakley, who complained of abandoned. which would give so the wrongheadedness of the Chan- much relief to the agricultural cellor of the Exchequer; he had interest. Neither the commutataken the fraudulent dealers under tion of the Window Tax for the

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England.)
HISTORY.

4[99 House Tax, nor the reduction of pealed, the consumption would be the duties upon timber and coffee, stimulated in at least an equal dediminished the special burdens gree to that which followed the upon the land; whereas the Malt reduction of the duties upon coffee Tax was so oppressive, obstructive, and tea; and there would be and obnoxious, that the late Sir a further natural demand for R. Peel declared that that tax 10,000,000 quarters of manufacmust be repealed if the Corn Laws tured barley. Mr. Cayley showed were removed, and other advo- that in the instance of home-made cates of free trade had echoed the spirits the increase of consumption declaration. He might be accused had been in exact proportion to the of counselling a breach of public discriminating duties in the three faith; but no friend to public kingdoms, being most rapid in Scotcredit would allow the revenue land and Ireland, where they were from which the dividends of the lowest. This was not, he contended, public creditor were mainly derived a question affecting barley only ; if to sink into depression. Other the Malt Tax was repealed, the acmeans might and must be devised cruing benefit would extend to every to sustain public credit; the land species of grain. The peculiarity could not much longer bear the of the article would exclude foreign weight of taxation cast upon it. malt, and the import of foreign No portion of the 5,000,0001. of barley of suitable quality would taxes repealed bad lightened the not exceed 500,000 quarters. The peculiar burdens upon agriculture. repeal of the tax would, besides, If there was to be no corn-law relieve the hopgrowers, and give legislation, there should be no corn- increased employment to 100,000 law taxation; and it was in order to persons. He concluded by moving remedy this injustice, and to bring for leave to bring in a Bill. the burdens of the agriculturalists Mr. Alcock supported the mowithin the compass of their means, tion, which he hoped would be that he proposed to repeal a tax reiterated until there was some amounting to 70 or 100 per cent. hope of relief from a tremendous upon one of their principal commo- burden, equal to the Income Tax, dities. The maltster was, more- which was cast upon a very small over, shackled by revenue restric- portion of the land. He would be tions, contrary to the principle of satisfied if the Chancellor of the free trade, to which no other pro. Exchequer would consent to an ductive interest was subjected, and approximation towards a repeal of the effect of which was to establish the tax, by remitting 10 per cent. a monopoly in the hands of large this year, 20 per cent. the next, capitalists. Free trade professed and so on. to sacrifice every other interest to Mr. Packe coincided with Mr. that of the consumer; the effect of Cayley in considering that the this tax was, to enhance the price British farmer laboured under an of the poor man's beer 500 per overwhelming distress, which he cent., and to drive him from bis was anxious to relieve; but a fallacy own hearth to the gin-palace and ran through his argument, owing to the beer-shop. If the tax upon his not distinguishing the interest of this national beverage were the farmer in his two capacities of

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