« ForrigeFortsett »
lish people, for tbey have known, in several succeeding years, that the conduct of the Duke of Cambridge was still faultless.
pied Dy mis amavit anu mouw.eum
has now quitted England to reassume his au-, thority.
LA BELLE ASSEMBLÉE;
For AUGUST, 1818.
a few and Improved series.
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF ILLUSTRIOUS AND
Pumber One Hundred and Thirteen.
HER ROYAL HIGHNESS THE DUCHESS OF CAMBRIDGE.
We have the peculiar satisfaction of || The Landgrave of Hesse Cassel accompapresenting our readers this month with a nied his daughter to this country, and most correct and pleasing likeness of her when he witnessed the enthusiasm by Royal Highness Augusta Wilhelmina Lou | which the royal pair was received, he isa, Duchess of Cambridge.
declared it to be the proudest day of his This amiable and illustrious lady was life. born Princess of Hesse, on the 25th of July, On Monday, the 2d of June, a re-mar1797, at Rumpenheim, on the banks of the riage took place at the Queen's Palace. A Maine, near Hannau ; and in May, 1818, temporary altar was fixed in her blue she was married in Germany to his Royal | drawing-room, and the Duke and Duchess Highness the Duke of Cambridge, fifth son were again united in presence of her Ma. of his Most Gracious Majesty George III. | jesty, the Prince Regent, the royal Dukes, and of his illustrious consort Queen Char. || and the Princesses their sisters. The cerelotte. On Tuesday, the 27th of May, the mony was performed by the Archbishop Duke and Duchess of Cambridge arrived of Canterbury, assisted by the Bishop of in London, amidst the general plaudits of London. A royal salute was, as usual, an epraptured people: the bride of him fired at this conclusion of the ceremony, who, when at the age of four-and-twenty and a splendid dinner, in honour of the pras affirmed by his venerable and royal nuptials, given by the Prince Regent. father, at that period, to have his first fault The power invested in his Royal Highyet to commit, could not fail of being an ness at Hanover, renders his presence reinteresting object; especially to the Eng-quisite in that country, and, accompanied lish people, for tbey have known, in several | by his amiable and illustrious bride, he has succeeding years, that the conduct of the now quitted England to reassume his au., Duke of Cambridge was still faultless. II thority.
HISTORY OF MUSIC
A BRIEF HISTORY OF MUSIC,
(Continued from page 5.)
MUSIC OF THE BRITONS.
instance of fidelity; but it did not make Amongst the ancient Cambrians the hinı spare bis brethreu of the tuneful art in greatest reverence was paid to their poet- il Wales. musicians the bards, both in Pagau and The institution of the midsummer fair, at Christian times. We have still some songs ! Chester, is traced up to the time of Edward of very remote antiquity preserved in the the Coufessor, wlieni Leofric, Earl of Ches. Welsh language; though they have been ter, among other grants to the Abbey of since set to different turies.
St. Werburg, in that city, established a The Auctuating favour of minstrelsy in fair ou the festival of the Saint to whom it England resembled that of France: but we was dedicated, and in his honour ordained may be assured that British larpers were that the persons of whatever vagrants or famous long before the conquest, and the vagabunds that should be assembled there bounty of our first Normau sovereign to at the time, should be safe, provided they his bard, is recorded in Doomsday Book. were guilty of uo new offence. Henry III., in the thirty-sixth year of his During the reign of Edward II. such reign, gave forty shillings and a pipe of extensive privileges were granted to the wine to Richard his harper, and another miustrels, and so many dissolute persons pipe of wine to Beatrice the harper's wife.
assumed their character, that their conduct All our ancieute pueuis were suug to the became a serious public grievance: and barp on Sundays and other festivals. But the King made a regulation that there in the legendary life of St. Christopher, we should be none but four regularly appointfiud mention made of the fiddle in the fol- lied minstrels of honour, unless desired by lowing old English lines :
the master of the house; and to the lower “ Christofre hym served long;
class of people that none should come un“ The Kynge loved melodye of fithele and of less desired. songe."
Stowe, whose authority we have freNo instrument, however, was in such quently quoted in our topographical notices high esteem as the harp, whether this i of London, and whose intelligence is geisland was governed by British, Sason, nerally to be relied on, informs us that a Danish, or Norman monarchs. The poor very considerable sum was set apart for minstrels bore a very ill name; but they | the liveries of the minstrels. The same still had one friend who rescued their fame | writer, also, gives us an account of a kind from the reproach attached to it; this was of pageant, or exhibition, which was per. Walter Heming, who records of them the formed for the entertainment of the young following incident, which redounds to their | Prince Richard, son of Edward the Black honour.
