years; death rate, white, 18.54; colored, 40.8: 29.31. Deaths from smallpox, 1; measles, 17; scarlatina, 5; diphtheria and croup, 16; whooping cough, 10; typhoid fever, 20; phthisis, 114; bronchitis, 43; pneumonia, 148; Bright's disease and nephritis, 39; cancer, 40; senility, 58; violence, 67.

For the year ending March 31, 1903: Population, 520,000. Deaths, 10,303-3,548 under 5 years. Death rate, 19.08.—Deaths from measles, 26; scarlatina, 79; diphtheria and croup, 371; whooping cough, 34; typhoid fever, 215; diarrheal diseases, 681– 570 under five years; phthisis, 984-9.7 per cent. of total mortality; pneumonia, 879–8.5 per cent of total mortality.

NEW JERSEY.—Hudson County (Jersey City and environs), 421,692. Report for March, 1903: Total deaths, 656180 under 5 years. Death rate, 18.7. Deaths from scarlet fever, 3; diphtheria and croup, 18; whooping cough, 2; typhoid fever, 1; phthisis, 84; bronchitis, 12; pneumonia, 121; still births, 63.

For the year 1902 (409,810): Deaths, 7,486—2,666 under 5. Death rate, 18.3. Deaths from smallpox, 15.1; measles, 30; scarlatina, 64; croup and diphtheria, 242; whooping cough, 48; typhoid fever, 61; malarial fevers, 16; diarrhcal diseases, 219; cerebrospinal fever, 2: all zymotic diseases, 1,003.—Marasmus, 226; phthisis, 793; bronchitis, 189; pneumonia, 881 ; la grippe, 6; railroad injuries, 102; drowned, 60; violence (total suicides and accidents) 399; still births, 167.

Newark, 266,000. Report for the week ending May 2: Deaths, 102—27 under 5 years; death rate, 19.94. Deaths from scarlet fever, 1; la grippe, 1; phthisis, 18; cancer, 3.—Contagious and infectious diseases reported: Diphtherian-croup, 14; scarlet fever, 8; typhoid fever, 8; cancer, 3.

OH10.—Sixteenth annual report of the State Board, for the year ending Oct. 31, 1901.—The leading subject is on the smallpox epidemic, of which THE SANITARIAN maintained contemporary trace by abstracts from the Board's bulletins for the period. - The statistical reports of local boards of health summed up are for the calendar year ending December, 1901. The total number of cases of smallpox reported for the year was 4,880, with 58 deaths. Excepting Cleveland, the bulk of the cases occurred in villages and rural districts where vaccination had been neglected and the authorities were not prepared to promptly deal with first cases. The total number of deaths reported from all causes (ex

clusive of 2,349 still births) was 34,447—7,337 under five years. The population (census 1900) was 2,737,504: death rate, 12.59. Deaths reported from zymotic diseases, 5,856: 16.9 per cent. of total mortality. Of this, 1,143, equal to 3.3 per cent. of the total mortality, was from typhoid fever.–From consumption the total number of deaths reported was 3,632: 10.5 per cent of the total mortality. From bronchitis, pleurisy and pneumonia there were 3,949 deaths : 11.5 per cent. of the total mortality. Appended is the Fifth Report of the Investigation of the Rivers of Ohio as Sources of Water Supplies : 150 pages with charts and diagrams, comprising information of great importance and practical utility to the authorities of the cities and towns throughout the State, who would understand the danger of polluted drinking water and how to prevent it.

OREGON.—The recently appointed State Board of Health, consisting of Drs. A. C. Smith, Harry Lane and Woods Hutchinson, of Portland; Dr. J. C. Smith, of Pendleton; Dr. Alfred Kinney, of Astoria; Dr. J. B. Pickel, of Medford, and Dr. E. A. Pierce, of Salem, held its first meeting at Saiem, March 14, and organized by the election of Dr. A. C. Smith, president; Dr. Alfred Kinney, vice-president, and Dr. Woods Hutchinson, secretary and State health officer.

PENNSYLVANIA.— Philadelphia, 1,349,712. Report for week ended April 25, 1903: Deaths, 526—132 under five years. Deaths from consumption, 73; pneumonia, 70; nephritis, 18; heart diseases, 45; typhoid fever, 18; diphtheria, 14; whooping cough, 10; smallpox, 1; cancer, 21.

Pittsburg, 354,000. Report of the Bureau of Health for week ended May 2, 1903: Deaths, 1614-54 under five years; annual death rate, 23.65. Deaths from typhoid fever, 10; whooping cough, 5; diphtheria and croup, 4; measles, 3; smallpox, 5; tuberculosis, 15; pneumonia, 17: bronchitis, 6; cancer, 4.

Cases of infectious diseases reported: Smallpox, 24; diphtheria and croup, 13; scarlet fever, 21; typhoid fever, 56; cerebrospinal fever, 1.

Porto Rico, 953,947. Superior Board of Health reports for March, 1903: Total deaths, 1,950—706 under five years. Death rate, 22.2; still births, 98. Deaths from cerebrospinal fever, 22; diphtheria, 4; typhoid fever, 5: pneumonia, 52: grippe, 14: puerperal fever, 10; diarrhreal diseases, 15: anemia, 507; bronchitis, 68; tuberculosis, 132; heart diseases, 37; accidents and violence, 21.

