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dudlory Records, Illuftrations, &c. Leicester in 1220, a rotula of the and the Early History of the Town churches of Leicestershire in 1344, of Leictifter.
and other tables relating to eccleVol. 2. Part 1, Containing Framland fiaftical matters, come next. These Hundred.
are followed by a variety of papers, Common Paper, 54. 55. Royal Paper, containing taxations, lists of free
71.75. boards. Nichols. 1796. holders, knight's fees, tenants in
We cannot sufficiently admire capite, &c. &c. Mr. Leman's treaor applaud the extraordinary per- tise on the Roman roads and ttaseverance and afliduity of research tions in Leicestershire, with additiwhich our eftimable author muitonal oblervations by the bishop of have bestowed on so dry but useful Cork, and remarks on Roman a publication as
roads by other writers, together
with a learned effay on a Roman We have no hesitation in placing milliary found near Leicester, bş the history of Leicestershire at the the Rev. George Athby, form the head of all the county hiftories succeeding set of papers. The riwhich have yet appeared, for extent vers and navigations of Leicesier. of information and minuteness of thire are the subject of the next arinvestigation, and thou h from its tiçle, chiefly confifting of copies of bulk and locality, its merit is not the acts obtained for the purposes likely to be Intficiently appreciated of navigation, moftly of very late by the present generation, yet pof- date. Dr. Pulteney then contriterity will consider it as an inva- butes a catalogue of rarer plants luable legacy, and be grateful to found in the neighbourhood of is disinterested author for so com- Leicester, Loughborough, ani in piete a collection of antient records, Chörley forest, drawn up witz the authentic documents, and original judgment and accuracy that might information.
be expected from to able a botanir. The introductory volume begins The returns made to parliainent of with an account of Leicesterthire charitable donations within the extracted from Domesday book, county fill a large number of suc. with a translation. It is succeed- ceeding pages. All the remainder od by a curious and valuable dif- of ihe volume is composed of the Tertation on Donesday book, closed history and antiquities of the town by a tabulary description of Leicef- of Leicester, with a series of its tershire as it was in the time of bishops, of the kings, dukes, and Williain the conqueror.
Then fol- earls of Mercia, and their fucceffors, lows an eslay on the Mint at Lei- earls of leicester. A great pore celierthire, with views of coins. tion of this trenches deeply on The names and arms of knights of the general hiftory of England, in the county of Leicester who served which the Montfort family, with under Edward I. are next given, others who bore the Leicester tiile, with other lifts of persons who bore made fo conspicuous a figure. honours, &c. A copy of the Tefta The writer (an anonymous friend de Neville, as far as it relates to of Mr. Nichols) has also contrived this county, a matriculus of the to bring in the whole story of churches of the archdeaconry of Thomas á Becket, who fceins to be a favourite character with this pleford, has a minute account of memorialist, who certainly displays the noble families of Rutland and an intimate acquaintance with Harborough, the latter of which many nice historical points ; though is peculiarly rich in genealogical few, we imagine, will follow him illustrations, decorated with many through all lis narrations and dif- fine engravings. Other diftin. quisitions, which are however lit- guithed families, and not a few tle enlivened hy the beauties of men of letters and divines of note, composition. An appendix of are recorded in the course of the charicrs, deeds, and other legal. work. We shall present our reapapers, concludes this first part of der with the transcript of one artithe introductory volume.
