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will be erected during the summer of '57. aral from "His Honor, the Mayor," in Yours, Respectfully, A.J. C. which our schools received a due share of

attention, and were fairly recognized as

one of the institutions of the city. The MILWAUKEE SCHOOLS.

next step was taken by the Common

Council, (viz): They increased the Board I was much pleased to find, on a recent of School Commissioners from 15 to 21. visit to Milwaukee, that the public schools I presume you will call that a crab-like are in a flourishing condition. The teach- movement. They also resolved to build ers are wide awake and determined to two new School Houses, one in the Sevimprove themselves as well as the schools enth and one in the Second Ward, and to under their charge.

They have


alter and repair the old buildings. The ized a Teachers' Association and meet work upon these is to be done by the beonce a week to compare views, methods ginning of the fall term. I hope they of teaching, conduct, recitations, &c. The will not stop there, but give us the furoutside organization is very imperfect niture and fixtures that a school room reand unweildy, the Board consisting of 21 quires. Now a few words as to ourselves, Commissioners who met once a month the teachers. We are really (I hope) (if they can get a quorum together) but waking up. At the beginning of this who seldom, if ever are seen in the school- term we organized a Teacher's Institute room. They have no Superintendent or and have had regular weekly meetings other agent to supervise and direct, no since. To be sure, we have only some High School, and as a necessary conse- 15 or 18 (out of 34) that attend, but this quence, but little unity of interest or ef- is an improvement, and I think I can fort. But I hope for and confidently ex- see the effect hoped for already. A spirit pect a better state of things ere long, as of emulation is being awakened and the the teachers are determined that they will schools are deriving benefit from it. Again no longer be at the head of third rate our schools have had more visitors this schools. It would be invidious to partic- term than ever before. My own school ularize when all are doing well, but in has averaged about one a day and the one or two schools improvements have others rather more. Now do not smile been made within a year past, that at the narration of this fact. You have would surprise one acquainted with the never worked day after day (as we Milstate of things two years since. Most of waukee Teachers) without seeing the the teachers in all of the Wards except face of any one except your pupils. If the Fifth are subscribers for the Journal, you had, you would know how to prize and Mr. Drew promised me that they every evidence tending to show that would not be without it much longer in your labors were appreciated. the Fifth. I shall endeavor to keep you advised of the condition and prospects of

CARROLL COLLEGE, WAUKESHA.-Pro. the Milwaukee schools in the future. Rinker, late from Broome Co., N. Y., and Yours, &c., C. not Prof. Wenzel, has charge of the Pre

paratory Department of this institution. The following is an extract from a let- Mr. Wenzel was engaged, but gave way ter of one of the Milwaukee teachers:

in a spirit which does honor to him, for Our civic year opened with an inaug- Prof. Rinker.

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Editor's Department. study on hand, and this should be such

as to tax severely his mental powers, and A WORD TO TEACHERS. thus keep them vigorous or render them NXTENSIVE literary acquirements and

strong. One hour daily spent in intense

study, is of incalculable benefit as a correct theoretical views, important

means of mental discipline, while the as they may be, will not insure success in knowledge thus acquired would pay for teaching. Besides these, there must be the time. That there is so little mental the habit of constant and systematic effort on the part of the teacher, is one study. It is said, and with truth, thati

cause of the dullness so much complained no class of professional men study less

of in the school room. The teacher gives than teachers, and that none ought to character to the school; if he is studistudy more. Repetition is necessary in

ous, so will be his school; if he is thorteaching, and repetition leads to super- ough in his investigations and lucid in ficial habits of thinking and careless his explanations, his pupils will not be i habits of speaking, unless there be fre- superficial. The habit of thoroughly quent and careful investigation of first understanding every subject presented, principles, and daily attention to the best and manfully meeting every difficulty means of illustrating them.

can only be formed by serere and daily An impression prevails that the teach-mental labor. The teacher who has er will lose the confidence of his pupils, studied an hour in the morning--studied if he daily studies how best to perform we say, not mused, will feel a new life his daily duties. This is a great mistake. during the day. Reading may be done The lawyer, pursuing a similar course, in the evening, but the morning should does not lose the confidence of his client, be devoted to study. the physician of his patient, or the clergyman of his congregation. In most

2. There should be daily preparation professions, time is given for this special

for the several recitations. Students will preparation. No person in his senses

not long respect a teacher who is not would ask his minister to preach daily prompt to answer and willing to explain. during the year; the lawyer spends but

He should study the text of the book he a few weeks of the year in the court

is using. We care not how well he may That great energy is necessary to understand the subject of the lesson, he stimulate the teacher to make daily pre- cannot impart life and enthusiasm if he

