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Acts of Congress.

and authority to hear and determine all such capital cases, in the same manner as the superior courts of such district have in their ordinary sessions: and when the offender shall be apprehended, or brought for trial, into any of the United States, except Kentucky, it shall be lawful for the President of the United States to issue a like commission to any one or more judges of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the judge of the district in which such offender may have been apprehended, or shall have been brought for trial; which judges, or any two of them, shall have the same jurisdiction in such capital cases as the circuit court of such district, and shall proceed to trial and judgment in the same manner as such circuit court might or could do. And the district courts of Kentucky and Maine shall have jurisdiction of all crimes, offences, and misdemeanors, committed against this act, and shall proceed to trial and judgment, in the same manner as the circuit courts of the United States.

SEC. 16. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for the military force of the United States, to apprehend every person who shall or may be found in the Indian country over and beyond the said boundary line between the United States and the said Indian tribes, in violation of any of the provisions or regulations of this act, and him or them immediately to convey in the nearest convenient and safe route, to the civil authority of the United States, in some one of the three next adjoining States or districts, to be proceeded against in due course of law: Provided, That no person apprehended by military force as aforesaid, shall be detained longer than ten days after the arrest and before removal.

SEC. 19. And be it further enacted, That nothing in this act shall be construed to prevent any trade or intercourse with Indians living on lands surrounded by settlements of the citizens of the United States, and being within the ordinary jurisdiction of any of the individual States; or the unmolested use of a road from Washington district to Mero district, and of the navigation of the Tennessee river, as reserved and secured by treaty.

SEC. 20. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be and he is hereby authorized to cause to be clearly ascertained and distinctly marked, in all such places as he shall deem necessary, and in such manner as he shall direct, any other boundary lines between the United States and any Indian tribe which now are or hereafter may be established by treaty.

SEC. 21. And be it further enacted, That all and every other act and acts, coming within the purview of this act, shall be and they are hereby repealed: Provided nevertheless, That all disabilities that have taken place shall continue and remain, all penalties and forfeitures that have been incurred may be recovered, and all prosecutions and suits that may have been commenced may be prosecuted to final judgment under the said act or acts, in the same manner as if the said act or acts were continued and in full force and virtue.

SEC. 22. And be it further enacted, That this act shall be in force for the term of two years, and from thence to the end of the session of Congress next thereafter, and no longer. Approved, May 19, 1796.

An Act relative to quarantine.

United States be and he is hereby authorized to Be it enacted, &c., That the President of the direct the revenue officers and the officers com

SEC. 17. And be it further enacted, That if any person who shall be charged with a violation of any of the provisions or regulations of this act, shall be found within any of the United States, or either of the territorial districts of the United States, such offender may be there appre-manding forts and revenue cutters, to aid in the hended and brought to trial, in the same manner execution of quarantine, and also in the execution as if such crime or offence had been committed of the health laws of the States respectively, in within such State or district; and it shall be the such manner as may to him appear necessary. duty of the military force of the United States, when called upon by the civil magistrate or any Approved, May 27, 1796. proper officer, or other person duly authorized for that purpose and having a lawful warrant, to aid and assist such magistrate, officer, or other person authorized as aforesaid in arresting such offender, and him committing to safe custody, for trial according to law.

SEC. 18. And be it further enacted, That the amount of fines and duration of imprisonment directed by this act as a punishment for the violation of any of the provisions thereof, shall be ascertained and fixed, not exceeding the limits prescribed, in the discretion of the court before whom the trial shall be had; and that all fines and forfeitures which shall accrue under this act shall be one half to the use of the informant and the other half to the use of the United States; except where the prosecution shall be first instituted on behalf of the United States, in which case the whole shall be to their use.

An Act altering the compensation of the Accountant of the War Department.

Be it enacted, &c., That there shall hereafter be allowed to the Accountant of the Department of War, the sum of one thousand six hundred dollars per annum, as a compensation for his services, in lieu of the compensation heretofore

allowed.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That all letters and packets to and from the Accountant of the Department of War, shall be conveyed by post, free of postage, under such restrictions as are provided by law in like cases. Approved, May 27, 1796.

An Act respecting the Mint.

Be it enacted, &c., That there shall be appropriated for the purchase of copper for the further

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Acts of Congress.

