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as a substitute for that of Purveyor of Public Supplies, which the bill proposes to abolish. This motion was supported by Messrs. Lacock, and Roberts, and opposed by Messrs. TAllMadge and WRight. It was contended on the one hand, that no good purpose would be answered by the proposed change; that it would have the effect of legislating a man out of office, if that was not the object of it; that it was moreover always improper to blend in the same bill principles not necessarily connected, thus frequently defeating the most useful measures. On the other hand, several reasons were urged in support of the expediency, in a military point of view, of the proposed alteration of the present system, which it was said was calculated for a time of peace, and not for a period of war. The question on the motion was decided by yeas and nays, and lost. Yeas 24, nays 79, as follows: Yeas—William W. Bibb, Adam Boyd, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William Butler, John C. Calhoun, Lewis Condict, Roger Davis, Thomas Gholson, Bolling Hall, John M. Hyneman, Abner Lacock, Peter Little, Aaron Lyle, Nathaniel Macon, George C. Maxwell, Samuel McKee, Jeremiah Morrow, Israel Pickens, Jonathan Roberts, William Rodman, Samuel Shaw, William Strong, and John Taliaferro. Nars—Willis Alston, jr., William Anderson, David Bard, Abijah Bigelow, William Blackledge, Harmanus Bleecker, James Breckenridge, Elijah Brigham, Epaphroditus Champion, Langdon Cheves, Martin Chittenden, Matthew Clay, James Cochran, William Crawford, John Davenport, jr., John Dawson, Joseph Desha, Samuel Dinsmoor, Elias Earle, William Ely, James Emott, William Findley, James Fisk, Asa Fitch, Meshack Franklin, Thomas R. Gold, Charles Goldsborough, Peterson Goodwyn, Edwin Gray, Isaiah L. Green, Felix Grundy, Obed Hall, John A. Harper, Aylett Hawes, Richard Jackson, jr., Joseph Kent, Lyman Law, Joseph Lewis jun., Robert Le Roy Livingston, William Lowndes, Thomas Moore, Archibald McBryde, William McCoy, Alexander McKim, Arunah Metcalf, Samuel L. Mitchill, Hugh Nelson, Anthony New, Thomas Newton, Stephen Ormsby, Joseph Pearson, Timothy Pitkin, jun., James Pleasants, jun., Benjamin Pond, Elisha R. Potter, Josiah Quincy, William M. Richardson, Henry M. Ridgely, John Rhea, Ebenezer Sage, Thomas Sammons, John Sevier, Adam Seybert, Daniel Sheffey, George Smith, John Smith, Richard Stanford, Silas Stow, Lewis B. Sturges, Sanuel Taggart, Benjamin Tallmadge, Uri Tracy, George M. Troup, Laban Wheaton, Leonard White, Robert Whitehill, Thomas Wilson, Richard Winn, and Robert Wright. Mr. Lacock then moved to amend the bill so as to reduce the proposed salary of the Commissary General from three to two thousand dollars per annum. Mr. Pickens proposed to fix the salary at twenty-five hundred dollars. Mr. Roberts and Mr. McKee spoke in support of the reduction. The salary of a Brigadier General was stated to be much less, with a much greater responsibility, than that proposed to be given to a Commissary General, whose duties, it was said, were of that description that could be

