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395–1453. The Empire of the East..... • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 84

395–408. Reign of Arcadius............................ • - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . 84

395–399. Administration and Character of Eutropius............. ........ 86

His Venality and Injustice ......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . ..... 88

Ruin of Abundantius..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

Destruction of Timasius................. • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

397. A cruel and unjust Law of Treason........ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 89

399. Rebellion of Tribigild............................ ...................... 92

- Fall of Eutropius. . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

400. Conspiracy and Fall of Gainas............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

398. Election and Merit of St. John Chrysostom.......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

398–403. His Administration and Defects.... .......................... . ... 101

403. Chrysostom is persecuted by the Empress Eudoxia..... - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . 104

Popular Tumults at Constantinople.................................... 104

404. Exile of Chrysostom.................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .... 105

407. His Death .................................... -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... . . . . ... 106

438. His Relies transported to Constantinople............................... 107

408. Death of Arcadius ............................... - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . ... 108

His supposed Testament.................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

408–415. Administration of Anthemius........................ ........ .... 109

414–453. Character and Administration of Pulcheria............. - - - - - - - - - - 110

Education and Character of Theodosius the Younger ............... .... 111

421–460. Character and Adventures of the Empress Eudocia............... 114

422. The Persian War. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - 116

431–440. Armenia divided between the Persians and the Romans.......... 118

423. Last Years and Death of Honorius. . . . . . . . . • - - - - - - - - - - - ................ 121

423–425. Elevation and Fall of the Usurper John .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12%

'425–455. Valentinian III. Emperor of the West . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

425—450. Administration of his Mother Placidia.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Her two Generals, Aëtius and Boniface. . . . . . . . . . . . . * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ... 125

427. Error and Revolt of Boniface in Africa......... ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126

428. He invites the Vandals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . . . . . * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 127

Genserie King of the Vandals . . . . . . . ............ ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

429. He lands in Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... .................. . . . . . . . . . . . 128

Reviews his Army . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

The Moors.......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 129

The Donatists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 129

430. Tardv Repentance of Boniface........ . . . . . . . . . . . * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - - 131

I)esolation of Africa..... ................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . *

430. Siege of Hippo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ......................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . *

430. Death of St. Augustin................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

[ocr errors]

376—433. The Huns.......... • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 142

Their Establishment ill modern Hungary.................... . . . ... ... 142

433–453. Reign of Attila... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 144

His Figure and Character....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 144

He discovers the Sword of Mars................ ............ - - - - - - - - - - - 146

Acquires the Empire of Scythia and Germany........ ................ 146

430–440. The Isuns invade Persia....... ............. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 147

44.1, &c. They attack the Eastern Empire . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 150

Ravage Europe as far as Constantinople.... .......................... 151

The Scytliia is or Tartar Wars........ .......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - 151

State of the Captives. . . ........ ............... ..... ................. 154

446. Treaty of Peace between Attila and the Eastern Enpire. . . . . . . . . ... . 156

Spirit of the Azimuntines ................. ............. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 156

Embassies from Attila to Constantinople............ ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

448. The Embassy of Maxinuin to Attila........ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 161

he royal Village and Palace. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .... 164

The Bellavior of Attila to the Roman Ambassadors... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

INVASION OF GAUL BY ATTILA. – HE IS REPULSED BY Aftius AND THE visi-

Goths.-ATT.I.LA 13 v ADES AND EVACUATES ITALY. — THE JEATHS OF AT-

TILA, AETIUS, AND VALENTINIAN III.

450. Attila threatens both Empires, and prepares to invade Gaul. . . . . . . . . . . 173

435–451. Character and Administration of Aëtius. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174

His Connection with the Huns and Alani............. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

419–451. The Visigoths in Gaul under the Reign of Theodoric........ . . . . . 177

435–439. The Goths besiege Narbonne, &c. . . . .... . . . . . ;: . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - 178

420–451. The Franks in Gaul under the Merovingian Kings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

The Adventures of the Princess Honoria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

451. Attila invades Gaul, and besieges Orleans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 185

Alliance of the Romans and Visigoths......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [8]

Attila retires to the Plains of Champagne. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

Battle of Châlons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 191

Retreat of Attila . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - ... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 192

452. Invasion of Italy by Attila................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9%

Foundation of the Republic of Venice.............. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 196

Attila gives Peace to the Romans................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . so

453. The Death of Attila. . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ź

I)estruction of his Empire. . . . . . . . . . . . : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

