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No Platform adopted by second Democratic SLAVERY EXTENSION or RESTRICTION, His-

Convention; no Platform adopted by Whig

tory of the struggle for...

Convention at Harrisburg, 1839; First Demo

Origin and Progress of Slavery in America....

cratic National Platform, 1840....


British Decisions affecting Slavery in the Colo-

Whig National Platform, 1844.



Democratic National Platform, 1844.


Slavery under the Confederation...

Liberty Party Platform, 1844

Jefferson's Ordinance of 1784, providing for the

No Platform adopted openly by Whig Con-

Government of the Territories and the exclu.

vention, 1848..


sion of Slavery therefrom...

Democratic National Platform, 1848.


Yeas and Nays thereon in Continental Congress

Buffalo Free Soil Platform, 1948.


Ordinance of 1787, prohibiting Slavery in the

Whig National Platform, 1852..


North-west Territory...

Democratic National Platform, 1852.


The Federal Constitution on Slavery....

Free Democratic Platform, 1852.


Constitutional Amendments affecting Slavery;

Republican National Platform, 1856.


Cessions of Territory by Slave States; Early

American National Platform, 1856.


attempts to override the Ordinance of '87

Democratic National Platform, 1856.


Reports of John Randolph of Va., and Franklin

Vhig National Platform, 1856..


of N. C., in opposition thereto; The first Mis-

Republican National Platform, 1860.


souri Struggle..........

Constitutional Union Party Platform, 1860.. 29

Slavery Restriction proposed by Gen. James

Democratic (Douglas) Plaiform of 1860...


Tallmadge of N. Y.; Proposition sustained by

Addition thereto by Baltimore Convention. 48

the House ; Remarks thereon by Mr. T. Yuller

Seeders' Platform adopted at Charleston.. 41

of Mass...

The same readopted by the Seceders' (Breckin-

Remarks of Gen. Tallmadge of N. Y....

ridge) Convention at Baltimore.....


Reply of Mr. Scott of Mo....

POLK, JAMES K., of Tennessee, nominated

Restriction negatived in the Senate..

for ani elected President, 1844..

House refuses to concur; Second Missouri

Struggle ; Mr. John W. Taylor of N. Y. moves


a Committee; Memorial of Daniel Webster in

favor of Slavery Restriction....

invented by Gen. Lewis Cass, in his Nicholson

Resolves of Legislature of N. Y., in favor of


Slavery Restriction...


Resolves of N. J. and Pa...
ries : Letter of Martin Van Buren thereon... 181

Resolves of Delaware; Counter Resolves of

Kentucky Legislature; Compromise proposed

POGH, JAMES L., of Alabama, for Dissolu-

by the Senate.


Adopted in the Senate, and Bill passed ; House

refuses to concur...

QUITMIN, Gen. JOHN A., of Mississippi,

Senate asks a Conference.

beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Conven-

Compromise finally carried in the House by 90

tion, B48..

16 Yeas (14 only from Free States) to 87 Nays

Beaten for Vice-President in Democratic Con-

(all from Free States)..

vention, 1856..


The third Missouri Struggle ; Enlargement of

Missouri in 1836; Annexation of Texas..
ANDOLIA, John, of Virginia, on Everett, 204

Address of John Q. Adams and other Whig
RAYNOR KENNETH, of North Carolina, de-

members against such Annexation....
feated for President in American Convention,

Mr. Calhoun's dispatch to Mr. King; Mr. John

P. Hale proposes a division of Texas..


Annexation project of Milton Brown of Tenn. ;

REPUBLICIN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1856 22 Adopted, Yeas 118, Nays 101; Proposition of

Mr. Foster of Tenn...

REPUBLICAN NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1860 26 Annexation carried in Senate, 26 to 25; The

Wilmot Proviso,....


The Clayton Compromise; Mr. J. M. Root's Re-

cey .......


solve for Slavery Restriction; Proposition of

Rives, WM. C., of Virginia, defeated for

Isaac P. Walker of Wisconsin..

Vice-Presidint in Democratic National Conven.

Proposition of Mr. Richard W. Thompson, of


12 Ind. ; Slavery excluded from Oregon Terri-


Rush, RICHARD, beaten for Vice-President

Mr. Douglas, of Illinois, proposes to extend the

in 1828............

