which he could not possibly return, and many and many a time have the Dandie Dinmonts had to be lifted through the fences over which a straightlegged dog could scramble. In addition to the usual varieties as they are commonly known, named, and recognised in the Stud Books, I have appended a chapter on what may be called actually working terriers; such animals as have been kept in certain districts and by certain families as the best for the purposes for which they were originally produced. Such dogs have survived for their work alone, for their hardihood and gameness, and will no doubt continue so to do to the end. Perhaps there may be so-called varieties of these rough-coated, hardy terriers not mentioned by me; but, of course, I cannot do more than allude to such as I have seen, and with which I have been personally acquainted. The “Border terriers,” as I have stated, have been for a long time indigenous to the Border counties, and extending even so far south as Westmoreland, Lancashire, and Yorkshire. In some localities their noses have, as it were, been put out of joint by “new breeds,” which are probably smarter in appearance, and more taking to the eye. The Sealy Ham terriers have had a reputation in certain districts in Wales for over half a century.

A more modern strain to which I have drawn attention is the extremely varmint-looking, short-legged, wire-haired terrier, which Mr. Cowley (in Hertfordshire) has taken—and is still taking—such pains to cultivate, and I believe that these three—varieties if you like—are, for working purposes, equal to anything that can be obtained at the time I write. Whether they are handsome will be seen from the illustrations. The terrier is a charming dog as a companion, and if he is nicely brought up and trained, even the bull terrier, which has obtained a reputation as a fighting dog, will be found as faithful, cleanly, and quiet as the long-coated, diminutive Yorkshire terrier; indeed, if anyone requires a good house dog, he will not go astray if he procures a terrier—any of the several varieties which I have endeavoured to describe in the following chapters.



OUR modern terrier is a very different creature from what he is half a century ago, and I who

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fo s' days, to the o is show benches. T inco is little or no doub, that the original buil or was a cross between a ordinary kind of torrior and the bull dog, and so e of the largest s, ecimens had a touch of the mastir thrown in. He od been bred for fighting or for k 'ng rats, and, long before the era of canine exhibitions, some of the rougher so-called sporting men in London and in the Midlands, of which Birmingham may be taken as the metropolis, had strains of more or less celebrity. The dogs that fought with Wombwell's ons at Warwick in 1825 were large bull terriers, and not bull dogs, as stated in the journals of that

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