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THE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIEW,

FOR JULY 1802.

W

JAMES RENNELL, ESQ. F. R. S. OF LONDON AND EDINBURGH.

(WITH AN ENGRAVING.) HILE we present our Readers remark, that, in the war before last, must express our regret that we have it engaged in the liege of Pondicherry. but little in our power to satisfy the Some time, we believe, about the laudable curiosity of the Public as to year 1778, while in India, he mar. the personal history, of so justly emi- ried Miss Thackeray, daughter of the nent a character.

Rev. Dr. T. many years Head Master

of Harrow School ; by whom he has MAJOR RENNELL was born of a very living two sons and a daughter. ancient and respectable family at Chud. Few men (particularly who have tra leigh, in Devonshire, on the rad No velled) are so much attached to do. veinber 1742 ; and is first cousin, by mettic enjoyments as the Major, who, the paternal lide, to the reverend and having long declined public employlearned Master of the 'Temple (whose ments, now leads, for the most part, a father, the Rev. Dr. Rennell, was a retired life in the bolom of his fainily, Prebendary of Winchester).

but alsiduoudy pursues his literary After receiving a private education, labours. his firit outlet in life was in the naval In his intercourse with his friends, service. While yet very young, he the Major poflelses a remarkable flow of was employed at the siege of Pondi. spirits, and abounds with interesting cherry, and was much noticed for his subjects of conversation : at the same active affistance in cutting out some time, as to whatever relates to himself, French men of war from the roads in he is one of the most ditlident, unthe night.

assuming men in the world. At what time he exchanged the nayal To the indefatigable labours and for the military service, we have not profound knowledge of Major Renheard ; but about the year 1770 we nell, the science of geography has been find him in India, attached to the more indebted than to any modern corps of Engineers, his zeal and fer- writer that we can name, not except. vices in which promoted him in no ing even D'Anville or De Lille ; and long course of time to the rank of when his name was enrolled among Major ; and his very extensive and the Fellows of the Royal Society, that accurate acquaintance with the requi- learned body received, perhaps, as fite fciences foon pointed him out to much honour as it conferred. the Government as the most proper

We entertained a hope that we should person to fill the important office of have been enabled to furnith our Surveyor-General in Bengal.

Readers with some account of the Ma. We remember to have heard from jor's active military fervices in India, good authority fome years since, that of which we understand he bears many one day, marching in India at the honourable testimonials about his per head of a detachment, he was suddenly fon; but in this expectation we have attacked by a tyger ; when with great been for the present disappointed : at a coolness he received the animal on the future time, however, we may, perhaps, point of the bayonet, which he thrust be enabled to render more complete down his throat, and dispatched him: and satisfactory, both to the public the bayonet was much bent by the and to ourfelves, a Memoir which force of the thruft.-It is worthy of we must here close by a brief but

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1778.

complete ena meration (with occadonat attack with certainty. In its course remarks) of the literary productions of through the plains, it receives elever Major Rennell.

rivers, some of which are equal to

the Rhine, and none smaller than " A Chart of the Bank and the Thames ; belides many others Current of Cape Lagullas :" with of lesser note." The inland naviga. Letter-press.

tion of Bengal gives constant em. 1781. “'A Bengal Atlas," in folio: ployment to 20,000 boatmen ; and with Letter-press.

by the latter end of July all the lower “ An Account of the Ganges and parts of Bengal, contiguous to the Burrampooter Rivers ;". which in. rivers, are overflowed more than 100 terfect the country of Bengal in such miles in width. From what we have a variety of directions, as to form here extracted, the reader will see the most complete and easy inland that this is a very curious, work, navigation that can be conceived. and will well recompense the trouble This account is contained in a letter of a reference to the Philosophical written from the spot to the Pre. Transactions, in which it will be fident of the Royal Society, and found at length. accompanied by a plan of the course 1782. “ Memoir of a Map I of Hinof the Ganges, than which we find doostan ; or, The Mogul's Empire : the Burrampooter (though much less with an Examination of some Posi. heard of) is a ftill larger river. They tions in the former System of Indian both “ derive their sources (says the Geography, and some Illustrations Major) from the vast mountains of of the present one: and a complete Thibet, from whence they proceed Index of the Names to the Map." in opposite directions, the Ganges 4to.-An analytical review of this seeking the plains of Indostan by work will be found in our Illd the West ; and the Burrampooter volume (for 1783), P. 52. by the East. The Ganges, after 1784. A Second Edition of the “ Me. wandering 750 miles through moun. moir," &c. improved. tainous regions, issues forth a deity 1788. A Map of Hindooftan in to the faperftitious, yet gladdened, four Sheets ;" with a new Memoir, inhabitants of Hindoftan or Indoftan. From Hurdoar, in latitude 30 deg. “ A Map of the Peninsula of where it gushes through an opening India in two Sheets." in the mountains, it flows with a 1790.

