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IMPORTANT SUBJECT OF THIS CONCLUSION;
· RETROSPECTION OF THE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY'S
FIRST SETTLEMENTS IN HINDOSTAN; THEIR PRO
GRESSIVE IMPROVEMENT, AND FLOURISHING
STATE OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN
INDIA, IN 1812.
REFLECTIONS ON THE CHARACTER OF THE HINDOOS, AND
THE IMPORTANCE OF CONVERTING THEM TO
“ From ills, that painted, harrow up the breast,
(What agonies, if real, must they give !)
Oh! bid the patient Hindoo rise and live.
Clouded by priestly wiles,
He sees the wand of empire, not the rod :
Disperse th’ unholy gloom!
With temper'd love be fear'd;
SIR WILLIAM Jones.
The harp of prophecy-present awful and eventful period—reflections
-purport of this concluding chapter—auxiliaries on the important subject-Britain highly favoured--blessings of peace—sensible and pious dedication by Hukluyt to Sir Francis Walsingham—commencement of the India Company's settlements in India—causes of their becoming generally interesting---no longer simply a trading Company, but sovereigns of an extensive empire— French and Dutch no longer in possession of a factory there-epitome of the administration of Hastings, Cornwallis, Wellesley, and other governors in India—institution of the college at Calcutta—its essential advantages—these great characters opposed to the infamous successors of the Portugueze conquerors of India-geographical outline of Hindostan—divisions—revenue-amelioration of the natives under the wise and benevolent administration of Great Britain—dreadful effects of famine---humanity of the Bombay government-comparative ignorance of Europeans respecting the Hindoos in 1774 luminous researches of Mr. Hastings—and grand acquisitions of knowledge since that period—reflections on the conversion of the Hindoos—sentiments of the author-Dr. Johnson—and many eminent writers—the author assigns reasons for altering his opinion of the Hindoo character—anecdote of an amiable pundit-pleasing
portraits of other natives-depravity of the zemindars and higher VOL. IV.
castes, corroborated by other writers—opinion of Sir William Jones* Lord Teignmouth, Holwell and others—charge of Sir John Mackintosh at Bombay—paramahansa, a caste who eat human flesh— parricide and infanticide—blessings of Christianity, in time and eternity—illustrated by many eminent characters—its benevolence contrasted with the cruel policy of the Hindoo religion in various instances—Om, or Aum—druidical mysteries—ignorance of the lower castes of Hindoos—interesting anecdotes, prayers, and religious opinions of Sir William Jones and Lord Teignmouth—Lord Valentia's sentiments on Hindoo conversion, and the example of Europeans in British India—difficulty of converting the higher castes—great power of the brahmins—necessary moderation in all attempts to proselyte.—many brahmins have embraced Christianity—its progress in India—its sublimity and consolation— wretched state of the Chandalas—the Hindoos compared with the Greeks and Romans when Christianity was preached among them—Cornelius—Paul's sermon at Athens state of fallen man— modern philosophy—religious sentiments of Socrates, Plato, Seneca, and other eminent heathens—appeal for Hindoo conversion from various motives—happiness of Christians compared with unbelievers —state of the world at its promulgation—examples of the effects of true religion, in life and death, in time and eternity! Conclusion.