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§ 107d. Expenditures for personal services, rent, printing, etc.; preference to blind persons.-(a) The Commissioner is authorized to make such expenditures out of any money appropriated therefor (including expenditures for personal services and rent at the seat of government and elsewhere, books of reference and periodicals, for printing and binding, and for traveling expenses) as he may deem necessary to carry out the provisions of sections 107-107f of this title. (b) The Commissioner shall, in employing such additional personnel as may be necessary, give preference to blind persons who are capable of discharging the required duties, and at least 50 per centum of such additional personnel shall be blind persons. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 5, 49 Stat. 1560.)

8 107e. Definitions.-As used in sections 107-107d of this title

(a) The term “United States" includes the several States, Territories, and possessions of the United States, and the District of Columbia.

(b) The term “blind person" means a person having not more than 10 per centum visual acuity in the better eye with correction. Such blindness shall be certified by a duly licensed opthalmologist.

(c) The term "State" means a State, Territory, possession, or the District of Columbia. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 6, 49 Stat. 1560.)

8. 107f. Appropriation.—There is authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of sections 107-107f of this title. (June 20, 1936, ch. 638, § 7, 49 Stat. 1560.)

NATIONAL ARBORETUM 8 191. Establishment; site; acquisition of land.—The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed to establish and maintain a national arboretum for purposes of research and education concerning tree and plant life. For the purposes of sections 191-194 of this title, (1) the President is authorized to transfer to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture by Executive order any land which now belongs to the United States within or adjacent to the District of Columbia located along the Anacostia River north of Benning Bridge, and (2) the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized in his discretion to acquire, within the limits of the appropriation authorized by sections 191-194 of this title, by private purchase, condemnation proceedings, or gift, land so located or other land within or adjacent to the District of Columbia: Provided, That the purchase price of any part of said land shall not exceed the full value assessment of such property last made before purchase thereof plus 25 per centum of such assessed value. (Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 505, § 1, 44 Stat. 1422.)

§ 192. Appropriation for acquisition of land. Section, act March 4, 1927, ch. 505, § 2, 44 Stat. 1422, authorized appropriation of $300,000 to be expended for acquisition of land specified in gection 191 of this title.

8 193. Administration of arboretum. In order to stimulate research and discovery the national arboretum established by the Secretary of Agriculture in accordance with the provisions of sections 191-194 of this title shall be under competent scientific direction. The aboretum shall be administered by the Secretary of Agriculture separately from the agricultural, horticultural, and forestry stations of the Department of Agriculture, but it shall be so correlated with them as to bring about the most effective utilization of its facilities and discoveries. (Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 505, § 3, 44 Stat. 1422.)

§ 194. Advisory council.— The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to create an advisory council in relation to the plan and development of the national arboretum to be established under sections 191-194 of this title, to include representatives of national organizations interested in the work of the arboretum. (Mar. 4, 1927, ch. 505, $ 4,44 Stat. 1422.)

TITLE 21-FOOD AND DRUGS ANIMALS, MEATS, AND MEAT AND DAIRY PRODUCTS EXAMINATION OF ANIMALS, MEAT, AND MEAT PRODUCTS USED

IN INTERSTATE OR FOREIGN COMMERCE Bureau of Animal Industry, see sections 391-394 of Title 7, Agriculture.

8 71. Inspection of meat and meat food products; examination of cattle before slaughtering; diseased animals slaughtered separately and carcasses examined. For the purpose of preventing the use in interstate or foreign commerce of meat and meat-food products which are unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food, the Secretary of Agriculture, at his discretion, may cause to be made, by inspectors appointed for that purpose, an examination and inspection of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats before they shall be allowed to enter into any slaughtering, packing, meat-canning, rendering, or similar establishment in which they are to be slaughtered and the meat and meat-food products thereof are to be used in interstate or foreign commerce; and all cattle, swine, sheep, and goats found on such inspection to show symptoms of disease shall be set apart and slaughtered separately from all other cattle, sheep, swine, or goats; and when so slaughtered the carcasses of said cattle, sheep, swine, or goats shall be subject to a careful examination and inspection, all as provided by the rules and regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Agriculture, as provided for in sections 71-93 of this title. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1260.)