10 Missouri line of restriction to the Pacific...

Rusk, Gen. Thomas J., of Texas, beaten

Senate agrees, but House refuses; The Compro-
for Vice-Presilent in Democratic National Con-

mise of 1850; Gen, Taylor's' recommenda-

vention, 1852.

tions ; Gen. Sam Houston's proposition; Hen-


ry Clay's plan of Compromise; John Bell's

Scott, Gen. VINFIELD, of New-York, de-


feated for President at Harrisburg, 1889..

12 Objections to Mr. Clay's scheme by Foote of

Defeated for President in Whig Convention,

Miss. and Mason, of Va...


15 Ditto by Jefferson Davis of Miss. ; Mr. Clay
Nominated for President, 1852.

18 in reply; Messrs. Downs of La., King of Ala.,
Letter accepting nomination for President,

and Butler of 8. C., in further opposition to



Mr. Clay..

Defeated for President, 1852.

92 Mr. Foote of Miss. moves a Committee of Thir-
SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Charleston, and

teen; Mr. Clay reports from said Committee;

Mr. Jefferson Davis's Amendment...



Mr. Chase of Ohio moves a prohibition of Sla-

SECEDERS' CONVENTION at Baltimore nomi.

very; The Omnibus defeated as a whole, but
nates John C. Breckinridge for President, and

passed in separate bills; The Kansas-Nebraska

Gen. Joseph Lane for Vice-President..

48 Struggle.

Mr. Atchison's remarks thereon; President

SEWARD, WM. H., of New-York, candidate

Pierce protests against the renewal of agita-
for President before National Republican Conven.

tion; Mr. Douglas's first Nebraska Report...

tion, 1860.


He amends his bill; Mr. Chase proposes to au.

His “ Irrepressible Conflict” Speech at Roches.

thorize the people of Kansas to prohibit Sla-



very therein; Opposed by Messrs. Bell, Doug.

SERGEANT, John, of Pennsylvania, beaten

las, etc., and defeated.

for Vice-President in 1832....


Mr. Clayton's " American" amendment; Mr.

Defeated for Vice-President in Whig National

Chase moves that the people of the Territory

be authorized to elect their own Governor;

Convention, 1844......


Defeated by 30 to 10; Mr. Seward's speech

SINGLETON, OTHo R., of Mississippi, for Dis-

against the bill..


172 The Kansas-Nebraska bil passes the Senate..





The Kansas-Nebraska bill passes the House.....

Yeas 118, Nays, 100, thereon..

86 Tyler, John, of Virginia, nominated and



The clause of said bill repealing the Missouri

defeated for Vice-President, 1835_6..

Compromise; President Pierce on Kansas Af-

Nominated for Vice-President, at Harrisburg,

fairs in '55–6; Mr. Douglas's Report on do.,

1839, and electod in 1840..


March 12, '56

87 Two-THIRDS RULE adopted by first Demo-

Minority Report of Mr. Collamer of Vermont.. 89


House orders an investigation of Kansas frauds;

cratic Convention, 1882

Report of Messrs. Howard and Sherman there- Toccer, ISAAC, of Connecticut, supported


House votes to admit Kansas as a Free State... 107

for President by Democratic National Convention.

Mr. Douglas reports a bill to pacify Kansas..

Mr. Trumbull's amendments thereto; Do. Messrs.

107 VAN BUREN, MARTIN, of New-York, nomi-

nated for Vice-President..


Foster's, Wilson's and Seward's ; Passage of

Douglas's bill.....


Nominated for President in 1885, and elected in



Mr. Geo. G. Dunn's bill to reorganize Kansas.. 109


President Pierce's last Message on Kansas..

Nominated for reëlection as President, 1840



Remarks of Messrs. Hale, Seward, Mason, Wil-

Defeated for President in 1840.

son and Pugh thereon.

Defeated in Democratic National Convention,


President Buchanan on the Lecompton Constitu-

1844 ..



Nominated for President by Buffalo Convention,



Mr. Douglas's speech against Lecompton..



Action on Lecompton in Kansas.

On Slavery in the Territories, letter to Water-


Mr. Buchanan's special Lecompton Message.

bury and others....



Provisions of Lecompton Constitution respecting




1852, on Resolve approving Compromise Measures

The Lecompton bill; Passed in the Senate, but

of 1850...


defeated in the House; The Crittenden-Mont-

gomery substitute..

121 WARD, John E., of Georgia, President of

Yeas and Nays on adopting substitute..


the Democratic National Convention, 1856 ........ 24

Senate refuses to concur; Mr. English moves a

Conference Committee ; Carried by the Speak-

WEBSTER, DANIEL, of Massachusetts, sup-

er's casting vote; The English Compromise

ported by Massachusetts for President, 1836. 12


Defeated for President in Whig Convention, 1848



Carried through both Houses; The Wyandot

Beaten for President in Whig Convention, 1852.. 18

Convention and Constitution.