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coinage of cents and half cents, a sum equal to An Act in addition to an act, entitled "An act sup-
the amount of the cents and half cents which
shall have been coined at the Mint and delivered
to the Treasurer of the United States, subsequent
to the first day of January, one thousand seven
hundred and ninety-six; which sum shall be pay-
able out of any moneys in the Treasury not other-
wise appropriated.

plementary to the act, entitled 'An act to provide
more effectually for the collection of the duties on
goods, wares, and merchandise, imported into the
United States, and on the tonnage of ships or
vessels."

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the passing of this act, there shall be retained from every deposite in the Mint of gold or silver bullion below the standard of the United States, such sum as shall be equivalent to the expense incurred in refining the same; and an accurate account of such expense on every deposite shall be kept, and of the sums retained on account of the same, which shall be accounted for by the Treasurer of the Mint to the Treasurer of the United States.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That this
act shall continue in force for the term of two
years from the passing thereof, and from thence
until the end of the next session of Congress
thereafter holden, and no longer.
Approved, May 27, 1796.

An Act altering the sessions of the Circuit Courts in
the districts of Vermont and Rhode Island, and for
other purposes.

Be it enacted, &c., That, from and after the first day of June next, the Circuit Court for the district of Vermont shall be held at Rutland and Windsor alternately, beginning with the former, on the seventh day of November and on the twelfth day of May annually: Provided, when either of those days shall be Sunday the court shall be held on the day following.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That all writs and processes, of whatever name or description, which may have issued from either of the courts before mentioned, or which shall hereafter issue, the return of which will be interrupted by this act, shall be returned to the terms of the courts respectively next succeeding the terms to which they were made returnable. And the said writs and processes before mentioned, together with all matters and business depending before either of the courts before mentioned, shall be taken up and proceeded upon to final issue and determination, in the same manner and to the same effect as if no alteration had been made in the times or places of holding the said courts respectively.

Approved, May 27, 1796.

Be it enacted, &c., That, from and after the last day of June next, there shall be established the following new districts and ports of delivery, to wit: in the State of Massachusetts, a district to be called the district of Ipswich, which shall include the waters and shores within the said town of Ipswich, which shall be the sole port of entry of the same; and a collector shall be appointed to reside in the said town of Ipswich, and thenceforward the office of surveyor for the said port shall cease. In the State of New Jersey, a district to be called the district of Little Egg harbor, which shall comprehend all the shores, waters, bays, rivers, and creeks, from Barnegat inlet to Brigantine inlet, both inclusively; and the town of Tuckerton shall be the sole port of entry for the said district; and a collector for the same shall be appointed to reside at the said town of Tuckerton, and thenceforward the office of surveyor for the said port of Little Egg harbor shall cease. In the State of Maryland, a district to be called the district of Havre de Grace, which shall include all the shores and waters of the Chesapeake bay, above Turkey point and Spes Utiæ island; and a collector shall be appointed to reside at Havre de Grace, which shall be the sole port of entry for the same. In the district of Newburyport the town of Newbury shall be a port of delivery. In the district of Dighton the towns of Berkley and Taunton shall be ports of delivery.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the fall session of the Circuit Court for the district of Rhode Island shall be held on the nineteenth day of November, with the exception for Sunday, as is provided in the preceding section.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That, from and after the last day of June next, the district of Hudson, in the State of New York, shall be confined to the limits of the city of Hudson; and all other places which were, by the act, entitled SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the "An act supplementary to the act, entitled 'An District Court for the district last aforesaid, in-act to provide more effectually for the collection stead of the several days heretofore prescribed, of the duties on goods, wares, and merchandise, shall be held annually, on the first Tuesday of imported into the United States, and on the tonAugust, the third Tuesday of November, the first nage of ships or vessels,"" included in the said Tuesday of February, and the second Tuesday district of Hudson, shall be annexed to the disof May. trict of New York. And the description of the district of Waldoborough in the said recited act shall be so far altered as, instead of saying "a place called Duck-trap," to say, " that part of a place called Duck-trap, which lies between the towns of Camden and Northport," and, instead of saying, "all the shores and waters from the middle of Damarascotty river to Duck-trap," to say, "all the shores and waters from the middle of Damarascotty river to the southwardly side of the town of Northport." That in the State of Maryland the district of Cedar point shall be called the district of Nanjemoy, which shall be the sole port of entry and delivery for the said district; and the collector shali reside at Nanjemoy. And that in the district of Nantucket, in the State of Massachusetts, the name of the port of Sherburne shall be changed to the port of

Acts of Congress.

