his occupations, all unconscious of was the force of the current, that the mischief he had done. He the bodies of the unfortunate men was committed to take his trial for were swept down the sewers into manslaughter. The deceased has the Thames, at London Bridge, left a widow and two children. where the Islington sewer dis

17. Fatal SEWER ACCIDENT at charges itself. The whole current ISLINGTON.-An accident occurred of the New River turned aside in a sewer in process of formation into the opening, and all that part in Lower Road, Islington, by which of London which is supplied with two lives were lost. The Commis- water from that source was left sioners of Sewers having deter- dry, until, by throwing in a great mined to form a branch sewer from quantity of bags of clay, the openChurch Street to Cross Street, had ing into the new sewer was comsuccessfully carried on their opera- pletely stopped. tions at a depth of 24 feet, passing 22. FIRE IN LITTLE BRITAIN. under the New River Tunnel, which About 7 A.M. a fire of a very deis at the depth of 12 feet, near the structive character broke out in King's Head public-house. Mr. the spacious premises belonging to Cox, the landlord, being desirous Mr. Robert Whitaker, playing-card to open a drain from his premises and pasteboard manufacturer, in into the new sewer, had a shaft Little Britain. The building was sunk in bis cellar, and a heading five floors in height, the front condriven forward near the New River sisting of two large houses in the Tunnel. There the water began public thoroughfare, whilst the to ooze through, and flooded the main factory was a building in the cellar, which made him more de- rear, of the same height, and very sirous to have the drain completed extensive, separated from the front into the sewer. The leave of the buildings by a space of 40 feet. Commissioners being requisite for An apprentice, sleeping in the front this, the necessary application was premises, had his attention sudmade and refused. The workman, denly attracted by a loud noise as however, commenced driving a if occasioned by the snapping of heading from the sewer under the burning wood, and looking round New River to meet the drain on he saw that the ground floor and the other side, and had penetrated first story of the factory were in seven feet inwards, when he used flames. This building contained a boring instrument, called

property of considerable value, for "searcher," to ascertain where he besides the immense stock of manuwas going. The searcher pene- factured goods therein, the printrated the tunnel of the New cipal machinery used in the busiRiver, and immediately the water, ness was worked in the different rushing through the heading, filled floors. Alarm being given, the the sewer like a tide. There were engines speedily arrived; but besix men in it at the time: two got fore sufficient time had elapsed to up the shaft with comparative ease, get them fairly to work, the fames two more had a very narrow had communicated with every floor escape, being swept off their legs in the factory, and were rushing by the force of the current; but forth from the 26 windows in front, a labourer and a bricklayer were completely extending across the carried away and drowned. Such open yard, and rolling into the



back windows of the two front at night. Each warehouse conhouses. At the same time hun. tained a very heavy stock, princidreds of sheets of card-board and pally garments (slops) which had paper, in a state of combustion, been made up for exportation, and were blown through the top of the a considerable amount of woollen premises when the roof gave way, and other goods in the piece. and were carried a long distance On Saturday evening, about 7 over the surrounding houses, threat o'clock, the premises were closed ening devastation to the entire in the regular course of business. neighbourhood. The top floors of The doors were locked, and the one of the front houses, and the warehouses remained closed the back rooms of the other, caught whole of Sunday; but shortly after fire; but by the strenuous exer- 5 o'clock on Monday morning an tions of the firemen this part of alarm of fire was given by some the fire was extinguished, and the parties residing in houses close by. destruction was confined to the One of these had been aroused by factory premises. The adjoining the reflection of a great glare of houses were much injured, and from light in her room, and on going to the closeness of this ancient neigh- the window, discovered the oppobourhood a very extensive contla- site building to be on fire. Flames gration was imminent.

