The Making of an Enterprise: The Society of Jesus in Portugal, Its Empire, and Beyond, 1540-1750
Stanford University Press, 1996 - 707 sider
Based on more than two decades of research conducted on five continents, this monumental work focuses on the activities of members of the Society of Jesus from its foundation to the eve of its expulsion from the Portuguese world. A second volume will examine the Order s expulsion, the fate of its members, and the disposition of its assets in Portugal and her empire from 1750 to 1808.
The present volume begins with the Society s introduction to Portugal and traces its expansion throughout what the Society defined as the Portuguese Assistancy, a vast complex of administrative units that included the kingdom of Portugal and her empire plus portions of the Indian subcontinent, Japan, China, the Indonesian archipelago, and Ethiopia. Though it fully describes the evangelical and educational activities of the Jesuits, the book emphasizes their political relations with Portuguese and indigenous leaders, the founding of their major training facilities, the development of their economic infrastructure, their activities as governmental administrators for the Portuguese in India and China, and their role in Portugal s unsuccessful attempts to preserve her eastern empire and to revive Brazil after the Dutch occupation (1630-1654). Throughout, the author makes insightful comparisons between the Jesuits and their peers in various parts of the Portuguese Assistancy and between the Jesuits and their monastic predecessors in various parts of Europe, notably France and England.
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The Founding of a Controversial New Society
Formation of the Province of Portugal I541ca 1615
The Distant Empire
The Jesuits and the Crown
Gains and Losses in the East
The Collapse of the Estado da India and Its Impact
Attempts to Monitor
Gods Share or the Kings? Jesuit Resistance
Jesuit Efforts to Defend the Freedom of
Bondsmen and Lay Servants
For Piety or Profit? The Commercial Activities
For God or Mammon?
Vicissitudes of the Enterprise in the Atlantic World
Admissions and Dismissals in the Brazil Province 15661707
The Fiscal Administration of an Enterprise
The Crown as Benefactor and Taskmaster
administrative Afonso AHU/PA/IN Alessandro Valignano Angola Antonio Vieira Aquaviva ARSI Bahia Bassein became Bombay Brazilian brother C. R. Boxer camara captaincy chap Chapter Christian Church Cochin Coimbra college of Santo Colonial Companhia concerning contos crown decades Dutch East ecclesiastical empire enterprise estates Europe European Evora fathers fols Francisco Francisco Cabral Goan governor HCJAP HCJB History ibid income India island Japan Japan province Jesuit college Jesuits Jesus Joao king kingdom lands later Lisbon Luanda Luis Macao Malabar Malacca Manuel Maranhao Marathas missionaries missions procurator Mozambique Overseas Council Paulo Pedro percent Portugal Portugal's Portuguese Assistancy possessed priests professed house properties rector reported Rio de Janeiro Rodrigues Rome royal Salsete Salvador Santo Antao Sergipe served settlers seventeenth century Simao slaves Society Society of Jesus Society's sources Sousa Spain Spanish spiritual successor sugar superiors tithes trade Valignano vice-province of China viceroy Visitor vols Xavier