cle, as a neat model of topograThe first part of the second vo- phical description, unattended lume, containing an account of with antiquities. It is an account Framland Hundred, is a specimen of the natural history of the parish of what is to con liitute the proper of Little Dalby, communicated by matter of the work. Every town. profesor Martyn. fhip in the hundred is separately * This lordship is remarkably hil. treated in an alphabetical order. ly, being thrown about in small The author's general method is to swellings in such a manner, that give the name, situation, and con- in the greater part of it, it is diffitents of the district; then to trace cult to find a piece of flat ground. all the owners of the manor and The largest portion of it is an an: the landed property of the place, cient enclosure; and none of the from the earlielt records, down to inhabitants know when it took the present time : with this are in- place. I thought at first to have troduced genealogies of all the discovered the date of it from the principal families, as well as a- age of the trees in the hedge rows; necdotes, biographical and litera- but none of them which I have ry, of all extraordinary persons had an opportunity of examining connected, by birth or otherwise, are more than about 120 years old; with the township. Ecclefiaftical but if the enclosure went po furmatter comes next, such as notices ther back than this, we should of all religious and charitable foun- have learnt the date of it from tradations, account of the church- dition. I then searched the parish living, its nature and value, pa- register, to find whether any depotrons, and incumbents; monu- pulation had taken place lince the mental inscriptions, extracts from time of Elizabeth ; but could find the parish register, population, and none, and therefore concluded that bills of mortality at different peri- the enclosure was at least as early ods, &c. Very few details of na- as her reign. That there has been tural history or economical matter a depopulation I conclude, not onare to be found; and, indeed, lit- ly from the natural consequence of tle occurs for the amusement of a enclosing, but from the foundacommon reader, except the bio- tions of buildings which are difgraphical relations, some of which covered in the closes near the are curious. The present volume, church. comprising Belvoir castle and Sta- • The whole lordship is in pasture, except here and there a small piece rich, because they mix among the which the landlords permit the te- new milk as much cream as it will nants to break up occafionally, bear. It requires much care and when it becomes very mosiy; but attendance ; and, being in great then this is laid down again usual. request, it fetches iod. a pound on Jy at the end of three or four years. the spot, and is, in the London There are no woods ; but there are market. some small plantations of oak, ash, • There is no ftone, gravel, or and elm of no very long date. sand, in this lord ihip, except a litThere is abundance of ath in the the sand stone on the side of Bur. hedge rows, and scarcely any other row-hills: it is mostly a strong blue tree. The soil is a strong clay; clay; and in some parts of it is a there is no wafie ground in the lord- good brick earth. There is only ship; but it is not cultivated, in my one fpring, and that a chalybeate; opinion, to the rest advantage. it lies high, in a close belonging to They depend chiefly on their dain the vicar, known by the name of sies; they breed, however, very the spring close; it runs over a fine theep, famous for the white- great part of the year, and disness of their fleeces, which weigh charges itself into the valley, where from seven to nine pounds: they the village lies. Nobody ever atbreed also fine horned cattle ; but tempted to link for a well in this the Jordship, in general, is not parish, till, in the winter of 1777 good feeding ground.
M m 2
and 1778, Edward Wigley Hartop, This lord thip is remarkable for Erq. dug and succeeded. He pehaving first made the best cheese netrated through a bed of ftiff blue perhaps in the world, commonly clay; and at the depth of 66 feet known by the name of Stilton the water gufhed in, when, I apcheese, from its having been origi- prehend, the workmen were comnally bought up, and made known, ing to the limestone rock, by their by Cooper Thornhill, the landlord having thrown out some fragments of the Bell inn at Stilton. It began of blue ftone. To the depth of 10 to be made here by Mrs. Orton, feet were frequent nodules of about the year 1730, in small chalk; at that depth the clay was quantities ; for at first it was sup- full of small selenites. At 30 feet posed that it could only be made deep the clay was found to be full from the milk of the cows which of pectens, and other thells very fed in one close, now called Orton's perfe&, but extremely tender. close; but this was afterwards Nodules of ludus belmontii were in. found to be an error.
In 1756 it terspersed; ammonites of different was made only by three persons, and species in great quantities, grythat in small quantities; but it is phites, and other thells; and plates now made, not only from one, of a clear foliaceous mica, relembut from a most every close in this bling Mulcovy glass. I am informparith, and in many of the neigh- ed that the water did not prove bouring ones. It is well known good, and that little or no use is that this sort of cheese is made in made of this well. the shape, and of the size, of a . I have not found any patural collar of brawn. It is extremely productions, either animal, vege
table, or foflil, but what are com- “The rent of the whole parish is mon in other places. There is 14221. 55. neither wood nor waste ground in - The number of houses is 2:; the parish ; and we know, that families 22 ; and inhabitants 123 ; were man has completely subdued three teams kept. the foil to his own ule, he permits no- • The land tax at 45. raises 1641. thing to feed or profper, but what is 145. zd. serviceable to his private intereft. · Labourers haye is. 2d. per day
• The air here is dry and healthy ; in summer, and is, in the winter ; fogs are not frequent, and clear oft in harvett is. 6d. and their vi&uals. early when they happen. The in- Land lets at 155. an acre. habitants are happy, and many of The nett
of the them live to a good old age. 1776 was 271. ios.
