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posite the Moro. There were on he declined the offer. In 1823 he the ground at the time 5000 married a Cuban lady, and became troops (3000 infantry and 2000 a resident in Cuba. Being in cavalry), and about 8000 citizens. Madrid at the death of King FerA few minutes before 7 Lopez was dinand the Seventh, he threw himbrought forward, and ascended a self into the Christino and Carlist platform about 15 feet high, on war, on the popular side, and was which was the chair of execution. of such service, that just before He turned, and, facing the mul- the regency of Espartero, he was titude assembled, addressed them made Commander-in-Chief of the in a short speech, the conclu- National Guard of the Kingdom sion of which was, "I die for -a post created especially for him my beloved Cuba.' He then took at the critical period—and Gohis seat, the machine was adjusted, vernor of Madrid. But the post and at one turn of the screw was distasteful to him, and he rehis head dropped forward, and all signed his commission. The city that remained of him who had so of Seville chose him to represent long been the terror and dread of it in the Senate; and then, turning the Cuban Government was a cold, himself to the study of Spanish coloblack, lifeless body. He evinced nial politics, he became possessed not the slightest trembling or fear; with an irrepressible desire to set his step was proud and firm, and free Cuba from the Government his voice clear and distinct.
A of Spain. On his return to Cuba, few hisses and groans were heard important offices were conferred from the crowd after the execu- on him; and these he held till the tion; save that, everything was moment when he himself resigned orderly and quiet."
them, just before the completion Narciso Lopez was born in Vene- of his schemes for a revolution in zuela, while it was still a Spanish Cuba. These schemes were discolony, about the year 1798. His covered before they were comfather's immense estates were lost pleted, and he had to escape to to him in the Patriot war under the United States. Bolivar, which ended in the evacua- The following letter was written tion of the Caraccas by the Spanish by Colonel Crittenden, one of the army, in 1823. In that war Lopez leaders of the expedition, and a was a combatant on the Spanish nephew of the Attorney-General side. He distinguished himself of the United States, immediately by his extraordinary ability as a ca- before his execution.
It shows valry commander, and his bravery. how Lopez had deceived all who During the whole of that war, the accompanied him :military cross of San Fernando, of “ In half an hour 1, with 50 the highest degree, was conferred others, am to be shot. We were only on two claimants, and of them taken prisoners yesterday. We Lopez was one. His character were in small boats. General stood so high even with the Pa- Lopez separated the balance of the triots, against whom he fought, command from me. I had with that when the Spaniards retired, me about 100—was attacked by the Government invited him to two battalions of infantry and one enter their service with the rank company of horse.
The odds were he held in the Spanish army; but too great, and, strange to tell, I
was not furnished with a single proach of a steamer. The Captainmusket cartridge. Lopez did not General, calculating the direction get any artillery. I have not the of the suspected vessel, did not heart to write to any of my family. hesitate one instant, and at 7 If the truth ever comes out you o'clock that same morning the war will find that I did my duty, and steamer Pizarro, under the comhave the perfect confidence of every mand of General Brutillos, sailed man with me.
from Havannah, with seven com“ We had retired from the field, panies of troops (about 700 men), and were going to sea, and were having in tow a schooner with the overtaken by the Spanish steamer horses belonging to the staff ofHabanero, and captured. Tell Ge- ficers, and a few soldiers of the neral Huston that his nephew got Regiment el Rey, all of them comseparated from me on the thirteenth manded by General Enna. day of the fight, and that I have “ The Pizarro anchored the same not seen him since. He may have day in Bahia Londa, four leagues straggled off and joined Lopez, who distant from Plaitas, where the advanced rapidly to the interior. pirates had landed in the mornMy people, however, were entirely ing. Lopez had divided his forces. surrounded on every side. We saw About 400 men were possessed of that we had been deceived grossly, a village called Las Pozas, and 100 and were making for the United more were placed in El Morillo, a States when taken. During my small hill with a few houses that short sojourn in this island I have look upon the coast, with a pronot met a single patriot. We landed bable intent of assisting the landsome 40 or 50 miles to the west- ing of new expeditions, or to secure ward of this, and I am sure that in a retreat in case of a defeat. that part of the island Lopez has General Enna, impatient for no friends.