Memorial to Congress for Slavery Restriction ... 59



Mr. Grow proposes, and the House votes to ad-

His view on the powers of Supreme Court......

mit Kansas under the Wyandot Constitution;

Speech against Slavery Extension,


Senate refuses to act on the bill....

126 WELLER, Col. John B., of California,


beaten for Vice-President in Democratic National


National Convention by Mr. Gaulden, of Georgia.

Convention, 1852


Also by Governor Adams, of S. C., in Message to

Wang National CONVENTIONS, held a: Har-


208 risburg, Penn., 1889


Held at Baltimore, Md., 1844


SPENCER, AMBROSE, of New-York, Presi- Held at Philadelphia, Penn., 1848.


dent Whig National Convention, 1844

13 Held at Baltimore, Md., 1852


Held at Baltimore, Md., 1856


SPENCER, JOHN C., of New-York, Presi-

WHITE, Hugh L., of Tennessee, unsuccess-

dent Anti-Masonic National Convention


ful candidate for President


STEVENSON, ANDREW, of Virginia, Presi-

dent Second Democratic National Convention...

Wilmot, David, of Pennsylvania, defeated


Ditto, President National Democratic Conven-

for Vice-President in Republican Convention, 1856 29

tion, 1848.......


Temporary Chairman of Republican National


STRANGE, ROBERT, of North Carolina, beaten

Convention, 1860.

for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,

Wilson, Gen. Henry, of Massichusetts,


President of Free Democratic National Conven-

tion, 1852


SUMNER, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, de-
feated for Vice-President in Republican onal

Wirt, William, of Maryland, Anti-Ma-

Convention, 1856.........


sonic candidate for President, 1832



Wilkins, WILLIAM, of Pennsylvania, sup-

Opinions of Thomas Jefferson..


ported by Pennsylvania for Vice-President, 1832.. 11

Opinions of John Taylor of Caroline, Va., John WISCONSIN declares for Free Territory,
Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon of

N. C., and John Bacon, of Massachusetts

through Legislative Resolves...


Opinions of John J. Crittenden, Nathaniel Macon,

WOODBURY, LEVI, of New-Hampshire, beaten

James Barbour, Supreme Court of Georgia, for President in Democratic Convention, 1848 16

Legislature of Georgia, Supreme Court of Penn-

sylvania, and Court of Appeals of Virginia .... 176

Wright, Silas, of New-York, nominated

Opinions of Mahlon Dickerson, Richard M. Juhn-

for Vice-President by Democratic National Con-
son, Gen. Andrew Jackson, and Daniel Web-

vention of 1844, but declined..


177 YANCEY, WILLIAM L., of Alabama, offers


non-interference" resolve in Democratic Con-

delphia, 1848, and Resolves

15 vention, 1848


He advocates Revolution in the South.

Taylor, ZACHARY, of Louisiana, Whig

nominee for President, 1843


YOUNG, Col. SAMUEL, of New-York, Presi-

Elected President in 1848


dent of the Barnburners' Convention at Utica in



TILDEN, DANIEL R., of Ohio, proposes

Offers Anti-Slavery Resolves in Senate of New.

Slavery Restriction in Whig Convention, 1843 15


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National Conventions for the nomination of a potent influence over such questions, being, candidates are of comparatively recent origin. on this occasion, unable to agree as to which of In the earlier political history of the United her favored sons should have the preference. States, under the Federal Constitution, candi- Ninety-four of the 136 Republican members of dates for President and Vice-President were Congress attended this caucus, and declared nominated by congressional and legislative their preference of Mr. Madison, who received caucuses. Washington was elected as first 83 votes, the remaining 11 being divided bePresident under the Constitution, and reëlected tween Mr. Monroe and George Clinton. The for a second term by a unanimous, or nearly Opposition supported Mr. Pinckney; but Mr. unanimous, concurrence of the American people; Madison was elected by a large majority. but an opposition party gradually grew up in Toward the close of Mr. Madison's earlier Congress, which became formidable during his term, he was nominated for reëlection by a second term, and which ultimately crystalized Congressional Caucus held at Washington, in into what was then called the Republican May, 1812. In September of the same year, a party. John Adams, of Massachusetts, was convention of the Opposition, representing prominent among the leading Federalists, while eleven States, was held in the city of NewThomas Jefferson, of Virginia, was preëmi- York, which nominated De Witt Clinton, of Qently the author and oracle of the Republican New-York, for President. He was also put in party, and, by common consent, they were the nomination by the Republican Legislature of opposing candidates for the Presidency, on New-York. The ensuing canvass resulted in Washington's retirement in 1796-7.