INTRASTATE INSPECTION
Act June 10, 1942, ch. 403, $$ 1-4, 56 Stat. 351, provided as follows:

“That upon application for Federal inspection by any slaughtering, meatcanning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment which is not subject to the provisions of law, as amended, known as the Meat Inspection Act (sections 71-93 of this title), which follow the subheading For Meat Inspection' under the heading 'Bureau of Animal Industry' in the Act entitled 'An Act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eight, approved March 4, 1907, the Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to cause to be made the same or similar examinations and inspections and cause such other action to be taken in respect of the soundness, healthfulness, whole someness, and fitness for human food of meat and meat food products as would be made or taken if meat and meat food products from such establishment were to be used, transported, or sold in interstate or foreign commerce.

“SEC. 2. (a) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized and directed, insofar as may be practicable, to carry out the provisions of this Act through the existing officers, employees, and facilities through which he carries out the provisions of the Meat Inspection Act, as amended (sections 71-93 of this title).

“(b) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to prescribe such regulations as may be necessary in order to carry out the provisions of this Act.

"(c) The Secretary of Agriculture is authorized to employ persons without regard to the Civil Service Act, as amended (sections 632, 633, 635, 637, 638, 640, 642 of Title 5, sections 608-612 of Title 18, and section 42 of Title 40), and subsection 6 of section 6 of the Classification Act of 1923, as amended (section 666 of Title 5), provided that any persons so employed shall be regarded as holding war-service appointments, under Executive Order 9063 (7F. R. 1075).

SEC. 3. There is hereby authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1943, and each fiscal year thereafter, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this Act.

“SEC. 4. This Act shall cease to be in effect six months after the termination of the present war."

§ 72. Post mortem examination of carcasses and marking or labeling; destruction of carcasses condemned; reinspection. For the purposes set forth in section 71 of this title the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be made by inspectors appointed for that purpose a post mortem examination and inspection of the carcasses and parts thereof of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats to be prepared for human consumption at any slaughtering, meatcanning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment in any State, Territory, or the District of Columbia for transportation or sale as articles of interstate or foreign commerce; and the carcasses and parts thereof of all such animals found to be sound, healthful, wholesome, and fit for human food shall be marked, stamped, tagged, or labeled as “Inspected and passed"; and said inspectors shall label, mark, stamp, or tag as "Inspected and condemned” all carcasses and parts thereof of animals found to be unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food; and all carcasses and parts thereof thus inspected and condemned shall be destroyed for food purposes by the said establishment in the presence of an inspector, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any such establishment which fails to so destroy any such condemned carcass or part thereof, and said inspectors, after said first inspection, shall, when they deem it necessary, reinspect said carcasses or parts thereof to determine whether since the first inspection the same have become unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or in any way unfit for human food, and if any carcass or any part thereof shall, upon examination and inspection subsequent to the first examination and inspection, be found to be unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food, it shall be destroyed for food purposes by the said establishment in the presence of an inspector, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any establishment which fails to so destroy any such condemned carcass or part thereof. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1260.)

§ 73. Examination of carcasses brought into slaughtering or packing establishments, and of meat food products issued from and returned thereto. - The foregoing provisions shall apply to all carcasses or parts of carcasses of cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, or the meat or meat products thereof which may be brought into any slaughtering, meat-canning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment, and such examination and inspection shall be had before the said carcasses or parts thereof shall be allowed to enter into any department wherein the same are to be treated and prepared for meat food products; and the foregoing provisions shall also apply to all such products, which, after having been issued from any slaughtering, meat-canning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment, shall be returned to the same or to any similar establishment where such inspection is maintained. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1261.)

