revealed through verse? Close and unprejudiced "Slowly, silently, now the moon reading will discover several rather important

Walks the night in her silver sheen; tendencies which reveal themselves through

This way and that, she peers and sees

Silver fruit upon silver trees. form and style as well as through content and thought. In connection with the former may be A harvest mouse goes scampering by, mentioned complete metrical freedom, imagery,

With silver claws, and a silver eye;

And moveless fish in the water gleam, bare actuality, vividness: with the latter, the

By silver reeds in a silver stream.” attitude of humor, irony, and grotesqueness.

and is it such a far cry from Francis Carlin's brotherhood and service, commonly called

“Cuckoo," democracy; a new attitude toward nature; real

A sound but from an echo made, ism. And the whole is enveloped and per

And a body wrought of colored shade meated by the atmosphere of freedom.

Have blent themselves into a bird." There is nothiny new nor startling in spirit to the well-known beginning lines of Shelley's yet; the modern reader does not readily accept “Skylark”? the new vision. This hesitancy is due, prob- Whatever the possibilities and the failures of ably, to two causes: the one, an inherited train- the imagist trend, its influence has been both ing and prejudice for certain form types and “healthful and helpful,” for the vital reaction conventional subject-matter; the other, the re- a rainst mere "prettiness and wordiness” indisuiting twisted, disproportionate vision of cer- cates a creative dissatisfaction. tain probing, active, democratic minds which The spirit of brotherhood or democracy, or have reacted and are endeavoring to construct better conceived of by some as the idea of a system in accordance with both tradition and sympathetic service, is the keynote of much desire.

present-day poetry. This is inevitable if poetry For the present purpose a few comments upon

is, as we believe it to be, the expression of life. two or three of the most evident tendencies in Like imagery, it is no new note, for this spirit contemporary poetry must suffice. Of these has been challenging for considerably more than tendencies, “hard” imagery is undoubtedly the

a century. Burns, Paine, Shelley, Wordsworth, most noticeable. However, imagery is

Byron, all show a certain revolt against social

conditions. In rew note, for unconsciously, perhaps, poets

the nineteenth century, have used imagery and symbols from the days

romanticism passes into realism, we find Kingsof the earliest Hebrew writings. At present

ley, a “Christian socialist,” Dickens, Thackeray, we have the conscious use of this method of

Whitman, who gave us a social consciousness, embellishment. The creed of the “Imagists” Markham, who gave us a social conscience, and may be found in “Some Ima ist Poets," 1915.

a host of contemporary writers, not least among Briefly, it is as follows: to use the exact word,

whom are Masefield, Lindsay, Sassoon, Sandthe precise word which will bring to the reader

burg, Untermeyer. Illuminating illustrations of the effect of the object as the writer saw it; to

this spirit are Vachel Lindsay's "The Leadenuse new rhythms for the expression of new

Eyed;” Robert Schauffler's "Scum o' the Earth;" moods; to be unlimited in choice of subjects;

William Vaughn Moody's “On a Soldier Falling to produce a particular, not a general image; to

in the Philippines”; Edwin Markham's wellhold concentration


known “The Man With the Hoe.” poetry. There self-explanatory points are not A very noticeable aspect of modern thoucht particularly new, but are interesting because of is seen in the attempt of modern poetry to portheir having been in disuse.

tray the rugged realities of common lives. Again The imagists have been more or less of a one feels a changed view, a widened vision, failure, however, and naturally so. In their for it is not the sordid, hopeless realism which zeal to show disapproval of the traditional types found its culmination in Thomas Hardy; rather they have made their creed an end in itself. it is a realism that is kinder and more symMoreover, many writers who never could be pathetic in its interpretation. Notwithstanding poets anyway have seized upon this method the fact that an occasional poet has written with in their eager attempts to express themselves considerable irony and bitterness, as Siegfried in verse form. One or two quotations from the Sassoon, yet even he is at times most tender and worst and from the best will show both ridicu- merciful. One need only to read his latest lous and sublime possibilities.

books, "Counter-Attacks,” and "The Picture"On black bare trees a stale-cream moon

Show," to be convinced. Robert Frost someHangs dead, and sours the unborn buds." times expresses very freely and simply a deep

-F. S. Flint. feeling for the common lot of life. "The MendContrast the following lines from Walter de ing of the Wall," "The Tuft of Flowers," "The la Mare's "Silver":

Road Not Taken," are but few of many poems


the very


Johnson, Robert: "Collected Poems," 1881, 1919. Conservative. Contains many fine and melodious verses.

