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account of any transaction, matter, or thing concerning which he may testify, or produce evidence, documentary or otherwise, before the commission in obedience to a subpoena issued by it: Provided, That no natural person so testifying shall be exempt from prosecution and punishment for perjury committed in so testifying. (Sept. 26, 1914, ch. 311, § 9, 38 Stat. 722.)

§ 50. Offenses and penalties.—Any person who shall neglect or refuse to attend and testify, or to answer any lawful inquiry or to produce documentary evidence, if in his power to do so, in obedience to the subpoena or lawful requirement of the commission, shall be guilty of an offense and upon conviction thereof by a court of competent jurisdiction shall be punished by a fine of not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000, or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

Any person who shall willfully make, or cause to be made, any false entry or statement of fact in any report required to be made under sections 41-46 and 47-58 of this title, or who shall willfully make, or couse to be made, any false entry in any account, record, or memorandum kept by any corporation subject to sections 41-46 and 47-58 of this title, or who shall willfully neglect or fail to make, or to cause to be made, full, true, and correct entries in such accounts, records, or memoranda of all facts and transactions appertaining to the business of such corporation, or who shall willfully remove out of the jurisdiction of the United States, or willfully mutilate, alter, or by any other means falsify any documentary evidence of such corporation, or who shall willfully refuse to submit to the commission or to any of its authorized agents, for the purpose of inspection and taking copies, any documentary evidence of such corporation in his possession or within his control, shall be deemed guilty of an offense against the United States, and shall be subject, upon conviction in any court of the United States of competent jurisdiction, to a fine of not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000, or to imprisonment for a term of not more than three years, or to both such fine and imprisonment.

(Sept. 26, 1914, ch. 311, § 10, 38 Stat. 723.)

854. Dissemination of false advertisements; penalties—(a) Imposition of penalties.—Any person, partnership, or corporation who violates any provision of section 52 (a) of this title shall, if the use of the commodity advertised may be injurious to health because of results from such use under the conditions prescribed in the advertisement thereof, or under such conditions as are customary or usual, or if such violation is with intent to defraud or mislead, be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine of not more than $5,000 or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment; except that if the conviction is for a violation committed after a first conviction of such person, partnership, or corporation, for

for any violation of such section, punishment shall be by a fine of not more than $10,000 or by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment: Provided, That for the purposes of this section meats and meat food products duly inspected, marked, and labeled in accordance with rules and regulations issued under sections 71-93 of Title 21, as amended, shall be conclusively presumed not injurious to health at the same time the same leave official “establishments."

(Sept. 26, 1914, ch. 311, § 14, as added Mar. 21, 1939, ch. 49, § 4, 52 Stat. 114.)

MEAT INSPECTION ACT Sections 71-93 of Title 21, Food and Drugs, to which reference is made in text, comprise the Meat Inspection Act approved March 4, 1907.

§ 56. Proceedings to enforce penalty for violation of order.Whenever the Federal Trade Commission has reason to believe that any person, partnership, or corporation is liable to a penalty under section 54 of this title or under subsection (1) of section 45 of this title, it shall certify the facts to the Attorney General, whose duty it shall be to cause appropriate proceedings to be brought for the enforcement of the provisions of such section or subsection. (Sept. 26, 1914, ch. 311, § 16, as added Mar, 21, 1938, ch, 49, § 4, 52 Stat. 114.)

STANDARD BASKETS AND CONTAINERS § 251. Standards for Climax baskets. Standards for Climax baskets for grapes and other fruits and vegetables shall be the two-quart basket, four-quart basket, and twelve-quart basket, respectively:

(a) The standard two-quart Climax basket shall be of the following dimensions: Length of bottom piece, nine and one-half inches; width of bottom piece, three and one-half inches; thickness of bottom piece, three-eighths of an inch; height of basket, three and seven-eighths inches, outside measurement; top of basket, length eleven inches and width five inches, outside measurement. Basket to have a cover five by eleven inches, when a cover is used.