454. Valentinian murders the Patrician Aëtius.......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .204
Valentinian ravishes the Wife of Maximus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - 2.
455. Death of Valentinian . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 206

symptoms of the Decay and Ruin of the Roman Government. . . . . . . . . 207

sACR OF ROME BY GEN SERIC, RING OF THE VANDALS.–HIS NAVAL DEPRE.
DATIONS.—succession of THE LAsT EMPERORS OF THE WEST, MAXIMUs,
AVITU's, MAJORIAN, SEVERUS, ANTHEMI Us, OLY BRIUS, GLY CERIUS, NEPos,
AUGUSTULUS.—TOTAL Ex'TINCTION OF THE WESTERN EMPIRE.-REIGN OF
ODOACER, TIIE FIRST BARBARIAN KING OF ITALY. -

A. D. PAG re.

439–445. Naval Power of the Vandals........................... ........... 209

455. The Character and Reign of the Emperor Maximus.................... 210

455. His Death.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 211

455. Sack of Rome by the Vandals........... - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21.

The Emperor Avitus... .............................. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 215

450–466. Character of Theodoric, King of the Visigoths..... - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . 216

456. His Expedition into Spain......... • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

456. Avitus is deposed.......................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 220

457. Character and Elevation of Majorian.................................. 222

457-461. His Salutary Laws............................................. . . . . 224

The Edifices of Rome........................ . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 227

457. Majorian prepares to invade Africa..................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 228

The Loss of his Fleet. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

461. His Death . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 231

461–467. Riciner reigns under the Name of Severus............. -- - - - - - - - - - 232

Revolt of Marcellinus in Dalmatia..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 232

Revolt of Ægidius in Gaul ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .................... 233

461–467. Naval War of the Vandals................ ........................ 234

462. &c. Negotiations with the Eastern Empire ............................ 235

457–474. Leo, Emperor of the East. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2:30

467–472. Anthemius, Emperor of the West.... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 237

The Festival of the Lupercalia......................................... 240

468. Preparations against the Vandals of Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241

Failure of the Expedition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 243

462—472. Conquests of the Visigoths in Spain and Gaul....... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 245

468. Trial of Arvandus.................................... .. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 246

471. Discord of Anthemius and Ricimer............ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 249

472. Olybrius, Emperor of the West......................................... 251

472. Sack of Rome, and Death of Anthemius....... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 251

Death of Ricimer......... • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

Death of Olybrius..... ...................................... - - - - - - - - - - - 252

472—475. Julius Nepos and Glycerius, Emperors of the West............... 253

475. The Patrician Orestes............ - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254

476. His Son Augustulus, the last Emperor of the West..................... 255

476–490. Odoacer, King of Italy - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • * * * - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255

476 or 479. Extinction of the Western Empire. .............................. 258

Augustulus is banished to the Lucullam Villa.......................... 259

Decay of the Roman Spirit........ .... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... 260

476–490. Character and Reign of Odoacer................................... 261

Miserable State of Italy....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262

A. D. - PAGE.

Their Dress and Habitations..... • * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272

Their Diet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

Their manual Labor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275

Their Riches........ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 275

Their Solitude........... ... • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . 276

Their Devotion and Visions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277

The Coenobites and Anachorets...... . . . . . . . e - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 278

395–451. Simeon Stylites........... ....................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... . .279

Miracles and Worship of the Monks..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - e. ... . 280

Superstition of the Age. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ 281

II. CONVERSION OF THE BARBARIANS......................... - - - - - - 281

360, &c. Ulphilas, Apostle of the Goths.................................... 283

400, &c. The Goths, Vandals, Burgundians, &c., embrace Christianity...... 283

Motives of their Faith................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284

Effects of their Conversion............................................. 285

They are involved in the Arian Heresy................................ 287

General Toleration....................... * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 288

Arian Persecution of the Wandals.................. . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 288

429–477. Genseric......................................... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 289

477. Hunneric . . . . . . . . . . . . e - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289

484. Gundamund ................ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 289

496. Thrasimund ... ............................ * - s - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 289

523. Hilderic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 290

530. Gelimer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... • * - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 290

A general View of the Persecution in Africa......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 290

Catholie Frauds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 295

Miracles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297

500–700. The Ruin of Arianism among the Barbarians......... . . . . . . . . . . . . 298

577–584. Revolt and Martyrdom of Hermenegild in Spain, ................. 298

586–589. Conversion of Recared and the Visigoths of Spain................ 299

600, &c. Conversion of the Lombards of Italy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301