were issuing from the counting27. GREAT FIRE IN Hounds- house windows at the western part DITCH.—A fire of serious magni- of the establishment. No time tude, involving a very heavy loss was lost in arousing those residing of property, occurred in Hounds- on the premises, and giving the ditch. The site of the conflagra- alarm. Before the engines could tion was the long range of premises arrive the flames had extended belonging to Messrs. Boustield and along the whole basement floor of Sons, wholesale clothiers and out the centre warehouse, and, rushing fitters, the front buildings being up the principal staircase, had fired numbered 126 and 127, Hounds- the upper stories. The tremendous ditch. The business was one of glare of the flames speedily brought the largest at the east end of the whole force of the fire-brigade London, upwards of 1500 hands to the spot, and by their great being employed by the firm. The exertions the destruction was conproperty comprised three ware- fined to the main central building; houses extending backwards to a but this was utterly consumed, with considerable extent. Those front. its contents, to the value of 30,0001. ing the main street had been One of the firemen was knocked formed out of two capacious houses. down by some burning timbers, and In a line with the front part of the impaled on the iron railings below. premises, and adjoining, ran two He was carried to the hospital with lofty buildings, one 120 feet in very little hope of life. length, and the other about 50, AMERICAN STEAM-BOAT Disboth four stories high, which had ASTERS.—American journals conbeen erected about two years ago, tain accounts of two fearful disat a cost of 70001. The three asters, such as too frequently occur buildings communicated with each in the navigation of their inland other on every floor, iron screens waters. The first recorded is the or doors closing up the apertures loss of the steamer John Adams, on the Mississippi, on the morning weigh, would have consumed all of the 27th. The vessel was those on board but for the assistbound for Cincinnati with a heavy ance of the Iroquois, which was freight and a large number of pas- wooding within a mile of the sengers, and when near the head Oregon. Upon seeing the exploof Island 82, struck a snagor sion, Captain Lee, of the Iroquois, stump and sunk in two minutes. gave orders to go to the relief of The cabin parted from the hull, the Oregon. But few minutes and the latter went down in about elapsed before she was alongside 60 feet of water. She had about the Oregon. The flames had just 90 or 100 deck passengers, a few burst through the hurricane roof. of whom only were saved. The Men, women,

and children were cabin, in breaking from the hull, collected together on the afterpart separated in the middle, which of the boat, without the means of doubtless was the cause of many getting away but by jumping into of the cabin passengers saving the river. The shrieks of the their lives. The ladies in the cabin women, the frenzy of the men, were all saved. After suffering ready to leap overboard to avoid many hours in the water, they the more horrible death by fire, were enabled to get ashore at the the groans of the scalded and plantation of a Mr. Carter. The dying, and the piteous lowing of forward portion of the cabin, in- the cattle, baffle description. By cluding the fixtures, floated down great exertion the survivors of the to the head of Island 83, where it passengers and crew were got on grounded The number was as board the Iroquois, some of them so follows:-Cabin passengers, 100; seriously scalded that eleven died deck, 87; officers, 1l; crew, fire- before reaching Memphis, where men, and hands, 32; total, 230. such as were yet living were taken The number saved was - Cabin to the hospital. The waiters in passengers, 84; deck, 5; officers, the cabin were at dinner, and all 11; crew, firemen, and hands, 7; were killed except the steward; total, 107: lost, 123.

eight white firemen were killed. The second catastrophe occurred It is impossible to give a correct on March 2, and apparently near the idea of the loss of life, nothing same spot. The steamer Oregon, having been left whereby to ascerbound down from Louisville, while tain names. The Oregon was passing through the shute of Island scuttled, but it proved useless, as No. 82, at 1 P.M. on the 2nd inst., the burning of the upper works burst her boiler, with a tremendous caused her to rise faster than the report, carrying away the forward holes could allow the introduction cabin and upper deck, and killing of water to sink her. and wounding 60 persons. She was heavily laden, and had from 80 to 100 passengers, who had