the reëlection of Mr. Madison, who received Mr. Adams was then chosen President, while 128 electoral votes to 89 for De Witt Clinton. Mr. Jefferson, having the largest electoral vote In 1816, the Republican Congressional Caucus next to Mr. A., became Vice-President. nominated James Monrue, who received, in the

The first Congressional Caucus to nominate caucus, 65 votes to 54 for Wm. H. Crawford, candidates for President and Vice-President, is of Georgia. The Opposition, or Federalists, said to have been held in Philadelphia in the named Rufus King, of New-York, who receiveá year 1800, and to have nominated Mr. Jeffer- only 34 electoral votes out of 217. There was son for the first office, and Aaron Burr for the no opposition to the reëlection of Mr. Monroe second. These candidates were elected after a in 1820, a single (Republican) vote being cast desperate struggle, beating John Adams and against him, and for John Quincy Adams. Charles C. Pinckney, of South Carolina. In In 1824, the Republican party could not be 1804, Mr. Jefferson was reëlected President, sinduced to abide by the decision of a Congres. with George Clinton, of New-York, for Vice, sional Caucus. A large majority of the Repubencountering but slight opposition: Messrs. lican members formally refused to participate Charles C. Pinckney and Rufus King, the op- in such a gathering, or be governed by its deciposing candidates, receiving only 14 out of 176 sion; still, a Caucus was called and attended by Electoral Votes. We have been unable to find the friends of Mr. Crawford alone. Of the 261 any record as to the manner of their nomina- members of Congress at this time, 216 were tion. In January, 1808, when Mr. Jefferson's Democrats or Republicans, yet only 66 ressecond term was about to close, a Republican ponded to their names at roll-call, 64 of whom Congressional Caucus was held at Washington, voted for Mr. Crawford as the Republican nomito decide as to the relative claims of Madison nee for President. This nomination was very and Monroe for the succession, the Legisla extensively repudiated throughout the country, ture of Virginia, which had been said to exert land three competing Republican candidates

Tere brought into the field through legislative New-York, presided over the delil erations of the and other machinery-viz., Andrew Jackson, Convention, and the nominees received each Henry Clay, and John Quincy Adams. The re-i 108 votes. The candidates accepted the nomi. sult of this famous "scrub race" for the Presi. nation and received the electoral vote of Verdency was, that no one was elected by the mont only. The Convention did not enunciate people, Gen. Jackson receiving 99 electoral any distinct platform of principles, but apvotes, Mr. Adams 84, Mr. Crawford 41, and Mr. pointed a committee to issue an Address to the Clay 37. The election then devolved on the people. In due time, the address was published. House of Representatives, where Mr. Adams It is quite as prolix and verbose as modern powas chosen, receiving the votes of 13 States, litical addresses'; and, after stating at great against 7 for Gen. Jackson, and 4 for Mr. Craw. length the necessary qualifications for the ford. This was the end of “King Caucus." Chief of a great and free people, and presentGen. Jackson was immediately thereafter put ing a searching criticism on the institution of in nomination for the ensuing term by the Le- free-masonry in its moral and political bearings, gislature of Tennessee, having only Mr. Adams somewhat intensified from the excitement for an opponent in 1828, when he was elected caused by the (then recent) alleged murder of by a decided majority, receiving 178 Electoral William Morgan, for having revealed the secrets Votes to 83 for Mr. Adams. Mr. John C. Cal. of the Masonic Order, the Address comes to the houn, who had at first aspired to the Presidency, conclusion that, since the institution had bein 1824, withdrew at an early stage from the come a political engine, political agencies must canvass, and was thereupon chosen Vice-Presi- be used to avert its baneful effects--in other dent by a very large electoral majority-Mr. words," that an enlightened exercise of the Albert Gallatin, of Pennsylvania, (the caucus right of suffrage is the constitutional and candidate on the Crawford ticket,) being his equitable mode adopted by the Anti-Masons is only serious competitor. In 1828, Ms. Calhoun necessary to remove the evil they suffer, and was the candidate for Vice-President on the produce the reforms they seek.” Jackson ticket, and of course reëlected. It was currently stated that the concentration of the Crawford and Calhoun strength on this DEMOCRATIC OR JACKSON NATIONAL ticket was mainly effected by Messrs. Martin

