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THE

HISTORY

of

THE DECLINE AND FALL

OF THE

ROMAN EMPIRE.

CHAPTER XLVII.

Theological history of the doctrine of the Incarnation.—The human and divine nature of Christ. —Enmity of the patriarchs of Alexandria and

Constantinople.—St. Cyriland Nestorius.—Third general council of Ephesus.—Heresy of Euty

ches.—Fourth general council of Chalcedon.— Civil and ecclesiastical discord.—Intolerance of

Justinian.—The Three Chapters.—The Monothelite controversy.—State of the Oriental sects.

I. The Nestorians.—II. The Jacobites.—III. The Maronites.—IV. The Armenians.—V. The Copts and Abyssinians.

AFTER the extinction of paganism, the Christians CHAP. in peace and piety might have enjoyed their solitary XLVII. triumph. But the principle of discord was alive in The incar. their bosom, and they were more solicitous to explore o the nature, than to practise the laws, of their founder. I have already observed, that the disputes of the TRINITY were succeeded by those of the INCARNATION;

VOL. VI. - B

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