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things terrible; they raise a new creation ticularly performing the public service with of monsters, dragons, and giants; where a due zeal and devotion; I am the more enthe danger ends the hero ceases: when he couraged to lay before them by your means, has won an empire or gained his mistress, several expressions used by some of them the rest of his story is not worth relating in their prayers before sermon, which I am My friend carried his discourse so far as to not well satisfied in. As their giving some say, that it was for higher beings than men titles and epithets to great men, which are to join happiness and greatness in the same indeed due to them in their several ranks idea; but that in our condition we have no and stations, but not properly used, I think, conception of superlative excellence, or he in our prayers. Is it not contradiction to roism, but as it is surrounded with a shade say, illustrious, right reverend, and right of distress.
honourable poor sinners? These distincIt is certainly the proper education we tions are suited only to our state here, and should give ourselves to be prepared for the have no place in heaven; we see they are ill events and accidents we are to meet with omitted in the Liturgy: which, I think, the in a life sentenced to be a scene of sorrow; clergy should take for their pattern in their but instead of this expectation, we soften own forms of devotion.* There is another curselves with prospects of constant delight, expression which I would not mention, but and destroy in our minds the seeds of for- that I have heard it several times before a titude and virtue, which should support us learned congregation, to bring in the last in hours of anguish. The constant pursuit petition of the prayer in these words, “O of pleasure has in it something insolent and let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak improper for our being. There is a pretty but this once;" as if there was no difference sober liveliness in the ode of Horace to between Abraham's interceding for Sodom, Delius, where he tells him, loud mirth, or for which he had no warrant, as we can immoderate sorrow, inequality of behavi- find, and our asking those things which we our, either in prosperity or adversity, are are required to pray for; they would therealike ungraceful in man, that is born to die. fore have much more reason to fear his Moderation in both circumstances is pecu- anger, if they did not make such petitions liar to generous minds. Men of that sort to him. There is another pretty fancy: ever taste the gratifications of health, and when a young man has a mind to let us all other advantages of life, as if they were know who gave him his scarf, he speaks a liable to part with them, and when bereft parenthesis to the Almighty. “Bless, as I of them, resign them with a greatness of am in duty bound to pray, the right homind which shows they know their value nourable the countess;" is not that as much and duration. The contempt of pleasure as to say, “Bless her, for thou knowest I is a certain preparatory for the contempt am her chaplain?” Your humble servant, of pain. Without this the mind is, as it T.
J. O.' were, taken suddenly by an unforeseen event; but he that has always, during health and prosperity, been abstinent in No. 313.] Thursday, Feb. 28, 1711-12. his satisfactions, enjoys, in the worst of difficulties, the reflection, that his anguish Exigite ut mores teneros seu pollice ducat is not aggravated with the comparison of
Ut si quis cera vultum facitpast pleasures which upbraid his present condition. Tully tells us a story after Pom
Bid him besides his daily pains employ,
To form the tender manners of the boy, pey, which gives us a good taste of the And work him, like a waxen babe, with art, pleasant manner the men of wit and philo- To perfect symmetry in ev'ry part.- Ch. Dryden. sophy had in old times, of alleviating the distresses of life by the force of reason and
I shall give the following letter no philosophy. Pompey, when he came to other recommendation than by telling my Rhodes, had a curiosity to visit the famous
* In the original folio edition of this paper, there was philosopher Possidonius; but finding him the following passage, after the above sentence. in his sick bed, he bewailed the misfortune [Another expression which I take to be improper, is that he should not hear a discourse from this, the whole race of mankind,' when they pray for him: * But you may,' answered Possidonius; the race of mankind may be used for the present geneand immediately entered into the point of ration: (though, I think, not very fitly) the whole race stoical philosophy, which says, pain is not takes
in all from the beginning to the end of the world. an evil. During the discourse, upon every their sense, any where but in the old version of Psalın puncture he felt from his distemper, he xiv, which those men, I suppose, have but little esteem smiled and cried out, • Pain, pain, be as and nurseries of good learning and true religion, espeimpertinent and troublesome as you please, cially the two universities, add these words, "Grant that I shall never own that thou art an evil.' from them, and all other places dedicated to thy wor
ship and service, may come forth such persons,'&c. But
what do they mean by all other places ? It seems to me, * MR. SPECTATOR,-Having seen in se- that this is either a tautology, as being the same with veral of your papers a concern for the all schools and nurseries before expressed, or else it honour of the clergy, and their doing every the divine service, which cannot properly be intended
runs too far; for there are several places dedicated to thing as becomes their character, and par- 1 here.]
