« ForrigeFortsett »
-lies of the first water in diamonds of
paste, and unblushing blushes of lies to No woman is educated, says Burnap, which a shower would give quite a differwho is not equal to the successful man- ent complexion—the politician's lies who, agement of a family. Although it does like a circus rider, strides two horses at not require so much talent to rule a once—the coquette's lies, who like a prohousehold as it does to govern a state, fessor of legerdemain, keeps six plates still it requires talent of the same kind.
dancing at a time--lies sandwiched beAs he makes the best general who has tween bargains-lies in livery behind rebegun at the lowest post and passed up publican coaches, in all the pomp of goldthrough every grade of office--as he en bands and buttons-lies of red tape makes the best admiral who entered the and sealing wax-lies from the cannon's nary in the most inferior station, because mouth-lies in the name of glorious printhey, and they alone, are acquainted with ciples that might make dead heroes clatthe whole compass of a subaltern's duty, ter in their graves-Malakoffs of lies, -so that woman will manage a family standing upon sacred dust and lifting with the greatest ease and efficiency who their audacious pinnacles in the light of knows, experimentally, the duties of ev- eternal Ileaven. ery member of it. Daughters who neg
Need we say what an uneasy, slavish lect this part of education are entirely vanity is that which won't let a man apwithout excuse, and mothers are still pear as he really is, but makes himafraid more to blame. The very apology which of the world and himself, and so keeps is often made for the neglect of it is the him perpetually at work with subterfuges greatest condemnation of those who offer and shams. He is dissatisfied with nait. It is said by those who are growing up ture's character, and so issues false stock. in ignorance of these things: “Any one o, how much better for himself and the can learn how to keep house when it is world for a man to be brave and true-necessary. Any one who loves her hus- what God and unavoidable circumstances band, and is devoted to his interests, will have made him—to come out and dare make herself accomplished in those things say I am poor, of humble birth, of humwhen she is married.”. As well might ble occupation, or don't know much.the young man say, "Of what use is it for What a curse this ingenuousness would me to learn a profession, or make myself be for social rottenness and financial acquainted with the details of any busi- earthquakes! How much sweeter and ness? When I am married, if I love my purer' those actual rills of capacity and wife, it will then be time enough to learn possession than this great brackish river a profession, or to accomplish myself in of pretension, blown with bubbles and the details of business." Would there evaporating with gas-how much better be any surer omen of total failure and than this splendid misery, these racks discomfiture? That which a woman can and thumb-screws that belong to the inlearn to do in a few months under the quisition of fashion, and thousands of tuition of love, can certainly be learned shabby things—the shabbiest of all being to much greater advantage under the tui-those who are too proud to seem just tion of a mother. If it is all so easy to what they are.—Chopin. leam, then certainly they are utterly inexcusable who neglect it. It is no degredation to the finest lady to know all
INJURIES.—The noblest remedy for inthe details of domestic affairs. It is hon- juries is oblivion. Light injuries are orable, and ought to be her pride.
made lighter, and heavy ones have their weight taken away, by not regarding
Lies of action are blood relation to lies of speech, and oral lies constitute but a small share of the falsehoods in the world. There are lies of custom and lies of fashion-lies of padding and lies of whalebone
A solemn murmur in the soul
Tells of the world to be,
Before they reach the sea,
WISCONSIN JOCRNAL OF EDUCATION.
three important objects at the same time.
