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will be the most suitable to farms in America, in particular; some considerable alterations are designed, for rendering the American farmers' habitations not only secure against fire, but also the best adapted to the business and employments of farmers, and the habits and manners of country people; at the same time that, in certain situations, that form of building may be preferred, and the air. holes in the recesses occasionally applied in the defence of the doors and windows, against outrages of burglars, as far as the perfectly square angles of a building will admit of it.
The editor has condensed this work, that it might not run into a high price : but the author's thirteen plates of engravings could not be omitted, and it is hoped, the two plates now added will be satisfactory in illustrating 'the subjects they relate to_These articles of expence could not be avoided.
CULTURE AND MANAGEMENT
The names and qualities of Apricots commonly culti
vated in England, &c. THE
HE Masculine Apricot is small and round; the earliest in ripening, about the end of July, in England. It is chiefly esteemed for its tart taste. Red towards the sun; a greenish yellow on the other side. The Orange : large, but rather dry and insipid: fitter for tarts than for the table: a deep yellow colour when ripe, the latter end of August. It is considered the best for preserving, in England. The Algiers : a flatted, oval shaped fruit; a straw colour, juicy, and high flavour. Ripens the middle of August, in England.— The Roman : larger than the Algiers, rounder ; of a deep yellow, and not quite so juicy. Ripe the middle or end of August, in England. The Turkey: larger than the Ro.
man ; sharper, more globular, flesh firmer and drier : ripens the end of August, in England. The Breda is large, round, and deep yellow : the flesh soft and juicy: an excellent fruit. Ripe the end of August, in England. The Brussels : in very great esteem; bearing well on standards and large dwarfs.
The fruit, a middling size, red towards the sun, with many dark spots; of a greenish yellow on the other side. It has a brisk flavor; not mealy or doughy. On a wall, ri. pens in August; but not till the end of September in standards, in England. Moor-park, called also, Anson's, Temple's, and Dunmore's Breda : a fine fruit; ripens end of August, in England. . The Peach-apricot: the finest and largest of all apricots ; ripens in August, in England. The Black-apricot : highly esteemed in France: this is also called the Alexandrian apricot; and, says Forsyth, it will prove an acquisition in England.
Mr. Forsyth then gives, a regular succession of fruit for accommodating those who have small gardens, fiom the larger selections ; retaining only the best kinds; of which one or two trees of a sort may be planted, according to the wants of families. The like selection he applies to other fruits-peaches, plums, pears, &c.
A SELECTION OF APRICOTS FOR
A SMALL GARDEN.
The Masculine; the Roman ; the Orange; the
Breda ; and the Moor-Park.
Of Planting, Pruning, and Training Apricots, in
England. PLANT in autumn, soon as the leaf begins to fall. Choose from the nursery, those having the strongest and cleanest stems. If they have been previously headed down, of two or three years growth, they will bear, and fill up, sooner than others. Prefer them with one stem.
If there be two stems, cut away one, however fair.
The borders wherein the trees are to be planted, if new, are to be made two and a half, or three feet deep, of good, light, fresh loam. If to be planted where trees had stood, it may be proper to take out the old mould, at least three feet deep and four feet wide, filling up with fresh loam ; and plant the trees eight inches higher than the level of the old border, to allow for sinking of the earth, that they may not be too deep in the ground; but more of this in treating of Pear-trees.
When the trees are planted, by no means head them down till April or May, when they begin to throw out fresh shoots. Cut strong trees, a foot from the ground; the weak ones, about half that length.
In backward seasons, head down not so early; never till the buds are fairly broken; always cut sloping (towards the wall, if a wall is intended) and as near to an eye as possible, that the young leading shoot may cover the cut, [pl. I. fig. 1.] which operation should be again performed in the ensuing March or April. The shoots that are then thrown out are to be trained horizontally, to cover the wall. The number to be left may be three to six on each side, according to the strength of the main shoot. With finger and thumb rub off the foreright shoots all over the tree, except a few, if wanted, to fill up the wall, near the body of it. [pl. I. fig. 1.]
In the second year shorten the horizontal shoots in the same manner, according to their growth ; and so on, every year, till the wall is completely covered from top to bottom.