(b) The standard four-quart Climax basket shall be of the following dimensions: Length of bottom piece, twelve inches: width of bottom piece, four and one-half inches: thickness of bottom piece, three-eighths of an inch; height of basket, four and eleven-sixteenths inches, outside measurement; top of basket, length fourteen inches, width six and one-fourth inches, outside measurement. Basket to have cover six and one-fourth inches by fourteen inches, when cover is used.

(c) The standard twelve-quart Climax basket shall be of the following dimensions: Length of bottom niece, sixteen inches; width of bottom piece, six and one-half inches; thickness of bottom piece, seven-sixteenths of an inch; height of basket, seven and one-sixteenth inches, outside measurement; top of basket, length nineteen inches, width nine inches, outside measurement. Basket to have cover nine inches by nineteen inches, when cover is used.

The standards for Climax baskets for mushrooms shall be those set forth above, except that a one-pound Climax basket of the following dimensions shall be standard for mushrooms when plainly stamped or marked on the side of the basket with the words "for mushrooms only”: Length of bottom piece, seven and three-fourths inches; width of bottom piece, three and threesixteenths inches; thickness of bottom piece, three-eighths of an inch; height of basket, three and five-eighths inches; top of basket; length, nine and three-eighths inches; width, four and three-eighths inches, all outside measurements. Basket to have a cover four and three-eighths by nine and threeeighths inches when cover is used. (Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, § 1, 39 Stat. 673; June 11, 1934, ch. 447, § 1, 48 Stat. 930.)

8 252. Standard basket or container for small fruits and vegetables.—The standard basket or other container for small fruits, berries, and vegetables shall be of the following capacities, namely, dry one-half pint, dry pint, dry quart, or multiples of the dry quart.

(a) The dry half pint shall contain sixteen and eight-tenths cubic inches.

(b) The dry pint shall contain thirty-three and six-tenths cubic inches.

(c) The dry quart shall contain sixty-seven and two-tenths cubic inches. (Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, § 2, 39 Stat. 673.)

§ 253. Failure to conform to standards; penalty; exception. It shall be unlawful to manufacture for shipment, or to sell for shipment, or to ship from any State or Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia to any other State or Territory of the United States or the District of Columbia, any Climax baskets or other containers for small fruits, berries, or vegetables, whether filled or unfilled, which do not conform to the provisions of this subdivision of this chapter, or to use in any such shipment for any commodity other than mushroms the onepound Climax basket provided for in section 251 of this title; and any person guilty of a willful violation of any of the pro visions of said subdivision shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined in any sum not exceeding $25: Provided, That nothing herein contained shall apply to the manufacture, sale, or shipment of Climax baskets, baskets, or other containers for small fruits, berries, and vegetables when intended for export to foreign countries when such Climax baskets, baskets, or other containers for small fruits, berries, and vegetables accord with the specifications of the foreign purchasers or comply with the law of the country to which shipment is made or to be made. (Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, § 3, 39 Stat. 674; June 11, 1934, ch. 447, § 2, 48 Stat. 930.)

254. Examination and test by Department of Agriculture; rules and regulations. The examination and test of Climax baskets, baskets, or other containers for small fruits, berries, and vegetables, for the purpose of determining whether such baskets or other containers comply with the provisions of this subdivision of this chapter, shall be made by the Department of Agriculture, and the Secretary of Agriculture shall establish and promulgate

rules and regulations allowing such reasonable tolerances and variations as may be found necessary. (Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, § 4, 39 Stat. 674.)

§ 255. Duties of district attorney.--It shall be the duty of each district attorney to whom satisfactory evidence of any violation of this subdivision of this chapter is presented to cause appropriate proceedings to be commenced and prosecuted in the proper court of the United States for the enforcement of the penalties as in such case provided in said subdivision. (Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, § 5, 39 Stat. 674.)

§ 256. Guaranty of manufacturer of baskets or containers as defined.—No dealer shall be prosecuted under the provisions of this subchapter when he can establish a guaranty signed by the manufacturer, wholesaler, jobber, or other party residing within the United States from whom such Climax baskets, baskets, or other containers, as defined in said subchapter, were purchased, to the effect that said Climax baskets, baskets, or other containers are correct within the meaning of said subchapter. Said guaranty, to afford protection, shall contain the name and address of the party or parties making the sale of Climax baskets, baskets, or other containers to such dealer, and in such case said party or parties shall be amenable to the prosecutions, fines, and other penalties which would attach in due course to the dealer under the provisions of this subchapter. (Aug. 31, 1916, ch. 426, $ 6,39 Stat. 674.)