It affords a pure test of the pupils know). Wouldst thou listen to its gentle terching,
edge of the subject; it is one of the best All thy restless yearning it would still. Leaf, and flower, and laden bee are preaching
methods of cultivating freedom and acThine own spliere, though humble first to fill. curacy in the use of language; and it fur
nishes a valuable discipline to the pupil's Truly it has been said, that our duties are like the circles of a whirlpool, and the mind, by throwing him entirely on his
The task of examining innermost includes home. A modern writer has designated home “heaven's so many separate written exercises, and fallen sister;" and a melancholy truth of estimating their value, increases the lies shrouded in those few words. Our
labor of the teacher, but the gain to the home influence is not a passing, but an
pupil is more than an equivalent for the abiding one; and all powerful for good or
extra service required. - 1188. Teacher. evil, for peace or strife, or happiness or
A HIOME PICTURE-OLD AGE. misery. Each separate Christian home has been likened to a central sun, around
Ax old man sat by the chimney sidewhich revolves a happy and united band
Ilis face was wrinkled and wanof warm, loving hearts, acting, thinking, And he leaned both hands on hisstout oak cane rejoicing and sorrowing together. Which As if all his work was done. member of the family group can say, I
His coat wag of good old fashioned gray, have no influence. What sorrow, or what
With pockets both deep and wide, happiness, lies in the power of each! Where his specs and steel tobacco box
"A lighted lamp," writes M'Cheyne, Lay snugly side by side. "is a very small thing, and it burns calm
The old man liked to stir the fire, ly and without noise, yet it giveth light
So near him the tongs were kept; to all who are within the house." And
Sometimes he mused as he gazed at the coals, so there is a quiet influence, which like Sometimes he sat and slept. the flame of a scented lamp, fills many a What did be see in the embers there? home with light and fragrance. Such an
Ah! pictures of other years : influence has been beautlfully compared And now and then they awakened smiles, to a “carpet, soft and deep, which, while But oftener they started tears. it diffuses a look of ample comfort, dead
His good wife sat on the other side, ens many a creaking sound. It is the
In the high back cane seat chair; curtain which, from many a beloved forin, You see 'neath the frill of her muslin cap wards off at once the summer's glow and The sheon of her silvery hair. the winter's wind. It is the pillow on
She wears a blue checked apron now, which sickness lays its head and forgets
And is knitting a sock for him; half its misery. This influence falls as Her pale blue eyes have a genle look, the refreshing dew, the invigorating sun- And she says they are growing dim. beams, the fertilizing shower, shining on
I like to call and tell the news, all with the mild lustre of moonlight, and And chat an hour each day, harmonizing in one soft tint many of the For it stirs the blood of the old man's heart, discordant hues of a family picture.
To hear of the world away.
Be kind unto the old, my friends, FREQUENT written reviews are among
They're worn with this world's strife, the most successful means that teachers
Though bravely once, perchance, they fought
The battle erst with life. can employ for securing thoroughness and accuracy of scholarship. Several They taught our youthful feet to climb topics are written distinctly on the black
Upward life's rugged steep; board, and the pupils are required to ex
Then let us lead them gently down
To where the weary sleep. pand them as fully and accurately as pos
Ann R. Porter. sible. Each pupil is seated by himself and furnished with pen ink and paper; To DAUGHTERS.—The secret you dare but receives no assistance from either not tell your mother, is a dangerous seteacher or text-book. This mode of ex- cret, and one that will be likely to bring amining a class accomplishes at least you sorrow and suffering in the end.
YO YOUNG HEART WITHOUT ITS GERM Every pupil was surprised; parents were OF KINDNESS.
surprised; David himself was surprised
that he was, for the first time, a friend to The following case occurred during my a “schoolmaster." experience as an instructor in a distant Time wore away, and David, under the part of the country. The morning for influence of genial treatment, became as commencing a school in a strange place eminent as a scholar, as a dutiful, upright arrived. All were boisterous and noisy; boy, as he had ever before been notorious but, one among them, a boy of fourteen, for being the very reverse ; and in little whose very countenance seemed to have more than a year he was taken as a clerk been moulded under the influence of un- into the very store from which he stole ; holy passions, was the most truly disgust- two years ago the writer heard of him in ing candidate for education and the teach- the same situation and a member of the er's favor that I had ever seen. The church. teacher noticed his almost fiendish pro- I have used this instance to illustrate pensities for mischief and roguery, and, the remark that if a youth be known to with a fearful heart his name and circum- possess one good trait, his whole heart stances. The result of his inquiry was may be unlocked by it as with a key.that he was the neglected son of drunken David loved the exhibition of manly courparents, a trouble and terror to every age. The abuse of this quality made him teacher, notorious troughout the whole a complete bully among his schoolmates ; town as having been once in jail for steal- but the teacher caused him to experience ing money from a merchant's drawer ;- pleasure from his exercises. and that most probably had come to make He also possessed a wish to oblige, trouble in the school about to be com- when respectfully asked to do so. The menced. Indeed, he began his career by teacher made him feel that he could renchoosing his seat upon the girls' side of der great service to himself and to the the house, and as erting, in the hearing school.-Indiana Schooltellou. of the teacher, that all the schoolmasters this side of a place not heaven, could not
A SHORT ARGUMENT. move him.