This is paration, no one can doubt, but without have not carefully reviewed it. it failure is certain. To plead at the bar particularly necessary in primary schools. or preach from the pulpit daily, is scarce- Even the lesson in the first reader should ly more arduous, intellectually, and cer- not be neglected. Difficulties should be tainly not, physically, than to discharge noticed--illustrations and anecdotes found. the multifarious duties of principal of The teacher thus prepared will cluster one of our Union Schools, containing about the lesson of the day information from five hundred to one thousand pu- that will never be forgotten by the child. pils; and to suppose that such a post can The practice so prevalent, of feeding the be filled without intense application of primary schools on the mere husks of the mind to study, is preposterous.

knowledge--lifeless words-is a disgrace 1. Every teacher should have one new to teachers, and nothing but the indiffer.


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ence of school officers and of the com- STATE SCHOOL LAND OFFICE. --The munity protects the practice from the Commissioners' report for May the folcontempt it deserves.

lowing items:

1826 39 3. There should be a course of profes- Number acres sold,

Town lots,
Other professions have Amount sold for,

10 sional reading.

$3,131 69 libraries. If the minister is unable to buy principal rec'd on sales, 976 39 one, his parishioners buy it for him, but interest,

96 79 potone teacher in ten in this state owns ten

“ remaining unpaid, 2,255 20

Received from sale of land, 973 10 volumes of professional literature, or is a

Interest on Loans, 606 54 regular reader of any educational period

Penalty on Forfeiture, 181 40 ical. To find pleastire in teaching


81 80

Loans from School and University without the stimulus


9,470 50 be obtained by these means, is an Am't of School and University impossibility. Teaching becomes a trade Fuud on hand May 31st,

11,529 58 without any of that social intercourse

12,155 52 and pecuniary stimulus found in the

We are glad to hear that the Milwauworkshop.

kee teachers have formed an Association, The reason so manyteaehers are ashamed

and that a majority of the city teachers of their position is, that they know so little of teaching as a profession. They out where are the other sixteen? We

are members--eighteen out of thirty-four; have so little acquaintance with those

think the citizens of Milwaukee will do who have honored it, their ideas so seldom rise above the mere drudgery of the

well to encourage this movement. We school room that they cannot help des. hope soon to hear that every teacher empising themselves and all whom they

ployed by the School Board is a punc

tual, earnest and hard-working member suppose resemble themselves. Conse

of this Association. quently instead of effort we find envy, and instead of sympathy, opposition.

ITEMS. That person falls immeasurably below

BELOIT UNION SCHOOL. We understand any true ideal of a teacher, who does

that this school is in a flourishing condition.not aspire to what is higher than the

The number at present members, is about 450. point reached by most of those called

There are six teachers employed. teachers. We owe it to those who honor

This school has, since its organization, been us with their confidence, we owe it to under the charge of accomplished teachers, and ourselves and to our country, that we we believe the present Principal, W.C. Dustin, make a manly effort to elevate our pro- is conducting the school in such a manner as fession by elevating ourselves.

to secure the confidence of the citizens of Be

loit, and of the teachers of the State. The article in our last number, “The We learn that the School is not visited as Art of Teaching,” should be credited to much as it ought to be. It is to be regretted the American Journal of Education and that so few, in most parts of our State, feel the College Review-also the article in this necessity of encouraging the teachers and punumber, “Bem's method of teaching his- pils of their schools, by their frequent presence Tsy-The summer term of Albion Academy peculiarly happy in his method of treating the will close on the 19th inst. This Institution, principles of elocution. This part of the Fifth under the charge of Thos. R. Williams, is in a Reader should be in the hands of erery teachflourishing condition.

in the school room. tory."

This subject demands the

attention of School Boards, and if they are unSeveral articles are unavoidably able to perform this part of their duties, it crowded out this number.

would be better for them to resign.

ler. We notice several points in which these Teen A Fine lot has been purchased by the Readers possess very decided merit. Those citizens of Fond du Lac for a High School wishing a series exhibiting a thorough knowlbuilding. Fond du Lac is destined to be an edge on the part of the author, of the wants of important point, educationally, as well as com- our schools, fine taste in making selections and mercially. Mr. Van Ness, and others who an unexceptionable morality, will do well to have labored with him, are beginning to reap send word to the publishers. Phillips, Sampthe result of years of self-denying toil. son & Co., No. 13 Winter street, Boston.

