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CHAPTER XXXVIII.

Transactions with Mhadajee Sindia respecting the embassy.. character of Mr. James

Anderson, resident minister with Sindia.. arrival of officers and an escort from

Sindia to conduct the embassy from Agra Sindia's camp, .journey from Agra to

Gou Ghaut.. secundra, tomb of Akber.. ceremonies at the first public visit to

Mhadajee Sindia.. meanness of the presents.. Muttra. .nabob Coolee Khan..

Bliindera Bund, the birth-place of Crishua, the Apollo of India.. Dieuisthans..

singular gosaing.. andees, or whirlwinds.. visit to Shah Aalum, emperor of Delhi

.. particulars of the ceremonies, presents, &c. on that occasion.. shabby presents;

parsimony of Mhadajee Sindia.. rebellion of Gulam Kaudir. .his atrocious beha-

viour, and cruel treatment of the aged emperor, and the royal family at Delhi..

Gulam Kaudir taken, and punished by Mhadajee Sindia. .his death, .journey

from Muttra to Delhi.. dreadful state of the country from recent famine. .serais

. .banditti, .country between Agra and Delhi..minarets for mile-stones..mea-

surement in Hindostan.. desolate entrance of Delhi.. obelisk of Cutbal deen.. old

fort of Delhi.. imperial palace.. Ameer's palaces.. Nobut Conna.. Shah J eh ana-

bad., new city at Delhi, .gardens at Delhi, .fruit and flowers..palace appro-

priated for the embassy described, .zenana.. Surd Conna. .jumma musjid. .mau-

soleums. . tomb of Khan Khanna.. palaces on the banks of the Jumma.. that river

described, .return to Sindia's camp..arrangements for the embassy's journey for

Cawnpore. .departure from the encampment and Agra for Cawnpore and Cal-

cutta 47
CHAPTER XXXIX.

Departure of the embassy from Agra for Calcutta.. rainy season in that part of Hin-

dostan... Ferozabad... Shakuabad. . . Jesswant-augghur.. Ettaya .. Adjut-Mhel..

dancing-girls at Auriah. . delightful scenery at Akberpore. . Caunpore...coun-

try called Douab described.. fine character of its inhabitants. . country fertile,

villages populous...description of Cawnpore... British hospitality and friend-

ship... Nautches...beauty of Cachemirian dancing-girls. . dreadful ferocity of

the wolves at Cawnpore. . anecdotes of their carnage. .. Budgerows, boats on

the Ganges...embark at Caunpore for Calcutta. . .Allahabad, description of

that fortress, the abode of God. . Hindoo temple and sacred pepel-tree. . pa-

lace.. grand mosque... remarkable trees. . tomb of Kusroe... junction of the

Jumna and Ganges. . Chunar.. mausoleum. . stone quarries... Ramnaghur... ar-

rival at Benares.. description of that city, observatory, pilgrims, and beggars..

Hindoo astronomy, a most extraordinary system.. Buxar. . battle of Buxar.. affec-

tionate recollection of Bombay.. Chuprah.. overflow of the Ganges. . Dinahpore

... Monheer. . Banquepore. . Gola, or public granary.. Patna. . monument in com-

memoration of the massacre. .. bird-sellers at Patna... snowy mountains.. hot

wells.. Mingheer. . rich country. . beneficial improvements by Mr. Cleveland,

chief of Bhaugulpore. . high character of that gentleman.. monument to his

memory, . Cotgong.. Peer Payntee, or Saint's town.. Sickligullie.. Fall of Pearls

Raiemahl...Jumına Musjid.. Oodanulla. ..Bhaugretty river...Cossimbazar..

Moorsheabad. . Lake of pearls. . palace. . curious dwarf horses.. sya-goos. . tame

fish.. Duperah, a Hindoo festival. , manner of celebrating it on the Ganges..

singular boats... Plassey... Plassey-house and grove...variety of game..quan-

tity destroyed on a shooting party... Baugretty and Jellinghy rivers.. drown-

ing of dying Hindoos. . funeral dirges. . dandies or boatmen on the Ganges..

their mode of life... Chinsura, Chandernagore, Serampore... arrival at Cal-

cutta................................. ...............................75

CHAPTER XL.

The author embarks for the Malabar coast and England, .arrival at Goa for a cargo

of pepper.. residence at Goa and Panjeem.. Mirzee.. Barcelore.. Onore, taken by

the English from Tippoo Sultaun.. pass the fortress when blockaded by the Sul-

taun's troops, without affording relief.. account of the siege, and defence of

Onore fort by captain Torriano.. conduct of the English after they had taken

it.. restitution of property, and care of the sick and wounded prisoners..

return of the inhabitants to Onore.. cession of Fortified Island to the English.,

success of general Mathews.. sad reverse.. loss of Bednore, Cundapore, and other

English conquests.. consequent measures at Onore.. arrival ofTippoo's troops

before Onore.. a summons to surrender.. commencement of the siege.. operation

after the enemies'batteries opened.. sickness in the garrison.. desertion of the

sepoys.. cessation of arms.. articles not adhered to by the enemy.. remonstrances

for want of provisions.. vigilant blockade by the Sultaun's troops.. arrival of Mr.

