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vehicles and motor equipment of any kind, the payment for same to be made as provided herein, to any branch of the Government service having appropriations available for the purchase of said vehicles and equipment. In case of the transfers herein authorized a reasonable price not to exceed actual cost, and if the same have been used, at a reasonable price based upon length of usage, shall be determined upon and an equivalent amount of each appropriation available for said purchase shall be covered into the Treasury as a miscellaneous receipt, and the appropriation in each case reduced accordingly. It shall be the duty of each official of the Government having such purchases in charge to procure the same from any such unused or surplus stock if possible. No transfer of motor-propelled vehicles and motor equipment, unless specifically authorized by law, shall be made free of charge to any branch of the Government service. (July 19, 1919, ch. 24, § 5, 41 Stat. 233.)
§ 1319. Collecting forwarding charges on Government radio grams or telegrams.-The Signal Corps, in its operation of military telegraph lines, cables, or radio stations, is authorized in the discretion of the Secretary of War to collect forwarding charges due connecting commercial telegraph or radio companies for the transmission of Government radiograms or telegrams over their lines, and to this end, under such regulations as may be prescribed by the Secretary of War, it can present vouchers to disbursing officers for payment or file claims with the General Accounting Office for the amount of such forwarding charges. (May 12, 1917, ch. 12, 40 Stat. 43; June 10, 1921, ch. 18, 42 Stat. 23.)
TRANSPORTATION OF TROOPS AND SUPPLIES;
ARMY TRANSPORT SERVICE
§ 1371. Persons carried on Army transports.—When in the opinion of the Secretary of War, accommodations are available, transportation may be provided for the officers, enlisted men, employees, and supplies of the Navy, the Marine Corps, and for members and employees of the Philippine and Hawaiian governments, officers of the War Department, Members of Congress, other officers of the Government while traveling on official business, and without expense to the United States, for the families of those persons herein authorized to be transported, and when accommodations are available, transportation may be provided for general passengers to the island of Guam, rates and regulations therefor to be prescribed by the Secretary of War. (Mar. 2, 1907, ch. 2511, 34 Stat. 1170.)
8 1371a. Same; employees of United States residing in Alaska. When, in the opinion of the Secretary of War, accommodations are available, transportation on vessels of the Army transport service may be provided, without expense to the United States, to employees of the United States, residing in Alaska, who have been in such employment for a period of not less than two years, and to their families: Provided, That except in cases of dire emergency such as sickness or death, the privilege herein granted shall be limited, as to each eligible individual, to one round trip between Alaska and the States during each two-year period from and after November 21, 1941. (Nov. 21, 1941, ch. 483, 55 Stat. 775.).
§ 1376. Transportation without charge by certain landgrant railroads.—No money shall be paid to any railroad company for the transportation of any property or troops of the United States over any railroad which in whole or in part was constructed by the aid of a grant of public land on the condition that such railroad should be a public highway for the use of the Government of the United States free from toll or other charge, or upon any other conditions for the use of such road, for such transportation, nor shall any allowance be made for the transportation of officers of the Army over any such road when on duty and under orders as military officers of the United States: Provided, That the foregoing provision shall not apply to roads where the sole condition of transportation is that the company shall not charge the Government higher rates than they do individuals for like transportation, and when the Quartermaster General shall be satisfied that this condition has been faithfully complied with. (Mar. 3, 1875, ch. 133, § 1, 18 Stat. 453.)
SURPLUS WAR DEPARTMENT REAL PROPERTY; SALE;
DISPOSITION OF PROCEEDS
§ 1597a. Retransfer to War Department of real property from other departments; sale; proceeds credited to military post construction fund. In order to make further provision for the military post construction fund established by section 1597 of this title, the Secretary of War is authorized to cause to be retransferred to the War Department, subject to the approval of the President, all real property transferred before February 25, 1927, or any part thereof, since January 1, 1919, from the War Department to other departments, bureaus, branches, or activities of the Government and no longer actually and necessarily required for their use, respectively, and upon the retransfer to the War Department of any such property the Secretary of War shall report the same to the Congress with recommendations as to its sale and the deposit of the proceeds to the credit of the military post construction fund. (Feb. 25, 1927, ch. 193, § 3, 44 Stat. 1236.)
TITLE 12-BANKS AND BANKING
FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
DEPOSITARIES AND FISCAL AGENTS
§ 395. Federal reserve banks as depositaries, custodians and fiscal agents for Commodity Credit Corporation.—The Federal Reserve banks are hereby authorized to act as depositaries, custodians, and fiscal agents for the Commodity Credit Corporation. (July 16, 1943, ch. 241, § 3, 57 Stat. 566.)
FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION
INTRODUCTORY Ex. ORD. No. 6084. REORGANIZING AGRICULTURAL CREDIT AGENCIES OF THE
UNITED STATES Ex. Ord. No. 6084, Mar. 27, 1933, provided:
Whereas sections 401 and 403 of title IV of part II of the Legislative Appropriation Act, fiscal year 1933, as amended by an act of Congress approved March 3, 1933, provide:
SEC. 401. The Congress hereby declares that a serious emergency exists by reason of the general economic depression; that it is imperative to reduce drastically governmental expenditures; and that such reductions may be accomplished in great measure by proceeding immediately under the provisions of this title.
Accordingly, the President shall investigate the present organization of all executive and administrative agencies of the Government and shall detemine what changes therein are necessary to accomplish the following purposes:
(a) To reduce expenditures to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government;
(b) To increase the efficiency of the operations of the Government to the fullest extent practicable within the revenues;
(c) To group, coordinate, and consolidate executive and administrative agencies of the Government, as nearly as may be, according to major purposes;
(d) To reduce the number of such agencies by consolidating those having similar functions under a single head, and by abolishing such agencies and/or such functions thereof as may not be necessary for the efficient conduct of the Government;
(e) To eliminate overlapping and duplication of effort; and
(f) To segregate regulatory agencies and functions from those of an administrative and executive character.
SEC. 403. Whenever the President, after investigation, shall find and declare that any regrouping, consolidation, transfer, or abolition of any executive agency or agencies and/or the functions thereof is necessary to accomplish any of the purposes set forth in Section 401 of this title, he may by Executive order
(a) Transfer the whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the functions thereof to the jurisdiction and control of any other executive agency;
(b) Consolidate the functions vested in any executive agency; or
(c) Abolish the whole or any part of any executive agency and/or the functions thereof; and
(d) Designate and fix the name and functions of any consolidated activity or executive agency and the title, powers, and duties of its executive head; except that the President shall not have authority under this title to abolish or transfer an executive department and/or all the functions thereof.
Now, therefore, pursuant to the authority so vested in me, and after investigation, it is found and declared that the following changes in executive agencies and the functions thereof are necessary to accomplish the purposes set forth in section 401 above recited, and it is hereby ordered that:
(1) The functions of the Secretary of Agriculture as a member of the Federal Farm Board, and the offices of the appointed members of the Federal Farm Board, except the office of the member designated as chairman thereof, are abolished.
(2) The name of the Federal Farm Board is changed to the Farm Credit Administration.
(3) The name of the office of Chairman of the Federal Farm Board is changed to Governor of the Farm Credit Administration, and he is vested with all
the powers and duties of the Federal Farm Board. (4) The functions of the Secretary of the Treasury, as a member of the Federal Farm Loan Board, and the offices of the appointed members of the Federal Farm Loan Board, except the office of the member designated as farm loan commissioner, are abolished, and all the powers and functions of the Federal Farm Loan Board are transferred to and vested in the Farm Loan Commissioner, subject to the jurisdiction and control of the Farm Credit Administration as herein provided.
(5) There are transferred to the jurisdiction and control of the Farm Credit Administration:
(a) The Federal Farm Loan Bureau and the functions thereof; together with the functions of the Federal Farm Loan Board, including the functions of the Farm Loan Commissioner;
(b) The functions of the Treasury Department and the Department of Agriculture, and the Secretaries thereof, under Executive authorizations to give aid to farmers, dated July 26, 1918, and any extensions or amendments thereof;
(c) The functions of the Secretary of Agriculture under all provisions of law relating to the making of advances or loans to farmers, fruit growers, producers and owners of livestock and crops, and to individuals for the purpose of assisting in forming or increasing the capital stock of agricultural-credit corporations, livestock-loan companies, or like organizations, except Public Resolution No. 74, Seventieth Congress, approved December 21, 1928, providing for the Puerto Rican Hurricane Relief Commission;
(d) The Crop Production Loan Office and the Seed Loan Office of the Department of Agriculture, and the functions thereof;
(e) The functions of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and its Board of Directors relating to the appointment of officers and agents to manage regional agricultural credit corporations formed under section 201 (e) of the Emergency Relief and Construction Act of 1932; relating to the establishment of rules and regulations for such management; and relating to the approval of loans and advances made by such corporations and of the terms and conditions thereof.
(6) The functions vested in the Federal Farm Board by section 9 of the Agricultural Marketing Act are abolished, except that such functions shall continue to be exercised to such extent and for such time as may be necessary to permit the orderly winding up of the activities of stabilization corporations heretofore recognized under authority of such section, and the governor of the Farm Credit Administration shall take appropriate action for winding up at the earliest practicable date the activities of such corporations and all affairs related to the exercise of such functions.