well and adequately performed by many men who would be happy to accept a salary of two thousand dollars for that service. The question on reducing the salary to two thousand dollars per annum, was taken by yeas and nays, and carried—53 to 50, as follows: YEAs—John Baker, Burwell Bassett, William W. Bibb, Adam Boyd, Robert Brown, William A. Burwell, William Butler, Martin Chittenden, Matthew Clay, James Cochran, John Davenport, jr., Roger Davis, John Dawson, Joseph Desha, Samuel Dinsmoor, William Findley, Meshack Franklin, Charles Goldsborough, Peterson Goodwyn, Bolling Hall, Obed Hall, John A. Harper, Aylett Hawes, John M. Hyneman, Richard Jackson, jun., Joseph Kent, Philip B. Key, Abner Lacock, Joseph Lewis, jun., Peter Little, Aaron Lyle, George C. Maxwell, Thomas Moore, Archibald McBryde, William McCoy, Samuel McKee, Alexander McKim, Arunah Metcalf, Jeremiah Morrow, Hugh Nelson, Anthony New, Joseph Pearson, Henry M. Ridgely, John Rhea, Jonathan Roberts, William Rodman, Adam Seybert, George Smith, Richard Stanford, William Strong, John Taliaferro, Laban Wheaton, and Thomas Wilson. NAys—Willis Alston, jun., William Anderson, Stevenson Archer, Ezekiel Bacon, Abijah Bigelow, William Blackledge, Harmanus Bleecker, James Breckenridge, Elijah Brigham. John C. Calhoun, Epaphroditus Champion, Langdon Cheves, Lewis Condict, William Crawford, Elias Earle, William Ely, James Fisk, Asa Fitch, Thomas Gholson, Thomas R. Gold, Edwin Gray, Isaiah L. Green, Felix Grundy, Lyman Law, Robert Le Roy Livingston, William Lowndes, Nathaniel Macon, Jonathan O. Moseley, Thomas Newton, Israel Pickens, Timothy Pitkin, jr., Elisha R. Potter, Josiah Quincy, John Randolph, William M. Richardson, Samuel Ringgold, Ebenezer Sage, John Sevier, Daniel Sheffey, Silas Stow, Lewis B. Sturges, Benjamin Tallmadge, Uri Tracy, George M. Troup, Charles Turner, jr., Pierre Van Cortlandt, jun., Leonard White, Robert Whitehill, and Robert Wright. Mr. Roberts proposed to graduate the salaries by extending the reduction of the salaries to the Deputy Commissaries, giving them twelve hundred dollars each per annum, instead of twenty thousand, as proposed by the bill. Mr. Lacock proposed to fix fifteen hundred dollars as the salary; and after some observations from Mr. Fisk, Mr. Roberts modified his motion to fifteen hundred dollars; which was agreed to as the proper salary for the deputies. Some other amendments were made to the details of the bill; and it was ordered to be engrossed for a third reading.

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olution, and in behalf of any other meritorious persons, the warrants of land, or other engagements obligatory on the good faith of the said State, which may have been issued, or entered into, in consideration of military services: by assigning to the said officers and soldiers, or those claiming under them, their respective proportions of good land, to which they may be entitled, in virtue of any engagement on the part of the said State of Virginia, to be laid off between the Scioto and Little Miami rivers, on the Northwest side of the river Ohio; and, if a sufficiency of good lands, within the true intent and meaning of the engagements, on the part of Virginia, to the officers and soldiers aforesaid, to maintain sacred and inviolate the plighted faith of the said State, cannot be obtained within the limits aforesaid, then how far it may be expedient to assign to the said officers and soldiers, or those claiming under them, other good lands lying in any State or Territory of the United States, out of any public lands whatever; and that they have leave to report by bill or otherwise. Mr. Nelson, Mr. McKee, Mr. MoRRow, Mr. BRECKENRidge, and Mr. Gold, were appointed the Committee. A message from the Senate informed the House that the Senate have passed the joint resolution “on the subject of arts and manufactures,” with an amendment; in which they desire the concurrence of this House. They have also passed a bill “to carry into effect an act of the Legislature of the State of Maryland;” and a bill “to alter the times of holding the Circuit Courts of the first district;” in which bills they desire the concurrence of this House. The Senate insist on their amendments, disagreed to by this House, to the bill “concerning the Naval Establishment,” and desire a conference on the subject-matter of the said amendments. The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the bill to alter and establish certain post roads; and after some time spent therein, the bill was reported with several amendments which were concurred in by the House. The bill was then further amended, and the question stated, that the bill be engrossed, and read the third time; when the House adjourned.

Wednesday, March 18. The bill from the Senate “to alter the times of holding the Circuit Court of the first district,” was read twice and referred to a select committee. Mr. HARPER, Mr. Richardson, and Mr. Jackson, were appointed the committee. The bill from the Senate “to carry into effect an act of the Legislature of the State of Maryland” was read twice and committed to a Committee of the Whole on Monday next. The bill from the Senate “to establish a Quartermaster’s department, and for other purposes.” was read the third time, as amended, and passed. The amendment proposed by the Senate to the joint resolution on the subject of arts and manufactures was read and concurred in by the House.

