Dr. Cary, Mr. H. Gerrells, of Sheboy. The Association discussed at considergan Falls, and Rev. Mr. Pradt, were ap- able length, and subsequently adopted pointed a Committee on Text-books. the following resolution : The committee reported resolutions.

Resoloed, That the Bible should be The business committee reported a

used as a book of daily reference by the

teacher. programme. The Association engaged in an earnest

Adjourned to Saturday, 10 A. M. discussion on School Government. Re

SECOND DAY. marks were made by Messrs. Gray, of

Mr. W.R. NORTIIRUP, of Gibbsville in Milwaukee, Gerrells, Northup, Flint,

the Chair. Graves, Holmes and Pradt. Subsequent

Prayer by Rev. Mr. Pradt. ly the Association adopted the following

The Association engaged for a few resolution :

hours in the following exercises: Resolved, That the foundation of school government is self government.

1. Reading-class conducted by Mr.

Pradt. Adjourned to half past six P. M.

2. Practical Arithmetic—-class conEVENING SESSION. The Association took up the following ducted by Mr. Holmes.

3. Mental Arithmetic-class conducted resolutions :

Resolved, That the object in the train- by Mr. Gorrells. ing of those who have not attained ma- The following resolution was adopted: turity of bodily growth, is to secure the Resolved, That the teachers in each highest health, strength and perfection of town be recommended to meet every body, and a corresponding development Saturday for mutual improvement. of mind.

The committee on Text Books presentThe resolution was adopted.

ed the following Subsequently, the following resolution

REPORT: was also discussed and adopted : Resolved, That the Association recom

Your committee having carefully conmend Teachers here present to introduce sidered the subject of text books for into their schools, a suitable series of schools, respectfully report: gymnastic exercises, and report the success of their experiments to the next

That they regret to find that an excitemeeting of the Association.

ment has been created in the county upIn the discussion of these resolutions, on this subject, unfriendly to the welfare it was earnestly maintained that more at- of the schools. tention should be paid to the develop- That they disapprove of the officiousment of the muscular system and the ex- ness of book agents, in entering the school pansion of the chest. Illustrations of room, and recommending their own books, suitable exercises for the school room

and disparaging others, were given by Messrs. Gray, Holmes and That a uniformity of text books in the Pratt. Mr. Garrells gave a series of mus-county, would, in the present state of cular movements to be performed in con- the schools, be attended with advantages, nection with exercises in the vocal sounds, but should not be urged at the expense and Mr. Cady another series to be used of harmony and good feeling. in singing. The Chairman, Mr. Graves, That the ability and skill of the teachalso made some interesting remarks, er are of more importance than the charfounded upon his own experience. acter of the books used.

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That having examined the books most Messrs. Gerreils, Holmes and Pradt used in the county, they give their pre were appointed a committee to revise the ference to the following:

proceedings of the Associacion, and preSander's Speller and Readers. pare them for publication in the EverMonteith & McNally's Geographies. green City Times, and Wisconsin JourDavies' Series of Arithmetics. nal of Education. Clark's Grammar.

Adjourned. Willard's Histories of the U. S.

N. C. FARNSWORTH, Pres't. Fulton & Eastman's Book-keeping.

W. E. Cady, Secretary. Parker's Philosophy,

PLYMOUTH, Wis., Dec. 6, 1856. Mrs. Cutter's and Mrs. Taylor's Juvenile Books on Physiology, are also com

For the Journal of Education. mended to the notice of teachers and Elitor of the Journal: others.

DEAR SIR :-As a member of the EduA. B. Cary,

cational Convention recently held in this Hawley GERRELLS,

County, permit me to make a few obserJ. B. PRADT.

vations. The Convention and resulting A motion being made to adopt the re

Association furnish proof that Sheboyport, yeas and nays were called for, when gan county is awake in the cause of it appeared that the ages were 34, and

schools. The proceedings give evidence

that there is no lack of intelligence or the noes 2.

The report was then, on motion, unani- ability to advance the interests of public mously adopted.

education in the county. The Board of Critics presented a series

The prominence given to the importof interesting and instructive criticisms,

ance of a knowledge of Physiology, and for which suitable acknowledgement was

an observance of Health, in the discusmade.

sions, show that the convention did not The Executive committee announced regard any system of education as sound that a meeting of the Association would or complete, which does not recognise be held at Sheboygan, on Thursday, Fri- the necessity of physical as well as menday and Saturday, the 222, 230 and 24th tal and moral training.