• Their fuel here is pitcoal, which Medium of three years, 1783they have chiefly brought from 1785, 451, 8s. 4d.' Derbyshire and some from lord Thele volumes are illustrated by Middleton's coal-pits near Notting- a very liberal provision of engrav. ham. The carriage being heavy, ings, in which a view is giveu of and the roads bad, it used to cost every individual parith-church, them 15d. or 16d. per hundred as well as of seats, monuments, weight: but, since the navigation antiquities, and other remarkable has been completed to Loughbo- objects. An appendix to the lerough, they get it for iod. or vid. cond volume contains a number of
deeds, charters and other papers *No great road leads through the relative to each hundred; which parith; but the turnpike road from addition will doubtless be repeated Oakham to Melton passes within in the future volumes. a mile by Leelthorp, and they come upon it in going to Melton, at about the same distance before they come to Burton.
Memoirs of the Life and Writings of ''l here is not any river that runs the Abbate Melaftafio. In which through the parish, or comes near are incorjorated Translations of his it; and only one incontiderable principal Letters. By Charles Burbrook, which is sometimes dry. ney, Muj. D. F. R. S. 8.vo. This joins another, more confide- 3 Vol. 1796. rable, that comes from Somerby by Leesthorp, and both, proceed- THE name of Metastasio has ing jointly by Burton Lazars, fall long been associated in every Euinto the river Eye, between Bren- ropean metropolis with the exquitingby and Melton.
fite pleasures of the noble, the opu• There is no papist in this parish, lent, and the polished. The eunor one dillenter of any denomic phony of his lines and the fitness nation.
of his sentiments have been imprefl• The parochial feast follows St. ed on our recollection, in concert James; to whom the church is with the most vivid and brilliant dedicated.
displays of all the arts of delight. • There have been no perambula- Melodies of the most fascinating țions time immemorial.
composers, affitted by punctual or2
cheffras, by fingers the most com- factions have confined their blood. palling and smooth toned, have leis struggles to the establishment concurred in winging the shafis of of a theory of music, and have never his fong to our inmott fenfibility. extended their proscriptions beyond The painter's magnificent perspec- the condemnation of a tragedy. tives, the dazzling pageants of the To the inherent fashion of the decorator, the easy floating motions subject of these volumes, is superof groupes of graceful dancers, and added the stronger recommenda. all the magic glories of realized tion which they derive from the mythology, have mingled at the celebrity of the author. The histheatre their influence with that torian of music is accuitomed to of the poet, and have attitied in convene and to satisfy an elegant firing up within us that luxurious audience; and, whe: her be touchirritation and tumult of feeling, es the barp or the monochord, he which form the highest scope of the displays a masterly band. His maartist and the purest enjoyment of terials have been industriously colthe connoisseur. Stript, however, lected at Vienna and in Italy, and of all these circumstances of effect, comprehend, belides the wellMetaftalio has acquired a reputa- known biographies of Retzer and tion for genius and abilities, which of Christini, many works of infethe philosopher who peruses his rior note, as well as the pofihumous writings in the closet will not, pro- edition of the poet's letters. The bably, hesitate to ratify. Yet how bulk of this publication consists inoften does it happen that, removed deed of a translation of those letters, from within the glare of theatric connected by the requisite interstiillumivation, the god of the opera- ces of narrative; all which form a boule bas withered into an ordina- very amusing whole. Ty man; and that the liquid lan- Metaftafio was born at Rome guage of the skies had lent an ora- in 1698, where his father bad fetcular folemnity to timple thoughts, tled as a confectioner. At school or a bewitching harmony to in'g. he displayed early talents as an ime nificant infipidiries ? Be this, howe provija!ore, and before eleven years ever, as it may, and even fuppofing of age could fing extemporaneous that the literary character of Me- verses. Gravina, the civilian, fatiafio himself should be fated to known by having written tragedies futter depreciation by time and on the Greek model, beard, admirrevolutions in tatte; - thould his ed, and adopted the young bard; dram:stic writings even become a to whom he gave a literary educamnere fchool-book for the learner of tion, getting bim' admitted to the Italian ;--yet he has resided fo bar, and to deacon's orders, that much at courts, and has been the civil and ecclefiaftical preferment darling of so many artists, that his might be alike open to him. life can never be an object of in- When 22 years age, Metaftalio difference to those whose gentle eye visited Naples, having inherited preferably fixes on those places and the property of Gravina, and atperiods, in which the pleafures of tached himself as cicilbeo to the man bave been the chief occupa- female singer Romanina. He there tion of his rulers; and in which wrote an opera, which succeeded,