Untermeyer, Louis: "Modern American Poetry," 1920. Small collection of the best recent poetry.

Untermeyer, Louis: "Modern British Poetry,” 1920.

Poetry Press: “The New Poetry.” Ninth annual anthology collected from “Poetry, a Magazine of Verse."

Braithwaite, William: "Anthology of Magazine Verse," 1919. Sixth annual antholo ry of "poems of distinction” from American Magazines.

Braithwaite, William: "Some Imagist Poets," 1915. First anthology of its kind. Interesting because it contains the creed of the "Imagist" poets.

Kreymborg, Alfred: "Others." Radical. Favors the poetry of the imagist poets.


through which he conveys this feeling. One may mention, too, Wilfrid Gibson, whose poetry in its revelation of the dignity and wholesomeness of the ordinary life approaches that shown in "The Cotter's Saturday Night.” The widened vision, then, appears to behold not only the present ugly actualities, but sees beyond, to an end great and strong and sweet, though that end can be reached possibly only through tragedy.

Of other tendencies there is not time to speak. Especially interesting, however, is the present attitude toward external nature, so opposite to that of the Pseudo-classicist, so different from that of the Romanticist, and so distinctly lacking, it would seem, in the spiritual interpretation of the Transcendentalist.

However one may differ from the modern poet's conception and presentation of life and thought, however one may question, he must believe that the aspects and manners of contemporary life are bound to find expression in poetry. One nced merely to consider the period a transitional one, as it really is, to find a reasonable explanation for some peculiarities of its

In the geological world one finds extraordinary and grotesque forms of life marking all transitional periods. Unusual happenings and turbulency mark such social and political periods. Thus, too, it is in poetry. More normal and settled conditions will produce fewer verse absurdities.

That people are using verse form. free or otherwise, as a medium of expression is evidení from the following statistics:

"Poetry, a Magazine of Verse" (American) received over fifty volumes of ori inal verse from March to October, 1920.

Braithwaite's "Anthology of Magazine Verse" for 1919 (American) lists 799 different contributors and 220 volumes of verse. The number of poems for each contributor varies from one to one hundred. So much for America. What English magazines have received or published 1 have no means of determining.

Some books and magazines for those who are interested in the study of contemporary poetry are the following:

Rittenhouse, Jessie: "The Second Book of Modern Verse.” One hundred different authors are represented.

Bellman Press: "The Bellman Book of Verse,” 1920. A carefully chosen collection of the best poems which have been printed in the Bellman Magazine. (No longer printed.)

Wilkinson, Marguerite: “New Voices,” 1920. Comprehensive in scope, friendly and prejudiced in criticism.

CRITICISM AND STUDY Lowell, Amy: “Tendencies in Modern American Poetry" 1917.

Wilkinson, Marguerite: "New Voices,” 1920.

Untermeyer, Louis: “The New Era in American Poetry,” 1919.

Phelps, William Lyon: “Advance of English Poetry in the Twentieth Century," 1917.

Cook, Howard: "Our Poets of Today.”

Cunliffe, J. W.; "English Literature During the Last Half-Century.”


“Poetry Review.” Contains original poems, critical articles, and reviews of contemporary poetry.

“Poet Lore." Devoted to both poetry and the drama.

“Poetry, a Magazine of Verse." Publishes various kinds of poetry, including classical sonnets and free verse. Best magazine of its kind that is printed.

"Contemporary Verse." More conservative than the preceding magazine. Devoted exclusively to original poetry. Includes the writings of hitherto unknown poets as well as those of repute.

"The Sonnet.” Edited bi-monthly. Conservative. Prints many excellent sonnets.

"The Lyric." Organ of the Lyric Society, a body of men and women who are endeavoring to advance the poetry of America by acquainting the public with its own poets.

