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having regard for the grades and staples customarily required by manufacturers in that area: Provided, That all necessary costs in connection with such transfer will not result in additional net cost to the Corporation.

In determining specific cotton to be exchanged under this section, the determination shall be made by sampling and selection at the place where the cotton is stored on the date of ratification of a treaty providing for such exchange, and no cotton shall be exchanged under such treaty which, after such date, is transported to another place and there sampled and selected. Such reserve stocks of strategic and critical materials shall be stored on military or naval reservations or in other locations approved by the Secretary of War and the Secretary of the Navy. The Commodity Credit Corporation is authorized to transfer such reserve stocks of strategic and critical materials, upon such terms and conditions as the Secretary of Agriculture shall approve, to any other governmental agency. Such reserve stocks or strategic and critical materials shall be made available or disposed of by the Commodity Credit Corporation or other governmental agency only upon order of the President in accordance with the terms of the applicable treaty; when necessary to prevent deterioration, the Commodity Credit Corporation or other governmental agency is authorized to replace those quantities of the reserve stock of such strategic and critical materials subject to deterioration with equivalent quantities of the same materials. The funds now or hereafter made available to the Commodity Credit Corporation are hereby made available to carry out the purposes of this section. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated such additional sums as may be required to carry out the provisions of this section, all funds for carrying out the provisions of this section shall be available for allotment to bureaus and offices of the Department of Agriculture, and for transfer to such other agencies of the Federal Government as the Secretary of Agriculture may request to cooperate or assist in carrying out the provisions of this section. (Aug. 11, 1939, ch. 690, 53 Stat. 1407.)

8 713a-8. Operations to cover the expansion of production of non-basic agricultural commodities; fulfillment of commitments to producers.—(a) Whenever during the existing emergency the Secretary of Agriculture finds it necessary to encourage the expansion of production of any non-basic agricultural commodity, he shall make public announcement thereof and he shall so use the funds made available under section 713a-4 of this title or otherwise made available to him for the disposal of agricultural commodities, through a commodity loan, purchase, or other operation, taking into account the total funds available for such purpose for all commodities, so as to support, during the continuance of the present war and until the expiration of the two-year period beginning with the first day of January immediately following the date upon which the President by proclamation or the Congress by concurrent resolution declares that hostilities in the present war have determined, a price for the producers of any such commodity with respect to which such announcement was made of not less than 90 per centum of the

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parity or comparable price therefor. The comparable price for any such commodity shall be determined and used by the Secretary for the purposes of this section if the production or consumption of such commodity has so changed in extent or character since the base period as to result in a price out of line with parity prices for basic commodities. Any such commodity loan, purchase, or other operation which is undertaken shall be continued until the Secretary has given sufficient public announcement to permit the producers of such commodity to make a readjustment in the production of the commodity. For the purposes of this section, commodities other than cotton, corn, wheat, tobacco, peanuts, and rice shall be deemed to be non-basic commodities.

(b) It is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress that the lending and purchase operations of the Department of Agriculture (other than those referred to in subsection (a)) shall be carried out so as to bring the price and income of the producers of non-basic commodities not covered by any such public announcement to a fair parity relationship with other commodities, to the extent that funds for such operations are available after taking into account the operations with respect to the basic commodities and the commodities listed in any such public announcement and the ability of producers to bring supplies into line with demand.

(c) In cases where producers have expanded or hereafter expand production of nonbasic agricultural commodities pursuant to any public announcement made under subsection (a) of this section, it shall be the duty of the Secretary of Agriculture or the War Food Administrator through loans, purchases, and other operations under subsection (a) of this section, to completely fulfill all commitments made to such producers. In order to carry out the purposes of this section, the Secretary of Agriculture or the War Food Administrator shall use such of the funds available for carrying out the provisions of subsection (a) of this section as may be necessary, and such funds are hereby made available for such purpose. (July 1, 1941, ch. 270, $ 4, 55 Stat. 498, as amended Oct. 2, 1942, ch. 578, $ 9(a), 56 Stat. 768; Feb. 28, 1944, ch. 71 § 2, 58 Stat. 105.)

AMENDMENTS 1944–Subsec. (c) comprised section 2 of act Feb. 28, 1944, cited to text.

