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would be to prolong civil war, and the calamities and crimes flowing therefrom : decree as follows:

Art. 1st. The ships of the Republic, and French privateers, are authorized to capture, and conduct into the ports of the Republic, neutral vessels, destined to the Windward and Leeward Islands of America. delivered up to the English, and occupied and defended by the emigrants. These ports are Martinico. St. Lucia, Tobago, Demarara, Berbice, Essequibo, and at the leeward, Port au Prince, St. Marks. L'Archaye, and Jeremie.

2d. Every armed vessel, having a commission from either of the said ports, shall be reputed a pirate, and the crews adjudged and punished as such.

3d. The vessels and cargoes described in the first and second articles are declared good prize, and shall be sold for the benefit of the captors.

4th. Every captured vessel, which shall have cleared out under the vague denomination of West Indies, is comprehended in the first and second articles.

5th. The decree of the 4th of last Nivose, in pursuance of the resolution of the Executive Directory, of the 14th Messidor, 4th year, shall be executed, till further orders, as far as shall not be contravened by the present decree.

This decree shall be printed, transcribed in the register of the criminal and commercial tribunals, sent to all the French colonial ports, read, published, and posted up, wherever it may be necessary.

It shall be notified officially to the neutral Governments of St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. Bartholomew's.

Enjoining the criminal and commercial tribunals of Guadaloupe, their Delegates, in the different French colonies, and elsewhere, the Rear-Admiral coinmandant on the West India station, and the head of the Administration, to aid executing the present decree, each in his respective department. Done at Basseterre, Island of Guadaloupe, the 13th Pluviose, 5th

year (1st February, 1797) of the French Republic, one and indivisible.

VICTOR HUGHES & LEBAS.

No. 249.

FRENCH DECREE.

[TRANSLATION.] EQUALITY.

LIBERTY. Extract from the Register of the Special Agency of the Executive Direc

tory to the Windward Islands.

The special agents of the Executive Directory to the Windward Islands:

Considering that the laws, as well ancient as modern, forbid neutrals to carry to the enemy contraband or prohibited merchandises :

Considering that, notwithstanding the complaints of the Minister Plenipotentiary of the French Republic near the United States of North America, of which he has informed us by his letter of the 20 July, 1796, those States, and especially Virginia, have fitted out vessels loaded with horses for the English :

Decree, that, from this day forward, all vessels loaded with merchan. dises designated by the name of contraband, as arms, instruments, munitions of war, of what kind soever, horses and their furniture, shall be stopped by the ships of war and privateers ; to be seized and confiscated for the benefit of the captors. At Basseterre, Guadaloupe, Aug. 1st, 1796. Signed on the Register.

VICTOR HUGHES,

LEBAS.
Compared with the Register.

VAUCHELET,
Secretary of the Agency.

No. 250. G. R. (l. s.]

ADDITIONAL INSTRUCTIONS To the Commanders of all our Ships of War and Privateers that have

or may have Letters of Marque against France. Given at our Court of St. James, the 6th day of November, 1793, and in the 34th year of our Reign.

That they shall stop and detain all ships laden with goods, the produce of any Colony belonging to France, or carrying provisions or other supplies, for the use of any such Colony, and shall bring the same with their cargoes to legal adjudication in our courts of Admiralty. By His Majesty's Command,

H. DUNDAS.

No. 251. G. R.

INSTRUCTIONS To the Commanders of our Ships of War and Privateers that have or

may have Letters of Marque against France. Given at our Court at St. James, the 8th day of January, 1794. Whereas, by our former instructions to the commanders of our ships of war and privateers, dated the 6th day of November, 1793, we sig

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nified that they should stop and detain all ships laden with goods, the produce of any Colony belonging to France, or carrying provisions or other supplies for the use of any such Colony, and should bring the same with their cargoes to legal adjudication : We are pleased to revoke the said instruction, and in lieu thereof, we have thought fit to issue these our instructions, to be duly observed by the commanders of all our ships of war and privateers, that have or may have letters of marque against France.

1st. That they shall bring in for lawful adjudication all vessels with their cargoes, that are laden with goods, the produce of the French West India Islands, and coming directly from any port of the said Islands to any port in Europe.

2d. That they shall bring in for lawful adjudication all ships with their cargoes, that are laden with goods, the produce of the said islands, the property of which goods shall belong to subjects of France, to whatsoever ports the same may be bound.

3d. That they shall seize all ships that shall be found attempting to enter any port of the said islands, that is, or shall be blockaded by the arms of his majesty or his allies ; and shall send them in with their cargoes for adjudication, according to the terms of the second article of the former instructions, bearing date the 8th day of June, 1793.