“Youth." Published by the Harvard Uni


versity poets. International in character and scope and interests, having contributors from various countries.

"The Bookman." This magazine not only publishes many poems, but furnishes much interesting information concerning poets and poetry. Each number contains a classified list of all new books.

“Miss Lulu Bett” 4—by Zona Gale.

The story is told by months, from April to September, and has the charm which we always find in Zona Gale, the tenderness and sympathy which takes the boldness from realism and makes it an art. Miss Lulu Bett, her frankness, her absolute, straight-forward directness, wins our interest from the start, and her marriage in the bakery makes a fitting climax. "No Deferce" 5_-by Sir Gilbert Parker.

The scenes of "No Defence” are laid in Ireland, England, the West Indies, and America, during the troublous days of the French Revolution. There is really nothing distinctive about the tale, which is of the traditional love and adventure sort, with a propitious ending for the two lovers, Sheila Llyn and Dyck Calhoun. “The Foolish Lovers” 6_by St. John Irvine.

Not especially noteworthy, but nevertheless somewhat entertaining, is this story of a strong young Irishman, and the way in which the influences of the various women with whom his life-lines cross keep time from hanging heavily on his hands.

RECENT FICTION Miss Alice L. Marsh, Nordstrum High School “Mary-Girl” 1—by Hope Merrick.

For the money with which to build the chapel he so earnestly desires, Ezra Sheppard sends his young wife out to service. Ezra is a market gardener who has worked once at the Big House, but is now the owner of a few acres. He also is a Quaker preacher. Ezra has bought an old barn at the edge of his field, which he uses as a meeting-house. It is his dream to replace this with a modest brick temple, and to this end he and Mary are saving every possible shilling. So, when the chance comes for Mary to go as nurse in the family of a nei hboring earl, the separation from her husband and child to be absolute, Ezra regards it as providential. After twelve months of luxurious living, Mary comes back to her cottage, out of touch with her former life, a stranger to her own baby boy, and, while Ezra gets his chapel, for a time tragedy seems to threaten.

The book is the work of the late Hope Merrick, and furnishes a worthy memorial. It has great delicacy and sympathetic understanding of the problems which beset both the stern yet loving husband and his simple peasant wife. “Woman Triumphant” 2_by Vicente Blasco

Miss Beatrice Merriam, Northwestern High

School “The Geste of Duke Jocelyn”*—by Jefferey

Ibanez. An artist, whose love of beauty in the human form amounts to a passion, finally marries the woman who has been the model for many of his best achievements. After marriage, however, she shows great distaste for posins, and, what is more, refuses to let him employ others in that capacity. Her jealousy and constant espionage ruin his career, and he loses his love for her. Even after her death, however, the imare of his wife, as he knew her when a young girl, haunts him so that he finds it impossible to find love or consolation in a second attachment. Woman is triumphant.

This novel has all the dash, the life and color, which makes Blasco Ibanez one of the greatest story-tellers of the day. It is interesting from start to finish. "Jeremy" 3- by Hugh Walpole.

No one could fail to be charmed with this tender, simple story of little Jeremy Cole. The boy is so alive, so sincere, and so natural, that he makes a wide appeal. It is a good book to read to youngsters. Try the exquisite bit narrating the fight with Ernest.

That the style is charming goes without saying, for Mr. Walpole is one of the few living writers who keep alive the beauties of our language.

Farnol. Full of quaint humor and rollicking, refreshing verse comes the new novel by that past master of romance, Jefferey Farnol. It is a "geste,” for the book is written for his daughter, Gillian (very fond of romance), and his conversations with her, in the most tantalizing parts of the story, make whimsical breaks that please the fancy. He states his purpose thus: “I'll write for thee a book of sighing lover, Crammed with Romance from cover to cover; I'll write it as the Gestours wrote of old, In prose, blank verse, and rhyme it shall be

told.” There are the most charming people in the story-an ugly duke with most enticing smiles; a lovely heroine, all fire and charming wiles; a doughty man-at-arms, who fishes in a brook; a duchess fair, at whom he would not look; an awesome witch, who had a kindly heart; a dwarf with strength that made him a man of parts; and many mighty knights of high de ree, who brought their honor into low repute, through shameful deeds. We have a mighty duke, who, because of a scarred face, seeks to find true love by traveling in the guise of a “restour”-a motley. He sings his way into the favor of his lady fair and holds his place in her heart through doughty deeds of valor.