We notice that two new School Houses THE TEACHERS' MISCELLANY:- This is a are soon to be erected in Milwaukee. Friends, volume of interesting educational matter, emwhy do you not go a step farther and build a bracing addresses from some of the best thinkHigh School building, which will be a credit ers of the country. It will be especially welto your beautiful city, and an honor to our glo- come to teachers, as it contains the results of rious State? Say, why do you not do it? much reflection and observation on educationpe We understand that the Platteville al subjects. Either of the seventeen addresses

it contains is worth more than the cost of the Academy, J. L. Pickard, Prin., is in a very flourishing condition, This Institution has volume. Published by Hoore, Wilstach, Keys exerted a wide and healthful influence on the & Co., Gincinnati. mind of the south-western portion of our

LIBRARY BOOKS.-We wish to call the careState. Give us such a High School where- ful attention of Teachers and School officers to ever one is needed in the State, and who the list of books advertised by A. S. Barnes & would feat the future?

Co., in this number of the Journal. These

books have a national reputation, and they are Tere We understand that the people of the what they purport to he--fit for a School Liwest district of Beloit have voted to discontinue brary. The Teachers Library ought to be their school until the new Union School build-owned by every teacher in the State, and the ing is finished.

Home Cyclopedias ought to be owned by every It is the intention, we learn, of the building famiiy. There is no humbug about them.'committee to put double desks into the High Will School Officers, previous to expending Scbool room. We are confident that a little their Library money, carefully look at this list reflection and observation would convince and select such books as their circumstances them that to do so would be a mistake. Let

may require.

Address A. S. Barnes & Co., the desks be single by all means.

No. 51 John street, New York, or E. B. Gray, We understand that Mr. Laughran, recently

Milwaukee, Wis. of Waynesburg College Penn., has taken

CYCLOPEDIA OF TRAVEL.--Bayard Taylor charge of the High School at Hazel Green, is preparing a work, embracing the results of Grant Co., Wis.

travel for the last half century. This must be

one of the most useful books ever published, BOOK TABLE.

It will be out about the first of next July, and

will furnish at a cost of three or four dollars Sargent'S STANDARD READERS.-If the what cannot be obtained at present for less evils of book making, as Lord Bacon said, are than one hundred. No man living, with the only to be cured by making more books, such exception of Humboldt, is better qualified to as shall cause the bad ones to be forgotten, prepare a work of thts kind than Bayard Taythen will this series do good. We do not well lor. We hope Teachers and School officers see, what remains to be done in order that a will obtain it as soon as possible for their series of readers should embrace more good schools. Published by Moore, Wilstach, qnalities than those. We think Mr. Sargont Keys, & Go., Cincinnati.

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(From the Jour. of Ed. and Col. Review. (either the one or the other, in the scale THE TRUE IDEA OF FEMALE EDU- of existence. They are both correlative CATION.

each peculiar, and yet made for each other; both sharing in common elements

of being, under different modifications, BY JAMES R. SPALDING, A. M. and each possessing powers, the develop

ing and harmonizing of which are neces

sary to the realization of the ideal type For woman is not undevelopt man,

of the race,
But diverse; could we make her as the man,
Sweet love were slain, whoso dearest bond

My very soul is sickened at the antagis this,

onistic spirit so often displayed in upNot like to like, but like in difference: holding what are called the rights of woYet in the long years liker must they grow, man. It profanes the sex; it affronts The man be more of woman, she of man ; He gain in sweetness, and in moral height. high Heaven. Man and woman are coNor lose tho wrestliny thows that throw the workers here on carth, and co-heirs of world ;

immortality. Each gives the other the She mental breadth; nor fail in childhood precedence on the score of high nobility,

and each counts it a glory to learn of the More as the double-natured poet each; other. The emancipation of woman! 'Till at last she gets herself to man,

Strange words these for a Christian land!
Like perfect music unto noble words.

The time, I know, has been, when woman
And so these twain, upon the skirts of Time,
Sit side by side, full-summod in all their was a delicate toy, a passive instrument,

a petted slavo; but that time ended when
Dispensing harvest, sowing the To-be, first her baptism in Christain faith and
Self-reverent cach, and reverencing cach, love began. She whom the wisdom of
Distinct in individualities,
But like cach other, e'un as those who love. hoary antiquity deemed too weak to act

as witness to a dying man's will, was It is assumed that every reader of a called upon to give her testimony to the periodical like this can both comprehend cause of God. From the palace and the and feel the truth, as well as the beauty cottage, gathered from all ranks, made of these words of the first of living poets. up of all ages, matrons grave with years, It is my purpose to write something up young mothers with clinging infants, viron the distinctive process of female edu- gins tender and pure as the maid inother cation--a distinctive process arising from of Him they avlored, calmly and cheera diversity in organization, and in sphere; fully bore the horrid penalties of the and yet I cannot consent to enter into any faith that was in them. Mangled and

argument, to prove that feminine gored by wild cattle, torn by savage nature is not identical with masculine na- beasts, mutilated and hacked piecemeal ture, or to determine the superiority of by the executioner, their flesh rent by

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