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AMENDMENTS 1946_Act Aug. 7, 1946, amended section by repealing all provisions relating to reports to Congress.

8 190. Discussions in commercial reports of partisan

questions. No part of the consular and other commercial reports of the Department of Commerce, including circular letters to chambers of commerce, discussing partisan political, religious, or moral questions shall be published. (Feb. 25, 1885, ch. 150, 23 Stat. 324; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, § 10, 32 Stat. 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, § 1, 37 Stat. 736.)

$ 193. Statements and reports for collectors of cus

toms and Treasury Department: The Department of Commerce will furnish monthly to the collectors at the several ports a tabulation in detail showing the quantities and values of the merchandise imported and exported from their respective districts, and will furnish the Treasury Department upon request such special reports as may be necessary from time to time. (Jan. 5, 1923, ch. 23, § 2, 42 Stat. 1110.)

CHANGE OF NAME

Act Mar. 4, 1913, substituted the “Department of Commerce" in lieu of "Department of Commerce and Labor".

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred the Bureau of Statistics from the Treasury Department to the Department of Commerce and Labor.

$ 191. Terms of measure, weight, and money in com

mercial reports. All terms of measure, weight, and money in the diplomatic, consular, and other commercial reports prepared, printed, published, and distributed by the Department of Commerce shall be reduced to and expressed in terms of measure, weight, and coin of the United States, as well as in the foreign terms. (Feb. 9, 1903, ch. 530, 32 Stat. 813; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, $ 10, 32 Stat. 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, § 1, 37 Stat. 736.)

CHANGE OF NAME Act Mar. 4, 1913, substituted the “Department of Commerce" in lieu of "Department of Commerce and Labor".

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred the Bureau of Statistics from the Treasury Department to the Department of Commerce and Labor.

$ 192. Disposition of moneys received for special sta

tistical studies, etc. All moneys received by the Department of Commerce in payment of the cost of work under section 189a of this title shall be deposited in a special account to be administered under the direction of the Secretary of Commerce. These moneys may be used, in the discretion of the Secretary of Commerce, and notwithstanding any other provision of law, for the ordinary expenses incidental to the work and/or to secure in connection therewith the special services of persons who are neither officers nor employees of the United States. (Mar. 1, 1919, ch. 86, § 1, 40 Stat. 1256; May 27, 1935, ch. 148, § 2, 49 Stat. 293.)

CROSS REFERENCES Disposition of fees for services or publications furnished by department, see section 606 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

Rules and regulations for enforcement of this section, see section 192a of this title.

§ 194. Bureau of Customs Statistics transferred and

consolidated with Division of Statistics. The control and with it the expense of operation of the office known as the Bureau of Customs Statistics under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Treasury, on January 5, 1923, located in the customhouse, city of New York, State of New York, including all officers, clerks, and other employees of that bureau, official records, papers, mechanical and office equipment, furniture, and supplies on that date in use, is as of that date transferred from the Department of the Treasury to the Department of Commerce. The Secretary of Commerce is authorized, if by him deemed advisable, to consolidate the Bureau of Customs Statistics with the Division of Statistics of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce into one office, located in either Washington or New York, or partly in either place, in the discretion of the Secretary of Commerce; the statistical bureau authorized to be located in New York under the jurisdiction and control of the Department of Commerce shall continue to occupy the premises in the New York customhouse which were on January 5, 1923, occupied by the Bureau of Customs Statistics, and additional space as needed shall be assigned in the same building for its use by the Secretary of the Treasury upon request of the Secretary of Commerce. (Jan. 5, 1923, ch. 23, § 1, 42 Stat. 1109.)

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The functions of all other officers of the Department of Commerce and the functions of all agencies and employees of such Department were, with a few exceptions, transferred to the Secretary of Commerce, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or the performance of any of his functions by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by 1950 Reorg. Plan No. 5, $$ 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F. R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263, set out in note under section 591 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees. 8 195. Transportation expenses of employees.

CODIFICATION Section, acts Apr. 18, 1930, ch. 184, 46 Stat. 198; Feb. 23, 1931, ch. 280, 46 Stat. 1334, is now covered by section 837 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

$ 192a. Rules and regulations governing special sta

tistical studies. The Secretary of Commerce shall prescribe rules and regulations for the enforcement of this section and sections 189a and 192 of this title. (May 27, 1935, ch. 148, § 3, 49 Stat. 293; Aug. 7, 1946, ch. 770, $1(4), 60 Stat. 866.)