(7) The records, property (including office equipment), and personnel used and employed in the execution of the functions hereinbefore transferred are transferred to the jurisdiction and control of the Farm Credit Administration.
(8) The sum of $2,000,000 of the unexpended balances of appropriations made to the Federal Farm Board by Public Resolutions No.-43 and No. 51 of the Seventy-second Congress shall be impounded and returned to the Treasury, which sum shall be in addition to the other savings to be effected by the Farm Credit Administration as a result of this order.
(9) The unexpended balances of appropriations to the Secretary of Agriculture, the Federal Farm Loan Bureau, and the Federal Farm Board for salaries, expenses, and all other administrative expenditures in the execution of the functions herein vested in the Farm Credit Administration shall be transferred to and vested in the Farm Credit Administration as a single fund for its use for salaries, expenses, and all other administrative expenditures for the execution of any or all of such functions without restriction as to the particular functions for the execution of which the same were originally appropriated. All other appropriations, allotments, and other funds available for use in connection with the functions and executive agencies hereby transferred and consolidated are hereby transferred to and vested in the Farm Credit Administration, and shall be available for use by it, for the same purposes as if the Farm Credit Administration were named in the law or authority providing such appropriations, allotments, or other funds.
(10) All power, authority, and duties conferred by law upon any officer, executive agency, or head thereof, from which or from whom transfer is hereinbefore made, in relation to the executive agency or function transferred, are transferred to and vested in the Governor of the Farm Credit Administration.
(11) The Governor of the Farm Credit Administration is directed to dis. miss, furlough, transfer, or make other appropriate disposition of such of the officers and employees under his jurisdiction and control as are not required for the proper execution of the functions of the Farm Credit Administration.
(12) The Governor of the Farm Credit Administration is authorized to execute any and all functions and perform any and all duties vested in him through such persons as he shall by order designate or employ.
(13) The Governor of the Farm Credit Administration, by order or rules and regulations, may consolidate, regroup, and transfer offices, bureaus, activities, and functions in the Farm Credit Administration, so far as may be required to carry out the purposes to which this order is directed, and may fix or change the names of such offices, bureaus, and activities and the duties, powers, and titles of their executive heads.
This order shall take effect upon the sixty-first calendar day after its transmission to Congress unless otherwise determined in accordance with the provisions of section 407 of the act cited above, as amended.
Ex. Ord. No. 5200, October 1, 1929:
1, Herbert Hoover, President of the United States of America, under the authority conferred upon me by paragraph (e) of Section 13 of Agricultural Marketing Act approved June 15, 1929, entitled "An Act To establish a Federal Farm Board to Promote the effective merchandising of agricultura! commodities in interstate and foreign commerce, and to place agriculture on a basis of economic equality with other industries”, and by virtue of all other powers thereto me enabling, do hereby, transfer from the Department of Agriculture to the jurisdiction and control of Federal Farm Board the whole of the Division of Cooperative Marketing in the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the Department of Agriculture, all functions pertaining to the work and services of such division, its records, property, including office equipment, personnel, and unexpended balances of appropriation, pertaining to such work or services. The Division of Cooperative Marketing above referred to is created and authorized by “An Act To create a division of cooperative marketing in the Department of Agriculture; to provide for the acquisition and dissemination of information pertaining to cooperation; to promote the knowledge of cooperative principles and practices; to provide for calling advisers to counsel with the Secretary of Agriculture on cooperative activities; to authorize cooperative associations to acquire, interpret, and disseminate crop and market information, and for other purposes”, approved July 2, 1926. The transfer above mentioned shall be effective from and including October 1st, 1929.
FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION; GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE
TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Farm Credit Administration, Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation, and Commodity Credit Corporation, and their functions and activities, together with their respective personnel, records, and property were transferred to Department of Agriculture by Reorg. Plan No. 1, § 401, eff. July 1, 1939, 4 Fed. Reg. 2730, 53 Stat. 1429, set out in note under section 133t of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.
8 636. Farm_Credit Administration; provisions relating to organization.—The Governor of the Farm Credit Administration is authorized, in carrying out the powers and duties now or hereafter vested in him or the Farm Credit Administration by law or under any Executive order made under sections 124-131a of Title 5, as amended, to establish, and to fix the powers and duties of, such divisions, agencies, corporations, and instrumentalities as he may deem necessary to the efficient functioning of the Farm Credit Administration and the successful execution of the powers and duties so vested in the Governor and the Farm Credit Administration. This section shall not be construed to restrict the authority of the President under such sections, as amended: Provided, That salary or compensation shall be paid to any officer, agent, or other person employed under this section in excess of $10,000 per annum. (May 12, 1933, ch. 25, § 40, 48 Stat. 51.)