Colli was direcied to apply to him completely humbled, who had long for that purpose, and proposed a been considered as the most secure suispenfion of armis, while the peace of any, by his position, against the was negociating. But he refused inroads of the French: his predeto fuspend his operations, unless the cellors, though frequently hard prelking delivered two firong towns led by them, had never been reinto his hands, as pledges of the duced to fuch extremities, and nefincerity of his intentions, and im- ver experienced such disgrace. By mediately dispatched commisioners this treaty he was despoiled of all to Paris.

power and consequence; and though The king's situation was so criti- he retained the title of the king, cal, that he was obliged to comply he remained no more than the nowith this requifition, and the French minal sovereign of his dominions. were put in poilellion of Cava, The reduction of the king of Coni, and Tortona. The Austrians, Sardinia was an event that changed thus deprived of their ally, were at once the whole face of Italy. obliged to fall back on the Milanele. That prince was no longer master In Their march they attempted to of the barriers that ruture has fixed lieze the town of Ålellandria, be- between that country and France, Jonging to the king of Sardinia, and from which he derived his prinbut the commarsant prevented the cipal importance. They were now execution of this design, and Beau- in the hands of the French, and the lieu haftened to cross the Po, in oi- Italian powers, deprived of this der to cover hinself and the country rampart of their dominions, law to the north of that river.

themfelves at the mercy of a people, In the mean time, negociatic is for who had, for many centuries, enpeace were carried on at Paris, be- deavoured to obtain a footing atween the king of Sardinia and the mong them, with the manifest design French republic, which impoted of fibje@ing them to their influence. fevere couditions on this unfortunate Thefe alionilbing successes could prince. He was constrained to not fail to inspire the French aryield rip Savoy, the patrimony of mies, that had obtained them, with his ancestors for many ages, toge the highest degree of exultation : ther with the city and territory of nor did their connander forget to "Nice, and a tract of land, which the inprove the lentiments of fell apconquerors entitled the Department plaule and confidence, manifefted by of the Maritime Alps. A new ar- them, into that disposition of mind tangement was made of the fron, which wonld lead them on to thole tiers on each side, highly advantage- farther exploits he had in contemous to France. Le consented to plation. He islived an address to fop and put an end to all prosecu- them on the twenty-fixth of April, tions against any of his subjects for three days after the application for their political opinions, to withdraw peace from the Sandinian monarch, bimself from the coalition, and to wherein he recapitulated, in a truly apologise for hisconduct towards the claflical and energetic style, the republic. . Such were the principal glory they had acquired, and repreterms of the treaty.

lented that which lay Itill before In this manner was the prince - then.


« You

" You have precipitated your- our ships at Toulon : the hour of felves, like a torrent, from the vengeance and retribution is now heights of the Appennines. You at hand. But let the people remain have routed and dispersed all who tranquil; we are friends to all the have opposed your progress. Pied- people, and more particularly the mont, delivered from Austrian ty: descendants of Brutus, of Scipio, ranny, displays its natural sentiments and the great men whom we have of peace and friendship for France. taken for our models. Re-establish Milan is ours, and the republican the capitol, and place there with flag flies over ail Lombardy. The honor the statues of the heroes that dukes of Parma and Modena owe rendered it celebrated ; awaken the their political existence to your ge- Roman people, debased by many nerosity. The army, which with centuries of lavery. Such' will be so much pride threatened you, has the fruit of your victories; they Ho barrier of protection against your will form an epoch for polterity's courage; the Po, the Teslin, and you will have the immortal glory the Adda, have been unable to of changing the face of the firit ftop you a single day; those beafted country in Europe. The free French bulwarks of Italy' have been in- people, respected by the whole fufficient to delay your progress; world, will give to Europe a gloyou have surmounted them as rar rious peace, which will indemnily pidly as you palled the Appennines. them for the facrifices they have So much success has carried you to made during fix years; you will the boson of your country: your re

then return to your homes, and your presentatives have ordained a fete, fellow citizens will say, thewing dedicated to your victories, which you, this man was of the army of will be celebrated in all the communes of the republic. Your fathers, Such were the ideas which the your mothers, your wires, your French general exerted himself to lifiers, your lovers, will enjoy your impress upon the public, as well fuccess, and boast with pride, that as on his own peopie. His private they belong to you, Yes, soldiers, conversations were of the fame teine you have done much; but does theredency, and be omitted no opperremain nothing more to be done? tunity of representing the expediThough we have known how to tion of the French'into Italy, as invanquilh, we have not known how tended to lay the foundation of a to profit of our victories. Posterity' total deliverance of the inhabitanta will reproach us with having ter- from the government of furangers, minated our course in Lombardy: and the tyranny of domc'tic rulers. but already I fee you run to arms;

