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CONTENTS.

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ACTION OF THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES.

MEMORIAL LETTER TO THE SENATE

INTRODUCTION

A great and true university the leading want of American education.

The hindrances having mostly disappeared its realization should now

be possible.

I. THE OFFICES OF A TRUE UNIVERSITY.

To provide post-graduate instruction in all departments of learning.

To represent at all times the sum of human knowledge.

To lead in the development of new professions.

To lead the world in original research and investigation.

To constitute an impregnable bulwark of truth and freedom.

II. REASONS WHY THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD FOUND SUCH A UNI-

VERSITY

The nation only is equal to its proper endowment.

The nation bound to complete its proudly styled American system of

education by supplying the need it lacks.

Only a national university could reasonably hope-

To coördinate and thus directly strengthen and elevate the schools

of the States.

To be wholly free from sectarian bias.
To promote in requisite degree the growth of patriotism in all sections.
To secure to our country due rank and influence among the great

powers.

To be ome an effectiv means of promoting the growth of free institu-

tions.

To meet the demands of learning upon this most powerful and pros-

perous of the nations.

III. REASONS FOR FOUNDING SUCH UNIVERSITY AT WASHINGTON.

Washington the only suitable spot under Federal jurisdiction.

The place designated by the Father of his Country, who began its

endowment.

The most desirable of places for the residence of advanced students.

The most democratic of cities in its social life.

Most directly in touch with all portions of the country and all quarters

of the globe.

Most in need of the influence of a national university upon the civil

service.

Unparalleled for its aggregation of material facilities.

Has already a great constellation of scientists doing original work.

Could thus be made what it ought to be, the intellectual center of the

world.

IV. HISTORIC SUMMARY OF THE SUPPORT HITHERTO ACCORDED THE UNIVER-

SITY PROPOSITION.

By members of the constitutional convention.

By Washington and other Presidents of the United States.

By Commissioners of the District of Columbia.

By the National Educational Association and its committees.

By patriotic and philanthropic organizations.

By public journals and a multitude of eminent citizens.

Why so much effort without more of visible result.

V. REASONS FOR A RENEWAL OF EFFORT AT THE PRESENT TIME.

The need not only remains, but increases with the growth of the na-

tion.

Appreciation of the need fast becoming a positive demand.

No other great educational measure now in the way.

Obligation of the Government increased by failure of the general edu-

cation bill.

Present equal division of powers and responsibilities in Congress.

Present condition of the country favorable,

The present earnest efforts of two powerful churches for a true univer-

sity but a reënforcement of the argument for a National University.
Men of vast fortunes and honorable ambitions, whose princely gifts

should be added to the Government endowment, however great, now

in the spirit of contributing to education.
The coming great anniversaries now offer a challenge the Nation can

not honorably decline.
The greater demands and possible glories of the dawning century in

themselves an appeal that should be irresistible.

VI. THE DEMAND OF THE PRESENT ..

That the Government of the United States establish and so endow a

national university that, with the means and forces already avail-

able, it may early become the leading university of the world.

VII. THE CONDITIONS OF SUCCESS..

Such attention to the subject on the part of our statesmen in Con-

gress as its high importance demands.

Such support from without as the enlightened sentiment of the coun-

try should gladly accord to a measure whose success is so clearly

a condition of the highest dignity and welfare of the Republic.

VIII. CONCLUSION..

INDEX TO HISTORICAL SUMMARY.

[The brackets indicate committal to institutions, national in scope, but not to a National University
established by the Government at Washington.]

Page.
Adams, President C. K., Cornell University, address, 1888...

85
Adams, Dr. Herbert C., Johns Hopk

University,
ess, 1889

92
Adams, John, President of the United States:
In Constitutional Convention

41
Inaugural address, 1797

41
Adams, John Quincy, President of the United States, message, 1825

53
Agassiz, Prof. Louis, Harvard College....

55, 68, 112
[Alabamian, an, 1857].

62
[Albany, University of]

54-58
Allison, Senator W. B..

68
American Journal of Education, indorsement by, 1875..

82
[American University, the]

106-109
Atherton, Hon. Charles H., resolution offered by, 1816

52
Bache, Alexander Dallas, 1855

58, 112
Baird, Spencer F.

68
Baker, S. S

64
Barlow, John, Minister to France:
Letters to President Jefferson..

44
Prospectus, etc., 1806

44
Bill of, 1806..

44
[Bashford, Rev. Dr., President O. W. University, address, 1892]

108
Bills to establish National University:
Of Minister Barlow, offered by Mr. Logan, 1806

44
Of House committee, 1816...

51
Of O. W. Wight, introduced by Senator Howe, 1892...

68
Of University Committee of National Educational Association, 1872. 67, 68
Of Senator Edmunds, 1890

102
Introduced by Mr. O'Neil, 1890

104
Blackmar, Prof. F. W., University of Kansas, report, 1890

101
Blodget, Samuel:
First suggestion of university by, 1775

27
Memorials of, 1803, 1805..

42, 43
Contribution by, 1806.

44
Advocacy of, 1810

45
Boardman, Rev. Dr. George D., leaflet, 1889

98
[Bronson, Hon. Greene C.].

55
[Brooks, Rev. Charles, 1855]

59
Caldwell, Dr. Charles B., Transylvania University, 1828

53
Carpenter, Senator Matthew Hale..

68
[Catholic University of America]

98-100

6

INDEX TO HISTORICAL SUMMARY.

52,54

Page.
Chase, William H......

64
Columbian Institute and College, appropriations for, 1823, 1832
Committees :
Of House of Representatives, reports by, 1810, 1816, 1873..