FOREIGN COMMERCE SERVICE $8 197—197d. Repealed. Aug. 13, 1946, ch. 957, Title XI,

8 1131 (54), 60 Stat. 1039. Section 197, act Mar, 3, 1927, ch. 365, § 1, 44 Stat. 1394, related to establishment of Foreign Commerce Service.

Section 197a, act Mar. 3, 1927, ch. 365, $ 2, 44 Stat. 1994, related to duties of officers.

Section 1976, acts Mar. 3, 1927, ch. 365, § 3, 44 Stat. 1394; Apr. 12, 1930, ch. 142, 46 Stat. 163, related to appointment of officers, assignments for duty, and allowances.

Section 197c, act Mar. 3, 1927, ch. 365, § 4, 44 Stat. 1395, related to employment of clerks and assistants.

Section 197d, act Mar. 3, 1927, ch. 365, § 5, 44 Stat. 1396, related to status of officer while serving abroad.

EFFECTIVE DATE Repeal of sections was made effective three months from Aug. 13, 1946, by section 1141 of act Aug. 13, 1946, ch. 957, title XI, 60 Stat. 1040.

ch. 280, title III, 46 Stat. 1334; July 1, 1932, ch. 361, title III, 47 Stat. 502; Mar. 1, 1933, ch. 144, title III, 47 Stat. 1393; Apr. 7, 1934, ch. 104, title III, 48 Stat. 551; Mar. 22, 1935, ch. 39, § 1, 49 Stat. 90; May 15, 1986, ch. 405, § 1, 49 Stat. 1336; June 16, 1937, ch. 359, § 1, title III, 50 Stat. 287; Apr. 27, 1938, ch. 180, title III, § 1, 52 Stat. 273; June 29, 1939, ch. 248, title III, 53 Stat. 909, related to purchases of supplies and equipment on the open market, and is now covered by sections 6a and 6b of Title 41, Public Contracts.

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$ 197e. Traveling expenses and allowances.

(a) Any officer, clerk, employee, or assistant of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, while on duty outside the continental limits of the United States and away from the post to which he is assigned, shall be entitled to receive his necessary traveling expenses and his expenses incurred for subsistence, or per diem allowance in lieu thereof, in accordance with law, including, at the discretion of the Secretary, expenses for subsistence for the entire period while attending a trade gathering, congress, or conference, and, in any other case, for the entire period (but not exceeding sixty days) while remaining continuously in any one place.

(b) Any such officer, clerk, employee, or assistant, while on duty within the continental limits of the United States, shall be entitled to receive the traveling expenses and actual expenses incurred for subsistence, or per diem allowance in lieu thereof, authorized by law. (Mar. 3, 1927, ch. 365, § 6, 44 Stat. 1396.)

CODIFICATION Subsec. (b) as originally enacted related to allowances for clerical assistants for the Foreign Commerce Service. Present subsec. (b) was originally enacted as subsec. (c).

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS The functions of all other officers of the Department of Commerce and the functions of all agencies and employees of such Department were, with a few exceptions, transferred to the Secretary of Commerce, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or the performance of any of his functions by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by 1950 Reorg. Plan No. 5, $S 1, 2, eff. May 24, 1950, 15 F. R. 3174, 64 Stat. 1263, set out in note under section 591 of Title 5, Executive Departments and Government Officers and Employees.

Transfer of Foreign Commerce Service and functions to Department of State, see note under section 197 of this title.

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§ 197f. Repealed. Aug. 13, 1946, ch. 957, Title XI, & 1131

(54), 60 Stat. 1039. Section, act Mar. 3, 1927, ch. 365, § 7, 44 Stat. 1996, related to availability of appropriation during fiscal year ending June 30, 1926, and thereafter for the Department of Commerce for commercial attachés in Europe, South or Central America and elsewhere.

EFFECTIVE DATE Repeal of section was made effective three months from Aug. 13, 1946, by section 1141 of act Aug. 13, 1946, ch. 957, Title XI, 60 Stat. 1040.

253. 254.

STANDARD BASKETS AND CONTAINERS Standards for Climax baskets. Standard basket or container for small fruits and

vegetables. Failure to conform to standards; penalty; exception. Examination and test by Department of Agricul.

ture; rules and regulations. Duties of United States attorney. Guaranty of manufacturer of baskets or containers

as defined.

255. 256.