Juv. Sat. vii. 237.
readers that it comes from the same hand One of the greatest writers our nation with that of last Thursday.
ever produced, observes, that a boy who
forms parties, and makes himself popular 'SIR.-I send you according to my pro- in a school or a college would act the same mise, some farther thoughts on the educa- part with equal ease in a senate or a privy tion of youth, in which I intend to discuss council; and Mr. Osborne, speaking like a that famous question, "Whether the edu- man versed in the ways of the world, afcation at a public school, or under a private firms, that the well laying and carrying on tutor, is to be preferred?”
a design to rob an orchard, trains up a • As some of the greatest men in most youth insensibly to caution, secrecy, and ages have been of very different opinions in circumspection, and fits him for matters of this matter, I shall give a short account of greater importance. what I think may be best urged on both • In short, a private education seems the sides, and afterwards leave every person to most natural method for the forming of a determine for himself.
virtuous man; a public education for making •It is certain from Suetonius, that the a man of business. The first would furnish Romans thought the education of their chil- out a good subject for Plato's republic, the dren a business properly belonging to the latter a member of a community overrun parents themselves; and Plutarch, in the with artifice and corruption. life of Marcus Cato, tells us, that as soon It must, however, be confessed, that a as his son was capable of learning, Cato person at the head of a public school has would suffer nobody to teach him but him- sometimes so many boys under his direcself, though he had a servant named Chilo, tion, that it is impossible he should extend who was an excellent grammarian, and a due proportion of his care to each of who taught a great many other youths. them. This is, however, in reality, the
On the contrary, the Greeks seemed fault of the age, in which we often see more inclined to public schools and semi- twenty parents, who, though each expects naries.
his son should be made a scholar, are not A private education promises, in the contented altogether to make it worth first place, virtue and good breeding; and a while for any man of a liberal education to public school
, manly assurance, and an early take upon him the care of their instruction. knowledge in the ways of the world. "In our great schools, indeed, this fault
Mr. Locke, in his celebrated treatise of has been of te years rectified, so that we education, confesses, that there are incon- have at present not only ingenious men for veniences to be feared on both sides: “If,” the chief masters, but such as have proper says he, “I keep my son at home, he is in ushers and assistants under them. I must danger of becoming my young master; if I nevertheless own, that for want of the same send him abroad, it is scarce possible to encouragement in the country, we have keep him from the reigning contagion of many a promising genius spoiled and abused rudeness and vice. He will perhaps be in those little seminaries. more innocent at home, but more ignorant "I am the more inclined to this opinion, of the world, and more sheepish when he having myself experienced the usage of comes abroad.” However, as this learned two rural masters, each of them very unfit author asserts, that virtue is much more for the trust they took upon them to disdifficult to be obtained than knowledge of charge. The first imposed much more the world, and that vice is a more stubborn, upon me than my parts, though none of as well as a more dangerous fault than the weakest, could endure; and used me sheepishness, he is altogether for a private barbarously for not performing impossibilieducation; and the more so, because he ties. The latter was of quite another temdoes not see why a youth, with right man- per; and a boy who would run upon his agement, might not attain the same assur- errands, wash his coffee-pot, or ring the ance in his father's house as at a public bell, might have as little conversation with school. To this end, he advises parents to any of the classics as he thought fit. I have accustom their sons to whatever strange known a lad at this place excused his exerfaces come to the house: to take them with cise for assisting the cook-maid; and rethem when they visit their neighbours, and member a neighbouring gentleman's son to engage them in conversation with men was among us five years, most of which of parts and breeding.
time he employed in airing and watering •It may be objected to this method, that our master's gray pad. I scorned to comconversation is not the only thing neces- pound for my faults by doing any of these sary; but that unless it be a conversation elegant offices, and was accordingly the with such as are in some measure their best scholar, and the worst used of any boy equals in parts and years, there can be no in the school. room for emulation, contention, and several I shall conclude this discourse with an of the most lively passions of the mind; advantage mentioned by Quintilian, as acwhich, without being sometimes moved, by companying a public way, of education, these means, many possibly contract a dul- which I have not yet taken notice of; ness and insensibility.
namely, that we very often contract such
friendships at school, as are a service to us | No. 314.] Friday, February 29, 1711-12. all the following parts of our lives.
