« ForrigeFortsett »
rushed forward to embrace the guard, and enthusiasti- 1. which they had formerly marched to victory, and which cally mounted the tri-coloured cockade.
they had carefully concealed at the bottom of their Thus reinforced, he advanced to Grenoble. The gar- knapsacks. The tattered and faded ribands were now rison consisted of the seventh and eleventh regiments exhibited with enthusiasm. “See,” cried the military of the line, the fourth bussars, and the fourth of artil- rebels, “they are the same which we wore at Austerlery. This was the very regiment in which Buonaparte litz and Marengo!” had commenced bis military career, twenty-five years The mayor and civil authorities now presented thembefore, and in which his memory was still cherished selves, and wished to conduct Napoleon to the governwith affection.
ment-house : but he chose to proceed to the hotel of The seventh was commanded by Colonel Labedoyère, the Three Dolphins, wbich was kept by one of his old who had recently received his appointment from Louis, soldiers, to whom he had formerly been attached, and together with the decoration of the legion of honour : where the conspirators had been accustomed to hold yet he traitorously resolved to join the cause of the in- their meetings. Scarcely bad he entered his apartvader. His soldiers were equally disloyal with himself, ments, when the approach of an immense crowd utterand he had no sooner intimated his design than he was ing some unintelligible shouts drew him to the balcony. cheered with deafening shouts of “ Vive l'Empereur !” | There he beheld the deluded mob dragging along the
General Devillers, hearing from a distance the shouts remains of the gate through which he had entered. of the troops, hurried to the ramparts; but the regi- "We were not permitted,” they exclaimed, “ to present ment had then cleared the gates, and was almost out of you with the keys, but, instead of them, here are the sight. He immediately hastened to pursue the de- gates." serters, and, overtaking the rear of the column, he Buonaparte now proceeded to Lyons, where he spent induced about one hundred to return to their duty. two days, in issuing his proclamations, and presiding But, when he reached the head of the corps where was at the fêtes and balls given by the civil authorities in the colonel surrounded by his officers, neither his en- honour of his arrival. He then set out for Villefranche, treaties nor his menaces were regarded.
and arrived at Macon in the evening. On the 15th, he Buonaparte's forces being nearly doubled by the ad-slept at Autun, and, on the 16th, be reached Avallon. dition of Labedoyère's regiment, he boldly marched to Such was his temerity, that he travelled in an open wards Grenoble, and, at nine o'clock in the evening, carriage, seldom escorted by more than a dozen draarrived at the suburbs. The gates were shut, and the goons, and sometimes without a single attendant. He ramparts were lined by the troops which composed the was often more than a league before his advancedgarrison, whom the commandant, General Marchand, guard, and it would have been easy for the smallest earnestly exhorted to resist the invader. On the keys detachment to have arrested him in his career, and thus being formally demanded, it was said, that Marcband to bave secured the repose of France and of Europe. had carried-them away. Some little delay occurring, A few stages from Lyons be met a regiment of caa tumultuous movement took place among the troops valry who had been sent to arrest his progress. He no and the inhabitants who occupied the ramparts. Buo. sooner discovered the dragoons at a distance, with the naparte was recognised at a short distance; the intelli- king's standard and colours, than he quitted his cargence was rapidly communicated. A sudden shout riage, mounted a led-horse, and, attended by one aideburst from the deluded populace, and the cannoneers, de-camp, advanced to meet them. He rode up to the who stood at their pieces, extinguished their matches colonel, and, without any introduction, ordered the rein an instant, and joined in the acclamations.
giment to break into columns and follow him
;-an Napoleon's engineers now prepared to force the gates; order which was obeyed with the utmost promptitude but they had no sooner commenced their operations, and cheerfulness. than the whole garrison threw down their arms, tramp As the report of Napoleon's approach preceded bim, led the white cockade in the dust, and, rushing to the immense crowds assembled in many of the towns, and gates, tore them open, Buonaparte entered the town abandoned themselves to various excesses. A furious at ten o'clock, amidst an immense crowd, composed of and intoxicated mob ran through the streets, destroythe populace and the soldiers, who thronged from every ing every symbol of the Bourbon government, insulting quarter to gaze upon him, and salute him with the im- all persons who appeared with a white cockade, and perial title.