, days of January next.

The Resolutions and discussions, in reMr. Pradt presented the Association spect to the text books, the use of the with a copy of the “Pennsylvania School bible, and other matters, show also that Architecture,” which was accepted and the convention is becoming independent thanks returned.

in its opinions, and healthfully conservaThe following resolutions were passed :

tive as well as progressive. Resolved, That the members of the

Altogether, the gathering may be reAssociation be prepared for a thorough garded as highly encouraging to the examination in Arithmetic, at the next friends of education, and the movement meeting

as only the beginning of a good work. Resolved, That the thanks of the As

J. B. P. sociation be tendered to Rev. Mr. Pradt for his assistance.

SHEBOYGAN, Dec. 11, 1856. Resolved, That the thanks of the Association be returned to the citizens of

Honest worth usually wears the garb Plymouth, for their generous hospitality.Sof true modesty.

MODERN DISCOVERIES. Crime." A large amount of statistics

was drawn from every part of the kingBayard Taylor, writing to the Tribune, dom, and it was shown that about seventy thus sums up the results of modern dis

per cent of the whole number arrested covery:

for criminal acts could not read! In “Within the last twenty-five years, all Liverpool, the number taken into custody the principal features of the geography who could read and write vell was only of our own vast interior regions have two and a half per cent.; barely read and been accurately determined: the great write 46; entirely uninstructed 44. All fields of Central Asia, have been traversed the prison returns showed a fearful conin various directions, from Bokhara and nection between ignorance, drunkenness the Oxus to the Chinese wall; the half

and crime. known river systems of South America have been explored and surveyed; the

A MAGNIFICENT IDEA.-Prof. Mitchell icy continent around the Southern Polo in describing the gradual tendency of the has been discovered; the North-western earth's orbit to assume the circular form, passage, the ignus-fatuus of nearly cen- said its short diameter was gradually turies, is at last found; the Dead Sea is lengthening, and would continue so to stripped of its fabulous terrors, the course expand until it should become perfectly of the Niger is no longer a myth, and the circular, when it would again contract to sublime secret of Nile is almost wrested its original shape and dimensions; and so from his keeping; the mountains of the the earth would vibrate periodically, and Moon, sought for through ten thousand these periods were measured by millions years, have been beheld by a Caucasian

upon millions of years. Thus, the earth eye; an English steamer has ascended will continue to swing back and forth, to the Chadda to the frontiers of the great and fro in the heavens, like a pendulum Kingdom of Bornou; Leichardt and Stu- beating the seconds of eternity.-Roch. art have penetrated the wilderness of Adv. Australia; the Russians have descended the Irkoutsk to the mouth of the Amoor; UNQCOTED.-At the close of a Teachers' the antiquated walls of Chinese prejudice Institute down east, the Principal of the have been cracked and are fast tumbling Academy in M. being requested to make down, and the canvass screens which sur- a few remarks, rose and spoke as follows: rounded Japan have been cut by the “Ladies and gentlemen-In the language keen edge of American enterprise. Such of—(hesitating-I forgot what his name are the principal results of modern explo- was- -(still hesitating)--and also what he ration. What quarter of a century, since said.” the form of the earth, and the boundaries of its land and water were known, can It is not what people eat, but what exhibit such a list of achievements?" they digest, that makas them strong. It

is not what they gain, but what they save, EDUCATION AND CRIME.—At the annual that makes them rich. It is not what meeting of the British Scientific Associa- they read, but what they remember, that tion, held in August last, an enlightened makes them learned. It is not what they discussion took place on "The Relations profess, but what they practice, that of Poverty, Ignorance, Drunkenness and makes them righteous.

