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THE

EVERYDAY BOOK;

OR, THB

Guide to the Year:

RELATING THE

POPULAR AMUSEMENTS,
SPORTS, CEREMONIES, MANNERS, CUSTOMS, AND EVENTS,

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LONDON:
PRINTED FOR WILLIAM HONE, 45, LUDGATE HILL,

(To be published every Saturday, price Threepence,)
AND SOLD BY ALL BOOKSELLERS IN TOWN AND COUNTRY.

1825

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TO THE

READERS OF THE EVERY DAY BOOK.

Our ancestors were persons of leisure. They appropriated each day in the year to the memory of remarkable persons or events. THE EVERY-Day Book will relate the origin of these three hundred and sixty-five celebrations, with interesting accounts of the individuals and circumstances commemorated.

It will especially describe the National and Domestic Festivities at the Remarkable Seasons, and on the great Holidays that are still kept ; particularly those on New Year's day-Twelfth day-St. Agnes' eve-Candlemas day-St. Valentine's day-Shrovetide-Ash Wednesday-St. David's day-St. Patrick's day.-Palm Sunday–Lady day-All Fools' day-Maundy Thursday-Good Friday-Eastertide-Hock day-St. George's day—May day--Royal Oak day-Whitsuntidem St. Barnabas' day-St. John's eve-St. Swithin's day-Lammas-tide-Corpus Christi day-Midsummer-tide-Michaelmas-tide- Allhallow e'en-Gunpowder Plot day-St. Andrew's day-Christmas-tide-Childermas day-New Year's eve, &c.

While recording such observances, it will entertain the reader with descriptions of pumerous Popular Merriments and Usages, a few of which may be mentioned as instances : namely, Fairs—Wakes-Morris Dancings-Harvest Homes_Shearings-Mayings-Aleings—Wassailings--Mummings - Soulings — Waits — Eton Montem-Hogmany--Yule, &c.

Besides a multitude of subjects of this description, the amusing character of the Every-Day Book will be increased by curious details respecting Flinging the stocking—The Wandering Jew-Hand of Glory-Glastonbury thorn_Wrestling -Kissing-Man in the Moon-Robin Hood—The Merry Thought_Tea—The Drama-Highgate oath-Dunmow flitch-Winifred's well—Music-Horn Fair -Old Nick-Joint ring—Robin Goodfellow-Robin Badfellow-Passing bell Wedding ring-Death watch—the Grace cup-Archery-Cockfighting — Breaking up-Jack a' Lanthorn-Second sight - Barber's pole — Strewing rushes — Bleeding of the Murdered—Under the Rose—Sitting cross legged-LongevityCoronation stone-Sneezing-Bear baiting-Lady in the straw-Seventh son of a seventh son—True lover's knot-Blindman's buff-Curfew bell-Divining rod-, Hunt the slipper-Roodloft-Nightmare-Pricking in the belt-Dress-Cursing by bell, book and candle-Golf-Black's the white o' my eye-Garnish-Barring out at school-Groaning cake-Chiromancy-Cunning inen-Undertakers-Marriages — Penny weddings — Vanes — Love tarms — Toys— Storms — Moles Cramp rings—Horseshoes-Fools—Jesters-Apparitions-Babies in the eyes Fairy ring—Autographs_Witch finders_Witches-Wizards-Shop signs--Cries

- Amulets—Duels-Charms - Healths - Exorcisms — Evil eyes - Eclipses Shooting stars-Gypsies—Sin eaters-Corpse candles-Misers-Quacks—Incantations-Crickets-Bonfires Old saws, Philtres—Frosts—Fairies—Somnainbulists -- Christenings — Pawnbrokers balls — Burials– Cuckolds, Processions Spectres-- Lucky and unlucky numbers-Newspapers-Christmas boxes--Bogles, Brownies-Spunkies--Kelpies-Wraiths—Dwarfs ---Giants Fascinations — Tobacco -- Snuff-Sorcerers-Songs-Hair and Wigs-Vigils-Spirits-Omens

Familiars-Holy Wells-Gossips-Cards-Wrecks-Divinations-Betrothings Shrouds—Inventions—Phenomena, &c. &c. &c. By the introduction of various topics and facts of a still more interesting and important nature, with suitable Historical, Biographical, Astronomical, and Seasonable Anecdotes—information that is useful to all, will be combined with amusement that is agreeable to most.