-48, 49, 68
Of National Educational Association, reports by, 1870, 1871

65, 66
Select, of U. S. Senate, creation of, 1890..

102
Continuances of, 1890–91...

105
Of Pan-Republic Congress, 1891.

110
Congress, memorials to:
Of District Commissioners, 1796.

39
Of Samuel Blodget, 1803, 1805.

42, 43
Appropriations by, to Columbian College and Institute, 1823, 1832

54
Connelly, Thomas C..

64
Constitutional Convention, discussions in..

27
Cox, Dr. C. C ......

64
Cranch, Judge William..

52
Cullom, Senator Shelby B., 1890

105
Custis, George Washington...

46
Cutbush, Edward ..

52
[Dana, Prof. James]

55
Davidson, James.

46
[Dean, Amos].

55
District Commissioners, memorial of, to Congress, 1796

39
Eaton, Gen. John, address, Cleveland, 1870..

66
Edmunds, Senator George F.:
Introduction of bill by, 1890

102
Motion by, to continue select committee, with remarks, 1891.

105
Educational Association, National:

Resolution by, with appointment of committees of 1869, 1874.
Adoption of committee's reports by, 1870, 1871...

65, 66
Creation of permanent National University Committee by, 1871

67
Discussions before, 1873–74 .

70,75
Resolution of, reaffirming original proposition, 1874.

81
Educators, eminent, inention of...

111
[Edwards, Isaac).

56
[Everett, Hon. Edward]..

58
[Fidelis, Rev. Father, address, 1889]

100
[Fowler, Bishop Charles H., address, 1892)..
Franklin, Benjamin, in Constitutional Convention.

28
Fuston, James M..

64
Gallatin, Albert, letter to Jefferson, 1806.

47
Garland, Senator James H

68
[Gilmour, Rt. Rev. R., Catholic Bishop of Cleveland, 1889]

99
Goode, Dr. G. Brown, Smithsonian Institution:
Efforts of......

102
Paper by, Philadelphia, 1891

109
[Goodly, Dr.]....

56
Gould, Prof. Benjamin Apthorp, oration, 1856..

60
Grant, Ulysses S., President of the United States, message, 1873.

73
Guyot, Prof. Arnold Henry..

55
Hall, Prof. James..

-55, 56, 112
Hancock, Dr. John, speech Detroit, 1874

76
[Harris, Judge Ira].

55
Harris, Dr. W. T., U. S. Commissioner of Education, address, Detroit, 1874.... 76
[Hastings, H. J.]..

56
Haupert, Albert, in Ohio Educational Monthly, 1889.

91

64, 81

107

1874...

65, 66

Page.
H., G. G., in Science, 1886..

85
Hayes, Rutherford B., President of the United States, messages, 1877, ’78.... 82, 83
Hays, President George P., Washington and Jefferson College, speech, Detroit,

71
Henry, Dr. Joseph, Smithsonian Institution

.56, 68, 112
Hill, Hon. Mark L., introduction of resolution by, 1819.

52
Hinsdale, Prof. B. A., historical account, 1890...

103
Holley, President Horace, Transylvania University

53
[Hough, Prof. George W.].

58
House of Representatives :
Address of, in response to President's message, 1790.

31
Reports by committees of, 1810, 1816, 1873...

-48, 50, 68
Howe, Senator Timothy 0.:
Aid in preparation of bill

68, 73
Introduction of bill by, 1872.

68
Hoyt, John W.:
Government report of, 1867

63
Addresses, Trenton, Detroit, Washington, 1869, 1874, 1891

-63, 80, 111
Publication of volume on University Education, 1870

64
Draft of reports of National Committee, 1870, 1871.
Draft of bill presented in 1872.

67, 68
Conferences at various places during 1875, 1876, 1884, 1885.

82
Offer of resolutions by, Pan-Republic Congress, 1891.

110
Leaflet, with correspondence, 1891

111
Human Freedom League, resolution by, 1891

109
[Hurst, Bishop John F., Chancellor American University]

106
Ingalls, Senator John J...

68
Jackson, Andrew, President of the United States, approval of bill by, 1832... 54
Jefferson, Thomas, President of the United States :

Letters to Washington and Gallatin, 1795, 1806
Message, 1806....

47
Johnson, Hon. Samuel, in Constitutional Convention

28
Journal of Education, indorsement by, 1881.

83
Kennedy, Rev. Dr

56
Lamar, Secretary L. Q. C., report, 1885.

83
Law, Thomas

52
Logan, Hon. Mr., introduction bill by, 1806

44
MacArthur, Judge Arthur, chancellor of National University

64
Madison, James, President of the United States:
In Constitutional Convention

27
As indorser of memorial, 1796.

40
As chairman of committee of House of Representatives, 1796.

41
Messages, 1810, 1815, 1816 .
Mason, Dr. Otis T., letter and lecture, 1889, '90.

93
Mayo, Rev. Dr. A. D......

84
[McCabe, Rev. Dr. Charles, address, 1892.].

108
McCosh, President James, Princeton College, Detroit, 1869.

71
McWilliams, Dr. Alexander..

52
Meigs, Dr. Josiah

52
Memorials to Congress :
Of District Commissioners, 1796..

39
Of Samuel Blodget, 1803, 1805

42, 43
Mitchell, Prof. O. M ...

-55, 56, 58, 112
Mitchell, Hon. Samuel, as chairman of committee, 1810..

48
Monroe, James, President of the United States, letter of, 1820

52

33, 47

48, 49

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