Prince, on the Sunday before Candlemas, About the year 1271, a short time before 1377, whereiu he mentions the following Edward I. asceuded the throne, he took his musical instruments-trumpets, sackbuts, harper with him to the Holy Land; and cornets, shawms, and minstrels, with inwhen Edward was wounded with a poison- numerable torch lights; and that they rode ed knife at Ptolemais, the faithful musician' from Newgate through Chepe, over the hearing a struggle, rushed into the royal bridge, through Southwark to Kennington apartment and killed the assassin. Edward | and Lambeth, where the young Prince should have borne this in mind, and have remained with his mother, his uueles the cherished the minstrels for the sake of this royal Dukes, and other noble Lords. These
iustruments were well suited to a proces. | during many years of this reign, that at sion, but would certainly have been too the aunual feast of the fraternity of the noisy if played in a roon.
Holy Cross, at Abingdon, in Berkshire, It was an important period in English twelve priests received only fourpence each history when Chaucer, whom we might for singing a solemn dirge; while the same style our first poet, augmented our voca number of miustrels liad each two shillings bulary, polished our wunibers, and enrich- and fourpence, besides diet and horseed our knowledge with acquisitions from meat. France and Italy. As Dr. Buruey justly About this time two very eminent musi. remarks,—“ Literary plunder seems the cians Aourished in England, and obtained most innocent kind of depredation that a high degree of celebrity; these were can be made npon our neighbours ; as they John Dunstable and Dr. John Hambois: are deprived of nothing but what they can
Dunstable was the musician whom the well spare, and which it is neither disho Germans have mistaken for St. Dunstan: nourable to lose, nor disgraceful to take." Dunstable was not only a musician but a
In the third book of Chaucer's House of mathematician, and an eminent astrologer. Fame, he bestows above sixty lines in de- | Two or three fragments are all that are scribing music, musicians, and musical now left of his compositions. instruments. Stowe collected many of Dr. John Hambois possessed much learnChaucer's ballads, but in all the ancient | ing, but music formed the chief of his libraries and MSS. none of our musical studies: and here it may not be amiss to researchers have been able to find the tune mention, when speaking of the degree of of an English song or dance so ancient as Doctor being conferred on him, to look the fourteenth century.
back to an institution which is peculiar to At the coronation of Henry V. in 1413, our universities. We are told, moreover, there were no other instruments than by Anthony Wood, that the degree of harps; but an historian of that period in- Doctor of Music was first given in the forms us that their number in that Prince's reign of Henry II.; but those who are more hall was prodigious. He seems not, how vice in their researches, and consequently ever, to have been fond of music, for when more correct in their information, tell us he entered the city of London triumphant, that the appellation of Doctor was not from the battle of Agincourt, some children granted till the reign of King John, in were placed on temporary turrets, to sing 1207. Hollinshed mentious an enumeraverses in praise of the hero: Henry, whe- tion of the most eminent men in the reign ther from modesty or disgust, gave orders of Edward IV. among whom he cites John that no songs should be recited by harpers, Hambois, “ an excellent musician;" and or others, in honour of the recent victory. 1 adds, that “ for his notable cunning therein It is somewhat extraordinary that the only he was made a Doctor of Music." song known at all from so early a date, the lu the reign of Edward IV. that is, when original music of which has been really he became established on the throne, music preserved, was written on the victory at seems to have been under better regulation Agincourt, in 1415.
than during that of the so ofteu dethroned A MS, on music is, nevertheless, pre- | Henry VI. Edward incorporated the minserved at Oxford, of yet more ancient date. strels into a regular body, and this incorIt was written by an Englishman of the poration resembled the ancient Aute playe name of Theiured, precentor of the monas ers among the Romans. Iu an account of tery of Dover, iu the year 1971.
the establishment of the fourth Edward's The turbulent and unhappy reign of houshold, we read of several musicians Henry VI. was, notwithstanding, favour. retained in his service, as well for his priable to music, as far as related to min vate amusemeut as for the service of his strelsy: for minstrels, though Heury was a chapel. Yery devout Prince, were better paid than
(To be continued.) the clergy. And Hearne observes, that