612–712. Persecution of the Jews in Spain......... • * * * * * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 302

Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 302

The Revolution of Gaul... ...................... . - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - - 304

476–485. Euric, King of the Visigoths....................................... 305

481—511. Clovis, King of the Franks................................ - - - - - - - - 306

486. His Victory over Syagrius. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308

496. Defeat and Submission of the Alemanni ............................... 309

496. Conversion of Clovis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - 311

497, &c. Submission of the Armoricans and the Roman Troops.............. 313

499. The Burgundian War ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314

500. Victory of Clovis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 316

532. Final Conquest of Burgundy by the Franks...... - - - - - - - - - e - a • - - - - - - - - - 316

507. The Gothic War ............................... • * * * * * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 318

Victory of Clovis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 319

508. Conquest of Aquitain by the Franks...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 321

510. Consulship of Clovis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

536. Final Establishment of the French Monarchy in Gaul. ................ 323

Political Controversy ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325

Laws of the Barbarians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 326

Pecuniary Fines for Homicide........................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

Judgments of God ................... - e - e - - - - - - - - - - - - - e - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 330

Judicial Combats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 330

Division of Land by the Barbarians.................................... 331

I}omain and Benefices of the Merovingians . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 333

Private Usurpations.............. - - - - - - - - - * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 335

Personal Servitude....... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 836

A. D. PAGE.

Story of Attalus.......................... - - - - - - - • - 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 340

Privileges of the Romans in Gaul..... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 341

Anarchy of the Franks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 343

The Visigoths of Spain. . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .345

Legislative Assemblies of Spain ......................... * - - - - - - - -... ... 345

Code of the Visigoths................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .347

Revolution of Britain... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........ - - - - - - - - - ... .. 347

449. Descent of the Saxons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * * * - - - - - - - - - - 348

455–582. Establishment of the Saxon Heptarchy.......................... . 350

State of the Britons...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 351

Their Resistance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - - - - - 352

Their Flight ... . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 352

The Fame of Arthur.......... * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - . 354

Desolation of Britain.................... • * * * . . .” - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 356

Servitude of the Britons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 357

Maliners of the Britons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 350

Obscure or fabulous State of Britain...... • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 360

Fall of the Roman Empire in the West................................ 362

GENERAL oyaross ON THE FALL OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE IN THE

EST.

455–475. Birth and Education of Theodoric ................... ........... 374

474—491. The Reign of Zeno ............ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 376

491–518. The Reign of Anastasius............... • - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 377

475—488. Service and Revolt of Theodoric..................... . . . . . ... . . . . . 378

489. He undertakes the Conquest of Italy................................... 379

His March. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ............ 381

489, 490. The three Defeats of Odoacer......... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 381

493. His Capitulation and Death....................... .... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . 383

494–526. Reign of Theodoric, IXing of Italy................................. 384

Partition of Lands.... . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 384

Separation of the Goths and Italians........ • * * * * * * * * * - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . 385

Foreign Policy of Theodoric............................................ 386

His Defensive Wars.................................................... 389

509. His Naval Armaments.... ................... ........................ 389

Civil Government of Italy according to the Roman Laws............. . 389

Prosperity of Rome.............................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393

500. Visit of Theodoric ....... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - 393

Flourishing State of Italy........ ..................................... 395

Theodorie an Arian........................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 397

His Toleration of the Catholics... ............ - - - - - - - • - - - - - - - - - - - - . ... 397

Vices of his Government............................................... 398

He is provoked to persecute the Catholics. ................. ... . . . . . . . . , 399

Character, Studies, and Honors of Boethius........... - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . 401

His Patriotism.............................. . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . . . . 402

He is accused of Treason............................. * - - - - - - - ... ........ 404

524. His Imprisonment and Death. . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . 404

525. Death of Symmachus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • * * * * * * * - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 406

526. Remorse and 1Xeath of Tlleodoric....................... . . . . . . ......... 406

CHAPI'ER XI, -

ELEVATION OF JUSTIN THE ELDER. — REIGN OF JUSTINIAN : I. THE EMPRESS
THEODolt A.-II. FACTIONS OF THE CIRCUs, AND sedition of constanTI-
NOPLE. – III. TRADE AND MANUFACTURE OF SILk. — I v. FINANCES AND
TAXES. - V. EDIFICES OF JUSTINIAN.—CHURCH OF ST. Soph I.A.—FORTIFICA.

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