WHALE FISHERY,--(continued.)
of the British Greenland and Southern whale fisheries,-(continued.)

act continued, but not one ship was fitted out, 330.
joint stock company established, 330.
it existed only 14 years, 330.
South Sea company attempts the whale fishery, 330.
the result of this attempt, 331.
in order to encourage said company the produce of the whale fishery was

admitted duty free, 331.
scarce any Englishmen capable of prosecuting the fishery, 331.
the expence of this attempt, 331.
other attempts made, 331, 2.
South Sea company great losers by the fishery, 332.
statement of their accounts, 332.
the beneficial results, if their attempts had succeeded, 333.
construction of act relative to payment of the customs on the produce of

the fishery, 333.
bounty granted on the whale fishery, 334.
reasons why British not successful in this fishery, 334, 5.
very precarious in the frozen seas, 335.
increase of English shipping employed in, 335.
act for encouraging it from the American colonies, 335, 6.
edict of Frederick V. king of Denmark regarding, 336.
provision of 28 Geo. 2. c. 20. regarding the shipping employed in, 336, 7.
account of the Dutch whale fishery, 337.
report of the lords of trade regarding, 337.
further encouraged by exemption froin duty, 337, 8.
bounties and encouragements of, further continued, 338.
importation of fins, &c. may be duty-free, 338.
a new bounty given, 338.
regulations affecting the manning of fishing vessels, 338.
bounty may be insured, 338, 9.
invention for striking the harpoons, 339.
premiums to colonial vessels importing oil, &c. 339, 40.
seal skins may be imported duty free, 340.
further regulations respecting the fishery, 340.
£200. penalty for carrying fishery artificers to America, 310.
seamen's wages to be detained till return home, 340.
advantages of the southern whale fishery, 341.
boundary thereof fixed, 341.
ships during war permitted to take in men at Shetland, 341.
provision of the fishery act 26 G.3. c. 41., 34).
ships proceeding for, to be visited by officer of customs, 341,
his duty there, 341.
he is to certify bis visitation and examination, &c., 341.
oath of master on vessels setting sail, 341. and n. 4.-(See “ Oath.")
when license for sailing to be granted, 341.
requisites of a ship to proceed on the voyage, 342.
must have a proportion of fishing lines and harpoon irons, 342.
must have on board apprentices, 342.
the number of men requisite, 342.
certificate of custom officer on her return, 342.
oath on ship's return, 342.
officer of customs to make a schedule of persons on board, 342.
oath, licence, schedule, and certificate to be returned to the commissioners

of customs, 342.

WHALE FISHERY,-(continued.)
of the British Greenland and Southern whale fishery,-(continued.)

they are then entitled to a bounty of 30s. per ton of the ship, 343.
within what times she must sail to be entitled to the bounty, 343.
what quantity they must be laden with, 343.
how to proceed when ship is forced from the seas, 343.
bounty payable where by accident ship does not sail before 10th of April,

whaler falling in with king's ship must produce log book, 343.

putting into foreign ports, 343.
whales, &c. may be imported, duty free, 343.
oath on this occasion, 343.
granting false certificate subjects offender to a penalty of £500., 344.
punishment for altering, forging, &c., 344.
extent of the seas ascertained, 344.
what marivers on board of a whaler free from impress laws, 344.
list of whalers to be laid before parliament, 344.
how far apprentices free from impress, 344. n. 2.
encouragements of the southern whale fishery, 344, 5.
at what time vessels must sail to entitle themselves to them, 345.
how far their titles to them increased by their return, 345.
in what case no premium allowed, 345.
of what built the vessels must be, and to whom belong, 345.
how they are to be manned, 345.
log book must be kept and produced at sea to king's ships, 345.
what privileges given by licence from the East India company, 345.

from South Sea company, 345, 6.
how foreigners employed in, are to gain the privilege of British subjects,

345, 6.
times prescribed for the departure and arrival of vessels entitled to the

premiums, 346.
additional premiums given, 346.
the distances they may go, 346.
they must license as before, 346.
must give a bond, 346
what vessels may be armed, and what licence necessary, 346.
foreigners bringing in their vessels, 346, 7.