Cruso with letters from general M'Leod. . change of commanding officers in the

Sultaun's army.. of little advantage to the besieged.. alarming desertion and

dreadful sickness in the garrison.. desertion of a British officer to the enemy..

capitulation of Mangalore to Tippoo Sultaun. .consequent demands to surrender

Onore.. refusal, .accumulated distress of the garrison, and shocking condition of

the natives of Onore.. further proceedings in the fort.. letter to general M'Leod..

the garrison attacked by the scurvy, means adopted for the restoration of health..

..Fortified Island treacherously taken by the enemy.. evasive conduct of Maw

Mirza. .letter from the Madras commissioners.. peace with Tippoo Sultaun..

consequences at Onore.. general orders.. visits between the commandant of Onore

and Maw Mirza. .entertainment by the latter.. orders for evacuating Onore..

difficulties attending the safety of some brahmins under the English protection..

evacuation of the fort, and embarkation of the troops., the fleet sails for Bombay

.. public testimonies of the brave and gallant defence of the fortress of Onore,

the good conduct of the troops, and the promotion of captain Torriano, as a re-

ward for his gallant services ', 107
CHAPTER XLI.

Residence at Tellicherry. .parties of pleasure. .climate and healthy situation of Telli-

cherry.. subjects in natural history.. plants.. Gloriosa superba.. cruel fate of the

English prisoners with Tippoo Sultaun, taken at Bednore.. savage treatment of

the officers and privates in marching through the country.. fate of General

Mathews and two other gentlemen taken off by poisoned coffee. .mechanical tiger

.. refinements in cruelty.. contrast between Domitian and Nero., rigid discipline

of Tippoo..different account of General Mathews' death..fate of the captains

and subaltern officers.. Hyder Ally's character superior to his son.. origin of Hy-

der.. commencement and rapidity of his military career, .further accounts of his

family and exaltation.. his high command and dignity under the rajah of Mysore..

usurps the sovereignty, imprisons the rajah, and takes the title of Nawaub. .makes

Seringapatam his capital.. sea-ports.. Mangulore.. splendor of the tiger throne..

the Huma. .the tiger a family emblem.. prayer of Tippoo. .a letter of tremen-

dous brevity, .account of Hyder's durbar, .many particulars of Tippoo's charac-

ter, dress, &c.. character of Mahomed and his immediate successors.. magnifi-

cence of the Arabian caliphs.. reflection of Abdalrhaman.. remark of Gibbon..

palace at Seringapatam. .Tippoo's bedchamber guarded by four tigers.. predilec-

tion of the Mahomedans for Abyssinian slaves.. melancholy fate of a young ladv,

and friendly tribute to her memory.. dispatches for the General Elliot received

from Bombay.. paragraph in the Governor and Council's letter.. cargo com-

pleted, and final dispatch for Europe.. sail for Tellicherry.. pass Calicut.. anec-

dotes of Hyder Ally and Zamorine of Calicut, .end of that dynasty.. anchor at

Chetwa.. departure for Europe.. reflections on that event, and the melancholy

fate of former shipmates.. particulars of the voyage from the Malabar coast to

St. Helena, .storms off the Cape.. Cainoen's Spirit of the Cape..arrival at St.

Helena.. additional anecdotes and descriptions of that island.. Sargasso, or

Grass-sea. .flying-fish.. terrific storm..arrival in England 181
CHAPTER XLII.

The harp of prophecy.. present awful and eventful period.. reflections.. purport

of this concluding chapter.. auxiliaries on the important subject.. Britain highly

favoured... blessings of peace.. sensible and pious dedication by Hakluyt to

Sir Francis Walsingham.. commencement of the East India Company's set-

tlements in India.. causes of their becoming generally interesting.. no longer

simply a trading company, but sovereigns of an extensive empire.. French

and Dutch no longer in possession of a factory there. .epitome of the admi-

nistration of Hastings, Cornwallis, Wellesley, and other governors in India

.. institution of the college at Calcutta.. its essential advantages.. these great

characters opposed to the infamous successors of the Portugueze conquer-

ors of India..geographical outline of Hindostan. .divisions, .revenue. .amelio-

ration of the natives under the wise and benevolent administration of Great

Britain.. dreadful effects of famine.. humanity of the Bombay government.,

comparative ignorance of Europeans respecting the Hindoos in 1774. .luminous

researches of Mr. Hastings.. and grand acquisitions of knowledge since that

period.. reflections on the conversion of the Hindoos.. sentiments of the author

.. Dr. Johnson.. and many eminent writers.. the author assigns reasons for alter-

ing his opinioYi of the Hindoo character..anecdote of an amiable pundit.,

pleasing portraits of other natives.. depravity of the zemindars and higher

castes, corroborated by other writers.. opinion of Sir William Jones, Lord

Teignmouth, Holwell and others.. charge of Sir John Mackintosh at Bombay

.. paramahansa, a caste who eat human flesh.. parricide and infanticide.. bless-

ings of Christianity, in time and eternity.. illustrated by many eminent charac-

ters, .its benevolence contrasted with the cruel policy of the Hindoo religion in

various instances.. Om, or Aum. .druidical mysteries.. ignorance of the lower

castes of Hindoos.. interesting anecdotes, prayers, and religious opinions of Sir

William Jones and Lord Teignmouth.. Lord Valentia's sentiments on Hindoo

conversion, and the example of Europeans in British India, .difficulty of con-

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