Linking Citizens to Government: Interest Group Politics at Common Cause

Forside
Lawrence Rothenberg examines some of the most elusive aspects of interest group operations through an in-depth study of one of the largest interest groups in Washington, Common Cause. In developing what might be called a membership theory, he asks such questions as: Why do members join a group? Who stays and who leaves and why? What is the nature of the relationships among the activists, the group leaders and the rank-and-file members? How do these relationships shape the lobbying policies of the group? How is the lobbying impact of a group related to the nature of its membership? In addition, Rothenberg analyzes the impact the lobbying efforts of Common Cause have had through case studies of the Congressional vote on the MX missile system and of the agenda setting behind the campaign finance reform bill.

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Organized groups and the political system
1
MOVING AHEAD
4
COMMON CAUSE
7
SOME CAVEATS
12
STRUCTURE OF THE ANALYSIS
13
A unified framework for understanding citizens decision making A theory of experiential search
15
MEMBERS DECISION MAKING
17
A THEORY OF EXPERIENTIAL SEARCH
21
ACTIVISM AND RETENTION AS A JOINT COMMITMENT DECISION
152
MOVING UP
156
The internal politics of organizations III Leadership behavior and the determinants of group goals
158
DEMOCRATIC PROCESSES AT COMMON CAUSE
160
MEMBERS ATTITUDES TOWARD REPRESENTATION
166
SHIFTING THE ISSUE AGENDA
169
THE MX MISSILE DEBATE
171
COMMON CAUSE VERSUS MX
173

COMMON CAUSE AND EXPERIENTIAL SEARCH
24
EXPERIENTIAL SEARCH AS A UNIFIED FRAMEWORK
28
Who contributes?
29
COMMON CAUSE MEMBERS AND THE NATIONAL CITIZENRY
30
ACTIVISTS VERSUS RANK AND FILE
43
GROUP MEMBERS EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL COMPARISONS
56
Appendix 31 Question wording of Common Cause and National Election Study questions
58
Why do citizens join groups?
63
STUDYING THE MEMBERSHIP CHOICE
64
WHY MEMBERS THINK THEY JOINED
66
AN INDIVIDUALLEVEL ANALYSIS
69
AN AGGREGATELEVEL REPLICATION
82
CHOOSING AMONG PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS
86
THE DETERMINANTS OF MEMBERSHIP
93
Appendix 41 Critique of Kau and Rubin
95
Appendix 42 Formal presentation of WESML estimator
99
The internal politics of organizations I Learning and retention
100
DO MEMBERS LEARN?
102
EXPLORING THE RETENTION PROCESS
108
A VALIDITY CHECK
120
LEARNING THE RETENTION CHOICE AND EXPERIENTIAL SEARCH
123
Appendix 51 Testing the retention model
124
The internal politics of organizations II Activism
127
CHECKBOOK VERSUS TEMPORAL ACTIVISM
128
CHECKBOOK ACTIVISM AND ITS DETERMINANTS
130
AN INTRODUCTION
134
ALTERNATIVE SCENARIOS
136
THE COSTS AND BENEFITS OF COMMON CAUSE ACTIVISM
137
ACTIVISM AND COMMON CAUSE
139
A VALIDITY TEST
151
THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVES ON ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS
176
COMMON CAUSE GOAL FORMATION AND THE MX MISSILE
180
THE POLITICS OF ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS
186
LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR AND GOAL FORMATION
187
Does group activity make a difference? The case of the MX missile
190
LOBBYING STRATEGY AND VOTING BEHAVIOR
194
THE BATTLE FOR THE PEACEKEEPER
196
THE ROLE OF THE MXS OPPONENTS
202
DOES LOBBYING MAKE A DIFFERENCE?
203
THE STRUCTURAL DETERMINANTS OF LOBBYING
215
VOTING LOBBYING AND PUBLIC POLICY
221
Does group activity make a difference? The politics of campaign finance
223
CAMPAIGN FINANCE THE MX AND COMMON CAUSE
224
CHARTING THE DIVISIONS
229
EVENTS OF 19851991
234
BOREN AND BYRD
235
THE PUSH FOR PAC REFORM
237
BYRD JOINS THE FRAY
241
LIFE AFTER BYRD
244
COMMON CAUSE AND CAMPAIGN FINANCE REFORM
247
COALITION FORMATION AND GROUP INFLUENCE
252
Conclusions Citizens preferences internal politics and public policy
255
INDIVIDUAL CHOICE INTERNAL POLITICS AND SYSTEMIC INFLUENCE
256
THE BIG PICTURE
262
SOME FINAL THOUGHTS
266
Notes
267
References
293
Index
303
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