importing oil, &c. produce of, 347.
bounty to vessels going to the Greenland Seas and Davis's Straits, 347.
what fishing vessels not stay out more than 16 months, 347.
what men engaged are exempt from impress, 348.
1791, spermaceti whale fishery commenced, 348.
alteration of the bounty law, 348.
whaling boats not liable to seizure, though built as luggers, 348.
further liberty given to them of sailing beyond certain points, 348.
deficiency in time of war in men allowed, 349.
where they must fill up their complement, 349.
to what islands vessels may go to refresh and refit, 349, 50.
amount of bounties allered, 350.
requisites of whalers claiming bounties, 350, 1.
no premium payable unless ship has an apprentice, 351.-(See “ Ap-

log book must be kept, certain facts noticed therein, 351.
oath of master, &c. on importation of oil, &c., 351.
forfeits 500. if he receives on board any oil, &c. not caught by his crew,


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WHALE FISHERY,-(continued.)
of the British Greenland and Southern whale fishery,--(continued.)

to whom penalty to be paid, 351, 2.
licence and bond when required, 351.
what privileges granted to foreign fishermen coming to reside here, 352.
further bounties on the southern whale fishery, 353.
quantity of oil that vessels fishing in the South Atlantic Ocean must have,

how far vessels passing the Cape of Good Hope may extend their cruises,

further encouragements held out to foreign fishermen, 354.

for the Greenland Seas and Davis's

Straits fisheries, 354.
various laws regarding the duty on importation of oil, &c., 354.
vessels allowed to pass the Straits of Magellan, or round Cape Horn,

without licence, 355.
granting false certificates, 355.
further bounties, 355.
oaths required of foreigners, 356.
bounties added and continued till December 1819, 356.
same benefits result if the whaler returns to Ireland as to Great Britain,

356, 7.
cause of decay in the English Greenland, 357.
customs regulating the practice at the whale fisheries, 357.
where two ships strike the same whale, 357.
case deciding the point, 337.
facts of the case, 357, 8.
custom directly the reverse in the Greenland trade, 358.
what the custom is there, 358.
the months mentioned in 28 Geo. 3. c. 20. mean lunar months, 359.
when a mariner engages to receive a proportion of profits for his wages,

he is not considered a partner, 359.
whether ship is to be deemed sea-worthy when her crew is reduced by

death or desertion, 359.
construction of the statutes which prescribe certain limits to whalers, 359.
muster-roll sufficient proof that apprentice was on board, 360.
case where mariners stipulate to receive part of the cargo as their wages,

men serving on board of lobster fishing vessels off Heligoland, not liable

impress, 360.
cases relative to altering the stamps on insurances for whaling voyages,

360, 1.
distinction between outfit and goods, 361.

WHARFINGER.-(See post, third volume, “ Bailees.")

landing or lading goods on board of ship without presence of officer, or at

unlawful times, forfeits £100, 762.


probate of will here binds probate granted in colony, 661.


alien may not export, 150.
formerly necessary to import it in English shipping, 170.-(See " Shipping.")
excepted from operation of the 9th section of navigation act, 177.

prohibited to be imported from the Netherlands or Germany, 177.
Rhenish wine excepted thereout, 179.

this exception extends to all wines of the growth of Germany there-

abouts, 535.
opinion of Sir T. Trevor as to the extent of this restriction, 178.
does not extend to the exclusion of wines growing on and near the

Rhine, 178.
the restriction relaxed in favour of Hungary wines, 178.
what may come from the Austrian Netherlands, 178, 9.
how French wines are to be imported, 180.
usages regarding importation of, contrary to the express law, 183, 4.
the produce of the Madeiras may be exported thence to the colonies,

the produce of the Azores may be exported thence to the colonies,

bond required on being taken out of warehouse, 555.-(See " Warehousing.")
ships must lade or land it in London Dock company, 559.
except it is produce of East and West Indies, 559.—(See “ Landing and