Tandem desine matrem 'I shall give you, under this head, a Tempestiva sequi viro. Hor. Od. xxiii. Lib. 1. 11. story very well known to several persons,
Attend thy mother's heels no more, and which you may depend upon as a real Now grown mature for man, and ripe for joy. truth.
Crcech. • Every one, who is acquainted with
•Feb. 7, 1711-12. Westminster-school, knows that there is a MR. SPECTATOR, I am a young man curtain which used to be drawn across the about eighteen years of age, and have been room to separate the upper school from the in love with a young woman of the same lower. A youth happened, by some mis- age about this half year. I go to see her chance, to tear the above-mentioned cur- six days in the week, but never could have tain. The severity of the master* was too the happiness of being with her alone. If well known for the criminal to expect any any of her friends are at home, she will see pardon for such a fault; so that the boy, me in their company; but if they be not in who was of a meek temper, was terrified the way, she flies to her chamber. I can to death at the thoughts of his appearance, discover no signs of her aversion; but either when his friend who sat next to him bade a fear of falling into the toils of matrimony, him be of good cheer,' for that he would or a childish timidity, deprives us of an take the fault on himself. He kept his interview apart, and drives us upon the difword accordingly. As soon as they were ficulty of languishing out our lives in fruitgrown up to be men, the civil war broke less expectation. Now, Mr. Spectator, if out, in which our two friends took opposite you think us ripe for economy, persuade sides; one of them followed the parliament, the dear creature, that to pine away into the other the royal party.
barrenness and deformity under a mother's * As their tempers were different, the shade, is not so honourable, nor does she youth who had torn the curtain endeavour- appear so amiable, as she would in full ed to raise himself on the civil list, and the bloom.' other who had borne the blame of it, on the [There is a great deal left out before he military. The first succeeded so well that concludes. ] he was in a short time made a judge under •Mr. Spectator, your humble servant, the protector. The other was engaged in
BOB HARMLESS.' the unhappy enterprise of Penruddockt and Groves in the West. I suppose, sir,
If this gentleman be really no more than I need not acquaint you with the event of eighteen, I must do him the justice to say, that undertaking. Every one knows that he is the most knowing infant I have yet the royal party was routed, and all the met with. He does not, I fear, yet underheads of them, among whom was the cur- stand, that all he thinks of is another wotain champion, imprisoned at Exeter. It man; therefore, until he has given a farther happened to be his friend's lot at that time account of himself, the young lady is hereto go to the western circuit. The trial of by directed to keep close to her mother. the rebels, as they were then called, was
THE SPECTATOR. very short, and nothing now remained but
I cannot comply with the request in Mr.' to pass sentence on them; when the judge Trot's letter; but let it go just as it came to hearing the name of his old friend, and ob
my hands, being so familiar with the old serving his face more attentively, which he gentleman, as rough as he is to him. Since had not seen for many years, asked him, if Mr. Trot has an ambition to make him his he was not formerly a Westminster scho- father-in-law, he ought to treat him with lar? By the answer,' he was soon convinced more respect; besides, his style to me might that it was his former generous friend; and have been more distant than he has thought without saying any thing more at that time, fit to afford me: moreover, his mistress shall made the best of his way to London, where, continue in her confinement, until he has employing all his power and interest with found cut which word in his letter is not the Protector, he saved his friend from the rightly spelt. fate of his unhappy associates. • The gentleman whose life was thus pre
“MR. SPECTATOR,I shall ever own myserved by the gratitude of his school-fellow, self your obliged humble servant, for the was afterwards the father of a son, whom advice you gave me concerning my dancing; he lived to see promoted in the church, and which, unluckily, came too late: for, as I who still deservedly fills one of the highest said, I would not leave off capering until I stations in it.'
X. had your opinion of the matter. I was at
our famous assembly the day before I re
ceived your papers, and there was observed * Busby, | John Penruddnck, the son of a gentleman of the by an old gentleman, who was informed I same name in Wiltshire : his party was defeated by co: had a respect for his daughter. He told Jonel Coke, who, notwith- anding his having promised me I was an insignificant little fellow, and
1. The gentleman alluded to was colonel Wake, father said, that for the future he would take care to Dr. Wake, archbishop of Canterbury.