§ 198. Repealed. Oct. 10, 1940, ch. 851, § 4, 54 Stat.

1111. Section, acts Jan. 25, 1929, ch. 102, title III, 45 Stat. 1119; Apr. 18, 1930, ch. 184, title III, 46 Stat. 198; Feb. 23, 1931,

STANDARD HAMPERS, ROUND STAVE BASKETS, AND

SPLINT BASKETS FOR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 257. Standard hampers and round stave baskets. 257a. Standard splint baskets.

Sec. 257b. Regulations to provide for reasonable variations in

hampers and baskets; covers so attached as not

to reduce capacity. 257C. Approval of manufacturers' dimension specifications

by Secretary of Agriculture. 257d. Violations; what constitutes; punishment; guar

anty against prosecution. 257e. Seizure of illegal hampers and baskets; condemna

tion; procedure. 2571. Hampers and baskets for foreign countries; con

formity to foreign specifications; banana bam

pers. 257g. Duty of United States attorneys to prosecute. 257h. Regulations by Secretary of Agriculture; examina

tion and tests. 2571. Cooperation between Secretary of Agriculture and

other agencies; method; expenses; appropriation.

STANDARD TIME 261. Zones for standard time. 262. Duty to observe standard time of zones. 263. Designation of zone standard times. 264. Part of Idaho in third zone. 265. Transfer of certain territory to standard central

time zone.

that have been or may be supplied to United States customhouses and other offices of the United States under Act of Congress, when requested by the Secretary of Commerce. (July 11, 1890, ch. 667, § 1, 26 Stat. 242; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, $$ 4, 10, 32 Stat. 826, 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, § 1, 37 Stat. 736.) 8 203. Replacing lost standard weights and measures;

cost. The Secretary of Commerce is authorized and directed to furnish precise copies of standard weights and measures, bearing the seal of the Bureau of Standards and accompanied by a suitable certificate, to any State, Territory, or institution heretofore furnished with the same, upon application in writing by the governor in the case of a State or Territory, or by the oficial head in the case of an institution, setting forth that the copies of standards applied for are to replace similar ones heretofore furnished, in accordance with law, which have been lost or destroyed: Provided, That the applicant shall, before the said standards are delivered, first deposit with the Secretary of Commerce the amount of money necessary to defray all expenses incurred by the Bureau of Standards in furnishing the same, which amount shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States to the credit of miscellaneous receipts as soon as the weights or measures are delivered for transportation into the hands of such persons as are designated by the officers ordering the same. (Aug. 18, 1894, ch. 301, § 1, 28 Stat. 383; Mar. 3, 1901, ch. 872, § 1, 31 Stat. 1449; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, § 10, 32 Stat. 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, § 1, 37 Stat. 736.)

CHANGE OF NAME Act Mar. 4, 1913, created the “Department of Labor", and renamed the “Department of Commerce and Labor", the “Department of Commerce".

Act Mar. 3, 1901, provided that the Office of Standard Weights and Measures should thereafter be known as the National Bureau of Standards.

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred to National Bureau of Standards from the Treasury Department to the Department of Commerce and Labor.

WEIGHTS, MEASURES, AND STANDARDS

GENERALLY 8 201. Sets of standard weights and measures for agri

cultural colleges. The Secretary of Commerce is directed to cause a complete set of all the weights and measures adopted as standards to be delivered to the governor of each State in the Union for the use of agricultural colleges in the States, respectively, which have received a grant of lands from the United States, and also one set of the same for the use of the Smithsonian Institution: Provided, That the cost of each set shall not exceed $200. (Mar. 3, 1881, No. 26, 21 Stat. 521; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, $$ 4, 10, 32 Stat. 826, 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, $ 1,37 Stat. 736.)

CHANGE OF NAME Act Mar. 4, 1913, created the “Department of Labor", and renamed the “Department of Commerce and Labor", the “Department of Commerce".

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred the National Bureau of Standards from the Treasury Department to the Department of Commerce and Labor.

APPROPRIATION A sum sufficient to carry out the provisions of this section was appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated by the act of March 3, 1881.

DISTRIBUTION TO STATES The Secretary of the Treasury was directed to cause a complete set of all the weights and measures adopted as standards to be delivered to the governor of each state for the use of the states by Res. June 14, 1836, No. 7, 5 Stat. 133, which provision was not incorporated into the Revised Statutes.

8 204. Metric system authorized.