“ Memoir on the Geography smooth navigable stream through de. of Africa,” 4to. with a Map of lightful plains during the remainder Africa. This was subjoined to the of its course to the sea (which is Narratives of Messrs. Ledyard and about 1350 miles €), diffusing plenty Lucas, in the " Proceedings of the immediately by means of its living Association for promoting the Dir productions, and secondarily by covery of the interior Parts of Afri. enriching the adjacent lands, and ca :" a work not fold, but printed atfording an easy means of transport for the use of the Members of the for the productions of its borders. Association. In a military view, it opens a com. 1791. " On the Rate of Travelling munication between the different

as performed by Camels ; and its posts, and serves in the capacity of a Application, by a Scale, to the Pur. military way through the country poles of Geometry.”—This paper renders unnecessary the forming of was presented to the Royal Society Il magazines, and infinitely surpasses and the Major had the prize medal the celebrated inland navigation of awarded to him for it. It gives the North America, where the carrying results of the observations of several places not only obstruct the progress travellers g in the Great and Little of an army, but enable the adversary Deserts, and is extremely curious. to determine his place and mode of 1792. A Second Edition of the “Me.

Philosophical Transactions, Vol. LXXI. Part I. + In the whole, 2100 miles ! | The Map itfelf is on two Sheets. # Phil. Trans. Vol. LXXXI. Part II. $ Mr. Carmichael, Colonel Capper, Mr. Hunter, Mr. Irvin, Mr. Holford, &c.

in 4to.

moir of 1788 was published : with of the Nile, and the Canals of Sues ; additional Maps and Letter. press. the Oasis and Temple of Jupiter

• The Marches (to Seringapa. Ammon, the ancient Circumnaviga. tam) of the British Armies in the tion of Africa, and other Subjects of Peninsula of India, during the Cam. History and Geography. The whole paigns of 1990 and 1791 ; illustrated explained by Eleven Maps, adapted and explained by Reference to a Map, to the different Subjects, and accom. compiled from authentic Documents panied with a complete Index.” One transmitted by Earl Cornwallis from volume, quarto. We find, how. India.", 8vo. with a large Sheet ever, that this volume, though com. Map.This is a very important and plete in itself, is only the cominteresting military detail, and affords mencement of a great plan of its the most regular and best connected Author, to correct the Geograpby, narrative that has yet been published ancient and modern, of that part

of the operations to which it relates. of Alia which lies between India 3793. A Third Edition of the “ Me. and Europe ; a talk which the Major moir" of 1788 was published.

tells us, in his Preface, he had many “ A new Map of the Peninsula of years ago undertaken, and which he India,” in one Sheet ; with a Quarto has since performed to the best of his “Memoir,"on occalion of the Treaty abilities, so far as his stock of mateof Seringapatam in 1792.

rials adınitted ; but that it would A Second “ Memoir on the Geo. have been an act of imprudence in an graphy of Africa ;" for the African individual to venture on so great an Allociation,

expence as the execution of the work "Observations on a Current that in all its parts required. The Geoprevails to the Weit ward of the Scilly graphy of Herodotus, therefore, in Iands."- This was printed in the the present volume, may be cona. Philofophical Transactions.

dered as the first part. The remain. 1798. A Third “ Memoir” on the ing parts will consist of the ancient

Geography of Africa, with a Map gengraphy, as it was improved by illustrative of Mr. Parke's Route (for the Grecian conquests and eltablish. the African Association).-In these ments ; together with ľuch portions geographical illustrations the sources of military history as appear to want of modern error on the subject of the explanation. Maps of ancient geoNiger are well pointed out; the graphy, on scales adapted to the

pur authority of Herodotus is established; pole, are intended to accompany the course of the Senegal river ascer them. tained ; the grounds for the con. “ A corrected Sheet Map of the struction of a map of Africa, and Peninsula of India, in which the Par the variations of the compass, judi tition of the whole Empire of Tippoo ciously laid down; the physical and Sultan is thewn ; and the Cellions of political geography of Norih Africa 1792 clearly distinguished from thote well discussed, and the comparison of the ancient and modern geogra.

