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TOPOGRAPHICAL MUSEUM.

thousand and thirty-five which are indis Eagerness and passion. It is known that pensably requisite amongst the Iroquese. for a frivolous ornament the savage is al

Extent on which the operations are per- ways ready to give up his hut; and his wife formed. It is only the fourth part, says to forfeit her houour; it is even probable he, of the person of a Parisian lady that that exchanges of the kind are effected receives cosmetic ointments, whilst over among them with greater expeditiou still, the whole bodies of the females of the if possible, than in our country. Missouris he has never found the space of

“ Silence!" exclaims the author, ye one inch square but on which the ingeni national flatterers who are enraptured at ous attention of coquetry had deposited French eloquence! hold your tongues ye insignia of its impression.

covetous husbands and scolding fathers, Are the progress of the art considered ? - who bewail the excesses of dress! Alas! The preparations for the body of an Euro every article in Paris is still plain, innocent, peau fair lady are limited to the blending and homely; far from undergoing a decay, of, and covering over each other, fom the art of dressing is in its cradle, or rather colours at most; which does not excel the at its first dawn. The thought, I confess, abilities of a house-paiuter; but the diapei. is disgraceful; but we may still entertain ed skiu of a savage combines, in the eye o great hopes, for we are in a fair way toan amateur, historical, landscape, arabesi, wards improvemeut. Nature would have and portrait painting.

it that the progress of the toilet should be Is courage brought into quest'on? - The is an inverted ratio of civilization ; aud as it American teniale endures the torture of the is evident that, in many respects, we retrostiletto, of fire, aud of caustics; whereas grade with regard to the latter, it is but papering hair, crisping it, or using pin rgbt that we should gain ground towards cers 10 pull off such as are superfluous, &c. the former. We shall be no losers by the are scarcely parodies of the other executions borgail; for I have studied the age we live suggested by vanity.

iu, and have only fouud it afforded two Good taste.- No one as yet has presumed supports to human kiudvess, viz. sleep and to deny but the costumes of the new world | dress; this last especially, which, monooffered drapery better suited to the taste polizing all the leisure hours of the savage of our artists, and revealed nudity with tribes, secures them at once agajust ambimore sublime truth.

tion, ennui, scandal, and female authors."Richness. --There are dresses in the Flo. Speaking of these, the same author says:ridas, masterpieces of skill and patience, \ - The books written by a mau are generally the making of which speak thirty years of | better than himself; a woman, on the conassiduous working; moreover, the feathers, trary, is always more deserving than her metals, aud colours, are incomparable. publications. A book and a ball are, for

Habit.-The undress, so common among a woman, two public representations; and us, is a gross liberty quite known in the it is no more possible for her to make her woods of Anierica, neither would the most appearance in the one with the style of her brutal huntsman start from bis hut without i mind, thau at the other with her natural carrying the implements of bis ioilet wrap. complexion." ped up iu duck-skiu round bis waist.

TOPOGRAPHICAL MUSEUM.–No. XXI.

COUNTY OF KENT, CONTINUED. church, with some buildings, occupy the FOLKSTONE.- This town was rendered | summit ou the westeru side. Thus town famous for a victory obtained over the Sax wants a pier, for the famous Folkstone cutons, and grew into a very considerable ters, so voticed for their sailing, lie upon place in the Saxon period, to whom it the beach. Since the suppression of smugowed its name of Folkolone. It is built ou gling, fisheries have beeu very successfully the side of a kind of chasin opening to the carried ou at Folkstone. sea; a part skirts the water, and the In 1578, this town had the honour of

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giving birth to the celebrated William Har WinCHELSEA-Stands on a flat piece of vey, to whom we owe the important dis- || ground on the brink of the hill : the town covery of the circulation of the blood. At was originally divided into forty squares, tbe age of ten this renowned physician was or quarters, with spacious streets, some of sent to school at Canterbury, and after the || which yet remain, and the houses have a benefits of a foreign education, he settled neat and comfortable appearance: few at London, and was appointed physician vestiges of the others can be traced, for even to James J. and Charles I. During the the foundation of the buildings are in getroubles of the latter he retired into Kent, | Deral lost; yet vast vaults, now converted where he died in 1657, aged eighty, and || into magazines, have been frequently diswas buried in the church of Hempstead, in covered in digging, the roofs of which are Hertfordshire.

