« ForrigeFortsett »
EUCLID'S ELEMENTS, BOOK I.
1. A point is that which has position, but not magnitude. 2. A line is length without breadth.
3. The extremities of a line are points.
4. A straight line is that which lies evenly between its extreme points.
5. A superficies (or surface) is that which has only length and breadth.
6. The extremities of a superficies are lines.
7. A plane superficies is that in which any two points being taken, the straight line between them lies wholly in that superficies.
8. A plane angle is the inclination of two lines to one another in a plane, which meet together, but are not in the same direction.
9. A plane rectilineal angle is the inclination of two straight lines to one another, which meet together, but are not in the same straight line.
NOTE.-When several angles are at one point B, any one of them is expressed by three letters, of which the middle letter is B, and the first letter is on one of the straight lines which contain the angle, and the last letter on the other line.