fighting, and no doubt deceived by " When I was attacked Lopez the many and contradictory reports was only three miles off. If he had consequent upon the hour and not been deceiving us as to the haste, divided also his small forces. state of things, he would have Two companies attacked the hill fallen back with his force and made El Morillo ; two more remained fight; instead of which he marched out of the seat of action; and himon immediately to the interior." self, with only three companies,
The Spanish Minister in this attacked the main body of the incountry, M. Xavier Isturiz, pub- vaders, consisting of at least 350 lished an account of the Cuban men, protected by the houses of invasion, and vindicated the Spa- the village, by some defensive 'nish authorities in the island from works rapidly made, and by the the charge of any undue or un- difficulties of the ground. General necessary severity. He said, the Enna had, therefore, to fight against Captain-General of the island "re- an enemy not only superior in force, ceived, at 3 o'clock in the morning but who had besides the advantage of the 12th, a dispatch from the of being defended by strong paracaptain of Her Majesty's frigate pets. Esperanza, addressed to the Go- "The Spanish troops attacked vernor of Mariel, advising the ap- with the bayonet, receiving the fire of the enemy, and they met with Pozas, or had been dispersed and the most desperate resistance. The shot by the troops and by the loss on both sides was very consi- country people, who had spontanederable, and both parties fought, ously set on their pursuit. man against man, in the streets of “ In this number are included the villages. The Queen's forces the 50 adventurers made prisoners had 120 men wounded, and a con- by the crew of the steamer Habasiderable, but yet unknown, number nero. The following are the cirof dead, among whom was the se- cumstances and particulars of the cond major of the Leon regiment. executions :—They had been taken General Enna, who had his horse in four boats on the coast of Cuba killed under him, found himself in Spanish waters. They formed obliged, in consequence of the posi- part of the expedition of Lopez, tion occupied by the enemy, to wait and they were all found armed, for the artillery and to retreat with with a chief and five officers at his small force. The pirates left their head. They arrived at Hathe village to attack him, but the vannah early in the morning of General charged them with his few the 16th, and having been found men and compelled them to re- guilty by their own evidence and enter their sheltered positions. He declarations, they were shot at halfthen halted at a short distance past 11, near the Castle of Atarés. with his little force, which he had More than 20,000 spectators were yet to divide by the necessity of present at that melancholy scene, transporting and escorting the and raised their vivas for the wounded to Bahia Londa.
Queen and for Spain. The troops “ There he remained, without had formed a square, the cavalry being at all molested, till the 15th, and the civil guard being on the in the morning, when he was rein- sides. The colonel was shot alone, forced by four companies of in- the five officers together, and the fantry and 150 horse, that the other individuals 10 by 10. All Captain-General of Cuba had sent of them were immediately withunder the command of the colonel drawn from the place of execution chief of the general staff, and on to make room for their unfortunate that same day he was also joined fellow sufferers. Their mortal reby another column of five compa- mains were, also, immediately nies and two mountain pieces under placed in ten hearses, furnished by the orders of Brigadier General the funeral undertakers, who, Don Martin Rosales.
dressed all in black, carried them “ The invaders, who had re- to be decently buried. The troops mained inactive since the encoun
marched round after the execution, ter on the 13th, contrived to leave and then withdrew: not one single the village of Las Pozas; and by corpse remained in the square ; the latest news from the Havan. then, and only then, were the peonah, dated the 17th, at 8 o'clock ple allowed to enter the place in the morning, it is known that where such a painful act of justice Lopez had only with him 200 men had been performed. out of the 500 he had at the time · This is the exact and true narhe landed. All the others had rative of what has occurred to the been killed in the affray of Las prisoners. All the disgusting details which erroneously have been States, who were more or less conpublished in the English news- cerned in the previous invasion of papers are calumnious fabrications Cuba, instead of being discouraged of the American press. It may by its failure, have again abused be matter of opinion whether the the hospitality of this country by application of the law is convenient making it the scene of the equipor not; but certainly no act of ac- ment of another military excessory cruelty can be imputed in pedition against that possession of this case to the Spanish authorities Her Catholic Majesty, in which in Cuba. They have fulfilled a they were countenanced, aided, and painful duty, but they have fulfilled joined by citizens of the United it with the dignity and decorum States. On receiving intelligence that becomes honourable and gal- that such designs were entertained lant men."
I lost no time in issuing such in
structions to the proper officers of UNITED STATES.—The the United States as seemed to be 32nd Congress of the United called for by the occasion. By the States was opened at Washington proclamation, a copy of which is on the 1st of December, and on herewith submitted, I also warned the following day the annual mes- those who might be in danger of sage of the President was read. being inveigled into this scheme, of It was of more than ordinary its unlawful character, and of the length, and the following are the penalties which they would incur. most important passages :
For some time there was reason to “ Fellow-citizens of the Senate hope that these measures had sufand of the House of Represen- ficed to prevent any such attempt. tatives, -I congratulate you and This hope, however, proved to be our common constituency upon the delusive. Very early in the mornfavourable auspices under which ing of the 3rd of August a steamer, you meet for your first session. called the Pampero, departed from Our country is at peace with all New Orleans for Cuba, having on the world. The agitation which, board upwards of 400 armed men, for a time, threatened to disturb with evident intentions to make war the fraternal relations which make upon the authorities of the island. us one people is fast subsiding; This expedition was set on foot in and a year of general prosperity palpable violation of the laws of the and health has crowned the nation United States. Its leader was a with unusual blessings. ne can Spaniard, and several of the chief look back to the dangers which are officers, and some others engaged passed, or forward to the bright in it, were foreigners. The perprospect before us, without feeling sons composing it, however, were a thrill of gratification, at the same mostly citizens of the United time that he must be impressed States. with a grateful sense of our pro- “Before the expedition set out, found obligations to a beneficent and probably before it was organized, Providence, whose paternal care is a slight insurrectionary movement, so manifest in the happiness of which appears to have been soon this highly-favoured land.
suppressed, had taken place in the “ Since the close of the last Con- eastern quarter of Cuba. The imgress certain Cubans and other fo- portance of this movement was unreigners resident in the United fortunately so much exaggerated in
the accounts of it published in this to proceed in the steam-frigate
jects. After the lapse of some
and have lost their lives in the w“On receiving information of dertaking. Too severe a judgwhat had occurred, Commodore ment can hardly be passed by the Foxhall A. Parker was instructed indignant sense of the community