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CHAPTER XLII.

IMPORTANT SUBJECT OF THIS CONCLUSION;

· RETROSPECTION OF THE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY'S

FIRST SETTLEMENTS IN HINDOSTAN; THEIR PRO

GRESSIVE IMPROVEMENT, AND FLOURISHING

STATE OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE IN

INDIA, IN 1812.

REFLECTIONS ON THE CHARACTER OF THE HINDOOS, AND

THE IMPORTANCE OF CONVERTING THEM TO

CHRISTIANITY.

“ From ills, that painted, harrow up the breast,

(What agonies, if real, must they give !)
Preserve thy votaries ; be their labours blest !

Oh! bid the patient Hindoo rise and live.
His erring mind, that wizard lore beguiles,

Clouded by priestly wiles,
To senseless nature bows, for nature's God.
Now, stretch'd o’er oceans vast, from happier isles,

He sees the wand of empire, not the rod :
Ah! may those beams that Western skies illume,

Disperse th’ unholy gloom!
Meanwhile, may laws by myriads long rever'd,
Their strife appease, their gentler claims decide ;
So shall their victors, mild with virtuous pride,
To many a cherish'd grateful race endear'd,

With temper'd love be fear'd;
Though mists profane obscure their narrow ken,
They err, yet feel, though pagans, they are men.”

SIR WILLIAM Jones.

CONTENTS.

The harp of prophecy-present awful and eventful periodreflections

-purport of this concluding chapterauxiliaries on the important subject-Britain highly favoured--blessings of peacesensible and pious dedication by Hukluyt to Sir Francis Walsinghamcommencement of the India Company's settlements in Indiacauses of their becoming generally interesting---no longer simply a trading Company, but sovereigns of an extensive empireFrench and Dutch no longer in possession of a factory there-epitome of the administration of Hastings, Cornwallis, Wellesley, and other governors in Indiainstitution of the college at Calcuttaits essential advantagesthese great characters opposed to the infamous successors of the Portugueze conquerors of India-geographical outline of Hindostandivisionsrevenue-amelioration of the natives under the wise and benevolent administration of Great Britaindreadful effects of famine---humanity of the Bombay government-comparative ignorance of Europeans respecting the Hindoos in 1774 luminous researches of Mr. Hastingsand grand acquisitions of knowledge since that periodreflections on the conversion of the Hindoossentiments of the author-Dr. Johnsonand many eminent writersthe author assigns reasons for altering his opinion of the Hindoo characteranecdote of an amiable pundit-pleasing

portraits of other natives-depravity of the zemindars and higher VOL. IV.

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castes, corroborated by other writersopinion of Sir William Jones* Lord Teignmouth, Holwell and otherscharge of Sir John Mackintosh at Bombayparamahansa, a caste who eat human fleshparricide and infanticideblessings of Christianity, in time and eternityillustrated by many eminent charactersits benevolence contrasted with the cruel policy of the Hindoo religion in various instancesOm, or Aumdruidical mysteriesignorance of the lower castes of Hindoosinteresting anecdotes, prayers, and religious opinions of Sir William Jones and Lord TeignmouthLord Valentia's sentiments on Hindoo conversion, and the example of Europeans in British Indiadifficulty of converting the higher castesgreat power of the brahminsnecessary moderation in all attempts to proselyte.many brahmins have embraced Christianityits progress in Indiaits sublimity and consolationwretched state of the Chandalasthe Hindoos compared with the Greeks and Romans when Christianity was preached among themCorneliusPaul's sermon at Athens state of fallen manmodern philosophyreligious sentiments of Socrates, Plato, Seneca, and other eminent heathensappeal for Hindoo conversion from various motiveshappiness of Christians compared with unbelievers state of the world at its promulgationexamples of the effects of true religion, in life and death, in time and eternity! Conclusion.

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