even plundering the houses, and threatening the lives In a few minutes every soldier had mounted the na- of those who were most distinguished for their attachtional colours. These cockades were not new, nor sup- ment to their legitimate prince. The moment the Corplied by Buonaparte ; they were the old colours under sican appeared, they thronged round him; and deafen
ed him with their acclamations. He smiled upon one ; | baps bis heart bad failed him, and he had retreated addressed another; distributed crosses of the legion of during the night. If so, France was saved, and Europe honour among the most violent, and actually exclaimed was free. At length a light trampling of horses beto the vagabonds of St. Jean de Losne, “ It was for you, came audible. It approached: an open carriage, atmy friends, that I instituted the legion of honour, and tended by a few hussars and dragoons, appeared on not for the emigrants pensioned by our inveterate the skirts of the forest. It drove down the hills with foes."
the rapidity of lightning : it reached the advanced The number of national guards, volunteers, and posts. “ Vive l'Empereur !” burst from the astonished other troops, collected at Melun, to stop the march of soldiery. “ Napoleon! Napoleon the Great !” spread Buonaparte, was not less than one hundred thousand from rank to rank; for, bare-headed, Bertrand seated men. They appeared devoted to the cause of the king, at bis right, and Drouet at his left, Buonaparte contiand eager to repel bis antagonist.' A powerful artil-nued his course, now waving his hand, now opeting Jery strengthened their positions. Relying on their bis arms to the soldiers, whom be called “ his friends, numbers, they had left the town, the rocks, and the his companions in arms, whose honour, whose glories, forest of Fontainbleau, unguarded ; preferring the flat whose country, be came to restore.” All discipline plains of Melun, where the whole of their army might was forgotten, disobeyed, and insuhted; the commandaet at once against the comparatively small band of the ers-in-chief took to flight; thousands rushed on his invader. On the 19th, Buonaparte reached and occu- passage ; acelamations rent the sky. At that moment pied Fontainbleau, without the least opposition. He bis own guard descended the bill-the imperial march had at that time with him only fifteen thousand veteran was played-the eagles were once more exbibited, and troops ; but other divisions were either following bim, those whose deadly weapons were to have aimed at or advancing to support bis right and left flapks on each other's life, embraced as brothers, and joined in parallel lines of march.
universal shouts. In the midst of these greetings, NaEarly in the morning of Monday the 29th, prepa- poleon passed through the whole of the royal army, rations were made on both sides for the encounter pursuing his course to Paris. which was expected to take place. The French army At nine o'clock, Buonaparte entered Paris, in his was drawn up in three lines, the intervals and Aanks travelling-carriage, almost without escort, and was being armed with batteries. The centre occupied the not recognized until he arrived at the Thuilleries. Paris road. The ground from Fontainbleau to Melun There he was received by his soldiers, and by the popuis a continual declivity; so that, on emerging from lace with an enthusiasm bordering on madness. They the forest, a clear view of the country presents itself; pressed around him till he was in danger of suffocawhilst, on the other hand, those below can easily de- tion, and his officers were obliged to carry him in their scry whatever appears on the eminence. An awful si-arms along the staircase and into the state-apartments, lence, broken only at times by peals of martial music, where bis sisters Julia and Hortensia, with some of his intended to confirm the loyalty of the troops by re- former ministers, and the officers of his housebold, were peating the royal airs of Vive Henri Quatre, and La assembled to hail bis return. Belle Gabrielle, or by the voice of the commanders The subsequent conduct of Buonaparte, the meaand the march of divisions to their appointed ground, sures adopted by the allied sovereigns in consequence pervaded the king's army. All was now anxious ex- of his second usurpation, the signal defeat which be pectation ; the chiefs, conscious that a moment would sustained on the plains of Waterloo, his surrender to decide the fate of the Bourbon dynasty; and the troops, the British government, and his deportation to the island perhaps secretly awed at the thought of meeting in hos- of St. Helena, have already been laid before the reader. tility the man whom they had been accustomed to obey. It only remains, therefore, to express our fervent hope On the side of Fontainbleau no sound, as of an army that he will no more be permitted to agitate and disrushing to battle, was heard. If the enemy were ad-tract the world by that restless ambition which seems vancing, his troops evidently moved in silence. Per. I to be inseparable from his very existence.