secured by ribs of stone. HYTHE-Consists of two long streets, In the middle of the town was a large intersected by others at right angles, and square, in the centre of which stands the has a very neat appearance. In 849, Alfred church : three aisles and the chancel of the bestowed Hythe, or Hyde, as it was called || original building still remain, and three by the Saxons, on the priory of Christ of the lofty arches which supported the Church, in Canterbury. It is one of the tower; the column consists of clusters of Cinque Ports, and still continues to enjoy | elegant slender pillars. The outside has its privilege of sending its Barons to par- lost all its ancient beauty, except a venerliament. ln the time of Edward Il. near able coat of thick ivy on the ruins of one four hundred houses were burned by an of the transepts; and from its solemn green accidental fire, and immediately after the is seen peeping out a snow-white monuplace was visited by a most destructive mental tablet. Within the church are pestilence.

several very ancient monuments; amongst The parish church is seated high above || which is a knight, with his legs crossed, the town, on the rising grounds. It is a

his hands in the posture of prayer, and large and venerable pile, dedicated to St. ) covered with mail to his fingers' ends : on Leonard, once a convent. There is much his shield a lion rampant. This belonged singularity about this church; such as to an Oxenbridge of Breede, in this county, passages cut through the five great but. who was descended from the Alardes, a tresses, with a strauge grotesque face over || family that came in with the conquest. one of the doors. There are three win Winchelsea had two religious houses; dows at the end of the chancel; they are one of Black Friars, or Dominican, the narrow and Gothic, with most elegant | other of Grey Friars. The first was found. slender and lofty pillars on each side. ed by Edward II. the latter by William of Under the chancel is a great vault, with a Buckingham. The choir of the church peat Gothic door opening to the church- || of Grey Friars exhibits a maguificent evi. yard, full of sculls and other bones neatlydence of its former grandeur. It has at the sorted and piled: it is thought that they | end three Gothic wiudows placed in a trihave formerly belonged to some Danish || bune, and four on each side in a narrow pirates, who having landed and being de- | but lofty style. An arch at the west part, feated with great slaughter, their bones | twenty-six feet wide, is of a height uncumwere left to be bleached on the naked || monly grand and striking. It stands uow beach : they are certainly uncommonly in the garden of a gentleman of fortune. white.

Other remaius of antiquity are the court

house and the gaol, both evidently of NorRye.- This is another of the Cinque | man architecture; and three of the gates Ports: Edward III. encompassed it with are still to be seen in a very ruinous conwalls; some of the gates of which are still || dition. In the time of Edward 1. the old standing, but in a ruinous state. The trade | town, which stood on the shore, was, in six of Rye consists chiefly in mackarel and or seven years, totally ruined. berring fisheries, and in trawling for flat Old Winchelsea had been a very powerful fish, which are sent to London: it also ex port, and Queen Elizabeth was so struck ports corn and malt.

with the splendid appearance of the mayor No. 114.--Vol. XVIII.

COUNTY OF SUSSEX.

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and jurats, when she passed through the great execution among the English, bý town, that she gave it the name of Little reason of the men being so closely ranged ; London. Till within these few years New | recovering themselves, however, from their Winchelsea had a manufacture of cambrics, | first disorder, the English quickly recomwhich is succeeded by one for mourning menced the battle, which was continued gauze and slight summer silks.

with violent animosity on each side. The Hastings.-This town is crowded in a Normans, armed with axes, maces, and narrow gap between high hills, and is open clubs, intermixed with the archers, in vain to the sea : it is a wild port, without being attempted to make an impression on the sheltered even by a pier. William the English wedge; they endeavoured to aniConqueror made this place his first day's mate their countrymen by singing the march, after laudinig at Pevensey, and stay deeds of Rolando, the hero of French chi. ed lere fifteen days to refresh his troops, valry. The battle continued raging from collect provisions, and obtain some know- | morning to night; but near the close of Jedge of the country. He added Hastings the day William saw the impossibility of to the number of the Cinque Ports. It has breaking the solid phalanx of his enemy; been conjectured by Saxon historians that he therefore had recourse to stratagem: this town took its name from Hastingus, a he ordered his troops to make shew of a Dauish pirate, who used to land always fighting retreat, as if they were overpowerhere on his plundering expeditions: it was ed by the superiority of the English : this certainly a very flourishing town long be was successful. Harold, thinkiug to take fore the Norman invasion, for King Athel- advantage of a retiring foe, deranged his stani, who reigned between the years 925 invincible system. William seized the and 942, had there a roval mint.