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Superindendent's Department.

pre-emption, one hundred and sixty acres of said swamp or overflowed lands, at one dollar

and twenty-five cents per acre, all and every NOTICE TO PRE-EMPTORS ON “SWAMP

of the pre-emption rights granted by the afore

said act, approved April 2d, 1855, are hereby AND OVERFLOWED LANDS."

secured to every person who, before the taking effect of this act, shall have complied with the

provisions of the said act, approved April 2d, SECRETARY's Oprice,

1855, and every such pre-emptor shall by the Madison, October 16th, 1856. affidavits of at least two credible and disinterAll persons claiming the right to pre-emption ested persons, prove that he has complied with to any of the abovo lanus are hereby notified the provisions of the aforesaid act, approved that they will be permitted to pay for said pre- April 21, 1855, such affidavit shall be taken beemptions at any time after this date, up to fore some person hy law authorized to adminwithin ten days next, hefore the time set for the ister oaths, and when completed shall be filed public sale of said lands in the county in with the Register of Deeds, of the county which said lands may lie. In order to guard wherein such pre-emption lands lie, or of the the rights of contestants, no pre-emptor will be county to which it may be for county purposes permitted to enter the traci by him claimed,

attached. Such Register shall, on demand of, until he shall file in the office of the Secretary

or on behalf of every such pre-emptor, make of State a certificate of the Register of the out a true and complete copy of such a flivavits, county in wbich the land claimed is situated, as aforesaid, and of the declaratory statement certifying that there are no adverse claims to of such pre-emptor, as aforesaid, and which is said tract. And in case there are adverse required by the aforesaid act, approved April claimants, the person making application to

20, 1855, and over his official signature, shail pay for the land by him claimed, shall procure thereof, in the same manner as hy law required

certify to the correctness and completeness a certificate as above, giving all the names of the adverse claimants, and by furnishing ev:

to make copies of the record of deeds eridence. dence at this office that he has notified such

Copies of such declaratory statement and adverse claimants of his intention to prove his affidavits, certified as aforesaid, shall be hy, on pre-emption, on a day fixed in said notice.

behalf of such pre-emption, filed with the giving one day for erery thirty miles travel, Secretary of State, and the whole purchase from the residence of such claimant to Madison, money paid at least ten days prior to the time his application will be heard and determined.' appointed for the sale of the swamp and overDAVID W. JONES, Secretary of State.

flowed lands in the county where such prePublished October 15th, 1856.

empted lands lie. A neglect to comply with

the provisions of this act, shall be deemed, and CHAPTER CXXV.

is hereby declared to be a waiver, surrender AN ACT to provide for the disposal and sale and forfeiture of all rights to said lands in virof the swamp and overflowed lands.

tue of pre-emption rights. The people of the State of Wisconsin, represent, pre-emption shall be made to any of saic

Sec. 3. After the taking effect of this act ne ed'in Senate and Assembly, do enact as fol- swamp or overflowed lands. lours : Sec. 1. All the lands granted to this State tary of State or State Treasurer, or any pre

Sec. 4. Either the Attorney General, Secre by an Act of Congress, entitled "an act to en- emption claimant, may proceed by way of a able the State of Arkansas and other States to peal to the Circuit Court of the county, wherei reclaim the swamp and overfiowed lands within their limits," approved September 28th, lands claimed by pre-emption right, and i

is situated any of said swamp or overfiowe 1850, shall be sold by the Attorney General, such Court have the pre-emption claim dete Secretary of State and Treasurer, whenever the mined by a jury. In all such appeal proceed Governor shall deem it experlient so to do. ings the appellant shall, within sixty days afte Such sale shall be conducted in the manner the copies of the statement and affidavits mer and under the restrictions provided for the sale tioned in section two of this aet, and as in th of the school and university lands, in chapter last mentioned section, filed with the Secretar twenty-four of the revised statutes so far as of State, procure a certified copy thereof fro said provisions may be applicable, and not in the said Secretary of State, and file the same consistent with the provisions of this act. SEC. 2. In all cases of pre-emption under

the Circuit Court to which the appeal is take the act of the legislature, entitled “an act for

And the Circuit Court shall make rules pr the protection of the swamp and overflowed scribing the modo of procedure on such a lands of the State, and to grant pre-emption peals. If, on appeal, the right claimed by pr rights thereon," approved April 22, 1856, the emption shall be determined agrinst the pr pre-emptors upon complying with the pro-emption claimant, then in that and every suvisions of this and the last aforesaid act, shall case, the State Treasurer shall refund to suhave the right to purchase, in virtue of such claimant, his heirs, executors or administrator

the purchase monoy paid by him for the lands the Town Treasurer ag last aforesaid, within by him claimed.

two years after the receipt thereof by the SEC. 5. It shall be the duty of the said At- County Treasurer, shall be hy such County torney General, Secretary of State and State Treasurer paid into the State Treasury, and the Treasurer, to adopt without appraisal or survey. same shall form a constituent part of the school the lines, boundaries and descriptions of the fund, and shall be managed as provided by law United States survey, as exhibited hy the plats in relation to said fund. and field notes of the swamp and overflowed SEC. 9. All laws for the protection of school lands, and which plats and field notes they are or university lands are hereby extended and hereby required to procuro und pay for, as far made applicable to the swamp and overflowed is may be necessary, out of the proceeds of the lands in this act mentioned or contemplated. sales of such lands.