I N D E X.
ABDICATION, second, of Buonaparte, 173.
Bruce, Mr., arrested by the French police, 245 examination of, 251–
trial of, 254, 258.
Bruges, description of, 128.
Brunswick, death of the duke of, 42,
to the army, 15-of the vagrants of St. Antoine to Buonaparte, 27 the city, 39-geographical description of, 124.
Louis XVIII, 201—of the army of the Loire to Louis XVIII, 204. Buonaparte, Lucien, conversation of, with his brother, 171.
- Napoleon, quits Paris for the army; 37-expresses his ad-
miration of the British troops at Waterloo, 47, 48, 52—fies disgrace.
fully from Waterloo, 55—narrowly escapes at Gemappe, ib.-return
of, to the Thuilleries, 157-meets the members of the council, 166–
180—and afterwards to Rochefort, 182– conduct of, at Rochefort, 254
Marshal Blucher, 43—of Lord Wellington, 51, 88 of Marshal Blu to the Prince Regent, 261-arrives at Plymouth, 203-sketch of his
, anecdute of a cowardly, 96.
Confederation, of the suburbs of St. Antoine and Marceau, 27.,
Confidence in the English, anecdote of, 99.
Convention, for the surrender of Paris, 193_of Cintra, 320.
heroic conduct at Bourdeaux, 12, 14-her proclamation to the Bor 10.
Conversations of Buonaparte with his ministers, on his return from
Waterloo, 138—with his brother Lucien, 171-on board the Bellero-
Helena, 282, 288.
Coolness, surprising, of the Duke of Wellington, 51.
Correspondence between Sir C. Stewart and the Duke de Richelieu, on
the arrest of Sir R. Wilson, and Messrs. Bruce and Hutchinson, 245.
Cuirassiers, account of the French, 44, 97.
Debates in the council summoned by Buona parte, 172—in the chamber
of representatives, 169, 175, 178, 200.
Decision of the British cabinet respecting the disposal of Buonaparte,
Declaration of the allied powers, in consequence of Buonaparte's escape
passing the Russian frontier, 422.
Declarations of the Emperor Alexander, 409, 412, 416, 417.
Decree of Buonaparte for the abolition of the slave-trade, 19-for the
establishment of national schools, 20 of the Spanish cortes relative
to the Duke of Wellington, 371.
Delancey, Sir William, death of, 51.
public characters, 291—Field-marshal the Duke of Wellington, ib.- Dendermonde, description of, 140.
434, 439, 440 of Lord Burghersh, 441, 442, 443, 445.
Devotion, instance of, in the Emperor Alexander, at the battle of Leip-
Discipline of Lord Wellington's army in Spain, 89—in France, 185.
Documents, interesting, relative to the movements of the Silesian army,
Drouet, General, opinions of, relative to the battle of Waterloo, 157.
Effort, last, of the French, at Waterloo, 34.
Ney, 233-of Lucien Buonaparte to the Princess Borghese, 259
of Cardinal Fesch to the same, ib.-of Napoleon Buonaparte to the
Prince Regent, 261—of the Prince Regent to Lord Wellington, 371
peror Alexander to the widow of Prince Kutusoff, 426—of Gen. Mo.
reau, 432—of General Hill to Lord Wellington, 455.
Life-guardsmen, anecdotes of, 94.
Ligny, battle of, 42, 43_official account of the, 59.
Rochefort, 260—of a letter from a staff-officer at St. Helena, 288. excursion to Moscow, 289.
from an officer of the 18th hussars, 145—from a private in the 10th ages embarked in the Bellerophon with Buonaparte, 260.
Loudon, disappointment of the countess of, 287.
Louis XVIII. retires to Lisle, 11-and Ostend, ib.--takes possession of
Cambray, 186—returns to Paris, 201.
Louvain, description of, 130.
Luxembourg, description of, 132.
Macara, Colonel, cut down by the French, 40.
Maitland, General, anecdote of, 142.
to his second abdication, 3—from the second abdication of Napoleon Memorial relative to the deportation of Buona parte, 265.
Miller, Colonel, anecdote of, 93.
Military report from Colonel Lowe to Sir C. Stewart, 440.
