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only, whilst I believe Trap was not shown more than half a dozen times, his best performance being when he came second to Jock at Birmingham in 1862.
That extraordinary bitch Grove Nettle should be mentioned here, for to her quite as much as to any one of the couple and a half of terriers already named is due a share in the present production. Bred in 1862 by W. Merry, huntsman to the Grove Hounds, there does not appear to be any mystery as to her pedigree, she being by the Grove Tartar from the Rev. W. Handley's Sting. Nettle was a prettily shaped, tan-headed bitch, with a black mark on her side, a rather long, wavy coat, almost inclined to be broken haired. The Hon. T. W. Fitzwilliam, her owner, said “the difficulty was to keep her above ground.” Another good judge said “there was not a more useful animal in the show when she was exhibited in the champion class at Birmingham in 1868,” and he further described her as rather long in the body, and although possessing immense bone, not losing one iota in quality. At the Kennel Club, Cleveland-row, may be seen all that remains of this grand bitch, for she is there set up in a case, looking as hideous and unlike that which she was in nature as “stuffed '' dogs do nine times out of ten.
Following such dogs as the above came Tyrant from Beverley, bred by Harry Adams, and shown by Mr. G. Booth and others, as good a terrier as I ever saw, all white, as game as they could be made, and a rare sire to boot; Venture, the famous Chance and Risk, of Mr. Gamon's; Mr. Sydenham Dixon's Quiz; Mr. Whitton's Badger all being by him, and as good terriers as man need possess. Mr. Sarsfield's bitch, Fussy, bred by Mr. H. C. Musters; Mr. L. Turner's Myrtle; Gadfly; Shepherd's Lille; Fan, and X. L., both bred by Mr. W. Allison, then residing at Cotswold; Satire, Pilgrim's May, Mr. Bassett's Spot, Nectar, Trinket; Mr. Chaplin's Venom, were all great terriers about this time. Following them came Mac II., Hornet, Bellona, Trimmer, Vanity, Olive, with Foiler claimed by Mr. Gibson, of Brokenhurst, at Birmingham, in 1874, for 4, 1oo, where he had been placed second to Tyke, who later on, though a dog with a brindled mark on his head, did a great deal of winning. The latter, when the property of Mr. F. J. Astbury, may be said to have monopolised nearly all the first prizes on the show bench until the dreaded “Rattler” came forward, and he, when the property of Mr. James Fletcher, of Stoneclough, and under the careful guidance of Mr. G. Hellewell, pretty well ruled the roast, especially at the north country shows, and so we are brought down pretty much to the present generation. There had been favoured strains of fox terriers kept at many of the hound kennels; Mr. Slingsby, at Scriven Park, Yorkshire, had them, so had Mr. Donville Poole, Marbury Hall, Shropshire; Sir Watkin Wynne, in Wales, and Lord Hill, in Shropshire. The Rev. John Russell, too, had a good strain; Mr. Cheriton, likewise, in the West of England; Mr. Ffrance, in Cheshire; the Rufford; the Tynedale; the Grove ; the Old Berkeley; Mr. Farquharson in Dorsetshire; the Duke of Beaufort, the Hon. T. W. Fitzwilliam, Ben Morgan, Will Goodall, George Beers, Lord Henry Bentinck, Burton, Constable, in Lincolnshire; Belvoir, Albrighton, Atherton, the Duke of Rutland, and the Brocklesby hunt, all had terriers of their own, which were valued highly, and to them one way and another are we indebted for the modern fox terrier. One strain has, or at any rate should have, improved another, until an ideal and perfect fox terrier had been reached. But I am afraid the result has not, so far, been quite so satisfactory as it might have been. With all the material at hand one would have considered it easy enough to breed almost perfect fox terriers to order. Such is certainly not the case, and, although the multitude of breeders have given us a large number of second and third rate animals, I am almost afraid to state that those really first-class are not to be found in even as great numbers as was the case over twenty years ago. For instance, where could we now obtain two such entries of “champions” as appeared at the Crystal Palace in 1870 ? In dogs Trimmer was first, Jock, then being past his best, came second to him, and behind them were Old Trap, Rival, Harrison's Jocko, Tyrant, Hornet, Tartar, the Marquis of Huntley's Bounce, Quiz, and, last but by no means least, Old Chance. Nor were the bitches much less high class. Fussy was first, Themis second, Grove Nettle reserve, and following were Pilgrim's Gem, the Marquis of Huntley's Mischief, Nichol's Frisk, J. Statter's Kate, Sale's Nectar, and Gamon's Lively. Now I think he would be more than a bold man who would say he could pick out a score of terriers now, at the beginning of 1894, to match or equal those “giants,” which all appeared in one show so far back as 1870. Such being the case the question comes, is fox terrier breeding a failure, or is the art of successful mating played out? Exhibitors like Mr. T. Wootten, of Nottingham, the late Mr. J. H. Murchison, Mr. J. Gibson, and one or two others must be looked upon as the pioneers of I
the race, and they have been followed by Mr. Luke Turner, Leicester; Messrs. Clarke, of Nottingham ; Mr. J. C. Tinne, Mr. F. Redmond, the late Mr. F. Burbidge, the Messrs. Vicary, and many others whose names need not be mentioned here, for there are more breeders of fox terriers in the country than there are days in the year, and fashion changes in terriers, if not with each season, at any rate pretty regularly. Not so long ago the cobby type found favour, now the craze lies in the opposite direction, leggy, stiff, stilty, flat-sided, upright shouldered dogs being very much in evidence on the show bench, though I should like the judges in all cases to stick to one type, which they do not do. Take dogs like Mr. F. Redmond's D'Orsay, his Digby Grand, and until recently his Despoiler, all animals of a different type, still from the same kennels, and all winners. D'Orsay appears to have taken the place of Mr. Clarke's Champion Result as the chief winner of his day, but he is a dog I never cared for at all, his ears are most indifferently carried, he is stiff and stilty, and his shoulders are to my idea badly put on ; he is a “corky” little dog. Digby Grand was first shown by Mr G. Raper, a game, determined, hardylooking terrier of the old stamp ; a little finer in muzzle and he would have been a Tyrant, still the