4th. That they shall seize all vessels, laden wholly or in part with naval or military stores, bound to any port of the said islan'ls, and shall send them into some convenient port belonging to his majesty, in order that they, together with their cargoes, may be proceeded against, accord-ing to the rules of nations.

No. 252.

Copy of a Letter from Sir John Jervis, to Thomas Griffith, Esq. Bar

badoes.

SIR: The several French West India islands are to be considered as under blockade, from the arrival of the armament at Barbadoes, the 6th of January : therefore, all neutral vessels trading with these islands within that period, are clearly intended to come within the King's order in council, dated the 6th of November, 1795.

J. JERVIS. Boyne, in Port Royal Bay, Martinico,

18th March, 1794.

No. 253.

INSTRUCTIONS

To the Commanders of all Ships of War and Privateers that have, or

may have, Letters of Marque against France. August 18th, 1794. GEORGE R.

Whereas by an article of our instructions to the commanders of our ships of war and privateers, having letters of marque against France, given at our court at St. James, the 8th day of June, 1793, we thought fit to declare, that it should be lawful to stop and detain all ships laden wholly or in part with corn, flour, or meal, bound to any port in France, or any port occupied by the armies of France, and to send them to such ports as should be most convenient, in order that such corn, meal, or flour, might be purchased on behalf of our Government, and the ships be released after such purchase, and after a due allowance for freight, or that the masters of such ships, on giving due security, to be approved by our court of admiralty, should be permitted to dispose of their cargoes of corn, meal, or flour, in the ports of any Pow. er in amity with us :

We, not judging it expedient to continue for the present the purchase of the said cargoes on behalf of our Government, are pleased to revoke the said article, until our farther order therein ; and to declare that the same shall no longer remain in force. But we strictly enjoin all our commanders of our ships of war and privateers, to observe the remaining articles of the said instructions; and, likewise, all other instructions which we have issued, and which still continue in force.

No. 254.

Letter from Captain Nelson to the American and Danish Consuls at Ca

diz.
His BRITANNIC MAJESTY's SHIP CAPTAIN,

Off Cadiz, April 11th, 1797. SIR: In consequence of the unprovoked declaration of war, by the King of Spain, against his Britannic majesty and the British nation, it is thought right that Spain should no longer have any trade. I have therefore the honor to acquaint you, that no neutral vessel will be permitted, in future, to enter or leave the port of Cadiz, unless by leave obtained from me, or the commander in chief of the British fleet, and that, from this moment, Cadiz is to be considered as a blockaded port.

I have the honor, &c. &c.

HORATIO NELSON. To the American and Danish Consuls at Cadiz.

No. 255.

G. R. [L. s.]

INSTRUCTIONS

To the commanders of our ships of war and privateers, that have, or

may have, letters of marque against France, Spain, or the United Provinces. Given at our Court of St. James, the 25th day of January, 1798, in the 38th year of our reign.

Whereas, by our former instructions to the commanders of our ships of war and privateers, dated 8th January, 1794, we signified that they should bring in, for lawful adjudication, all vessels, with their cargoes, that were laden with goods, the produce of the French West India Islands, and coming directly from any port of the said Islands, to any port in Europe ; and, likewise, all ships, with their cargoes, that were laden with goods, the produce of the said Islands, the property of which goods shall belong to subjects of France, to whatsoever ports the same might be bound ; and that they should seize all ships that should be found attempting to enter any port of the said Islands, that was or should be blockaded by the arms of Mis Majesty or his allies, and should send them in, with their cargoes, for adjudication ; and, also, all vessels laden wholly, or in part, with naval or military stores, bound to any port of the said Islands, and should seid them into some convenient port belonging to His Majesty, in order that they, together with their cargoes, might be proceeded against, according to the law of nations ; and, whereas, in consideration of the present state of the commerce of this country, as well as of that of neutral countries, it is expedient to revoke the said instructions, we are pleased hereby to revoke the same; and in lieu thereof, we have thought fit to issue these our instructions, to be observed from henceforth, by the commanders of all our ships of war and privateers, that have or may have letters of marque against France, Spain, and the United Provinces :

1st. That they shall bring in, for lawful adjudication, all vessels, with their cargoes, that are laden with goods, the produce of any Island or settlement belonging to France, Spain, or the United Provinces, and coming directly from any port of the said Islands or settlements to any port in Europe, not being a port of this Kingdom, nor a port of that country, to which such ships, being neutral ships, shall belong

2d. That they shall bring in, for lawful adjudication, all ships, with their cargoes, that are laden with goods, the produce of the said Islands or settlements, the property of which goods shall belong to subjects of France, Spain, or the United Provinces, to whatsoever ports the same may be bound.

3d. That they shall seize all ships that shall be found attempting to enter any port of the said Islands or settlements, that is or shall be blockaded by the arms of His Majesty, and shall send them in, with

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