CONVENTION-1832. Van Buren and Churchill C.Cambreleng, of New. York, during a southern tour made by them in There was no open opposition in the Demo1827. In 1828, Richard Rush, of Pennsylvania, cratic party to the nomination of Gen. Jackson was the candidate for Vice-President on the for a second term; but the party were not so Adams ticket.

well satisfied with Mr. Calhoun, the Vice-Presi. dent; so a Convention was called to meet at Baltimore in May, 1832, to nominate a candi.

date for the second office. Delegates appeared U. S. ANTI-MASONIC CONVENTION-1830. and took their seats from the States of

The first political National Convention in this Maine, New-Hampshire, Vermont, Massachucountry of which we have any record was held setts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New-York, at Philadelphia in September, 1830, styled the New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Mary. United States Anti-Masonic Convention. It was

land, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, composed of 96 delegates, representing the Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Ten. States of New-York, Massachusetts, Connecti- nessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana and Illinois. cut, Vermont, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania,

Gen. Robert Lucas, of Ohio, presided, and New.Jersey, Delaware, Ohio, Maryland and the the regular proceedings were commenced by Territory of Michigan. Francis Granger of the passage of the following resolution : New-York presided; but no business was trans- Resoloed, That each State be entitled, in the nominaacted beyond the adoption of the following tion to be made for the Vice-Presidency, to a number of

votes equal to the number to which they will be entitled resolution:

in the electoral colleges, under the new apportionment, Resoloed, That it is recommended to the people of the in voting for President and Vice-President; and that United States, opposed to secret societies, to meet in two-thirds of the whole number of the votes in the Conconvention on Monday the 26th day of September, 1831, vention shall be necessary to constitute a choice. at the city of Baltimore, by delegates equal in number This seems to have been the origin of the to their representatives in both houses of Congress, to famous “two-thirds” rule which has prevailed of President and Vice-President, to be supported at the of late in Democratic National Conventions. next election, and for the transaction of such other The Convention proceeded to ballot for a canbusiness as the cause of Anti-Masonry may require.

didate for Vice-President, with the following In compliance with the foregoing call, a Na- result: tional Anti-Masonic Convention was held at Balti.

For Martin Van Buren: Sonnecticut, 8; Illinois, 2; more, in September, 1831, which nominated Ohio, 21; Tennessee, 15 ; North Carolina, 9; Georgia, 11; William Wirt, of Maryland, for President, and Louisiana; 5; Pennsylvania, 80 ; Maryland, 7 New! Amos Ellmaker, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-Pre-Mersey, 18 Mississippi, 4; Rhode Island, 4; 'Maine, 10; sident. The convention was attended by 112 de- New-York, 42; Vermont, 7 ; Alabama, 1-Total, 208. legates from the States of Maine, New-Hampshire,

For Richard M. Johnson: Illinois, 2; Indiana, 9;

Kentucky, 15—Total, 26. Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Con.

For Philip P. Barbour: North Carolina, 6; Virginia, necticut, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, 28; Maryland, 8; South Carolina, 11 ; Alabama, & Ohio, Indiana, Delaware and Maryland-only Total, 49. Massachusetts, New-York and Pennsylvania Mr. Van Buren, having received more than being fully represented. John C. Spencer, of|two-thirds of all the votes cast, was declared

make nominations of suitable candidates for the office

duly nominated as the candidate of the party diate predecessor (J. Q. Adams) by Gen. Jack. for Vice-President.

son in his Inaugural Address, and adds : The Convention passed a resolution cordially The indecorum of this denunciation was hardly less concurring in the repeated nominations which glaring, than its essential injustice, and can only be Gen. Jackson had received in various parts of paralleled by that of the subsequent denunciation of the

same Administration, on the same authority, to a foreign the country for reëlection as President.

government. Mr. Archer, of Virginia, from the committee

Exception is taken to the indiscriminate re. appointed to prepare an address to the people, moval of all officers within the reach of the Pre. reported that

sident, who were not attached to his person or The committee, having interchanged opinions on the party. As illustrative of the extent to which subject submitted to them, and agreeing fully in the this political proscription was carried, it is stated principles and sentiments which they believe ought 10 be that, within a month after the inauguration of address were to be made, nevertheless deem it advisa- General Jackson, more persous were removed ble under existing circumstances, to recommend the from office than during the whole 40 years that adoption of the following resolution : Resolved, That it be recommended to the several de

had previously elapsed since the adoption of the legations in this Convention, in place of a General Ad. Constitution. Fault is also found with the Address from this body to the people of the United States, ministration in its conduct of our foreign affairs. to make such explanations by address, report, or other. Again the Address says: wise, to their respective constituents, of the object, proceedings and result of the meeting, as they may deem On the great subjects of internal policy, the course expedient.