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Nantucket: Provided always, That no alteration say: "I, A B, collector of the district of D. do in the name or description of the said districts hereby certify that E F, an American seaman, shall be construed to affect the compensation of aged years, or thereabouts, of the heighth of the officers thereof. feet inches, [describing the said seaman as particularly as may be,] has this day produced to me proof in the manner directed in the act, entitled "An act for the relief and protection of American seamen ;' and, pursuant to the said act, I do hereby certify that the said E F is a citizen of the United States of America. In witness whereof, 1 have hereunto set my hand and seal of office, this

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the collectors to be appointed in conformity with this act, shall each become bound in the sum of two thousand dollars, in manner as is by law provided in like cases, and the same duties, authorities, and fees of office, with a similar distribution thereof, shall appertain to those appointments as are now in like cases authorized by law. And the collectors aforesaid shall each receive two per centum on all moneys by them respectively received; and shall also respectively receive the allowance of one hundred dollars annually, from and after the said last day of June

next.

Approved, May 27, 1796.

day of" And it shall be the duty of the collectors aforesaid to file and preserve the proofs of citizenship produced as aforesaid; and for each certificate delivered as aforesaid, the said collectors shall be entitled to receive from the seaman applying for the same the sum of twenty-five

cents.

SEC. 5. And, in order that full and speedy information may be obtained of the seizure or detention, by any foreign Power, of any seamen emsea-ployed on board any ship or vessel of the United States, Be it further enacted, That it shall, and hereby is declared to be the duty of the master of every ship or vessel of the United States, any of the crew whereof shall have been impressed or detained by any foreign Power, at the first port at which such ship or vessel shall arrive, if such impressment or detention happened on the high seas, or if the same happened within any foreign port, then in the port in which the same happened. immediately to make a protest, stating the manner of such impressment or detention. by whom made, together with the name and place of residence of the person impressed or detained; distinguishing also whether he was an American citizen, and, if not, to what nation he belonged. And it shall be the duty of such master to transmit, by post or otherwise, every such protest made

a foreign country to the nearest Consul or agent, or to the Minister of the United States resident in such country, if any such there be; preserving a duplicate of such protest, to be by him sent, immediately after his arrival within the United States, to the Secretary of State, together with information to whom the original protest was transmitted; and in case such protest shall be made within the United States, or in any foreign country in which no Consul, agent, or Minister of the United States resides, the same shall, as soon thereafter as practicable, be transmitted by such master, by post or otherwise, to the Secretary of

An Act for the relief and protection of American

men.

Be it enacted, &c., That the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, be, and hereby is, authorized to appoint two or more agents: the one of whom shall reside in the kingdom of Great Britain, and the others at such foreign ports as the President of the United States shall direct. That the duty of the said agents shall be, under the direction of the President of the United States, to inquire into the situation of such American citizens, or others sailing, conformably to the Law of Nations, under the protection of the American flag, as have been or may hereafter be impressed or detained by any foreign Power; to endeavor, by all legal means, to obtain the release of such American citizens or others, as aforesaid; and to render an account of all impressments and detentions what-in ever, from American vessels, to the Executive of the United States.

SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That if it should be expedient to employ an additional agent or agents for the purposes authorized by this law, during the recess of the Senate, the President alone be, and he hereby is, authorized to appoint such agent or agents.

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to draw annually out of the Treasury of the United States a sum not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars, not otherwise appropri-State. ated, to be applied by him in such proportions as he shall direct, to the payment of the compensation of the said agents for their services, and the incidental expenses attending the performance of the duties imposed on them by this act. SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That the col-collectors of the districts of the United States, lector of every district shall keep a book or books, whose duty it is hereby declared to be, from time in which, at the request of any seaman, being a to time, to make known the provisions of this law citizen of the United States of America, and pro- to all masters of ships and vessels of the United ducing proof of his citizenship, authenticated in States entering or clearing at their several offices. the manner hereinafter directed, he shall enter And the master of every such ship or vessel shall, the name of such seaman, and shall deliver to before he is admitted to an entry by any such collec him a certificate, in the following form, that is to tor, be required to declare, on oath, whether any of

SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That a copy of this law be transmitted by the Secretary of State to each of the Ministers and Consuls of the United States resident in foreign countries, and by the Secretary of the Treasury to the several

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Acts of Congress.

duty any carriage usually and chiefly employed in husbandry, or for the transportation or carrying of goods, wares, merchandise, produce, or commodities.

the crew of the ship or vessel under his command have been impressed or detained in the course of his voyage, and how far he has complied with the directions of this act. And every such master as shall wilfully neglect or refuse to make the decla- SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That the rations herein required, or to perform the duties duties aforesaid shall be levied and collected upon enjoined by this act, shall forfeit and pay the sum all carriages usually and chiefly employed for the of one hundred dollars. And it is hereby declar- conveyance of persons, by whatever name or deed to be the duty of every such collector to prose-scription the same have been, or shall hereafter cute for any forfeiture that may be incurred under be known and called. And in cases of doubt, any carriage shall be deemed to belong to that class, to which the same shall bear the greatest resemblance, (to be determined in manner hereinafter provided,) and shall be subject to duty accordSe-ingly.

this act.

SEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That the collector of every port of entry in the United States shall send a list of the seamen registered under this act once every three months to the cretary of State, together with an account of such impressments or detentions as shall appear by the protests of the masters to have taken place.

SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the first, second, and third sections of this act shall be in force for one year, and from thence to the end of the next session of Congress thereafter, and no longer.

Approved, May 28, 1796.

An Act laying duties on carriages for the conveyance of persons; and repealing the former act for that

SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That the duties aforesaid shall be levied, collected, received, and accounted for, by and under the immediate direction of the supervisors and inspectors of the revenue, and other officers of inspection; subject to the superintendence, control, and direction of the Department of the Treasury, according to the authorities and duties of the respective officers thereof.

purpose.

SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That every person having or keeping a carriage or carriages, upon which a duty or duties shall be payable according to this act, shall yearly, and in every year, in the month of September, or within sixty Be it enacted, &c., That, from and after the days previous thereto, make and subscribe a true last day of August next, the duties laid by the and exact entry of each and every such carriage; act, entitled "An act laying duties upon carria- therein specifying distinctly each carriage owned ges for the conveyance of persons," shall cease, or kept by him or her for his or her use, or for and shall not thenceforth be collected; but in lieu hire, with the description and denomination therethereof, there shall be levied, collected, and paid, of, and the rate of duty to which each and every the following yearly rates and duties upon all such carriage is liable; which entry shall be carriages for the conveyance of persons, which lodged with the officer of inspection for the disshall be kept by, or for any person, for his or her trict in which such owner or person liable for the own use, or to be let out for hire, or for the con- payment of such duty shall reside: And that it veyance of passengers, to wit: For and upon every shall be the duty of the officers of inspection to coach, whether driven with a box, or by postillion, attend, within the month of September in each the yearly sum of fifteen dollars; for and upon eve-year, at one or more of the most public and conry chariot, post-chariot, and post-chaise, the yearly venient places in each county within their respecsum of twelve dollars; for and upon every pha- tive districts, and to give public notice at least ton for the conveyance of one or more persons, one month previous to such day, of the time and with or without a top; and for and upon every place of such attendance. and to receive such coachee, or other carriage, having panel work, entry made in the manner before directed, at such with blinds, glasses, or curtains in the upper divi- place, or at any other, where he may happen to sion of the sides, front or back thereof, the yearly be within the said month of September; and on sum of nine dollars; for and upon every four tender and payment being made of the duty or wheel carriage having framed posts and tops, and duties therein mentioned, to grant a certificate hanging on steel springs, (whether drawn by one for each and every carriage mentioned in such or more horses,) the yearly sum of six dollars; entry; therein specifying the name of the owner, for and upon every four wheel top carriage hang- the description and denomination of the carriage, ing upon wooden or iron springs or jacks (whe- and the sum paid, with the time when, and the ther drawn by one or more horses); and upon period for which such duty shall be so paid: And every curricle, chaise, chair, sulkey, or other two the forms of the certificates to be so granted shall wheel top carriage, and upon every two wheel be prescribed by the Treasury Department; and carriage hanging or resting upon steel or iron such certificates, or the acknowledgments of the springs, the yearly sum of three dollars; and for officer of inspection, by a credit in his public acand upon every other two wheel carriage, the counts, shall be the only evidence to be exhibited yearly sum of two dollars; and upon every four and admitted, that any duty imposed by this act wheel carriage having framed posts and tops, and has been discharged: Provided nevertheless, That resting upon wooden spars, the yearly sum of two no certificate shall be deemed of validity any dollars: Provided always, That nothing herein longer than while the carriage, for which the said contained shall be construed to charge with a certificate was granted, is owned by the person

Acts of Congress.

mentioned in such certificate, unless such certificate shall be produced to the officer of inspection by whom it was granted; and an entry shall be thereon made, specifying the name of the then owner of such carriage, and the time when he or she became possessed of the same.

shall be made, shall forth with present to such officer of inspection, a full and exact description of the carriage or carriages, on which the duties demanded shall have accrued, with a statement of the cause, matter, or thing, whereby an entire exemption from duty is claimed, or whereby a right is claimed, under this act, to a remission of a part of the sum demanded, such description and statement being first subscribed and verified on oath or affirmation, before some competent magistrate, by the person, by, or for whom, the same shall be presented; then and in such case, the officer of inspection shall receive such description and statement, and shall, furthermore, forbear to collect the duties and sum demanded.

SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That any and all persons, who shall commence the having or keeping of any carriage, subject to duties, after the month of September, and before the month of September in the next succeeding year, shall and may, at any time during the month in which they shall so commence the having or keep ing of such carriage, make like entry in manner before prescribed; and on payment of such proportion of the duties laid by this act on such carriage, as the time at which he shall commence the keeping of such carriage to the end of the month of September then next ensuing shall bear to the whole year, shall be entitled to, and may demand like certificates; subject, nevertheless, to the conditions before and hereinafter provided. SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the duties payable by this act shall, in respect to any and all persons who shall have or keep carriages during the month of September, be deemed to commence, and shall be computed from the last day of the said month: And in respect to persons who shall commence the having or keeping of carriages after the said month of September, the said duties shall be deemed to commence, and shall be computed from the last day of the month in which they shall so begin to have or keep such carriages; conformably to which, the certificates before and hereinafter mentioned, shall be issued and granted.

SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the officers of inspection who shall receive the statements and allegations of persons claiming, either an entire exemption, or a remission of any part of any duty, or sum demanded under authority derived from this act, which may be presented to them, in manner and form before prescribed, shall forthwith transmit the same to the supervisors of their respective districts, for their consideration and decision, with such proofs and evidence in relation thereto, as they shall judge proper. And the supervisors shall forthwith, on receiving the statements and allegations before mentioned, with the proofs and evidence accompanying the same, decide thereon, according to the true intent and meaning of this act.

SEC. 9. And be it further enacted, That the decisions of the supervisors in the cases referred to them, in manner before prescribed, shall be forthwith communicated to the officers of inspec tion, whom the same may concern; and such deSEC. 7. And be it further enacted, That any cisions shall be final and conclusive when renperson having or keeping any carriage subject to dered against the demand of any officer of inspec duty, who shall make an untrue or defective en- tion for any duties imposed by this act: And in try, to evade the whole or any part of the duty cases where the said supervisors shall decide, that justly and truly payable, according to this act, the duties in question, or any part thereof, are shall lose the sum paid pursuant to such untrue justly payable according to this act, the proper or defective entry; and where such untrue or de- officer of inspection shall forthwith collect the fective entry hath been made, or where no entry same by distress and sale of the goods and chatshall be made, or where there shall be a neglect tels of the persons charged with such duties: of payment after entry, such person shall, more-Provided, nevertheless, That any person aggrieved over, in addition thereto, at any time thereafter, by the decision of a supervisor, may, within two on personal application and demand, at the house, months, by application in writing to such superdwelling, or usual place of abode of such person, visor, require that the statements and proofs on by the proper officer of inspection, be liable, and which such decision was founded, be transmitted shall pay the duties by this act imposed, with a to the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall have further sum, for the benefit of such officer, of power to determine thereon, and, if he judge protwenty-five per centum: which duties, with the per, to direct the duty or duties which shall have said addition, shall be collected by distress and been collected, in consequence of such decision, to sale of the goods and chattels of the person, by be returned; and if any such person shall be agwhom the same shall be due and payable: Pro- grieved by the decision of the Secretary of the vided always, That such application and demand Treasury, he shall be allowed, within four months. shall not be made until sixty days after the day to institute a suit in the proper district court of on which any duty shall commence; and if entry the United States against the supervisor of the and payment shall be made, within the said sixty district, for the recovery of any duties collected days, at the office of inspection of the district, or in pursuance of any decision rendered in manner at any other place where the inspector may hap- aforesaid, but the parties maintaining such suits pen to be, the owner of the carriage shall be ex-shall, in all such cases, be confined to the assign empted from the payment of the said sum of twen- ment and proof of such facts and matters as may ty-five per centum: Provided, nevertheless, That if have been previously stated to the said superviany person of whom such application and demand sors, in manner before provided.

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