1942–Subsec. (a) was amended by act Oct. 2, 1942, cited to text, which substituted “90 per centum” for “85 per centum”; inserted “, peanuts" in last sentence; and inserted clause within commas in first sentence after “so as to support”. APPLICABILITY OF 1942 AMENDMENT IRRESPECTIVE OF NEW

ANNOUNCEMENTS Section 9 (b) of act Oct. 2, 1942, cited to text, section 9 (a) of which amended subsec. (a) of this section, provided as follows: "The amendments made by this section shall, irrespective of whether or not there is any further public announcement under such section 4 (a) (Title 15, $ 713a-8° (a)), be applicable with respect to any commodity with respect to which a public announcement has heretofore been made under such section 4 (a) (Title 15, $ 713a-8 (a))."

$ 713a-9. Reimbursement of corporation from funds of government agencies for services, losses, operating costs, or commodities purchased.-Full reimbursement shall be made to the Commodity Credit Corporation for services performed, losses sustained, operating costs incurred, or commodities purchased or delivered to or on behalf of the Lend-Lease Administration, the Army or Navy, the Board of Economic Warfare, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, or any other Government agency, from the appropriate funds of these agencies. (July 16, 1943, ch. 241, § 4, 57 Stat. 566.)

§ 713c. Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation; continuance of existence; purchase and distribution of surplus agricultural commodities.-In carrying out the provisions of clause (2) of section 612c of Title 7, as amended, the Secretary of Agriculure may transfer to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation, which Corporation is hereby continued, until June 30, 1945, as an agency of the United States under the direction of the Secretary of Agriculture, such funds, appropriated by said section 612c, as may be necessary for the purpose of effectuating said clause (2) of section 612c: Provided, That such transferred funds, together with other funds of the Corporation, may be used for purchasing, exchanging, processing, distributing, disposing, transporting, storing, and handling of agricultural commodities and products thereof and inspection costs, commissions, and other incidental costs and expenses, without regard to the provisions of existing law governing the expenditure of public funds and for administrative expenses, including rent, printing and binding, and the employment of persons and means, in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, such employment of persons to be in accordance with the provisions of law applicable to the employment of persons by the Agricultural Adjustment Administration.

In carrying out clause (2) of section 612c, the funds appropriated by said section may be used for the purchase, without regard to the provisions of existing law governing the expenditure of public funds, of agricultural commodities and products thereof, and such commodities, as well as agricultural commodities and products thereof purchased under the preceding paragraph hereof, may be donated for relief purposes. (June 28, 1937, ch. 385, 50 Stat. 323; Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, $ 204,52 Stat. 38; June 27, 1942, ch. 454, 56 Stat. 461.)

§ 713c-1. Same; annual report to Congress.—The Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation shall submit to Congress on the first day of each regular session an annual report setting forth a statement of the activities, receipts, and expenditures of the Corporation during the previous fiscal year. (Feb. 16, 1938, ch. 30, 3 p. m., $ 204, 52 Stat. 38.)

CROSS REFERENCE Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation, transfer of functions, see note to section 713c of this title.

§ 713c-2. Same; purchase and distribution of surplus fishery products. Any part of the funds not to exceed $1,500,000 per year, transferred by the Secretary of Agriculture to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation created under and to carry out the provisions of section 612c of Title 7, as amended, may also be used by such Corporation for the purpose of diverting surplus fishery products (including fish, shellfish, mollusks, and crustacea) from the normal channels of trade and commerce by acquiring them and providing for their distribution through Federal, State, and private relief channels: Provided, That none of the funds made available to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation under this section and section 713c-3 shall be used to purchase any of the commodities designated in this section which may have been produced in any foreign country. The provisions of law relating to the acquisition of materials or supplies for the United States shall not apply to the acquisition of commodities under this section and section 713c-3. (Aug. 11, 1939, ch. 696, § 1, 53 Stat. 1411.)

SIMILAR PROVISIONS Earlier provisions on this subject were contained in act Mar. 5, 1937, ch. 29, 50 Stat. 27, and in Res. Apr. 12, 1937, ch. 73, 50 Stat. 61. The former forbade acquisition of commodities thereunder after 90 days after its enactment, but permitted distribution of commodities after such period. The latter made funds available to be used in accordance with the provisions of the former.

