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Harvey. They caught me playing false, and would let me play no longer, though I was on my lord protector's side.

Tichborne. I had reason to desire to play at council-picquet, since I am like to lose so much by another man's ill play,

Newdigate. I have lost by play, but I got by leaving off.
Chute. There is such cheating, that I will play no longer.

Purefoy. I will play at small game, rather than sit out; for I was never set at work.

Pride. Baxter and I are at the old foolish Christmas game with honours.

Monk. My lord, when you came to play, your stock was none of the greatest; but, since I see your good fortune, I am resolved still to play, as you do; especially since you have made me master of one of your great play-houses; but, above all things, if you can keep the bone in your hand, the dogs will follow you; if you can keep the treasure, the gamesters all croud to you.

Dissenting army-members. My lord, when you began the game, you promised us fair play above-board; but, since we see you be gin to juggle, we will play no longer.

Exchequer. I must win at last, yet at present I have ill luck; for I have three knaves, and had cast out the fourth.

Upper Bench. Sure you are no better than a cheat; for I threw out one of them, and you have taken him up into your hands.

Common-Pleas. You served me the very same trick the last term, and took in one of them whom I discarded; but ye had best leave your cheating and wrangling, all of you, lest ye be found what ye are, and be forbid to keep a Christmas here any more ; and then we be forced to set up a mis-sule in the country, where there are but small games, and the box will be poorly paid.

Chancery and Duchy. I am blank; if it had not been for the queen, I had cast out a knave, which now proves the best of my game.

Trustees. I have taken more than I should, I must reckon no. thing.

Commissioners for Ereise and Customs. Gentlemen, pay the box.

Presbyterian. I lost the last game for want of a king, and now have got one that doth me no good in the world; I had a good hand, but I played the fool, and threw him out; so that allm help depends on one card.

Independent. I have none but small cards, and they of several suits, so that I shall maké little of it this bout.

National Minister. I went in for those cards, the bishops and deans parted with the last game; but, thongh I missed them, yet, if my tenths be good, I shall make shift till another dealing.

Divine. I was picquet the last, but am now re-picquet.
Papist. If you all complain, I hope I shall win at last.

EPILOGUE. It is to be noted, that the gentlemen, that have been eminent in this last dealing of the cards, played very fair in the former game here described, with a

PLAUDITE. Sic transit gloria mundi.

AN EXPEDIENT

FOR

THE PREVENTING ANY DIFFERENCE BETWEEN HIS

HIGHNESS AND THE PARLIAMENT

ABOUT THE RECOGNITION, THE NEGATIVE VOICE, AND THE

MILITIA.

BY A LOVER OF HIS COUNTRY,

THAT DESIRES, AT THIS TIME, TO BE NAMELESS.

London: Printed for Giles Calvert, at the Black-fpread-Eagle, at the West-end of

St. Paul's, 1659. Quarto, containing eight pages.

Though I look not upon the present dispute about the negative voice, and the

command of the militia, as like to give is much trouble (for usurpations and tyrannies, once judged by God, never recover to rise again in the same form :) yet, to satisfy the doubts and fears of those honest souls, who see not what strength they have on their side, I shall desire them to be assured, that there is reason and equity suflicient to stop the mouth of such a claim, by any single person in this nation: And, therefore, we shall need no other compromise of this difference, but to reflect upon the rise and occasion of this government, from whence the nature and power of it will best appear,

The present form of government, then, as it varies from a re

publick, was begotten by necessity. For the nation having traversed all the ways of a parliament and council of state; and seen all they could afford, and at length, finding through long continuance, as standing waters, they did corrupt, discontent gathered and fermented, and sought where it might most advantageously discover itself; and so fell in with the power of the arıny; and the person of the then general, whom they had found so stout and faithful, and withal successful; and was willing to throw themselves and their cause into his arms and protection, consenting that he should use any means, yea, though he were most arbitrary therein, to ease them of their old masters, whom they could bear no longer. So that, as I said, it was pure necessity and straight, that cast us here, and not any affection to monarchick government. The clear intent and expectation of the honest people, that were accessory to the devolving the power here, being: That that per. son should in the name and power of God (or of his own truth and righteousness, which was supposed to be in him) administer the power of these nations, to settle us in freedom and peace upon all accounts, both civil and spiritual ; and they never dreamed of a monarch or a family interest, nor did they imagine any need of cautioning it here. Though others, wiser heads (such, who perhaps, by the opportunity of their high places, had approached nearer this temptation in their own hearts) did foresee, and were aware, what might be the consequence and product of this over-hasty credulity and trust, as afterwards indeed it came to pass.

§. II. The protector did clearly run biass to the honest intentions of those, that wished him the administration of the power, when he made himself a civil ruler. But changes in states and governments being brought with such pangs and throws, as are very uneasy and dangerous, they are not every day's work. It was in vain to retract or withdraw the trust committed to the general, though many disliked the way he went; nor could men believe, that the late passages and transactions could ever grow into such oblivion, as that he, or any man, should think that this nation should be willing to match the militia and the scepter together in the government, but only in his person, whom they looked upon as an extraordinary person: They having fought against it in the person of the late king.