The verse smacks of Shakespeare's richness of languare and of Lamh's quaint whimsies. “O'Henry Memorial Award: Prize Stories,

1919"+ Chosen by the Society of Arts and

Already highly recommended by all critics is
this series of striking short stories just pub-
lished. From "England to America," by Mar-
garet Prescott Montague, to“April 25, as
Usual," by Edna Ferber, the stories are uni-
formly good.

* D. Appleton Co.
5 Lippincott & Co.
6 Macmillan Co.
* Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
† New York: Doubleday, Page & Co.

1 New York: E. P. Dutton & Co.
2 New York: E. P. Dutton & Co.
3 George H. Doran Co.

The supreme sacrifices and fortitude of an outwits the Boche; a view of Romany justice; English family guided by the great heart of a vignette of a Chinese thinker searching for Love; a mother who destroys her happiness the truth; a grinding-out of the law of comand honorable name to save her son; a mother pensation; a dog that is on trial in court; a who clings frantically to her idol

misplanted pair of parents; and a picture of talented musician; a novel' strike in the Land a selfish lady of the days of the Good Queen of Moab; a pioneer mother who saves her child Bess—all contribute their quota to this excelby serving the victims of blizzard; a coolie who lent book.


FORTHCOMING ARTICLES Latin in the Twentieth Century High Schooi, Some Experiments in Free-Hand Lettering, Edwin L. Miller, Principal, Northern High Frank Keppler, Supervisor of Mechanical DrawSchool.

ing. Teaching the Ancient Languages, Joseph Corns,

The Retarded Development of Our High Principal, Southeastern High School.

Schools, Charles L. Spain, Deputy Superintendeni

of Schools. Questions that the Detroit Public is Asking, Burton Barns, Supervisor of Geography.

High-School Lunch-Room Problems, E. G.

Allen, Assistant Principal, Cass Technical Higlı The Teaching of Household Mechanics, Earl L.

School. Bedell, Northwestern High School.

What is the Meaning of Educational MeasureThe Demands of the Times upon the Schools of ments? S. A, Courtis. America, William H. Kilpatrick, Professor of Projects in English Composition, Catherine the Philosophy of Education, Teachers College, Morgan, Detroit Teachers College. Columbia University.

The Relation of the School Library to Modern Educational Problems Involved in the Stimula- Educational Methods, Martha Pritchard, Libration of Self-Activity, S. A. Courtis, President,

rian, Teachers College. Detroit Teachers College.

Analysis of Reading, Charles H. Judd, Director Educational Values Underlying the Project,

of School of Education, University of Chicago. William H. Kilpatrick.

The Secret of Thrift, C. B. Upton, Provost of

Teachers College, Columbia University. Teachers' Marks, P. C. Packer, Assistant Su

Stopping the Failures, T. J. Knapp, Superintenperintendent of Schools.

dent of Schools, Highland Park, Michigan. Vocational Guidance in the High School, John Subject to be announced, David Snedden, Brennan, Northwestern High School.

Teachers College, Columbia University.

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HAPPY, harmless nin-com-poop, I viewed the world

from my front stoop. Methought I'd roam and shoot a bit, so grasped my gun and shouldered it.

A full score years I mooned around, and banged that gun, charmed with the sound. I punctured clouds, drew beads on stars, e’eni yearned to dent the planet, Mars. I blazed both this way and both that, and wounded sore a nit or gnat. No Nimrod ever prouder strode with shooting iron for his load, than I who fired from morn till night, yet aimed at nothing left or right. And when at last my hunt was done I might have lugged a Quaker gun; for all the game I shot, you see, was in my mind, save one lone flea, and he had fallen in my ear, and what he told me I tell here. "The educators, my dear friend, are banging shot guns without end, and he is deemed a mighty cuss who shoots the loudest blunderbuss. Few are who aim at anything except to make the welkin ring. An idiot a gun can shoot, but aiming takes a wise galoot.”


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