Act Apr. 12, 1937, ch. 73, 50 Stat. 61, provided as follows: "That not to exceed $1,000,000 of the funds available to the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation may be used by such Corporation for the purpose of diverting surplus fish (including shellfish) and the products thereof from the normal channels of trade and commerce by the acquisition and distribution thereof in accordance with the provisions of the Act entitled 'An Act to authorize the purchase and distribution of products of the fishing industry', approved March 5, 1937.

Act Mar. 5, 1937, ch. 29, 50 Stat. 27, provided as follows: "That there is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $2,000,000 for the purpose of enabling the Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation to divert surplus fish (including shellfish) and the products thereof from the normal channels of trade and commerce by acquiring them and providing for their distribution through Federal, State, and private relief agencies. No commodities shall be acquired under this Act after ninety days after the date of its enactment: Provided, however, That distribution thereof may extend beyond said period. The provisions of law relating to the acquisition of materials or supplies for the United States shall not apply to the acquisition of commodities under this Act.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Federal Surplus Commodities Corporation, transfer of functions, see note to section 713c of this title.

§ 713c-3. Same; use of funds to promote commerce in domestic fishery products. From the fund authorized to be transferred by section 713c-2 hereof, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to transfer to the Secretary of the Interior sums as follows to be maintained in a separate fund, $75,000, which shall be used by the Secretary of the Interior to promote the free flow of domestically produced fishery products in commerce by conducting a fishery educational service; and $100,000, which shall be used by the Secretary of the Interior to develop and increase markets for fishery products of domestic origin." (Aug. 11, 1939, ch. 696. § 2 (a), 53 Stat. 1412.)

TITLE 16-CONSERVATION
THE NATIONAL PARKS, MILITARY PARKS, MONUMENTS,

AND SEASHORES § 2. National parks, reservations, and monuments; supervision. -The director shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, have the supervision, management, and control of the several national parks and national monuments which on August 25, 1916, were under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Interior, and of the Hot Springs National Park in the State of Arkansas, and of such other national parks and reservations of like character as may be created by Congress. In the supervision, management, and control of national monuments contiguous to national forests the Secretary of Agriculture may cooperate with said National Park Service to such extent as may be requested by the Secretary of the Interior. (Aug. 25, 1916, ch. 408, § 2, 39 Stat. 535; Mar. 4, 1921, ch. 161, § 1, 41 Stat. 1407.)

§ 8a. National-park approach roads; designation.—Whenever the Secretary of the Interior shall determine it to be in the public interest he may designate as national-park approach roads and as supplementary parts of the highway systems of any of the national parks roads whose primary value is to carry nationalpark travel and which lead across lands wholly or to the extent of 90 per centum owned by the Government of the United States and which will connect the highways within a national park with a convenient point on or leading to the Federal 7 per centum highway system: Provided, That such approach roads so designated shall be limited to not to exceed sixty miles in length between a park gateway and such point on or leading to the nearest convenient 7 per centum system road; or, if such approach road is on the 7 per centum system, it shall be limited to not to exceed thirty miles: Provided further, That not to exceed forty miles of any one approach road shall be designated in any one county. (April 9, 1924, ch. 86, § 4, as added Jan. 31, 1931, ch. 79, 46 Stat. 1053.)

§ 8b. National-park approach roads and roads and trails within national parks and national monuments; construction, improvement, and maintenance; appropriation.—The Secretary of the Interior is authorized during the fiscal years 1932 and 1933 to construct, reconstruct, and improve national-park approach roads designated under section 8a of this title, inclusive of necessary bridges, and to enter into agreements for the maintenance thereof by State or county authorities, or to maintain them when otherwise necessary, as well as hereafter to construct, reconstruct, and improve roads and trails within the national parks and national monuments;and for all such purposes there is authorized to be appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, the following sums: $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1932; the sum of $7,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1933: Provided, That under agreement with the Secretary of the Interior the Secretary of Agriculture may carry out any or all of the provisions of this section: Provided further, That not to exceed $1,500,000 shall be allocated annually for the

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