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The author embarks for the Malabar coast and Englandarrival at

Goa for a cargo of pepper-residence at Goa and Panjeem-Mir-
zeeBarcelore-Onore, taken by the English from Tippoo Sul-
taun-pass the fortress when blockaded by the Sultaun's troops,
without affording relief-account of the siege, and defence of Onore
fort by captain Torrianoconduct of the English after they had
taken itrestitution of property, and care of the sick and wounded
prisoners-return of the inhabitants to Onore-cession of Fortified
Island to the English-success of general Mathews-sad reverse-
loss of Bednore, Cundapore, and other English conquests--consequent

measures at Onorearrival of Tippoo's troops before Onorea sum-

mons to surrendercommencement of the siege-operation after the

enemies' batteries opened-sickness in the garrisondesertion of the

sepoyscessation of armsarticles not adhered to by the enemy-re-

monstrances for want of provisions-vigilant blockade by the Sultaun's

troopsarrival of Mr. Cruso with letters from general M-Leod -

change of commanding officers in the Sultaun's armyof little ad-

vantage to the besiegedalarming desertion and dreadful sickness in

the garrison-desertion of a British officer to the enemy-capitula-

tion of Mangulore to Tippoo Sultaun-consequent demands to surren-

der Onorerefusalaccumulated distress of the garrison, and shock

ing condition of the natives of Onorefurther proceedings in the

VOL. IV.

fortletter to general M-Leodthe garrison attacked by the scurvy, means adopted for the restoration of healthFortified Island treacherously taken by the enemy-evasive conduct of Maw Mirzaletter from the Madras cammissioners-peace with Tippoo Sultaunconsequences at Onore-general orders-visits between the commandant of Onore and Maw Mirza- entertainment by the latter- orders for evacuating Onore-difficulties attending the safety of some brahmins under the English protectionevacuation of the fort, and embarkation of the troops-the fleet sails for Bombay-public testimonies of the brave and gallant defence of the fortress of Onore, the good conduct of the troops ; and the promotion of captain Torriano, as a reward for his gallant services.

CHAPTER XL.

On the eighteenth day of January 1784, I embarked with my family connexions, and several valuable friends, who had taken their passage for Europe, in the General Elliot East Indiaman; many others accompanied us on board, from whom we parted with sincere regret. We sailed immediately for the Malabar coast, where we were to complete our cargo of pepper, at Goa and Tellicherry; a fair wind carried us clear of the harbour, and in a few hours we lost sight of all the endeared and interesting objects on Bombay.

In two days we arrived at Goa, and spent a fortnight there with Mr. Crommelin, the English resident; a respectable and venerable gentleman, who had been governor of Bombay twenty years before, but, by a reverse of fortune, then held that inferior station in the Company's service. He resided at Panjeem, a pleasant spot on the banks of the river, some miles from the city of Goa, not far from the governor's country seat.

While the ship was receiving her cargo, we passed our time very pleasantly, under the hospitable roof of Mr. Crommelin, and made several excursions into the adjacent country; sometimes sailing up the river, we visited the desolate city of Goa, formerly

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described, which now presented a still more melancholy picture of wretchedness and ruin. The churches, monasteries, prisons, and inquisition were kept in repair; but the streets in general exhibited only mouldering palaces and falling houses, depopulated and silent! The governor, Don Frederic, no longer styled viceroy, but captain general of India, was a nobleman of amiable manners, and an accomplished gentleman: he entertained us in a princely style at his palace, and formed in every respect a striking contrast to the courtiers by whom he was surrounded.

Alternate land and sea breezes wafted us pleasantly from Goa to Tellicherry. The diversified scenery in that part of the coast has been described. In giving an account of a former voyage from Bombay to Anjengo, I have inadvertently mentioned that, after leaving Mirzee and Barcelore, there was nothing worthy of observation until we reached Fortified Island, a little to the northward of Onore. Sir James Sibbald, for many years the English resident at Onore, informs me that Mirzee (the Musiris of the ancient Greeks) is situated twenty-two miles to the northward .of Onore. At spring tides large ships can sail over the bar, at the entrance of the river, and remain in safety during the monsoon. The Bombay-Merchant, a ship laden with military stores for the nabob Hyder Ally, by the government of Bombay, was in the month of May 1764, on her passage from thence to Mangulore, when the south-west moonsoon suddenly set in much earlier than usual, with a most tremendous gale; had not the commander determined, at all hazards, to run over Mirzee bar, his vessel must have been lost. The East India compa seventy years, had a large banksaul, or warehouse, at Mirzee, for

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