1802. A Fourth « Memoir" on the phy made with great judgment and African Geography, with an inprecision.

proved Map of Africa, and a Mip 18co. “ The Geographical System of of Mr. Housemann's Route (for the

Herodotus examined and explained, African Association). by a Comparison with those of other ancient Authors, and with modern The foregoing lift exhibits strong Geography. In the Course of the proofs of the talents and industry of Work are introduced Differtations Major Rennell; who still enjoys a geon the itinerary Stade of the Greeks, neral state of health and spirits that the Expedition of Darius Hydalpes enable, and will we hope encourage, to Scythia, the Polition and Remains him to lay the learned and political of Antient Babylon, the Alluvions world under additional obligations. J.

-of 1799."

SOME ACCOUNT OF THOMAS GARNETT, M. D. &c. This Gentleman, whose parents are Lonsdale, of a respectable family.

Itill living, was born the 21it of About the age of fourteen, after having April 1766, at Barbon, ntar Kiskby received the first rudiments of educa.

tion at his native village, he was placed situation, which was far too laborious ander the tuition of Mr. Dawson, at for the state of his health, at the close Sedbergh, in Yorkshire, where he laid of 1801, he devoted himself to his prothe foundation of his medical and phi. feflional practice, and took the house in lofophical knowledge. After this he Great Marlborough-Street, where he proceeded to Edinburgh, and took his built a new and convenient apartment, degree about the year 1788. During and completed an expensive apparatus bis

refidence there, he became the pupil for the purpose of giving lectures to the of Dr. Brown, whose new system of public. During the winter of 1801 medicine Dr. Garnett, from this time, and 1802, he gave regular courses on held in the highest estimation. Soon experimental philofopliyand chemistry, after this he visted London, and at. and also a new course on “Zoonomia," tended the practice of the hospitals. or, " the Laws of Animal Life," He had now arrived at an age which arranged according to the Brunonian made it necessary for him to think of theory. These were interrupted in fome permanent establishment. With February, for some weeks, by a danthis view he left London, and, on the gerous illness, which left him in a death of Dr. Wilson, repaired to Har- languid state i though he not only rogate, where he published an analysis resumed and finished the lectures he of the Spa there, and was soon engaged had begun, but also commenced two in an extensive practice. As this, how- courses on botany, one at his own ever, was necesarily limited to the house, and the other at Brompton. length of the sezfon, which lasted only in the midst of these, he received, three or four months, Dr. G. soon after by infection, from a patient whom he his marriage, which took place in 1795, had attended, the fever which termiformed the design of emigrating to Ame- nated his existence in the fpace of ten rica. At Liverpool, where he was

days. waiting to embark, he was so strongly Thus, in the prime of life, at the folicited by Dr. Currie, and several precise period when manhood attains others, to give a chemical course of its highest point of perfection, and the Jectures, that he could not refuse his labours of early industry and applicaconsent. These lectures met with a tion were about to be compenfated by moft welcome reception, as did also a a proportionate degree of emolument course on experimental philosophy, and reputation, Death closed the which he was afterwards induced to scene :-the hope of friendship was begin. He then received a pressing blighted, and the bright prospect, just invitation from Manchester, where he opened to the view, shrouded'in darkdelivered the same lectures, with equal ness. His loss will be felt and lamented fuccess. These circumstances happily far beyond the circuit of his immediate operated to prevent his departure to acquaintance ; but who can paint the America, and he became a successful distress of his family and connections, candidate for the vacant Professorthip of those who knew him well, and tenof Anderson's institution at Glaguw, derly loved him ; who have experiwhich made it impoffible for him to enced his amiableness of difpofition, accept an invitation he had received to his intrinsic goodness of heart, his give le&tures at Dublin. In Scotland, fteadiness of friendship, his manly beRis leifure hours were employed in nevolence and sensibility, and the uncollecting materials for his Tour assuming modesty of his deportment. through ihe Highlands ;" which work As an author, his writings have uniwas in some degree impeded by the formly, tended to encourage and profudden death of his wife (for whom he mote the cultivation and advancement had the sincerelt affection) in child. of useful knowledge; as a philosopher birth; an event which is strongly and a man of science, he has secured for affected his feelings, that he never himself a lofty place in the temple of thought of it but with agony. Dr. G. Fame, and an honourable mention in was induced to relinquith the inftitu. the annals of pofterity; as the private tion at Glasgow, by favourable offers friend and companion, his name is enfroin the new Royal Institution in graven on the hearts, and will be dear London, where, for one season, he was to the recollection, of all who enjoyed Professor of Natural Philofophy, and the happiness and the advantage of his Chemistry, and delivered the whole of society. . the lectures. On retiring from this