The House proceeded to reconsider their disagreement to the amendments proposed by the Senate to the bill “concerning the Naval Establishment,” which have been insisted upon by the Senate: Whereupon, the House agreed to the conference asked by the Senate, and appointed managers at the said conference on their part; and Mr. Cheves, Mr. QUINcy, and Mr. WidgeRY, were appointed the managers accordingly. A message from the Senate informed the House that the Senate have passed the bill “providing for the removal of the causes depending in the respective District Courts of the United States, in case of the disability of the judges thereof.” with amendments, in which they desire the concurrence of this House. Mr. BURwell, from the committee to whom the subject was referred, made an unfavorable report on the memorial of Peter Landais, recommending that he have leave to withdraw his memorial and papers. Mr. B. explained at some length the grounds of the report; upon the fullest investigation he was decidedly of opinion that he had no claim upon the United States. The SPEAKER laid before the House a letter from Peter Landais, praying of this body that his memorial may be read through in the House from the beginning to end, that it might be fully understood and enable the members to judge of the correctness of the report. Mr. Burwell moved that the report lie on the table, to afford an opportunity, if desired, for the reading of the memorial ; but the motion was negatived. The question was then taken on the report, and carried in the affirmative, mem. con. The House resumed the consideration of the bill concerning post roads. A notion was made by Mr. O. HALL to recommit the bill, on the ground that so inany additions had been made to it as to defeat the whole bill. Considerable discussion took place on this motion; in the course of which it was stated that the net receipts from this establishment during the past year was only three thousand dollars, which would be more than absorbed by the new routes proposed by the bill. The question for recommitting the bill to a Committee of the Whole, as moved by Mr. HALL, was lost; and it was recommitted to the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads.


The House resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole, on the bill for the admission of the State of Louisiana (now Orleans Territory) into the Union, and for extending the laws of the United States to the same. fi The several blanks in the bill having been lled—

Mr. Poin Dexter observed, that it appeared to have been the sense of this House, when the bill for erecting the Mississippi Territory into a State was under consideration, that the portion of the territory taken possession of under the President's proclamation (known by the name of West Florida) which lies west of Pearl river, should be added to the State of Orleans. The Constitution had provided that new territory might be added to the States with their consent. As it was not provided by the Constitution which party should first assent, he presumed it was not material ; and, as this appeared to be the proper moment for fixing the boundary, he was induced to offer the following amendment to the bill.

MARch, 1812. Corps of Engineers.

“And be it further enacted, That so soon as the consent of the Legislature of said State shall be given to the same, all that tract of country lying within the following boundaries, to wit: beginning at the junction of the Iberville, with the river Mississippi; thence through the middle of the Lakes Maurepas and Pontchartrain, to the western junction of Pearl river, to Lake Pontchartrain; thence up said river to the thirty-first degree of latitude; thence along the said degree of latitude to the river Mississippi; thence down the same to the beginning; be, and the same is hereby incorporated in, and made a part of said State, and shall be governed by the constitution and laws thereof, in the same manner as if it had been included within the original boundaries of said State. Provided, nevertheless, That the title of the United States to said tract of country shall be and remain subject to future negotiation.

Mr. Dawson said, this question had been agitated in the select committee, but it had appeared proper to them that this addition of territory should be made the subject of a separate law. If they went so far, they must go farther still into details. He thought it better that the law accepting the constitution should be as simple as possible. Mr. CLAY (Speaker) could not view the subject in the same light, he said, as the gentleman from Virginia; and although there had been a division of sentiment in the select committee, there certainly were some members of that committee in favor of the motion. But, could gentleman imagine any difficulty growing Qut of making this section a part of the present bill, which would not equally arise if it were put in a separate bill? . There could be no difficulty in either way; and in point of propriety, it appeared to him the course now proposed ought to be pursued. They were about to admit a new State into the Union. Should not the bill, which recognised it, present the whole limits of the State in one view, or would it be better to subject inquirers to the necessity of wading through two or three acts to find out the boundary of a single State 3 He hoped the motion would prevail. The motion was agreed to, 47 to 25. Mr. CLAY, said, he observed there had been no ordinance passed by the Convention recognising the freedom of navigation of the Mississippi. He had no idea that under any circumstances, the Legislature of the new State would impede the navigation; but the object was one so dear to the people of the Western country generally, that he wished to place it beyond the possibility of doubt. Considerable desultory discussion took place on the proposed amendment; which was chiefly objected to by Mr. Rhea, on the ground that it was totally unnecessary, &c. 12th CoN. 1st Sess.-39

The amendment was adopted without a diVision.

