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General Appearance.—The general appearance should be that of a long-coated pet dog, the coat hanging quite straight and evenly down each side, a parting extending from the nose to the end of the tail; the animal should be very compact and neat, the carriage being very sprightly, bearing an important air. Although the frame is hidden beneath a mantle of hair, the general outline should be such as to suggest the existence of a vigorous and wellproportioned body.
Head.—Should be rather small and flat, not too prominent or round in the skull; rather broad at the muzzle, a perfectly black nose; the hair on the muzzle very long, which should be a rich deep tan, not sooty or grey. Under the chin, long hair, and about the same colour as the centre of the head, which should be a bright, golden tan, and not on any account intermingled with dark or sooty hairs. Hair on the sides of the head should be very long, and a few shades deeper tan than the centre of the head, especially about the ear
Eyes.—Medium in size, dark in colour, having a sharp, intelligent expression, and placed so as to look directly forward; they should not be prominent. The edges of the eyelids should also be of a dark colour.
Ears.-Cut or uncut; if cut, quite erect; if not cut, to be small V-shaped and carried semi-erect, covered with short hair; colour to be a deep, dark tan.
Mouth.—Good even mouth; teeth as sound as possible. A dog having lost a tooth or two through accident, not the least objectionable, providing the jaws are even.
Body.- Very compact and a good loin, and level on the top of the back.
Coat.-The hair as long and straight as possible (not wavy), which should be glossy, like silk (not woolly); colour, a bright steel blue, extending from the back of the head to the root of the tail, and on no account intermingled the least with fawn, light, or dark hairs.
Legs.-Quite straight, which should be of a bright golden tan, and well covered with hair a few shades lighter at the ends than at the roots.
Feet.-As round as possible; toe nails black.
Tail.-Cut to a medium length, with plenty of hair on, darker blue in colour than the rest of body, especially at the end of the tail, and carried a little higher than the level of the back.
Weight.—Divided into two classes, viz. : under 5lb. and over 5lb., but not to exceed 121b.
There are some other rough-haired toy terriers, which are, however, of little account, because they have never been bred to any particular type. Occasionally wee things very like what a miniature Skye terrier would be are seen; and, again, some smart little dogs with cut ears, evidently a cross between a Yorkshire terrier and some other variety of small dog, are not at all uncommon, and were quite numerous before the dog show era commenced. Since then the general public will not look at anything other than what is considered to be of blue blood. At one of the early London shows separate classes were provided for Scotch terriers under 7lb. weight and white in colour, fawns with the same limit, and blues likewise, each of the three attracting a fair entry, most of which were, how
ever, what we should now call “cross-bred ” brokenhaired toy terriers.
Following the Yorkshire, the most popular toy terriers are the black and tans. A good specimen should not exceed from 5lb. to 6lb. in weight, and ought to be an exact counterpart in miniature of the black and tan or Manchester terrier described earlier on. Some of the very best toys of this variety have been produced from fully sized parents, but it is well to breed them from a dog as small as possible, and from a bitch 81b., rolb., or 12lb. weight. In such a case there is less risk of the puppies dying, and they are more easily reared when brought up by a big, strong, sound mother. It is seldom we see a really good black and tan toy terrier nowadays. There were one or two at Cruft's show at the Agricultural Hall, Islington, in 1894, the winners, Mr. Gallaher's Lady Helen Blackwood and Mr. T. Adams's Oxford Beauty, being about equal to anything I have seen of late. Mrs. Foster, of Bradford, has owned a few good specimens, and both the London and Birmingham "fancy” once upon a time prided themselves on these little dogs. However, they were always more or less delicate, and continuous in-breeding caused them to be produced with round skulls— “ apple-headed" they were called—full eyes, narrow,
pinched muzzles, and long, hare-like feet, the latter suggesting that an endeavour had been made to strengthen the strain by inter-breeding with Italian greyhounds. A really good, cobbily-built little black and tan terrier was a pretty creature ; but the
apple-headed," greyhound-shaped animals commonly seen are not worth keeping. The difficulty of producing the former has no doubt conduced to their downfall, of which there is no doubt whatever, and I fancy it is only a matter of time before the variety actually ceases to exist.
The delicacy of the toy black and tan terrier makes it particularly liable to attacks of skin disease, pretty nearly all the hair falling away; and when such is the case it is nothing unusual for the little dog to go through life without any hair at all on his chest, breast, and throat, and no more on the tail than is found on the common rat. Sometimes the usual washes or lotions for strengthening the growth of the human hair may be useful in such cases, and I have known the recipe recommended on page 344 (omitting the white precipitate) for the Yorkshire terriers, sparingly applied twice a week, to have a beneficial effect.
From these black and tan toy terriers blue or blue and tan specimens are often produced, even to such an extent as to be an excuse for the