§ 74. Inspectors of meat food products; marks of inspection; destruction of condemned products; products for export.-For the purposes hereinbefore set forth the Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be made, by inspectors appointed for that purpose, an examination and inspection of all meat food products prepared for interstate or foreign commerce in any slaughtering, meat-canning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishment, and for the purposes of any examination and inspection said inspectors shall have access at all times, by day or night, whether the establishment be operated or not, to every part of said establishment; and said inspectors shall mark, stamp, tag, or label as "Inspected and passed” all such products found to be sound, healthful, and wholesome, and which contain no dyes, chemicals, preservatives, or ingredients which render such meat, or meat food products unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or unfit for human food; and said inspectors shall label, mark, stamp, or tag as "Inspected and condemned” all such products found unsound, unhealthful, and unwholesome, or which contain dyes, chemicals, preservatives, or ingredients which render such meat or meat food products unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or unfit for human food, and all such condemned meat food products shall be destroyed for food purposes, as hereinbefore provided, and the Secretary of Agriculture may remove inspectors from any establishment which fails to so destroy such condemned meat food products: Provided, That subject to the rules and regulations of the Secretary of Agriculture the provisions of this section in regard to preservatives shall not apply to meat food products for export to any foreign country and which are prepared or packed according to the specifications or directions of the foreign purchaser, when no substance is used in the preparation or packing thereof in conflict with the laws of the foreign country to which said article is to be exported; but if said article shall be in fact sold or offered for sale for domestic use or consumption then this proviso shall not exempt said article from the operation of all the other provisions of sections 71-93 of this title. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1261.)

§ 75. Labeling receptacles or coverings of meat or meat food products inspected and passed; supervision by inspectors; sales under false names; trade names.- When any meat or meat food product prepared for interstate or foreign commerce which has been inspected as hereinbefore provided and marked "Inspected and passed” shall be placed or packed in any can, pot, tin, canvas, or other receptacle or covering in any establishment where inspection under the provisions of sections 71-93 of this title is maintained, the person, firm, or corporation preparing said product shall cause a label to be attached to said can, pot, tin, canvas, or other receptacle or covering, under the supervision of an inspector, which label shall state that the contents thereof have been "inspected and passed" under the provisions of such sections; and no inspection and examination of meat or meat food products deposited or inclosed in cans, tins, pots, canvas, or other receptacle or covering in any establishment where inspection under the provisions of such sections is maintained shall be deemed to be complete until such meat or meat food products have been sealed or inclosed in said can, tin, pot, canvas, or other receptacle or covering under the supervision of an inspector, and no such meat or meat food products shall be sold or offered for sale by any person, firm, or corporation in interstate or foreign commerce under any false or deceptive name; but established trade name or names which are usual to such products and which are not false and deceptive and which shall be approved by the Secretary of Agriculture are permitted. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1262.)

§ 76. Sanitary inspection and regulation of slaughtering and packing establishments; rejection of meat or meat food products unfit for food. The Secretary of Agriculture shall cause to be made, by experts in sanitation or by other competent inspectors, such inspection of all slaughtering, meat canning, salting, packing, rendering, or similar establishments in which cattle, sheep, swine, and goats are slaughtered and the meat and meat food products thereof are prepared for interstate or foreign commerce as may be necessary to inform himself concerning the sanitary conditions of the same, and to prescribe the rules and regulations of sanitation under which such establishments shall be maintained; and where the sanitary conditions of any such establishment are such that the meat or meat food products are rendered unclean, unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome, or otherwise unfit for human food, he shall refuse to allow said meat or meat food products to be labeled, marked, stamped, or tagged as “inspected and passed." (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1262.)

§ 77. Examination of cattle and food products thereof, slaughtered and prepared during nighttime.-- The Secretary of Agriculture shall cause an examination and inspection of all cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, and the food products thereof, slaughtered and prepared in the establishments hereinbefore described for the purposes of interstate or foreign commerce to be made during the nighttime as well as during the daytime when the slaughtering of said cattle, sheep, swine, and goats, or the preparation of said food products is conducted during the nighttime. (Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, 34 Stat. 1262.)

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