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74 90 Waterford,
App'nt. RACINE COUNTY. No. Child'n. App'at.
7586 $5310 20
265 30 Spring Prairie,
$98 70 St. Croix County.
60 20 Walworth County.
230 30 Genesee,
930 30 Merton,
73 236 135
1354 WAUSHARA County. Adario,
106 Colonia, Dakota,
152 Mt. Morris,
LETTER OF P. R. HOY.
RACINE, Sept. - 1855. 94 50
Hon. A. C. Barry, State Superintendent 143 501 of Public Instruction. 219 80
Dear Sir:--This is in answer to yours 947 80
of a recent date, in which you solicited
my views on the following questions:74 20/" What place in importance should phys67 90
ical education occupy in public schools ?" 91 00 114 10
“What are the conditions that can be 106 40 controlled by public schools, which are
54 60 best calculated to secure a sound, vigor99 40 ous physical body ?" 112 00 60 20
To the first I answer that all we know 85 70 of the mind is through the body; hence 179 20
physical education must, from necessity, 94 50 152 60 underlie all else; and without a healthy,
well developed body there can be no last1241 80 ing intellectual greatness : for just in pro
portion to the perfection of the body, will 221 90 148 40
be the value of its intellectual and moral 203 70 manifestations. 181 80
That system of education is all wrong, 201 60 that does not have a direct tendency to 210 00 261 10 strengthen, invigorate and beautify the
86 80 animal system, as well as to enlighten the 410 90 understanding, and regulate the emotions 667 10 and disposition of the heart.
95 20 452 20
How many fatal errors are committed 224 70 by vain parents, and injudicious teachers 815 00 in directing all their efforts to excite, stim191 10 ulate and precociously develop tñe minds 157 50
of the young, to the neglect of their phys4028 50 ical nature! In a perfect system of edu
1774 WINNEBAGO COUNTY. Algoma,
817 Black Wolf
587 Oshkosh City,
cation, the three fold nature in man would it exerts a large influence over his physibe harmoniously developed; then we cal development, which has been too might have men and women physically much neglected. Of this I shall only healthy and beautiful; intellectually, with here speak. In a perfect state of things, minds active and enlightened, capable of every individual would be perfectly beaugreat and lasting mental efforts; morally tiful. There can be no physical perfection firm and dignified in the right. without it; for beauty is the normal con
Your second interrogatory corers a wide dition; hence, health and beauty are sy. and important field. I can only touch anonymous; then just so far as we bring few points, in a communication necessa- man back to his primitive, God-like conrily quite too limited to do justice to the dition, we restore him to beauty and subject.
health. School Houses.-The school buildings It can be shown that erery nation or should be architecturally tasteful, located class of people, remarkable for beauty of in not only the most healthy, but the person or feature, is not only surrounded most picturesque and charming spot to be by the beautiful, but has also a cultivated found within the district; with ample taste for these objects. This fact can be grounds attached, ornamented with trees, accounted for by that wonderful someflowering shrubs and plants, arranged with t.ing we call sympathy,—that something taste.*
which assimilates us to, and makes us a The furniture should be ornamental, as part of those objects and beings by which well as convenient; the rooms hung with we are surrounded. Where then should paintings, engravings and maps, executed we expect to find the most beautiful perin the best manner. The buildings and sons? Where but in ancient Greece and their surroundings, should present noth-Rome, in modern Italy, Spain and France ing to the eye but delightful and pleasing and among the better class of Germans objects, from the contemplation of which and English; just where we find in prothe mind would return satisfied, to make iusion the beauties of art and nature, in us better, more contented and happy, - connection with the most universal culti. quickening our sympathies--filling the vation of a refined taste, for whatever is mind with imagery of beauty and taste; grand, lovely, beautiful and graceful. for man in contemplating the beautiful in The emotions of taste can only be known artand nature, not only finds a delightful by being felt; and can no more be acenjoyment of an elevating charaeter, but quired without our being placed in suitable is profited by the influence these emo- circumstances,—that is surrounding ourtions exert on his physical nature. The selves with the beautiful or sublime, influence that the beautiful exerts over than a knowledge of music could be ac man is well known; but aside from this, quired without ever having heard a musi
cal tone. # Some fifteen miles from Racine, last sum- It is a physiological law that any immer, I passed a 'school house located on the very margin of a marshy, miasniatic swamp;
pression upon our form or features, long and not twenty feet from the door I noticed continued, becomes fixed and permanent some urchins, with rolled up paots, engaged in Exhibit to a child an offensive object, one the double occupation of capturing tad-poles and catehing the fever and ugue. Some pub- calculated to excite disgust or dislike and lic spirited, benevolent person, (?) donated to mark the expression of disquiet and loaththis districtthis site for a school house; it being worthless for any thing else.
ing. Now substitute an object of an op,
posite character, one suited to excite of the blood, thereby favoring a harmonipleasurable sensations, what a change ! - ous development of every tissuc; for the the eyes now sparkle and fairly dance with ultimate nutrition of the body, and calordelight; the face is all radiant with hap- ifaction of the blood, are only effected piness and beauty. Should these impres- within the capillaries. It follows then, if sions be long continued or frequently the circulation be retarded or cut off in repeated, they will be daguerreotyped on any part, nutrition of that part will dimthe dial of the soul-the human face di- inish or cease in the same ratio. Exervine. We have such examples in great cise, to be the most profitable, should call abundance. Look at the squalid poor :- into action, not only the entire muscular their children at birth very often have the system, but for the time must completely elements of beauty in a considerable de- engage the mind. Among the conditions gree; but by dwelling continually amidst that can be controlled, essential to insure coarse and disgusting objects, they grow the full physical benefit of exercise, are an up with that stereotyped quirk of the opportunity and a sufficient inducement upper lip and nose, which makes them for action. In childhood, when the funclook as though their olfactories were per- tions of assimilation are the most active, petually being offended. The shanty and and exercise is the most demanded, the its surroundings has become a part of opporturity should be given several times their existence; and its influence is stamp- a day to inhale the pure air, start a fresh ed upon their faces. Take one of these and active pulse, and relieve the aching children while young, and surround it capillaries. Ample room and opportunity with elegance, cultivate its taste, and you are all that is generally necessary to in. will be surprised at the lack of resem- cure the full benefit of exercise for chilblance to its parents. In proof I can pointuren, fresh from the hand of God, orerto individual cases that would be quite flowing with animal spirits. With minds satisfactory to the most skeptical, If such easily directed they rush with their whole a change be effected in the first genera- soul, mind's, lungs, feet and hands into tion, what ought we not to expect if such their childish sports. But with persons influences were continued for a series of of riper years, the case is quite different, generations
they require amusements more rational, VENTILATION.— Without pure unadul- to divert the mind, while the body is terated air, there can be no health-it is being invigorated. For such, gymnastic of the very first importance; it plays a exercise will be of much value; for that prominent part in all the phenomena of precision of action which distinguishes life. But so much has been written, and gymnastic from coinmon, loose, irregular, well written too, on the subject of ventila- random movements, compels the mind to ting school houses, that I will only here be directed with accuracy on the muscular record my voice in support of that system effort. Those free gymnastic exercises, of ventilation which will secure the most which require no technical apparatus or constant, and abundant supply of pure machinery are all sufficient to ensure the fresh air.
harmonious development of the body.EXERCISE. —Daily exercise in the open They ought to be introduced into the play air is essential to the best health ; it ex- grounds of every school, especially if sitpands the chest, equalizes the c.rculation uated in the large towns and cities.