Mr. Johnson said, that, as the matter now stood, the population of the Florida Territory attached to this bill would, although they are to compose a part of the new State, be deprived of a voice in the passage of the first laws, which are always the most important under a new Government, and in the choice of Senators in Congress, which would be attended with the greatest hardship, as the population had been unrepresented for some time past, and complained of various grievances. He, therefore, moved an amendment to the bill, to divide the territory to be annexed to Louisiana into two counties, to be called Feliciana and Baton Rouge, each to send one Senator and one Representative.

Mr. Poindexter wished the people of that country to be represented as much as the gentleman possibly could ; but how could Congress in one breath say they should form a part of the new State as soon as its consent could be had, and in the next section declare, though by the very terms of the law they are not a part of the State, that they shall be represented in the Legislature of the State 1

Mr. CLAY said, he had understood that a memorial was in the city, and would be presented to the House at the first opportunity, from the Convention of Orleans, praying the annexation of the territory in question to the new State. When that was before them, the Committee would be better able to understand how far they could now proceed in sanctioning the representation of that territory in the Louisiana Legislature. He therefore moved that the Committee now rise, report progress, and ask leave to sit again.

Agreed to, and the Committee rose.


The House then resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole on the bill from the Senate making further provision for the Corps of Engineers, with amendments reported thereto. The bill having been gone through, was reported to the House.

Mr. Willi AMs moved to amend the bill, by inserting, after the clause appropriating $35,000 for the erection of additional buildings, the words “at such place as shall be designated by the President of the United States.”

Mr. Mitchill opposed the motion, on the ground of the superior advantages of situation, centrality, &c. of West Point, the place at which the Military Academy is now fixed, and from which under the proposed amendment, its removal may be effected. He expatiated on the eligibility of this station, the waste of public property which a removal would involve ; its security from hostile approach, connected with its contiguity to New York, the source whence everything necessary to improve the mind or polish the manners could be derived. If it was to be rein oved, Mr. M. pointed out Staten Island, as the proper place; but he was averse to leaving the removal subject

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to Executive discretion, when the question of its location could as well be decided by Congress. Mr. Gold expressed his regret that this amendment, so important as heretofore to have caused discussion many days, and which would probably now consume two or three days, should have been proposed to a bill, the passage of which appeared so urgent. If any removal of the school was to take place from its present position, the change should be made by Congress, and the responsibility for everything should not be committed to the Executive. The Senate had already refused to incorporate in the bill the amend: ment now proposed; and it ought not be adopted in this House on a sudden, and without full consideration. That it might be more maturely and considerately discussed, he moved to recommit the bill, &c., to a Committee of the Whole. Mr. Lewis opposed the motion. He said it would not be contested that the place best suited for it should be chosen for the location of the Military School; and he could not see any reason for refusing to the Executive the opportunity to make a proper selection. Mr. LAcock said, as it had been intimated that the House were about to enter into a three days' discussion of this subject, it was scarcely worth while to begin at so late an hour. He therefore moved to adjourn, which was agreed to.

THURSDAY, March 19.

Mr. Johnson presented a petition of the Representatives of the people of the Territory of Orleans, in Convention assembled, praying that that portion of West Florida of which possession was taken in virtue of the President’s proclamation, of the 27th of October, 1810, may be annexed to the Territory of Orleans.—Referred. Mr. RhEA, from the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads, presented a bill to alter and establish certain post roads; which was read, and recommitted to the Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads. Mr. PoindextER presented sundry documents in refutation of the charges contained in the presentment of the grand jury of Baldwin county, in the Mississippi Territory, against Harry Toulmin.—Referred to the committee to whom the letter from Cowles Mead, Speaker of the House of Representatives of that Territory, enclosing a copy of the said presentment, has been referred. Mr. MoRRow, from the Committee on the Public Lands, presented a bill to authorize the granting of patents for land, according to the surveys that have been made, and to grant donation rights to certain claimants of land in the District of Detroit, and for other purposes; which was read twice, and committed to a Committee of the Whole on Monday next. The House resumed the order of the day on the bill making further provision for the Corps of Engineers. The motion made yesterday, by Mr. Gold, to commit the bill to a Committee of the Whole, was

opposed by Mr. WRight, supported by Mr. Gold, and was carried in the affirmative.