§. III. Hereditary succession in the government being so much disgusted by the honest patriots in the late parliainent, the nomi. nation of the immediate succession was indulged; his late highness, as an expedient to satisfy the then present, powerful strivings for hereditary succession, which was not neither yielded unto, but upon a very high confidence of the spirit and principles of his late highness, to carry him abuve all private respects, in the execution of the trust of nomination.

$. IV. His now highness, being in possession of the government, takes therewith the power of the militia, which was invested in his father, and he conceives also the negative voice to descend upon him with the civil government. The question is, whether in truth it do so, or no? I conceive not; and first for the militia, it is true, the supreme command of all the armies in the three nations was in his late highness; but not as he was protector, but as gencral, which he was, before he was protector. So that the protector or civil government was annexed to the militia, not the militia to the civil government; or rather the power of administring to a civil settlement was annexed to the person, not to the power or office of the general; and that upon the reputation of his personal virtue: Ilis military power and capacity serving only as a strength and security to him, in the due exercise of the power of civil administration intrusted. So that it was not Oliver Cromwell as protector, or the supreme civil magistrate that was made general; nor Oliver Cromwell as general simply, that was made protector; but Oliver Cromwell, general of such a spirit, of such integrity and faithful. ness, that the like qualified person was not to be found in the three nations, that was thought fit for all the power that could be cast

upon him.

$. V. As for the negative voice, as it was never disputed with his late highness, where it was suffered to sleep as in a safe hand, for his personal virtues; so was it never, since it was taken away from, or rather with the king and kingly government, concredited, or betrusted with any power or person. And, indeed, it is a thing altogether superfluous as well as dangerous; for take away from parliaments, who, sure in this light, that is risen upon us, cannot be imagined, from their source and fountain, the generality and body of the nation, to bring with them that choice discerning, which is singular, to judge of spiritual things: I say, take away from them the coercive power, in things spiritual, and purely of the mind, and admit thom, as children of this world, to be so wise in their generation, as to be able to judge, what is good and behoofeful for the nation, wherein their stakes and interests lie; and what use will there be of a negative voice in a commonwealth as we are, or should be, where no distinct personal or family interest, is, or ought to be owned, but what is one with the commonwealth, and in a subserviency thereunto?

§. VI. The negative voice, therefore, being out of doors with kingship, and we having no civil head now that is master of the commonwealth, but a servant to it; that was set up for that end, though an honourable servant, and it is fit he should be so main. tained: The resolution is easy.

Let his present highness be acknowledged and confirmed as sú. preme magistrate in these three nations.

Let the officers of the army choose their general, and let him have his commission from the protector and parliament.

Let his highness, now being with the parliament, have the power of disposing and commanding these forces, and of making war and peace.

The light, in which these things do evidence and offer themselves to the judgment and consciences of men, is manifest. For the first, a single person cannot hurt us, if an unfit

power be not concredited and betrusted with him.

When we engaged against a king, it was not against a single person ‘simply; but so stated and circumstanced, arbitrary, tyrannical, with a luxurious court, a burthensome state, &c. For this is a principle we never intended, by that engagement, to engage against what might be useful to us, no rational man would do so, but what we found hurtful. Therefore the single person may stand.

2. When we admitted a single person, and abated so much of the circumstance, we gave not up the substance of our cause; therefore be not baffled in that: But, if we give the single person a negative voice, and the dispose of the militia, we give

very

heart and substance of our cause. Therefore, part not with that.

Neither, indeed, can his highness, who is but a single person, expect, whoever should invest him with the sole command of the

up the

militia, whilst the army and the officers thereof keep their integrity, that he can make any use thereof, but for publick ends, and there. fore it would be onus non honos.

3. It is fit his highness should have an honourable, though not the only interest, in the commanding the militia: Therefore, let him be always sought anto, to join with the parliament, in the dispose of the forces of the nation.

And, as for those of the other house, let them pass (or so many of them as the parliament shall think fit) into the council of state; and, if they have a concurrent vote with his bighness and the com. mons, yet no negative vote, their usefulness may be chiefly in the vacancy of parliaments, not to be a balance upon the commons ; let their balance be that reason and righteousness that is amongst themselves, as to the things of this world, which is their proper sphere.

THE ACTS AND MONUMENTS OF OUR LATE

PARLIAMENT:

OR,

A COLLECTION OF THE ACTS, ORDERS, VOTES, AND RE.

SOLVES, THAT HAVE PASSED IN THE HOUSE.

BY SAMUEL BUTLER, Author of Hudibras.

London: Printed according to Order, 1659. And reprinted this year 1710.

And sold by J. Baker, at the Black Boy in Pater-poster-Row. Octavo, containing sixteen pages.

An Advertisement to the Reader.

READER, THO YOU art desired to take notice of the last order of parliament

in this book mentioned, whereby I am enjoined, upon my oath, to discover only things tolerable, and agreeable to the practice formerly of the long parliament; now the lands be sold, offices disposed of, and their own turns satisfied, and they turned out; I shall acquaint you further: For it is a maxim here, that, if I swear to be faithful to another, if that other hath the worse of it, I am not bound by this oath: And this is the opinion of all reformed divines, and, to my knowledge, hath been put in practice for these eighteen years: So that, being now discharged of that oath, I shall hereafter discharge a good conscience, and set forth a history of rare things. These are not an ace to them I have in my budget. Farewell.

J. CANNE.*

This Canne was a noted man amongst the saints in those timca; therefore, the author made use of his name, in order to conceal himself.

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