auspicious moment, caused his troops to After the conquest, Williain bestowed close their rauks, and to press on the disHastings on Robert, Earl of Eu, descended ordered English. Harold, enraged, perfrom a natural son of Richard I. Duke of formed prodigies of valour; an arrow, Normandy; and this town gave name to however, from the conquering Normans, the great family of the Hastings, afterwards pierced his eye and entered the brain : the Earls of Huntington. The first was Ro. army, disheartened at the fatal blow, gave bert, portgreve of the towu, and the Con. I way in all directions, and left the Conqueror

queror's steward; they flourished from that master of the field and the crown. The tine to the death of the last in 1789. Conqueror, with true generosity, sent the

Battel ABBEY-William, after his bodies of Harold and his two brothers to landing at Pevensey, made every effort to Gith, their unfortunate mother.

This res induce Harold resign his crown. The nowned battle was fought on St. CathaEnglish monarch was in London when herine's day, the 14th of October, 1066, and received the Norman's message;

on the birth-day of Harold. To expiate voys treated the King with insolence, the dreadful slaughter, and for the repose which he resented with a spirit becoming of the souls of the slain, and also in grati. a Briton When the rivals met at Hasl- | tude to Heaven for victory, William foundings, Harold determined to put his crowned, the following year, the Abbey of to the decision of the sword. The English | Battel, and dedicated it to St. Martin. At army passed the night before the battle in the consecration of the Abbey, William feasting and carousal; the Norman in

was present, offering at the altar his sword prayer, not forgetting the most vigilant and the robe he wore at his coronation. preparation for the fight. In the morning The town of Battel is a scattered looking Harold placed his troops after the Saxon place, and is remarkable for nothing but manner, like an impenetrable wedge, put the excellence and strength of the gun. ting himself in the centre, to shew that he powder made there, and so well known to meant to share with his soldiers the fortune sportsmen by the name of Battel Powder. of the day. The Duke of Normandy di- The country about Battel is very beautivided his forces into three bodies, and his ful, full of gentle risings and fertile bottroops began the battle by discharging a toms, well wooded. cloud of arrows into the air, which fell with

the en

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TO TIMOTHY HEARWELL, ESQ. of a family I had lately become acquainted KEEPING AN EXCELLENT HOUSE. with, and whom I imagined to be as

Sir,-| am a man arrived at what is wealthy as they were dashing. A gossipstyled the autumn of life, and am the in- ing servant, to whom I was compelled to dependent heir to a good family estate be- || listen malgré moi, soon, however, opened queathed me by my father, who was an my eyes. honest country 'Squire ; and I often think how surprised would be my good mother, ed my dwelliug, “I was informed that you if she was alive, to see one of those houses wanted a servant: if I could suit you, which are now said to be well kept and Sir, "-"What!" interrupted I, elegantly furnished! In the little provin- || you going to leave Mr. H? such a cial town where I was born, a person pass- good place as you must have there!"ed for opulent who had four or five bun * 0, Şir, you would not call it good if you dred a year. I know my father always knew all.”—“Why, Mr. H kept, under my mother's management, an

rich man!"_“You mean, Sir, I presume, excellent table; and it was the good lady's that he spends a great deal of money." pride to know that every one thought she “ I am told bis estate is worth an hundred kept a good house. In her cellar there | thousaud pounds."—“ That may be, Sir, were constantly kept ten or twelve dozen but I am sure it has more than one huudred of the best wine, and twenty hams were thousand mortgages on it."-" His costly always on the hooks for the winter, with furniture-"

Is hired from the upstore of dried pot herbs and keeping fruit, holsterers."-" His numerous blood horses, such as apples, pears, and waluuts, with his superb carriages.”—“ They, too, are plenty of pickles and preserves; while we

hired.”—“ And what a table be keeps !"had always the temporary resources of a “ The expence of that is defrayed by his well-stocked rabbit warreu, and a pond steward.". “ He has a numerous train of filled with excellent fish. We were, there. servants." “ But none of them can get fore, always prepared to receive our vicar, | their wages, and that is the reason which the village lawyer, or any of the neighbour determined me to give him warning."ing gentry within ten miles round. On “ But amongst all the numerous acquaintextraordinary occasions, when a large ance I have met there, has he not oue real dianer-party was invited, the old family friend who would endeavour to extricate plate was brought out and displayed, with " him from his embarrassments :"_" He has, the Nanquin-and Dresden chiua : the two Sir, a great many friends, but they all live men servants put on their new liveries, and in the same way he does; they all keep all the house bore the appearance of a little excellent houses: and you do not kuuw, gala. We could, besides, offer fifteen spare perbaps, why you did not dine at Mr. beds to our friends and their servants; but H-'s yesterday till past eight?"-" No; we bad not one sofa bed, nor oue Egyptian I thought it was his usual hour of diuing." couch, or Turkish ottoman : our clothes. “The true reason, Sir, was, that the plate presses were, however, filled with good and linen were both borrowed, and they linen, and my mother and aunts had their did not arrive till that hour.

