Sidebilder
PDF
ePub

TIONS AND FRONTIERS OF THE EASTERN EMPIRE.- VI. ABOLITION OF TÜR
SCHOOLS OF ATHENS, AND THE CONSULSHIP OF ROME,

A. D.

PAGE.

482 or 483. Birth of the Emperor Justinian..

409

518–527. Elevation and Reign of his Uncle Justin I..

410

520–527. Adoption and Succession of Justinian.

411

527-565. The Reign of Justinian..

413

Character and Histories of Procopius.

Division of the Reign of Justinian.

415

Birth and Vices of the Empress Theodora .

416

Her Marriage with Justinian.

418

Her Tyranny

420

Her Virtues.

421

848 And Death..

422

The Factions of the Circus

422

At Rome.

423

They distract Constantinople and the East..

424

Justinian favors the Blues

421

532. Sedition of Constantinople, surnamed Nika.

426

The Distress of Justinian.

428

Firmness of Theodora

429

The Sedition is suppressed......

429

Agriculture and Manufactures of the Eastern Empire..

430

The Use of Silk by the Romans..

432

Importation from China by Land and Sea.

433

Introduction of Silk-worins into Greece

437

State of the Revenue.

438

Avarice and Profusion of Justinian.

439

Pernicious Savings.
Remittances..

411

Taxes..

412

Monopolies

442

Venality.

413

Testaments.

443

The Ministers of Justinian

444

John of Cappadocia

445

His Edifices and Architects.

447

Foundation of the Church of St. Sophia..

449

Description....

450

Marbles.

452

Riches.

452

Churches and Palaces

Fortifications of Europe..

454

Security of Asia after the Conquest of Isauria.

457

Fortifications of the Empire, from the Euxine to the Persian Frontier 459

488. Death of Perozes, King of Persia..

462

502--505. The Persian War

462

Fortifications of Dara..

463

The Caspian or Iberian Gates

464

The Schools of Athens.

466

They are suppressed by Justinian.

470

Proclus...

470

485-529. His Successors.

470

The last of the Philosophers..

471

541. The Roman Consulship extinguished by Justinian..

472

453

A. D.

Debates on the African War....

Character and Choice of Belisarius.

529-532. His Services in the Persian War

533. Preparations for the African War.

Departure of the Fleet.

Belisarius lands on the Coast of Africa.

Defeats the Vandals in a first Battle.

Reduction of Carthage..

Final Defeat of Geliner and the Vandals

534. Conquest of Africa by Belisarius

Distress and Captivity of Gelimer..

Return and Triumph of Belisarius

535. His sole Cons' Iship

End of Gelimer and the Vandals

Manners and Defeat of the Moors.

Neutrality of the Visigoths ....

550—620, Conquests of the Romans in Spain..
534. Belisarius threatens the Ostrogoths of Italy.
522—534. Governinent and Exile of Amalasontha, Queen of Italy
535. Her Death.......

Belisarius invades and subdues Sicily.

531–536. Reign and Weakness of Theodatus, the Gothic King of Italy

537. Belisarius invades Italy, and reduces Naples .

536–510. Vitiges, King of Italy.

536. Belisarius enters Roe.

537. Siege of Rome by the Gothis

Valor of Belisarius..

His Defence of Romne.

Repulses a general Assault of the Goths.

His Sallies

Distress of the City.

Exile of Pope Sylverius
Deliverance of the City.

Belisarius recovers many Cities of Italy

538. The Goths raise the Siege of Rome

Lose Rimini..

Retire to Ravenna..

Jealousy of the Roman Generals..

Death of Constantine.

The Eunuch Narses

Firmness and Authority of Belisarius..

538, 539.

Invasion of Italy by the Franks.

Destruction of Milan....

Belisarius besieges Ravenna..

539. Subdues the Gothic Kingdom of Italy.

Captivity of Vitiges

840. Return and Glory of Belisarius..

Secret History of his Wife Antonina.

Her Lover Theodosius

Resentment of Belisarius and her Son Photius

Persecution of her Son...