The teacher learned, among other A GENTLEMAN was railing, a few days things, that he was really courageous and since, at a public table, against the law ! hated a coward; and that he was willing, of Massachusetts, as depriving men of at times, to oblige his school-mates. their natural rights to buy and sell and
He accordingly addressed him kindly get gain; and turning to his neighbor, he as follows:
asked him if he did not think it high** David, our school-house bellis out of handed oppression. The gentleman reorder, and we want some scholar who is plied : not afraid, and is something of a mechanic "Sir, call it oppression if you please. to climb up in the belfry and fix it. Will I will state one fact well known to myyou go?"
self. A tax bill was recently brought to “Yes, sir,” said David, and he went up me on my city property, of $800, for promptly, and after thoroughly putting it which I gave my check. I carefully lookin order, came down with a smile of sat- ed into the subject, and found that $650 isfaction, saying:
of it was for the support of drunkenness. "I have fixed it, sir."
Now what is this but oppression ? But I “ Thank you,” said the teacher. The suppose I have no rights. Rumsellers bell was rung school was organized. Da- have all. They may tax me to support vid, without a word or look from the the criminals and drunkards they make, teacher, had quietly removed his books $650, and I must be still." and taken a seat among the boys. At the “Sir," said the gentleman, “ Massachuvery first, when some trusty boy was setts is right. It is the best argument I wanted for any little office in school, Da- every heard. It has overthrown all my vid was selected; and he proved himself theory about free trade. I will say no worthy of such confidence. Days passed more, but go the whole with you."on, and David needed no reprimand.- Ohio State Journal.
TIIE STUDY OF NATURAL HISTORY. highest importance in an economical
point of view. The same general princiOf the importance of the study of nat- p!es will apply to every form of life. The ural history as a branch of education, Student should be encouraged to write there can be no question. Even inde-down what of such operations and actions pendently of the practical applications of he may have seen in his rambles. No the different departments of the science matter how trivial these may seem, a rein the various processes of agriculture, cord should be made, as cultivating a commerce and the arts, the mental train- habit of great importance. The difficuling it imparts is of the highest benefit. ty so often experienced in the writing of
The cultivation of the perceptive and compositions may be remedied to a great reasoning faculties, the acquisition of extent by as-igning some particular subskill in composition, as involved in re-ject in natural history to be investigated cording the facts obserrel, the habits of and reported upon. Students may be healthful exercise of body in pursuing the encouraged to procure living animals and study, and a rational and suitable occu- keeping them in confinement, to work pation for leisure hours, are among the out the details of their history. Indeed ends readily to be gained in the pursuit with many species this is the only way of natural science. When I speak of nat- in which anything can be learned reural history, I do not refer simply to a specting them. I have obtained vastly string of dry, harsh names in a foreign more information respecting the frogs language, and referring to many objects and salamanders, by watching them in which a youth never has seen nor may my own room, than I erer could in the expect to see, except possibly in a draw- fields and by the ponds. In order howing. I mean the study of nature as dis- ever to systematize the studies first replayed in the woods and fields, under the ferred to, it will be necessary to proceed eye of any and every looker on. The to the formation of local cabinets. Each child should be taught to analyze every- school should be provided with some sets thing he sees, to examine into the why of shelves as well as bottles, alcohol, etc., and wherefore, to take up some particu- by means of which to exhibit the results lar act of animal life and trace it back to of Saturday afternoon forays, or incidenits inception, and follow it to its conclu- tal gatherings throughout the week.