And, pero particular clothing for every season ; but | baps, Sir, you did not know why Lady not one of our apartments were adorned | C smiled while she was complimenting with bronze statues, alabaster urus, or an Mrs. Hou the beauty of her diamond tique paintings.

earrings and necklace."-" When I came to the metropolis, my town ed she really had admired them.”—“ No, friends endeavoured to persuade me that Sir, she was quizzing; for every one there, there were no houses well furnished except Sir, excepting yourself, knew that they those in London; where I had not long were composed of false jewels."-Seeing taken up my residence before I was invited me become rather impatient at his imperto join a very brilliant party at the house | tinence, the fellow said :-" I only have to

No; I suppos

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ask you one question, Sir. Did you not footmen you saw, were lent him by his remark a young gentleman of the name of friends, who all keep excellent houses."– Arlington? Well, Sir, he too keeps an “ Then, according to your account, there exceilent house; be has his eye upon Mr. are a great many of these excellent houses H- because he is one of his principal kept in London."_“ Too many, indeed, creditors; but they assist each other at the Sir, I may say." same time in duping the public. That I leave you to judge, Mr. Hearwell, wine, Sir, that you thought so excellent, is whether or no I hired this servant, who adulterated by a wine merchant of my ac- seemed too well versed in the science of quaintance. The horses of Mr. H—are modern show, to suit such a sober, quiet all defective, notwithstanding their being being as myself; but sober as I am, I chuse bits of blood; every one has the mark in to take my wine, if possible, free of adulhis month: his carriage, which is so showy, || teration; the art of which may be commuis nevertheless so crazy that it would not uicated to this party-coloured gentleman be safe to take a journey in it; the service by his friend, the wine merchant, and soon he uses, which is thought to be silver, is hasten the end of your correspondent, only plated; and more than one half of the

A COUNTRY FREEHOLDER.

LETTER FROM PARIS.

August 26, 1818.

Thuilleries, and on the other the Champ My dear H-At length I can say Elysées. We went to see Montmatre, with Miss Biddy Fudge, that I am actually celebrated for the bravery of its defenders, writing on French paper, with a French wheu Blucher presented himself at the gates pen and French ink; and shall proceed to i of Paris : none of the Thermopylean band give you an account of some of the French had reached their twentieth year, and our wouders.

guide pointed out the spots where the difWe have been here a fortnight, and liave ferent detachments were posted, and where seen much more in that time of Paris than all the skirmishes took place; all this was I ever bave of my native city, as we are extremely interesting to us, from the events sighit-searching from morning till night. being so recent. This celebrated spot We have magnificent apartments in the commands a view of all Paris and its enHotel de Londres, Place Vendonie, which virons, and on a fine clear day the reflection is certainly (in my opinion, at least,) the of the sun on the gilt dome of the Invalids, best part of Paris.

together with the houses, prettily interIn the centre of the Place Vendome I spersed with clumps of trees, and the mestands a very handsome column, from the andering of the Seine, would form a most model of Trajan's pillar, at Rome; it is delightful harvest for your pencil. made from the cannon taken by Bovaparte,

You desired me to tell you whether I 1 and on it are engraven all his victories.

liked the modes of cookery, and if the There was once his statue on the top of it; people are so dirty as they are represented. but that bas been removed, and the white

At first I did not relish the culinary proflag has succeeded to the exalted station. cess; but soon became so reconciled to it, But how very humiliating must it be for as well as my friends, that now, when a his most Christian Majesty to see his plain roasted joint comes on the table, it is standard waving over a monument of Na. not touched; and you cannot think we poleon's victories!

suffer much from dirt when I assure you In poiut of building I prefer London to that even the foliage of the elm-trees, in Paris, with all due allowance for wational the court-yard, are washed every moruing! prejudice; for there is no regularity in the Compare your dusty leaves near the Engedifices here, Place Louis Guiuze excepted, | lish metropolis, and then spare ironical which is remarkably handsorne; having | remarks on your Gallic neighbours. on one side the palace and gardens of the I envy the French no possession so much

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