Sentiments of this defcription a fothtul repose fatigues you. Let were not unacceptable to multituds us depart! we have yet forced in every part of Italy. The' mamarches to make, enemies to fub- jority of the natives could not but due, laurels to gather, injuries to perceive the humiliation of begg Tevenge. Let those trenible who fubject to princes born and broad in lave whelted the poignards of civil foreign countries: they conid not, war in France, who have balely from that circunstance alone, ferl allaffinated our minifters; und burned that attachment for their which they might have done for native having seized a number of boats, princes


rowed to the other side, protecied To the praises bestowed by Buo- by fo heavy a discharge of mulketry, naparte on his army, the directory that the enemy was obliged to readded its acknowledgments to him; tire, and leave them to land, which and those of his officers who had they did in the compacteft order. signalized themselves in the late This was effected on the seventh of actions. It wrote to them separately, May. As soon as Beaulieu was apspecifying, in the most gracious and prised of it, equally aftonished at an fatisfactory manner, the particular event he had to little expected, and motives for which the thanks of the anxious to repair the mistake he had public were due to them.

committed, he seleđed the best of This homage paid to their me- his troops, with whom he advanced rit, in the name of the nation, on the French, in hope of coming by those who were invested with upon them before a lufficient numits fupreme authority, was received, ber could have crolled to secure the by the French officers, as the highest paslage of the rest: but they were honour that could be conferred not only on his bide of the river, upon them, to be considered as de- but marching towards him. On reserving of it was now become the ceiving this intelligence, he infummit of their wishes : fo ellectually trenched himself at Fombio, a vilhad the republican notions of patri- lage advantageously situated, exotism taken possession of their minds. pecting the arrival of reinforce.

The moment after the suspension ments: but he was immediately of arms between the French and attacked on every side by the the king of Sardinia had been ligned, French, who forced him to break Buonaparle lost no time in availing up his camp in the utmost disorder, himself of it to the utmost. He in- and with the loss of a large quan, stantly put his army in motion from tity of horses and baggage, as well all quarters, in order to cross the as of men. Po, and to render it doubtful to Another body of Austrians was, the enemy, by his various move in the mean time, kastening to his ments, at what place he would at- aid, and came up with the French tempt the pasiage over that river. carly the next morning : but ge

The Austrian general did not doubt veral Laharpe, 'an officer of great but the French would endeavour to merit and intrepidity, charged them pass it at the town of Valenza, which with such vigour, that they were they had fipulated with the Sar- instantly defeated, and put to flight. dinian ministry, sould be ceded to The loss of this oficer, who fell them for that purpose. For this on this occasion, was inore than a reason, he made every disposition counterpoise to the success of the necessary to obstruct their paliage at French. He was a Swiss by birth ; this place: but Buonaparte deceived, and, being driven from his country, him; and, by rapid marches, reached on account of his republican printhe banks of the Po, opposite to ciples, he took refuge in France, the city of Placenza. A body of and entered into the lervice of the borse prepared to oppose him ; but republic, where his military talents a cholen corps of French infantry, railed him to the rank of, a general.


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He was high in the esteem of Buona- and whose thirst of fame would parte, who had formed the greatest thereby be gratified to the utmott expectations from him, and grie- extent of his wishes. vously lamented his fall.