-sion. He should be taught to watch how The object should be to procure as comthe bird builds its nest, of what materials, plete a collection as might be convenient, what number and character of eggs it of all the different minerals, fossil relays, the duration of incubation, the num- mains, animals and plants of the neighber of broods in the year, the date of ap- borhood. This will be very easily acpearing and disappearing, the abundance complished by the help of the teacher, or scarcity as compared with other spe- who should know enough of the art of cies, the kinds of food, etc. The frog taxidermy to skin a bird or quadruped. should be watched, to learn when he The processes involved are all exceedingleaves his mud retreat, how the eggs are ly simple, and will be found detailed at deposited, whether in spherical masses, sufficient length in the little pamphlet or in long ropes, how long before the em- published by the Smithsonian institute bryo emerges from the shell and the in- which might be re-produced for distributerval of attaining full derelopment of tion among schools. Collections of skulls limbs. The fish should be traced to its and skeletons, detached or combined, secret haunts, to learn when the period might be made of the domestic and other of spawning takes place, whether it animals of the vicinity. The colleetions builds a nest of grass, sticks or stones, thus made or in process of accumulation, what arts of defence it employs, what are now to be labelled as accurately as changes it undergoes in the different sea- the means at command will allow. If
The transformations of the insect the scientific names cannot be obtained, should be followed out through its suc- then some provisional ones may be adoptcessive stages, so as accurately to deter-ed serving to identify them temporarily, mine the kind of food, duration of the until better can be done. It must be the different conditions, etc., points all of the teacher's business to procure all the
hooks he can get relating to the subjects mind an idea distinct and definite at first collected, and by their means as well as wight. Instruction in writing as well by conference and correspondence with
as reading should be confined to the " Experts," find out what is already known of their history as well as the purely mechanical part only so long as names by which they are recognized. In will be found necessary to fix in the mind possession of such cabinets, it will then of the pupil the proper mode of forming be proper to introduce some test book the elementary characters and their simon natural history, and the course of in
plest combinations, Words written are struction, selecting one suited to the comprehension of the classes. Unfortunate- but the clothing of ideas. The intellecly, we have nothing new at our command tual part of writing should be connected bearing upon the generalities of natural with the mechanical far earlier than history and adapted to this country, ex
usual. This must be done first by recepting the text book of Zoology by Agassiz and Gould, which covers only quiring copies of sentences or paragraphs the physiology of zoology. This work, easily understood and containing some however, is very admirable as far as it important truth, extending this process goes and most highly to be recommended. S. F. BAIRD, Smithsonian Inst. gradually with the increasing capacity of
the pupil. Nor should the practice be too Communications.
long neglected of requiring the scholar to
give shape to his own ideas in simple nar(For the Journal of Education.
zative familiar letters. Thereby COURSE OF INSTRUCTION FOR OUR thought is developed and a knowledge of SCITOOLS.
the practical part of English Grammar is obtained. Let this course be pursued
as long as the pupil remains in school, O sooner does the scholar begin to ac- and it matters not if the theory of Gramquire the ideas of others, than there
mar be neglected, at least until its philosarises in his mind a natural desire to im
ophy can be appreciated. Far too much part them together with the thoughts en- time is wasted in simply imitating stale gendered by them, to others out of the
expressions or trite sayings, that have reach of the voice. “It is true," says little or no influence on the mind of the | Beccher, " that dress does not make the copyist. Writing, as an art merely, has ! man, but when a man is made he looks liittle value. It assumes importance pro| much better dressed up." The charac
portionate to the ideas it addresses to the i ters used to represent ideas do not make mind through the eye. the ideas, but when the thoughts are ful
When the child has knowledge enough ly developed their dress has much to do of Reading to gain a distinct idea of simwith their influence upon others. Hence ple statements, then may he commence the importance of a good style of pen- Intellectual Arithmetic. Among the firsť manship. Writing is, then, in my opin- developed thoughts of the child are thoso ion, of importance secondary only to of number. An acquaintance with Intelreading. It should be the aim of the lectual Arithmetic lies at the foundation Teacher to attend carefully to the forma- of all correct reasoning, whether analyti. tion of the elementary characters that they cal or synthetical. No other study has may be attractive to the eye, and easily so wide a range of influence or exerts distinguished from each other, and when such a power in the formation of characcombined, that they may convey to the ter as this. Its influence is felt in all de