The House took up for consideration the amendments of the Senate providing for the removal of causes pending in the district courts of the United States, in case of the disability, &c., of the district Judge. They were referred to a Committee of the Whole.


Mr. Porter, from the Committee of Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the Message of the President of the United States, transmitting the disclosures of Mr. Henry, a British Secret Agent, made the following report: The Committee of Foreign Relations, to whom was referred the President's Message, of the 9th instant, covering copies of certain documents communicated to him by a Mr. John Henry, beg leave to report, in part, that, although they did not deem it necessary or proper to go into an investigation of the authenticity of documents communicated to Congress, on the responsibility of a co-ordinate branch of the Government, it may, nevertheless, be satisfactory to the House to be informed that the original papers, with the evidences relating to them in possession of the Executive, were submitted to their examination, and were such as fully to satisfy the committee of their genuineness. The circumstances under which the disclosures of Henry were made to the Government, involving considerations of political expediency, have prevented the committee from making those disclosures the basis of any proceeding against him. And, from the careful concealment, on his part, of every circumstance which could lead to the discovery and punishment of any individuals within the United States (should there be any such) who were criminally connected with him, no distinct object was presented to the committee by his communication for the exercise of the power with which they were invested, of sending for persons and papers. On being informed, however, that there was a foreigner in the City of Washington, who lately came to this country from Europe with Henry, and was supposed to be in his confidence, the committee thought proper to send for him. His examination, taken under oath and reduced to writing, they herewith submit to the House. The transaction disclosed by the President's Message presents to the minds of the committee conclusive evidence that the British Government, at a period of peace, and during the most friendly professions, have been deliberately and perfidiously pursuing measures to divide these States, and to involve our citizens in all the guilt of treason, and the horrors of a civil war. It is not, however, the intention of the committee to dwell upon a proceeding, which, at all times, and among all nations, has been considered as one of the most aggravated character; and which, from the nature of our Government, depending on a virtuous union of sentimont, ought to be regarded by us with the deepest abhorrence. [Document accompanying the above report.] FRIDAY, March 13.-Count Edward de Crillon sworn-This deponent knows Mr. Henry; he dined with him at Mr. Wellesley Pole's, in September, and afterwards at Lord Yarmouth's; met with him also at different fashionable clubs; deponent fell in with Mr. H. subsequently by accident; deponent had ordered his servants to procure him a passage for America; MARch, 1812.

they met with Captain Tracy, of the ship New Galen, of Boston, at the New London Coffee House. After agreeing with him on the terms of the passage, Captain T. applied to deponent to know if he was ready to embark the next day, as the ship would sail on the following morning; deponent said no ; that he should send his servants on board, but should take a postchaise for Portsmouth, and pass over to the Isle of Wight, where he should wait for the vessel. On the day following he went accordingly to Portsmouth, but before his departure he received a letter from Captain Tracy, couched in the following terms: “Sir, you must go to Ryde, where you will find a gentleman called Captain Henry, waiting for the New Galen ; I shall send a boat on shore for both of you.” Deponent went to Ryde, but did not find Captain H. there; thence he proceeded to Cowes, and inquired of the American Consul “if the New Galen had passed ?” fearing that she had sailed without him. The Consul informed him that the ship was detained in the Downs by headwinds; deponent returned to Ryde, and remained there three weeks alone before Captain H. arrived. Captain H. came to him and told him that the ship was badly found, and advised him to go to Liverpool and take the packet; deponent refused, having paid his passage and his trunks being on board. Captain H. three days after his arrival, fell sick; he kept his bed twenty-two days, during which time he was often delirious, frequently uttering the name of Lord Liver

