Petroleum: Its History, Origin, Occurrence, Production, Physical and Chemical Constitution, Technology, Examination and Uses; Together with the Occurrences and Uses of Natural Gas

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H.C. Baird & Company, 1894 - 715 sider
 

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Density of Pennsylvania oils Determination of the density of petroleum
42
Physiological properties
48
Sulphur Injurious effect of sulphur
54
Content of paraffin in various oils Constitution and properties
60
Benzole series Specific gravity of the members of this series Diffusion
66
Combinations rich in carhon
69
Cpetroleum naphtha petroleum benzine safety oil Danforth oil
75
Analyses of natural gases from Murraysville Speechley and Fre
82
Recognition of disturbances of the oilbed
88
Oil lines Angells belt theory
92
Facts in the occurrence of oil in Pennsylvania
98
The process of formation not identical with the processes of distillation
99
Location of the transCaspian oil region Occurrence of petroleum
102
Pressure under which the gas escapes from boreholes
108
Tertiary Pliocene Miocene
114
Lower Devonian Silurian Upper Silurian Lower Silurian
120
Difference in opinions regarding the origin of petroleum Peculiar view
121
Theories advanced by M Coquand Grabowski and C H Hitchcock
127
G P Wall and Krugers observations of the occurrence of asphalt
133
From animals Opinions of various scientists
139
Residues left behind by animals and plants
145
Alexejews apparatus 342
147
From plants and animals Prof Lesleys view of the formation of Penn
151
Reasons advanced by several scientists that petroleum has been formed
154
Process of the formation of petroleum
158
Occurrence of bitumen at Seyssel on the Rhone France Occurrence
160
Early methods of obtaining oil in Galicia the United States and Ger
166
Boring machinery of the Well Works Co of Aurora Ill Average per
172
The derrick and its construction The engine and its connections
176
String of drilling tools
180
Faucks boring system with freefall drill
186
Faucks selfacting freefall jars
192
Recovery of the tubing
198
Cost of drilling wells
204
Tank vessels early use of tank vessels in Russia Improvements
210
Russian tank steamers
216
United Pipe Lines Association
221
Pumping stations Pumps employed in the service
229
Pipe lines in the Caucasus
235
CHAPTER VIII
241
Englers apparatus Results of Englers examinations of various kinds
248
Distillation with the thermometerbulb in the gas space
254
Table for the reduction to the normal temperature of 590 F of
259
Receiving crude oil Pipes and tanks in use
265
Prof Benjamin Sillimans experiments Isaiah Warrens still Construc
271
Wagon still
278
Impracticability of the use of air for condensing Original form of con
284
Open method of distributing tanks
291
Flashing point of the distillates Manufacture of light products
296
Heckmanns naphtha still
302
Evolution of sulphurous acid in treating the distillate with sulphuric
309
Systems of conveying air to the agitator Principal systems of refining
315
System with one vessel
321
Settling tanks
327
Arrangement of a dephlegmator
379
Purposes of refining crude shale oil Process of refining Chemical treat
385
Ramdohrs filtering apparatus
391
Drum for pulverizing bone black
397
Methods of testing which have to be executed in determining the physi
405
Table showing results obtained by fractional distillation of different
411
Englers apparatus for distilling oil with superheated steam
417
Apparatuses with open petroleumholders Tagliabues open tester
423
Abels apparatus as introduced in England Parrish naphthometer
432
Englers apparatus improved by K Neumann
439
Victor Meyers method of determining the flashing temperatur
440
Penskys apparatus
448
Requirements which a testing apparatus should answer
454
Importance of the viscosity of lubricating oils and their behavior when
461
Wilsons viscosimeter
467
Prof Stefano Paglianis viscosimeter for the determination of the
473
Stahls apparatus Simpler tests employed by manufacturers Tests as
476
Ingham and Stapfers lubricanttesting machine Prof R H Thurstons
486
Table showing the results obtained in testing a series of vegetable
494
Jaehns testing machine for the examination and choice of lubricants
500
Value of experiments with testing machines
507
Preparation of the standard candles for making experiments Munich
514
Condition of the room in which the photometric measurements are
522
Results of comparison of German varieties of petroleum with Caucasian
529
An older form of colorimeter
535
Determination of paraffin Of resin and caoutchouc Of rosin oil
541
Detection of smaller quantities of fat oils Quantitative determination
547
Crude oil as a remedial agent Petroleum products
553
Gasoline and its use for the manufacture of illuminating and fuel gas
555
Use of petroleum and its products for driving motors Methods by which
561
Priestman petroteum motor
568
V Schiltzs petroleum motor Motors of F Wilhelm and J Har
574
The wick and its functions Researches of Beilstein Engler and Lew
580
Lamps for heavy oils and residuum Arrangement for lighting the yard
585
E Grubes oleovapor lamp The sunlight lamp
591
Intschiks apparatus for the production of gas and tar containing
597
Advantages of oilflring for metallurgical purposes Quantity of heat
603
Nonsuccess of gasified fuel General adoption of the method of combus
608
Drorys tar and oil sprinkler
615
What determines the use of petroleum for steam fuel Creation of
621
Apparatuses for locomotives Experiments of St Clair Deville
627
Apparatuses for hearths Nobel and Wittenstroms stepfurnace West
634
Lubrication of marine engines and of the cold parts of stationary engines
640
Englers investigations of German and Alsace lubricating oils with tables
643
Action of officinal petroleum Cosmoline and its properties
649
Analysis of naphtha candles by the Technological Institute of St Peters
655
Co
661
Use of natural gas for burning lime in the Surachani district and
662
A Hilgers analysis of oilgas S Lamanskys report on the examination
668
R Schwarzs furnace D H Knapps apparatus Pintschs gas producer
675
Content of crystallized and anhydrous salts in solutions of carbonate
681
Purification of crude paraffine
704
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