Sec. 10. All laws inconsistent with or repug. Sec. 6. The minimum price of said swamp nant to the provisions of this act aru hereby reand overflowel lands shall be five dollars per pealed. acre, except such as shall be purchased in vir- Sec. 11. The swamp and overflowed lands of tue of pro-emption right. At least one-half of this State shall be sold in limited quanities for the purchase money of all of said lands de actual settlement, or for the use of an adjoinscribed or designated in tho plats and field ing farm to each purchaser, not more than notes aforesaid as timber lands, shall be paid three hundred and twenty acres cach. at the time of the sale thereof, and of all other Sec. 12. This act immediately after its passin the ratio as provided in chapter twenty-four age shall be printed by the State Printer, and of the revised Statutes for the sale of school when so published shall take effect and be in and university lands other than the five hun- full force. dred thousand acres.

WILLIAM IIULL, Sec. 7. The legitimate expenses incident to

Speaker of the Assembly. the sale of the swamp and overflowed lands ARTHUR MCARTHUR, aforesaid shall be first paid out of the proceeds

Lieut. Gov. and President of Senate. of such sales, and serenty-five per cent. of the Approved October 11th, 1856. residue, and all of the purchase money for the

COLES BASHFORD. selected lands in this section hereafter mentionod, shall form and be a constituted part of the AN ACT to amend Chapter 24 of the Revised school fund of this state, and shall be subject

Statutos. to the same uses, designs, regulations and laws. All lands by or under the authority of this state, The People of the State of Wisconsin, representselected in lieu of swamp or overflowed lands,

ed in Senate and Assembly, do enact as folsold or otherwise disposed of by the United

lows : States since the passage of the aforesaid grant- Sec. 1. Any Union School, Academy, Col. ing act of Congress is hereby for the purposes log University or other institution of learn. contemplated, herein declared to be swamp and ing, now or hereafter to be organized, or incoroverflowed lands.

porated within the limits of this State, may SEC. 8. Twenty-five per cent. of the residue borrow money on the credit of the town, of purchase money mentioned in the next pre- villago or city in which the same is located, ceding section shall be paid in the county trea- from the principal of the school and university sury of the county in which the sales may have funds in sums of not less than five hundredi, been made, anıl the county treasurer, upon the por more than ten thousand dollars, to any one receipt of such money, shall give his receipt corporation, for the purposes of purchasing therefor to the Attorney General, Secretary of sites, constructing buildings, procuring apparaState and State Treasurer, and a distinct and tus and libraries, establishing endowments, accurate list of all the lands sold in cach town and for such other purposes as may be necesship in said county, shall be mado in duplicate sary to promote the interests and success of by the officers making such sales as aforesaid, any institution of learning, provided that the one of which shall be filed in the office of the town, village or city in which such institution, Clerk of the County Board of Supervisors of may or shall hereafter bo located, shall at a such connty, and the other shall be filed in the general election or an annual town mceting, office of Secretary of State, and in case there give its sanction to the making of the loan, is an organized town in such county containing and determine the amount to be loaned by any any of such lands sold as last aforesaid, which such aforesaid corporation for the purposes require and aro susceptible of being drained, enumerated in this section, and provided also then in that and every such case, such County that no sum shall be loaned on the hond of Treasurer shall pay to the Treasurer of such any town, village or city, that shall exceed town its proportionate share thereof, the same twenty-five per cent. of the assessed valuation being the twenty-five percent. residue of money of property in said town or city. Iealized from the sale of lands therein. And

Suc. 2. When any corporation for educationsuch town shall procerd to the reclamation of al purposes shall determine to ask such a loan, such lands by draining the same with all con- it shall be the duty of the presiding officer and venient speed. All such money not paid to secretary, or the trustees of the institution, to

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