l. The deponent having two servants, one of them attended on Mr. H. during his illness. He was visited by Mr. Powell, of Philadelphia, a Mr. Wilkinson, or Dickson, of the British army, and a Mr. Perkins, of Boston ; he received above two hundred letters from a Boston house, [Higginsons.] in Finsbury Square, that had lately stopped payment. He refused to take the letters, giving them to the captain. Mr. H. was also visited by a Mr. Bagholt, who brought him letters from Sir James Craig. Henry refused to receive those letters. He recovered from his sickness. Deponent, occupying the most agreeable house in the place, Henry's physicians asked the favor of an apartment for him until he was ready to embark. After eight weeks' detention, the wind became fair, and the vessel sailed. The day before her departure, Mr. Bagholt arrived at Ryde, with letters from Lord Liverpool to Sir George Prevost, and to Mr. Henry, who, when he saw the seal of the letter addressed to him, said, throwing it on the table, “that is a letter from Liverpool; what more does he want of me?” He appeared to be much agitated, and retired to his room. Mr. Bagholt returned that night to London without taking leave; but the wind coming fair the next morning the ship sailed. Mr. Edward Wyer, and Mr. West, both of Boston, and a Mrs. Thompson, of London, were passengers in the ship. Henry at first appeared very low spirited, took a cabin to himself, and mostly dined alone. In good weather he employed himself in shooting pistols, at which he was very expert. One dark night, about ten o'clock, the witness was walking on deck much dejected, when Henry accosted him— “Count Crillon,” said he, “you have not confidence in me; you are unhappy; confide your sorrows to me.” He spoke so kindly that deponent made him in part acquainted with his situation. He replied, “one confidence deserves another; I will now tell you my situation. I have been very ill treated by the British Government. I was born in Ireland, of one of the first families in that country, poor, because a younger

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brother. I went to America with expectations from an uncle, (Daniel McCormick, Esq., of New York,) who possesses a large fortune, is old and unmarried. French persecution having exiled from that country many of the respectable families of France, I married a lady of that description, who died, and left two daughters without fortune. I applied to the American Government, and through the influence of the British Minister I was appointed captain of artillery during Mr. Adams's Administration. I had command at Portland, and at the fort near Boston, and while in commission I was employed in quelling a meeting or insurrection among the soldiery, and during my continuance in office I gave general satisfaction. But perceiving there was no field for my ambition I purchased an estate in Vermont, near the Canada line, and there studied law for five years without stirring from home. I detest republican government, and I filled the newspapers with essays against it.” SATURDAY, MARch 14.—Count C. in continuation. Deponent says that Henry told him in the course of his interview, which he mentioned yesterday, that the severity of his strictures in the public prints against republican government attracted the attention of the British Government. “Sir James Craig,” continued he, “became desirous of my acquaintance. He invited me to Quebec, where I staid some time. Hence I went to Montreal, where everything I had to fear, and all I had to hope, was disclosed to me. I went afterwards to Boston, where I established my usual residence. I was surrounded by all the people pointed out to me by the agents who were under my orders. I lived at the Exchange Coffee House, gave large parties, made excursions into the country, and received an order extraordinary from Sir James Craig to dispose of the fleet at Halifax, and of the troops, to further the object of my mission, if required. My devotion to the cause was extreme. I exhausted all my funds. I spent many precious years in the service; and was advised to proceed to London. The Government treated me with great kindness. I was received in the highest circles; was complimented with a ticket as member of the Pitt Club, without being balloted for. And when I had spent all my money, and presented my claims for retribution, the Government attempted to cheapen my services, [marchander, to beat me down. My claims were to the amount of £32,000 sterling. I was told, however, that I should be provided for, by a recommendation to Sir George Prevost, in case I would return to Canada, and continue my mission and services as before; and to exercise the same vigilance over the interests of the British Government. At the same time, the Government appointed a friend of mine, an Irish gentleman, Attorney General for Canada, through my influence.” [Deponent saw this gentleman at Mr. Gilbert Robertson's in New York.] Henry continued: “Disappointed in my expectations, I was impatient to proceed to Canada to sell my estates and my library, and take my revenge against the British Government. I knew that if I went to Canada I must deliver up my despatches, and that I should afterwards be put off by the Government. I, therefore, determined to retain the documents in Iny possession, as the instrument of my revenge. Determined to extricate myself from my embarrassing connexion with the British Government, I refused the offer of a passage to Halifax in one of their ships of war, and determined to live privately, and retired at Ryde, and take passage in the first ves

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