FEBRUARY. just finished dinner, and were mostly collected in the hall and on 1. THE ANNUITY OF THE LATE the forward guards at the time. QUEEN DowAGER.—The Court of She took fire after the explosion, Queen's Bench gave judgment in and burnt to the water's edge, and the case of Lord Brougham, exebeing in the channel and under cutor of the late Queen Dowager, 0. the Lords of the Treasury. The gard to annuities generally; but plaintiff had applied for a manda- the executor of the late Queen mus commanding the Lords Com- Dowager urged that this was a missioners of the Treasury to show case not only of construction but cause why they should not give of intention, The express object the proper warrant for the pay- of the Act was to enable the late ment of that quarter of the late Queen to maintain her dignity, Queen's annuity of 100,0001. which and it could not but be supposed fell due on the quarter-day after the Legislature knew that Her Maher Majesty's death. The annuity jesty would be at great cost on this was made payable out of the Con- head during the currency of the solidated Fund under the Act 1 quarter in which she died. As to and 2 William IV., cap. 11, enti- the full payment made after the tled " An Act for enabling His Ma- King's death, that would be proper jesty to make provision for sup- on account of outfit, and the taking porting the royal dignity of the possession of the residences apQueen, in case she shall survive pointed for Her Majesty's use, one His Majesty.” It was “ to take of which residences, Marlborough effect immediately from and after House, was unfurnished. Both the decease of His Majesty, and parties consented to abide by the continue thence during the natural decision of the Court of Queen's life of Her Majesty;" and it was to Bench, whose judgment was now be " payable at the four quarter- delivered. The Court held that days” of the 31st March, 30th there was nothing special in the June, 30th September, and 31st wording of the Act of Parliament December. The late King died granting the late Queen's annuity, on the 20th June, 1837, and the and nothing therefore which disQueen Dowager died on the 2nd tinguished the case from the ordiDecember, 1849. Her Majesty nary annuity cases; and about the received a full quarter's annuity general law of such cases there on the 30th June, 1837, only ten was no reason for raising a doubt. days from the King's death ; and When an annuity is granted, it is her executors now claimed also in the power of the draftsman to the full quarter which would have say that the payments shall be apbeen payable without doubt if she portionable, or to leave the case to had lived to the 31st December, events, letting the annuitant run 1849. The Lords of the Treasury his chance of benefit or loss. In felt bound to reject this claim; the present case, the estate of the and contended that, under the gene- annuitant gained by the events; ral law, there could be no appor- the late Queen obtained the quartiopment of this annuity; and sug- ter's payment for ten days after gested that in equity there would the King's death, and her rebe no hardship, as the full quarter presentatives lost the quarter's received for the ten days after payment for the 63 days bethe King's death compensated for tween the last payment and the the quarter not receivable on ac- day of her death: blending the count of the 63 days after the times, her estate gained a quarter's Queen's death. There was no

payment for a term less than a doubt that they rested on princi- quarter by nineteen days. After ples of law acknowledged with re dealing with the points urged on


behalf of the executors, Lord 1 o'clock, and the enthusiastic Campbell touched with some seve- greetings which accompanied every rity upon the topic of the “exalted step of the royal progress, must rank" of the deceased.

“ We are

have made it evident to Her Maat a loss to know how this should jesty, although so long accustomed influence the construction of the to receive the hearty tribute of her language by which provision is people's affectionate loyalty, that a made for her. We might as well deeper feeling than ordinary now be told of ber exemplary virtues moved the mass of her subjects while living, and of her saint-like around her, and that Her Majesty death, which will ever make her might rely upon the affection and memory cherished with affection loyalty of her people in repelling and reverence by the English na- the encroachments and resenting tion. These we are most ready to the insults of any foreign potenacknowledge; but we sit here tate. merely as judges to interpret an DREADFUL COLLISION Act of Parliament; and, according THE CLYDE.—Severe gales have to the just interpretation of this prevailed in the north, during Act of Parliament, we are all clearly which some terrible disasters ocof opinion, that in the event which curred in the Clyde. The Thistle has happened no arrears of annuity steamer left Glasgow for Londoncan be claimed subsequently to the derry at 7 P.M. The night was 30th of September, 1849." dark and stormy. Between 10 and

4. OPENING OF THE PARLIA- 1] o'clock, as she was off Pladda MENT.-The fourth session of the light, she came into collision with present Parliament was opened a vessel with such violence as to this day by Her Majesty in person. sink her almost instantaneously. The appearance of Her Majesty Not a cry was heard from the among the people in state, and upon sinking vessel, nor was it for some an occasion of national importance, time known what she was ; but by never fails to attract, even in the the wreck floating about the frith, most ordinary times, a numerous and by the captain's desk and paconcourse of spectators : on this pers, which were washed ashore, it occasion it was invested with un- was found that she was the Laurel usual interest, owing to the recent of Greenock, inward bound from aggression of the Pope on Her Demerara, with a cargo of sugar Majesty's prerogatives and the civil and molasses, valued at 80001. rights of the kingdom. Every por- Her crew consisted of fourteen or tion of the route from Buckingham tifteen hands, who, with one pasPalace to the House of Parliament senger, all perished. was crowded with unwonted multi- The same night, the Vanguard tudes, all seemingly anxious to add steamer ran down the schooner truthfulness and reality to the vast Eleanor, when the captain and number of written assurances of three men were drowned. continued attachment to her crown 5. STEAMBOAT EXPLOSION.and person recently addressed to Glasgow.—About 7 o'clock in the Her Majesty, by the loud huzzas morning a fearful explosion took of her people. The Queen, with place on board the steamer Plover, her accustomed punctuality, left lying at the wharf, Broomielaw, Buckingham Palace precisely at preparatory to her departure for

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