of the President has been so inconsistent and vacillating,

that it is impossible for any party to place confidence in The result of this election was the choice of his character, or to consider him as a true and effective General Jackson, who received the electoral friend. By avowing his approbation of a judicious tariff,

at the same time recommending to Congress precisely the vote of the following States :

same policy which had been adopted as the best plan of Maine. 10; New-Hampshire, 7 ; New-York, 42 ; New- attack by the opponents of that measure; by admitting Jersey, 8; Pennsylvania, 80 ; Maryland, 8; Virginia, the constitutionality and expediency of Internal Improve 29; North Carolina, 15; Georgia, 11 ; Tennessee, 15; ments of a National character, and at the same moment Ohio, 21; Louisiana, 5; Mississippi, '4 ; Indiana, 9; negativing the most important bills of this description Illinois, 5'; Alabama, 7, Missouri, 4-Total, 219.

which were presented to him by Congress, the President For Mr. Clay : Massachusetts, 14; Rhode Island, 4; has shown that

he is either a secret enemy to the system, Connecticut, 8 ; Delaware, 3 ; Maryland, 5; Kentucky, or that he is willing to sacrifice the most important na15--Total, 49.

tional objects in a vain attempt to conciliate the conflictFor John Floyd, of Virginia : South Carolina, 11.

ing interests, or rather adverse party feeling and opinions For William Wirt, of Maryland: Vermont, 7.

of different sections of the country. Mr. Van Buren received only 189 votes for the United States Bank, and the necessity and

Objection is taken to Gen. Jackson's war on Vice-President, Pennsylvania, which cast her vote for Jackson, having voted for William usefulness of that institution are argued at conWilkins of that' State for Vice-President. treatment of the Cherokee Indians by the State

siderable length. The outrageous and inhuman John Sergeant, for Vice-President, received the of Georgia, and the failure of the National Adsame vote as Mr. Clay for President. South ministration to protect them in their rights, Carolina voted for Henry Lee of Massachusetts, acquired by treaty with the United States, for Vice-President.

is also the subject of animadversion in the


A resolve was adopted, recommending to the 1831.

young men of the National Republican Party to

hold a Convention in the city of Washington on The National Republicans met in convention the following May. at Baltimore, Dec. 12, 1831. Seventeen States Such a Convention was accordingly held at and the District of Columbia were represented the Capital on the 11th of May, 1832, over by 157 delegates, who cast a unanimous vote which William Cost Johnson, of Maryland, prefor Henry Clay, of Kentucky, for President, and sided, and at which the following, among other John Sergeant, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-Pre- resolves, were adopted: sident. James Barbour, of Virginia, presided, Resoloed, That an adequate Protection to American and the States represented were : Maine, New. Industry is indispensable to the prosperity of the coun. Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Cou- try; and that an abandonment of the policy at this

period would be attended with consequences ruinous to necticut, Vermont, New York, New Jersey, the best interests of the Nation. Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Resolved, That a uniform system of Internal ImproveNorth Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee, Obio, ments, sustained and supported by the General GovernLouisiana and Indiana. The Convention adopted harmony, the strength and the permanency of the Re

ment, is calculated to secure, in the highest degree, the no formal platform of principles, but issued an public. Address, mainly devoted to a criticism on the Resolved, that the indiscriminate removal of public Administration of Gen. Jackson, asserting, gross abuse of power; and that the doctrine, lately

officers, for a mere difference of political opinion, is a among other things, that

boldly preached in the United States Senate, that “to the

victors belong the spoils of the vanquished," is detriThe political history of the Union for the last three mental to the interest, corrupting to the morals, and years exhibits a series of measures plainly dictated in all dangerous to the liberties of the people of this countheir principal features by blind cupidity or vindictive try. party spirit, marked throughout by a disregard of good policy, justice, and every high and generous sentiment, and, terminating in a dissolution of the Cabinet under DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, circumstances more discreditable than any of the kind to be met with in the annals of the civilized world.

1835. The address alludes to the charge of incapa- In May, 1835, a National Convention reprecity and corruption leveled against his imme- senting twenty-one States, assembled at Balti

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