WASHINGTON.-Seattle, 115,000. Report for March, 1903 : Total number of deaths, 86—7 under five years. Death rate, 8.88. Deaths from pulmonary consumption, 11; pneumonia, 11; typhoid fever, 4; heart disease, 4; Bright's disease, 6.

CUBA.—Havana and environs, 275,000—72,000 colored. Report for March, 1903: Total number of deaths, 436, 9 less than in the previous month. Death rate, 20.44. No case of yellow fever, imported or otherwise, has been recorded since February. With the present month of March eighteen months have been completed since a case of yellow fever has originated within the territory of the Cuban Republic, notwithstanding the introduction of eight cases imported from Veracruz, Tampico or Progreso. Deaths from tuberculosis, 89; bronchitis, 17; broncho-pneumonia, 18; pneumonia, 9; infantile diarrhæa, 27; Bright's disease, Il; cancer, 15.

PHILIPPINES.—Both plague and cholera on most recent reports are on the increase. Of the former there were in Manila, during the month of February, 18 cases and 13 deaths. Cholera is most prevalent in the southern portion of Luzon and in the southern islands at many points.

FREE TREATMENT FOR EYE DISEASES IN Russia.—Commercial Agent R. T. Greener writes from Vladivostock, February 15, 1903: A Russian charitable association is sending out traveling parties of oculists to render free assistance to persons of small means. During the three months of one party's stay at Habarofsk and Vladivostock, 504 persons received free treatment and 164 operations on eyes were performed.

MINERAL LAKE IN SIBERIA.—Commercial Agent R. T. Greener writes from Vladivostock, October 8, 1902: About fifteen miles from Ujoora, in the Atchinsk district, is situated a small lake, Utchoom by name, the waters of which have been found to contain curative properties. They are especially efficacious in the cure of wounds, rheumatism, scrofula, catarrh, skin diseases, and nervous disorders. The water is of a bitter, salty taste.




WASHINGTON, D. C., April 30, 1903. A Board of Officers will be convened to meet at the Bureau of Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, 3 B street, S. E., Washington, D. C., Monday, June 15, 1903, for the purpose of examining candidates for admission to the grade of assistant surgeon in the Public Health and Marine Hospital Service of the United States.

Candidates must be between twenty-two and thirty years of age, graduates of a reputable medical college, and must furnish at least two testimonials from responsible persons as to their professional and moral character.

The following is the usual order of the examinations: (1) Physical. (2) Oral. (3) Written. (4) Clinical.

In addition to the physical examination, candidates are required to certify that they believe themselves free from any ailment which would disqualify for service in any climate.

The examinations are chiefly in writing, and begin with a short autobiography of the candidate. The remainder of the written exercise consists in examination on the various branches of medicine, surgery and hygiene.

The oral examination includes subjects of preliminary education, history, literature, and natural sciences.

The clinical examination is conducted at a hospital, and when practicable candidates are required to perform surgical operations on a cadaver.

Successful candidates will be numbered according to their attainments on examination, and will be commissioned in the same order as vacancies occur.

Upon appointment, the young officers are, as a rule, first assigned to duty at one of the large marine hospitals, as at Boston, New York, New Orleans, Chicago, or San Francisco.

After five years' service, assistant surgeons are entitled to examination for promotion to the grade of passed assistant surgeon.

Promotion to the grade of surgeon is made according to seniority, and after due examination as vacancies occur in that grade. Assistant surgeons receive sixteen hundred dollars, and surgeons twenty-five hundred dollars a year. When quarters are not provided, commutation at the rate of thirty, forty and fifty dollars a month, according to grade, is allowed.

All grades above that of assistant surgeon receive longevity pay, ten per centum in addition to the regular salary for every five years' service up to forty per centum after twenty years' service.

The tenure of office is permanent. Officers traveling under orders are allowed actual expenses.

For further information, or for invitation to appear before the Board of Examiners, address

WALTER WYMAN, Surgeon-General,
Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, Washington, D. C.

SANITARY CONGRESS AT BRADFORD.—The Department of State has received from Ambassador Choate, of London, under date of March 4, 1903, notice that the council of the London Sanitary Institute has arranged to hold, in conjunction with the local authorities in Bradford, a congress from July 7 to II, 1903, for the purpose of discussion of various matters connected with public health. Official delegates have been appointed by various municipal authorities throughout the United Kingdom to attend the meeting, and the council will be pleased to welcome any representatives of the United States Government. The subjects to be discussed will include matters of international importance in connection with hygiene. The sections of the congress are: (1) Sanitary science and preventive medicine; (2) engineering and architecture; (3) chemistry, physics, and biology. An exhibition of apparatus and appliances relating to health and of domestic use will be held in connection with the congress. Tickets for the congress are i guinea ($5.11 ) each, to be obtained at the office of the local secretary, Town Hall, Bradford, or of the Institute, 72 Margaret street, London W.

INTERNATIONAL HEALTH RESORT EXPOSITION.—This international exposition is to be held at Vienna September 12 to October 20. Panoramas and views, plastic representations and other interesting details of information in regard to the watering places and health resorts of the world will be exhibited, with displays of the waters, arrangements for sanitation and amusements, etc.

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