Lading Goods.
regulations necessary to be observed to entitle foreign wine to the drawback on
exportation, 599.

debenture, oath, and bond for it, 599.
as to the prisage and butlerage of, 696, 98.-(See “ Prisage and Butlerage.")
as to tonnage and poundage duties on, 699.-(See “ Tonnage and Poundage.")
as to the duties on, on importation, 701.

the prisage and butlerage of, when abolished, 706.
bought of the grantees of the crown, and wine only subject to the custom

duties, 706.

the only duties now payable are those mentioned in the 59 Geo. 3. c. 52.
under what 'regulations it may be imported from Jersey, Guernsey, Alderney,
and Ireland, 707.

it must be in British or Irish-built vessels, 707.
as to the manifest for, 732.

regulated by 26 Geo. 3. c. 40., 732.
cannot be imported from any foreign country without manifest, 733.
contents and requisites of the manifest, 733.
what part must be in words at length, 733.
this manifest is required in addition to all other documents, 733.
manifest now required on wines coming from East Indies or Cape of

Good Hope, 733.
a practice had obtained of not requiring the manifest, but it is now under-

stood that a prosecution will follow if ship is without it, 733.
imported from foreign parts not subject to English crown, by whom

manifest to be signed, 733.
casks containing wine for importation must be of 25 gallons, 771. n. 2.
evidence shewing that wine was within the exceptions of the stat. must be

given by the defendant, 771.
as to the excise permit for removal of, 843.

when wanted to remove quantity above three gallons, what to express,

843, 44.
how to be granted for a private person not a dealer, 844.
dealer not entitled to permit, if wine laid in before licence,

person intending to become dealer in, must take out licence before stock

laid in, 844.
computation of time in permit, 844.

WISBURG.-(See " Customary Law.")

· ordinances of are of, high authority, 36.
WITNESS.-(See “ Evidence.")

on trial of an information for forfeiting of goods, when master of vessel is not a

competent, 247.
abroad or going abroad, how to proceed to get his evidence, 655—(See “ Ers-

witness in India, how to get his evidence, when proceedings are in K. B.,

655, 6.
when proceedings are in parliament, 656.-(See“ Parliament.")
to support charge of misdemeanour committed in India, how to get his eri-

dence, 657.
to support charge against persons holding public offices abroad, 657.
in such prosecutions K. B. may order witness to be examined on de bene in-

terrogatories, 657.

what summons sufficient to, from commissioners of excise, 825.
as to the duties on importation of, 707.

Santa Maria wood, fit for naval purposes, exempt from them till March

1820, 707.
but the importation must be in British built shipping, British navigated,

and from bay of Honduras, 707.
same regulations in force with respect to teake wood from British colonies

in Africa, 707.
in this case due entry must be made, and wood landed in presence of

officer, 707.
same provisions in force in relation to importation of this wood from East

Indies, 707.
they are contained in the 34 Geo. 3. c. 56., 707.

WOOD.-(See “ Timber.").


might formerly be exported by alien, 148. 151.
alien to be sworn to hold no staple of beyond sea, 150.
not to be exported by natural born subjects, 151.
cotton wool may be imported from any port in British ships, British navigated,

one of the colonial enumerated articles, 222.
as to the encouragement of importation of wool, 539.

the duties payable on importation of, 539.
as to cotton wool, 539.-(See “Cotton.”)
the words “all sorts of wool” in 43 Geo. 3. c. 143. does not extend to cot-

ton wool, 539.
cannot be exported, 571.
forfeiture in case of its being exported, 571. 73.
exporting wool was once felony, 572.
all the early provisions regarding the export of it were repealed by the 28 Geo.3.

c. 38., 572.
they extend to woolfells, mortlings, shortlings, wadding, &c., 572, 3.
but the provisions regarding wool shorn, and some others, are excepted, 572.
prohibition extends to manufactures of wool slightly made up, 573.
persons concerned in illegal exportation thereof pay penalty, 573.
Bubject also to imprisonment, 573.
punishment in case of a second offence, 573.

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