Between him and that capital of The duke of Parma, in whose Austrian Italy lay the remains of fight, as it were, the French had the Imperial forces, determined to crossed the Po, and defeated the risk another battle for its preservaAustrians twice in one day, did not tion. They were posted on the dare to prolong the contest on his other side of the Adda, over which part, with so irresistable a foe. He stood a long bridge, which Beaulieu requested an armistice from Buona- had intended to break down, but was parte, and obtained it on condition prevented from doing by the quick of paying a large contribution in approach of the French general. It money, horses, and provifions, of was protected, however, by fo nudelivering into the possession of the merous an artillery, that the Aul French, twenty capital paintings trians did not imagine the French to be chosen by them, and of fend- would be able to force a

a pallage ing without delay commissaries to over it. Paris, to conclude a peace with the On the tenth of May, the French republic; on these terms the duke army arrived in tight of this bridge, procured a neutrality for his domi- before which ftood the town of nions, which was concluded on the Lodi, filled with the Imperial troops, ninth of May.

which were also posted in every The uninterrupted succeiles of place around it in the most advanthe French had now ftruck their tageous order of battle that the enemies with universal consterna- fituation of the town and its envi.' tion. Beaulieu himself, though an rons would admit. Beaulieu had," expert and intrepid warrior, thought on this occation, displayed uncomit more prudent to act on the de- mon ikill, conscious that, on the fensive, than to attack them with illue of this day, the fate of Aultroops continually defeated The tria in Italy wholely depended, and bravery of the Auitrians, though un- that, were be deleated, all future deniable, had not been proof against reiittance would be vain. their impetuous valour and unyield- The battle began at nine in the idy enthufiafin. They feemed to moming. The approaches to Lodi have reversed the character formerly Were vigouroully attacked by the attributed to them, of impatience French, who, after an obitinzie difand unsteadiness, and to have af- pute, drove the Autirians into that fumed that of firmness and con. town; where a refolute fightersucd: ftancy.

but the French liad again the advanTheir exploits had now opened tage, and forced them to retreat to them the road to Milan, the cap- across the bridge to their main body, ture of which would give them the which was drawn up in order of potefiion of Lombardy, and effua battle, with formidable batteries on the expaltion of the Austrians from their right and left to guard the Italy. This was the project of pallage of the bridge. Å battery Buonaparte, whole glory would be was planted on the opposite fide completed by thich an atchievement; by the Frenc!, and a violent cinnonade was kept up, on both sides, would have been much greater. It during great part of the day. was owing to the approach of night


But the French general was con- that the French delisted from the vinced, that unless he fucceeded purfuit. Favoured by darkness, in effecting a pallage over the bridge, Beaulieu withdrew from the field his failure would be conftrued into of battle, after lofing upwards of a defeat, and the reputation of the two thousand men, killed, woundFrench arms would lufer in the opi- ed, and taken, and twenty pieces nion of the public. Fall of this of cannon. The loss of the French idea, which was certainly well

was certainly well was confiderable: the crofling of founded, he determined to try every the bridge alone cost them near a effort, and to encounter every per- thoufand of their boldest men, who sonal risk, in order to carry a point were destroyed by the batteries on which so much appeared at issue. pointed on it from the Austrian fide Forming together the selecteft bo- of the river. dies of his army, he led them in This defeat of the Imperial army person to the altack of the bridge, appeared so decifive to marshal in the midst of a most tremendous Beaulieu that he durft not venture fire. The intrepidity he displayed to stop the progress of the victors was neceffary to confirm the cou- towards Milan. Collecting the rage of his men, whom the great.. wrecks of his army, he made a ness of the danger seemed to stag- speedy retreat towards Mantua, purger: but his presence, and that of fued by a large body of the Frenclı all the chief officers in the French who, in their way, seized on Pizarmy, animated the soldiers to such zighitona and Cremona, two places a degree, that they rushed forward of note. The main body under with an impetuolity which nothing Buonaparte proceeded to Milan, afwas able to withfiand. They crofi ter taking Pavia, where all the Aufed the bridge and afailed the whole trian magazines fell into the lands line of the Aufirian artillery, which of the French. was instantly broken. They fell Buonaparte entered Milan the filwith equal fury on the troops that teenth of May, five days after the advanced to charge them, who battle of Lodi, which, conforma were thrown into disorder, and put bly to his opinion and that of his to flight on every side. The victo- rival, Beaulieu, proved wholly dery was complete. Had it not been cisive of the fate of Lombardy. for the excellive fatigue undergone Here the French general thought it by the French, a great proportion necessary to allow his people fome ni whon had marched ten leagues cays of repose, after the unccafing that day to join tie army, the loss toils of a whole month, marked by of the imperialists thoug! great uninterrupted victories.


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