Disgrace and Submission of Belisarius

STATE OF THE BARBARIC WORLD. -- ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LOMBARDS ON

THE DANUBE.--TRIBES AND INROADS OF THE SCLAVONIANS.-ORIGIN, EM-

PIRE, AND EMBASSIES OF THE TURKS.—THE FLIGHT OF THE AVARS.-CHOS-
ROES 1., OR NUSHIRVAX, KING OF PERSIA.— HIS PROSPEROUS REIGN AND
WARS WITH THE ROMANS. THE COLCHIAN OR LAZIC WAR. THE ÆTHIO-
PIANS.

RORS. - AUTHORITY OF THE CIVILIANS. --- CODE, PANDECTS, NOVELS, AND
INSTITUTES OF JUSTINIAN: I. RIGHTS OF PERSONS.-II. RIGHTS OF THINGS.
-III. PRIVATE INJURIES AND ACTIONS.-IV. CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS.

A. D.

The Civil or Roman Law..

Laws of the Kings of Rome..

The Twelve Tables of the Decemvirs..

Their Character and Influence.

Laws of the People. ...

Decrees of the Senate.

Edicts of the Prætors

The Perpetual Edict..

Constitutions of the Emperors.

Their Legislative Power.

Their Rescripts

Forms of the Roman Law.

Succession of the Civil Lawyers..

303-648. The First Period.

618—988. Second Period..

988-1230. Third Period.

Their Philosophy..

Authority.

Sects.

527. Reformation of the Roman Law by Justinian...

527-546.. Tribonian..

528, 529. The Code of Justinian

530-533. The Pandects or Digest

Praise and Censure of the Code and Pandects..

Loss of the ancient Jurisprudence...

Legal Inconstancy of Justinian.

534. Second Edition of the Code..

531 565. The Novels..

533 The Institutes...

I. OF PERSOxs. Freemen and Slaves...

Fathers and Children..

Limitations of the Paternal Authority

Husbands and Wives

The religious Rites of Marriage

Freedom of the matrimonial Contract..

Liberty and Abuse of Divorce

Limitations of the Liberty of Divorce.

Incest, Concubines, and Bastards...

Guardians and Wards

II. OF Tuixos. Right of Property.

Of Inheritance and Succession.

Civil Degrees of Kindred..

Introduction and Liberty of Testaments

Legacies..

Codicils and Trusts.

III. OF ACTIONS

Promises

Benefits

Interest of Money

Injuries...

IV. OF CRIMES AND PUNISHMENTS..

Sererity of the Twelve Tables..

Abolition or Oblivion of Penal Laws.

Revival of Capital Punishments..

Measure of Guilt...

Unnatural Vice.

Rigor of the Christian Emperors.

Judgments of the People

Select Judges..

Assessors

Voluntary Exile and Death.

Abuses of Civil Jurisprudence.......

THE HISTORY

OF

THE DECLINE AND FALL

OF THE

ROMAN EMPIRE.

CHAPTER XXXI.

INVASION OF ITALY BY ALARIC.-MANNERS OF THE ROMAN

SENATE AND PEOPLE. -ROME IS THRICE BESIEGED, AND AT LENGTH PILLAGED, BY THE GOTHS.-DEATH OF ALARIC.THE GOTHS EVACUATE ITALY.-FALL OF CONSTANTINE. GAUL AND SPAIN ARE OCCUPIED BY THE BARBARIANS. INDEPENDENCE OF BRITAIN.

Tue incapacity of a weak and distracted government may often assume the

appearance, and produce the effects, of a treasonable correspondence with the public enemy. If Alaric himself had been introduced into the council of Ravenna, he would probably have advised the same measures which were actually pursued by the ministers of Hon. orius. The king of the Goths would have conspired, perhaps with some reluctance, to destroy the formidable adversary, by whose arms, in Italy, as well as in Greece, he had been twice overthrown. Their active and interested hatred laboriously accomplished the disgrace and ruin of the great Stilicho. The valor of Sarus, his fame in arms, and his personal, or hereditary, influence over the confederate Barbarians, could recommend him only to the friends of their country, who despised, or detested, the worthless characters of Turpilio, Varanes, and Vigilantius. By the pressing instances of the new favorites, these generals, unworthy as

i The series of events, from the death of Stilicho to the arrival of Alaric be fore Rome, can only be found in Zosimus, l. y. pp. 347-350.

« ForrigeFortsett »