The Every-Day Book will be a History of the Year. Whether it be consulted respecting to-day or to-morrow, or any other day, it will present acceptable particulars respecting the day sought. It becomes, therefore, a Perpetual Guide to the Year-not to any one year in particular, but to every year-and forms a Complete Dictionary of the Almanac, for the daily use and instruction of every person who possesses an Almanac, and desires a Key to it.

In this view it will be the EVERY-Day Book of pleasure and business-of parents and children, teachers and pupils, masters and servants : and, as Cowper says, that, “a volume of verse is a fiddle that sets the universe in motion,” it is believed that his remark may be somewhat verified by the pleasant images and kind feelings, which the interspersion of much excellent poetry throughout the work is designed to create in all classes of its readers.

Many essential particulars relating to the days of the week, the twelve months, the four seasons, and the year generally, will be arranged by way of Appendix, and there will be a copious Index to the whole,

A number, or sheet of thirty-two columns, price threepence, will be published every Saturday till the undertaking is completed, which will be in about a yeara few weeks'more or less. The Engravings in each will vary as to number: in some there may be only one of twa; in others, three, or four, or five-according to the subject.

It will form a large and handsome volume, containing a greater body of curious and interesting anecdotes and (facts than exists in any other in the English language; and be illustrated by nearly two hundred Engravings from the original designs of superior artists, or from rare and remarkable prints and drawings.

This mode of publication is adopted with a view to two objects : 1st, the general diffusion of useful facts in connection with curious information ; and 2dly, the attainment of additional particulars during its progress.

To a large mass of materials already collected, communications respecting local usages or customs in any part of the United Kingdom, and Festival Ceremonials abroad, will be especially acceptable. Such communications, or any useful hints or suggestions, or permission to extract from books or manuscripts, it will give me great pleasuree to receive, and to acknowledge as circumstances may require. 45, Ludgate-hill,

W. HONE. 31st December, 1824. Note.- This Leaf and the Title are to be cut off, and thrown aside, when the

Volume is bound. A new title, &c. will be given gratis.

THE HISTORY OF PARODY, with ENLARGED REPORTS OF

MY THREE TRIALS, a royal octavo Volume of 600 pages, handsomely printed and illustrated by numerous Engravings on copper and wood, plain and coloured, is in considerable forwardness. The price will be 21. 2s. in extra boards. The favour of additional names to the list of Subscribers is respectfully solicited, in order to regulate the number of copies to be printedbut NO MONEY WILL BE RECEIVED until the book is delivered.

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new year

JANUARY. TAIS

is the first and the coldest month Discerns sereneness in that brow, of the year. Its zodiacal sign is Aquarius That all contracted seem'd but now. or the Waterbearer. It derives its name His revers'd face may show distaste, from Janus, a deity represented by the

And frown upon the ills are past; Romans with two faces, because he was

But that which this way looks is clear,

And smiles upon the new-born year. acquainted with past and future events. Cotton introduces him into a poem on the According to the ancient mythology,

Janus was the god of gates and avenues, Hark, the cock crows, and yon bright star

and in that character held a key in his Tells us, the day himself's not far;

right hand, and a rod in his left, to symAnd see where, breaking from the night, bolize his opening and ruling the year : He gilds the western hills with light. sometimes he bore the number 300 in one With him old Janus doth appear,

hand, and 65 in the other, the number of Peeping into the future year,

its days. At other times he was reproWith such a look as seems to say,

sented with four heads, and placed in a The prospect is not good tbat way. Thus do we rise ill sights to see,

temple of four equal sides, with a door And 'gainst ourselves to prophesy ;

and three windows in each side, as emWhen the prophetic fear of things

blems of the four seasons and the twelve A more tormenting mischief brings,

months over which he presided. More full of soul-tormenting gall

According to Verstegan (Restitution of Than direst mischiefs can befall.

Decayed Intelligence, 4to. 1628, p. 59) But stay! but stay! Methinks my sight,

the Saxons called this month « Wolf Better inform’d by clearer light,

monat,” or Wolf-month, because the

No. 1.

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