ESSAYS

ESSAYS AFTER THE MANNER OF GOLDSMITH,

ESSAY XVIII.

“ My mind to me a kingdom is."-Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. The mind is an indefeasible eftate for as fast as he could, and looking behind

which we owe homage to no Lord him at every instant, in apprehension of or Baron; it is derived from the Creator the park.keeper, in his green jacket himself; a treasure kindly bestowed on being still at bis heels, until he came his creatures for their felicity, suffici. to the gate, where he met a man of ent, if used with discretion, to bear us decent appearance, whom he immedi. through life, and comfort us when all ately accorted. “ Pray, my good friend, other treasure fails. How truly great, am I' out of the Park ?". Yes.". bow independent, is the human mind, Moredius instantly began to jump and when unendlaved by vice or prejudice, dance about, to the astonishment of the and how fuperior to the attacks of stranger. -" I am at liberty !'' cried tyranny or the scorn of fools. The Moredius ; “ I am at liberty !"-It man of senle may feel himself re was tiine to think of returning home ; proached or neglected ; but he has and he enquired the nearest way.-only to retire from the objects of his “ The nearest way to the village," anvexation to Solitude, who will at all swered the stranger, “is through the times receive the exile from the world, Park."-" Through the Park," reand present him purer delights and plied Moredius ; « rather let me go pleasures for his entertainment and in- twelve miles out of my way than where itruction, unfading and immortal. Nature will invite me in, and a rascally

There are few rational people who park-keeper turn me out, because I bave not tasted at times the bliss of did not 'walk upon a chalked line. being free, who have not left the me I have a great mind to write to his tropolis and its cares to snatch a mo. Lordhip, and coinplain of the treatment of tranquillity, abstracted froin ment of his servant."-" You may common pursuits and amusements ; save yourself that trouble," replied the who have not looked behind on the stranger ;

“ his Lordship has the line town with a kind of triumph, and cried chalked out too."2". How so?" interout, with exultation, “ Good bye ! I rupted Moredius. The ground is am at liberty 1"

every inch mortgaged, and the estate And yet, wander where we will, the just now forecloled."" Good hea. tyranny of wealth and power will pur vens !” cried Moredius, “what regret, fue us.

what remorse, must occupy the mind of Moredius was one of those beings the man who sees, through his extravawho asked little from fortune or ambi- gancies, one blessing subtracted after tion ; he was quiet and inoffensive, another, till nothing is left him but and shrunk back like the sensitive the contemplation of objects which he plant at the touch of rudeness. More cannot enjoy, and leave to walk like a dius was fond of peace and retirement, Itranger in domains once his own; let and one day ítraggled from a country me no longer complain of the unfair dif. village near town, within the bound. tribution of Fortune ; the may do all the aries of a Nobleman's park, through can for her favourites; but Providence which there was a public foot path. smooths all inequalities, and will perMoredius, attracted by some beautiful mit the good alone to be rich; the scenery to the left of the entrance, in- mind is the best kingdom, and without cautiously bent his iteps toward the it parks, mantions, servants, and the spot, to indulge in contemplation, luxuries of the table, are only the torwhen his attention was awakened by menting oljects of reflection incident to the voice of a man who was pursuing the situation of the man who has every him at a distince, accompanied by a thing, and owns nothing. Methinks í dog. Moredius stopped; when ihe fee him in a tlioughtful attitude re. man in rude and insulting language clining on his fuplia. How grand ! ordered him back, telling him, that it how beautiful! how elegant ! is every was his Lord ship's orders that no one article of furniture. Einpty pomp ! should go out of the foot way. More- wretched magnificence! his company dius initantly obeyed, without utter are retired, he is left alone ; the eye ing a syllable, and kept the path with that just how farkled in all the riotous the molt exact measurement, walking pleasure of the monient is unk; Re

ncction

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