STANDARD HAMPERS, ROUND STAVE BASKETS, AND SPLINT

BASKETS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 8 257. Standard hampers and round stave baskets.—The standard hampers and round stave baskets for fruits and vegetables shall be of the following capacities: One-eighth bushel, onefourth bushel, one-half bushel, five-eighths bushel, three-fourths bushel, one bushel, one-and-one-fourth bushels, one--and-one-half bushels, and two bushels, which, respectively, shall be of the cubic content set forth in this section. For the purposes of this subchapter a bushel, standard dry measure, has a capacity of two thousand one hundred and fifty and forty-two one-hundredths cubic inches.

(a) The standard one-eighth-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain two hundred and sixty-eight and eighttenths cubic inches.

(b) The standard one-fourth-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain five hundred and thirty-seven and six-tenths cubic inches.

(c) The standard one-half-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain one thousand and seventy-five and twenty-one one-hundredths cubic inches.

(cc) The standard five-eighths-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain one thousand three hundred and forty-four cubic inches.

(d) The standard three-fourths-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain one thousand six hundred and twelve and eight-tenths cubic inches.

(e) The standard one-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain two thousand one hundred and fifty and forty-two one-hundredths cubic inches.

(f) The standard one-and-one-fourth-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain two thousand six hundred and eightyeight cubic inches.

(g) The standard one-and-one-half-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain three thousand two hundred and twenty-five and sixty-three one-hundredths cubic inches.

(h) The standard two-bushel hamper or round stave basket shall contain four thousand three hundred and eighty-four onehundredths cubic inches. (May 21, 1928, ch. 664, § 1, 45 Stat. 685.)

§ 257a. Standard splint baskets. The standard splint baskets for fruits and vegetables shall be the four-quart basket, eightquart basket, twelve-quart basket, sixteen-quart basket, twentyfour quart basket, and thirty-two quart basket, standard dry measure. For the purposes of this subchapter a quart standard dry measure has a capacity of sixty-seven and two-tenths cubic inches.

(a) The four-quart splint basket shall contain two hundred and sixty-eight and eight-tenths cubic inches.

(b) The eight-quart splint basket shall contain five hundred and thirty-seven and six-tenths cubic inches.

(c) The twelve-quart splint basket shall contain eight hundred and six and four-tenths cubic inches.

(d) The sixteen-quart splint basket shall contain one thousand and seventy-five and twenty-one one-hundredths cubic inches.

(e) The twenty-four quart splint basket shall contain one thousand six hundred and twelve and eight-tenths cubic inches.

(f) The thirty-two quart splint basket shall contain two thousand one hundred and fifty and forty-two one-hundredths cubic inches. (May 21, 1928, ch. 664, § 2, 45 Stat. 685.)

§ 257b. Regulations to provide for reasonable variations in hampers and baskets; covers so attached as not to reduce capacity.-The Secretary of Agriculture shall in his regulations under this subchapter prescribe such tolerances as he may find necessary to allow in the capacities for hampers, round stave baskets, and splint baskets set forth in sections 257 and 257a of this title in order to provide for reasonable variations occurring in the course of manufacturing and handling. If a cover be used upon any hamper or basket mentioned in this subchapter, it shall be securely fastened or attached in such a manner, subject to the regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture, as not to reduce the capacity of such hamper or basket below that prescribed therefor. (May 21, 1928, ch. 664, § 3, 45 Stat. 686.)

§ 257c. Approval of manufacturers' dimension specifications by Secretary of Agriculture.--No' manufacturer shall manufacture hampers, round stave baskets, or splint baskets for fruits and vegetables unless the dimenion specifications for such hampers, round stave baskets, or splint baskets shall have been submitted to and approved by the Secretary of Agriculture, who is hereby directed to approve such specifications if he finds that hampers,

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