Mons, description of, 131.
Mont St. Jean, village of, 141.
Monument, a national, decreed, in honour of the heroes who fell at
Moore, Sir John, particulars of his retreat in Spain, 438.
Moscow, Buonaparte's excursion to, 289.
Museum, stripping of the French, 216.
Muttlebuty, Colonel, anecdote of, 93.
Namur, description of, 134.
Netherlands, history of the, 111--123-air, soil, &c. 123—agriculture
and vegetable productions, ib.-curiosities and antiquities, 124-lan-
guage, ib. collections of paintings, ib.-manufactures and commerce,
Ney, Marshal, trial of, before a Court-Martial, 227–230-his letter to
peers, 234-his conduct after his condemnatiou, 235-his execution
and interment, 236.
Ninety-second regiment, gallantry of, 49.
Note from the ministers of the united cabinets to the Duke of Richelieu,
Oldenburg, the Duchess of, visits England, 447.
Operations, military, which accompanied and followed the battle of
Orders, general, of Buonaparte, 37—of Marshal Blucher, 392.
Order of the day, issued at Binche, by Lord Wellington, 184—by the
Prince of Eckmuhl, 205—by Lord Wellington previous to his invasion
of France, 374-by Prince Kutusoff, 423.
Ordinances of Louis XVIII., 203, 205, 206, 207.
Ostend, description of, 137.
view of, after the battle, 109.
Paris fortified by Buonaparte, 21-invested by Blucher and Wellington,
191-second capitulation of, 193—entered by the allies, 197.
which it occasioned in the chamber of deputies, ib.-unadame, im- Parties formed at Paris during Buonaparte's absence, 156.
Physiognomy, conversation of Buonaparte on, 287.
Pichegru, General, assertions of Buonaparte respecting the death of, 285,
Sir William, death of, 49, 93.
Preservation of Lord Wellington by a British tar, 100.
Subscription, account of the Waterloo, 155.
Sufferings, dreadful, of a wounded officer, 98.
, Lieutenant, anecdote of, 94.
of Prince Schwartzenburg, 440 of the King of Prussia, 439, 441. Uxbridge, Lord, anecdotes of, 92.
Versatility of the inhabitants of Cambray, 186.
View of the field of Waterloo, a few weeks after the engagement, 108.
Warden's letters from St. Helena, a bona fide abridgment of the most
interesting of, 278—288.
Waterloo, niemorable battle of, 47-54—the English official account
of, 56—the Prussian account, 58—the Belgian account, 62—the Ha-
noverian account, 63—the Spanish account, 64—the French account,
67—Marshal Ney's account, 71-relation of, by a French officer, 73
88 view of the field, a few weeks after the engagement, 108—village
of, 141-additional particulars relative to the engagement of, 142.
XVIII, on the state of France, 212- of M. Pozzo di Borgho to the Wellington, Lord, his ancestors, 291–birth and education, 292—com.
secretary for Ireland, and a member of the privy council, ib.- engaged
the thanks of Parliament for the victory of Vimiera, 325m-sent a se-
cond time to the Peninsula, 326—sketch of his campaigns, 326-378
declared generalissimo of the Spanish armies, 332- created Viscount
Wellington, 334-permitted to accept the title of Condé de Vimiera,
343-raised to the rank of duke and marquis of the united kingdom,
379-receives intelligence, at Brussels, of Buonaparte's movements,
39—hastens to Quatre Bras, 40-exposes himself to the greatest peril,
50m exposure to danger, 51-heads the final attack, 54-gains the
brilliant victory of Waterloo, 55_message of the Regent respecting
him, 151-thanks of parliament voted to, ib.
Wilson, Sir Robert, arrested by the French police, 245m examination
of, 246—251,-trial of, 254–258base insinuation against, by Bro-
Wright, Captain, assertions of Buonaparte respecting, 283.
DIRECTIONS TO THE BINDER.
The Frontispiece......to face the Vignette Title-pagem-representing A dismounted Life-Guardsman fighting a Cuirassier ..........Page 94
Page 40 Meeting of Lord Wellington and Blucher at La Belle Alliance......110
83 Sir Thomas Picton
K Cut the Preface from this Half-sheet, and place it after the printed Titlo-page.