of his child: so that he did not doubt but to cross my amorous inclinations. The lady | business of this claim in the audience, and is confined to her chamber, and, for my part, let us know when we may cry, “Altro I am ready to hang myself with the thoughts Volto," Anglice, " Again, Again," for the that I have danced myself out of favour with future. I am an Englishman, and expect the father. I hope you will pardon the some reason or other to be given me, and trouble I give; but shall take it for a mighty perhaps an ordinary one may serve; but I favour, if you will give me a little more of expect your answer. I am, sir, your most your advice to put me in a right way to humble servant, TOBY RENTFREE.' cheat the old dragon, and obtain my mistress. I am once more, sir, your obliged
Nov, 29. humble servant,
JOHN TROT.' MR. SPECTATOR,-You must give me •York, Feb. 23, 1711-12.
leave, amongst the rest of your female cor“Let me desire you to make what altera- which has already given you many a spe.
respondents, to address you about an affair tions you please, and insert this as soon as culation; and which, I know, I need not tell possible. "Pardon mistakes by haste.'
you has had a very happy influence over I never do pardon mistakes by haste. the adult part of our sex; but as many of THE SPECTATOR. us are either too old to learn, or too obsti
nate in the pursuit of the vanities which • Feb. 27, 1711-12. have been bred up with us from our infancy, 'Sir,--Pray be so kind as to let me know and all of us quitting the stage whilst you what you esteem to be the chief qualification are prompting us to act our part well; you of a good poet, especially one who writes ought, methinks, rather to turn your inplays; and you will very much oblige, sir, structions for the benefit of that part of our your very humble servant, N. B.'
sex who are yet in their native innocence, To be a very well-bred man.
and ignorant of the vices and that variety THE SPECTATOR.
of unhappiness that reign amongst us.
I must tell you, Mr. Spectator, that it is Mr. SPECTATOR,-You are to know as much a part of your office to oversee the that I am naturally brave, and love fight- education of the female part of the nation, ing as well as any man in England. This as well as the male; and to convince the gallant temper of mine makes me extreme- world you are not partial, pray proceed to ly delighted with battles on the stage. I detect the mal-administration of governesses give you this trouble to complain to you, as successfully as you have exposed that of that Nicolini refused to gratify me in that pedagogues; and rescue our sex from the part of the opera for which I have most prejudice and tyranny of education as well taste. I observe it is become a custom, that as that of your own, who, without your seawhenever any gentlemen are particularly sonable interposition, are like to improve pleased with a song, at their crying out upon the vices that are now in vogue. * Encore,” or “ Äliro Volto,” the per- "I who know the dignity of your post as former is so obliging as to sing it over again. Spectator, and the authority a skilful eye I was at the opera the last time Hydaspes ought to bear in the female world, could was performed. At that part of it where not forbear consulting you, and beg your the hero engages with the lion, the graceful advice in so critical a point, as is that of the manner with which he put that terrible education of young gentlewomen. Having monster to death gave me so great a plea- already provided myself with a very consure, and at the same time so just a sense of venient house in a good air, I am not withthat gentleman's intrepidity and conduct, out hope but that you will promote this that I could not forbear desiring a repeti- generous design. I'must further tell you, tion of it, by crying out "Altro Volto,” in sir, that all who shall be committed to my a very audible voice; and my friends flatter conduct, besides the usual accomplishments me that I pronounced these words with a of the needle, dancing, and the French tolerable good accent, considering that was tongue, shall not fail to be your constant but the third opera I had ever seen in my readers. It is therefore my humble petilife. Yet, notwithstanding all this, there tion, that you will entertain the town on was so little regard had to me, that the this important subject, and so far oblige a lion was carried off, and went to bed, with stranger as to raise a curiosity and inquiry out being killed any more that night. Now, in my behalf, by publishing the following sir, pray consider that I did not understand advertisement. I am, sir, your constant a word of what Mr. Nicolini said to this admirer,
M. W.' cruel creature; besides, I have no ear for music; so that, during the long dispute between them, the whole entertainment I had The Boarding School for young Gentlewas from my eyes. Why then have not I women, which was formerly kept on Mileas much right to have a graceful action re- End-Green, being laid down, there is now peated as another has a pleasing sound, one set up almost opposite to it, at the Two since he only hears, as I only see, and we Golden Balls, and much more convenient neither of us know that there is any rea- in every respect; where, besides the comsonable thing a-doing? Pray, sir, settle the ! mon instructions given to young gentle
women, they will be taught the whole art of educated; and designs to proceed in the
All lovers who write to the Spectator, End-Green, near Stepney, where they will are desired to forbear one expression, which receive further satisfaction.
is in most of the letters to him, either out
of laziness or want of invention, and is true This is to give notice, that the Spectator of not above two thousand women in the has taken upon him to be visitant of all whole world: viz. She has in her all that boarding-schools where young women are is valuable in woman.'