It shall be lawful throughout the United States of America to employ the weights and measures of the metric system; and no contract or dealing, or pleading in any court, shall be deemed invalid or liable to objection because the weights or measures expressed or referred to therein are weights or measures of the metric system. (R. S. $ 3569.)

DERIVATION Act July 28, 1866, ch. 301, § 1, 14 Stat. 339.

§ 202. Repairs to standards.

Such necessary repairs and adjustments shall be made to the standards furnished to the several States and Territories as may be requested by the governors thereof, and also to standard weights and measures

8 205. Authorized tables.

The tables in the schedule annexed shall be recognized in the construction of contracts and in all legal proceedings as establishing, in terms of the weights and measures on June 22, 1874, in use in the United States, the equivalents of the weights and measures expressed therein in terms of the metric with section 206 of this title. (Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 221, $ 2, 27 Stat. 746; Feb. 14, 1903, ch. 552, $ 10, 32 Stat. 829; Mar. 4, 1913, ch. 141, § 1, 37 Stat. 736.)

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.10,000 meters. 6.2137 miles.
-1,000 meters. 0.62137 mile, or 3,280 feet

and 10 inches.
.100 meters. 328 feet and 1 inch.

10 meters. . 393.7 inches.

...1 meter. 39.37 inches. 1/10 of 8 meter. 3.937 inches. 1/100 of a meter.. 0.3937 inch. 1/1000 of a meter. 0.0394 inch.

Approximate thickness

in fractions of an inch

Number of gauge

Approximate thickness in decimal parts of an inch

Approximate thickness

in millimeters

Weight per square foot in ounces avoirdupois

Weight per square foot in pounds avoirdupois

Weight per square foot

in kilograms

Hectometer.. Dekameter. Meter.. Decimeter. Centimeter Millimeter

Weight per square

meter in kilograms

Weight per

meter in avoirdupois

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320 20.00 9.072 97.65 21E. 29 000000 15/32 46875

11. 90625 300 18.75 8. 505 91.55 201.82 00000 7/16 4375 11. 1125 280 17.50

17. 983 85.44 188. 37 0000 13/32 40625 10.31875 260 16. 25 17. 371 79,33 174.91 000 3/8

375

9. 525 240 15 16.804 173.24 161. 46 00/11/32 34375 8. 73125 220 13.75 6. 237 67.13 148.00 이 5/16 3125

7.9375 200 12. 50 5. 67 61.03 134. 35 19/32 28125

7. 14375 180

11, 25

5. 103 54.93 121. 09 2 17/64 265625 6. 746875 170 10.625 4.819 51.88 114. 37 3 1/4 25

6. 35 (160 10 4. 536 48.82 (107.64 4|15/64 234375 5.953125 150 9. 375 14. 252 45. 77 100.91 67/32 21875 5. 55625 140 8. 75 3. 969 12. 72 94.18 6 13/64 203125 5. 159375 130 8. 125 3. 685 39. 67 87. 45 7 3/16 1875 4. 7625 120 7.5 3. 402 36. 62

80.72 8/11/64 171875 4.365625 110 6.875 3. 118 33. 57 74.00 9 5/32

15625 3. 96875 100 6. 25 2.835 30.52 67. 27 109/64

140625 3. 571875 90 5.625 2. 552 27. 46 60. 55 11 1/8 125

3. 175
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2. 268 24. 41 53. 82 12 7/64 109375 2. 778125 70 4. 375 11. 984 21. 36 47.09 13 3/32 09375

2. 38125 60

3.75

1.701 18. 31 40.36 145/64 078125 1. 984375 50

3. 125

1.417 15. 26 33. 64 15.9/128 . 0703125 1. 7859375 45 2.8125 1. 276 13. 73 30, 27 16 1/16

0625 1. 5875 40 2.5 1. 134 12. 21 26. 91 17 9/160 1.05625 1. 42875 36

2. 25

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47625 12 .75 . 3402 3. 662 8.07 27 11/640 .0171875 4365625 11 6875 .3119 3. 357 7. 40 28/ 1/64 015625 396875 10 625 2835/ 3. 052 6. 73 29 9/640 0140625 3571875 9

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. 1701) 1. 831 4.04 34 11/1280.00859375 21828125 542 . 31375 . 1559 1. 678 3. 70 35 5/640 .0078125

. 1984375 5 .3125 14171 1. 526 3. 36 36 9/1280.00703125 . 17859375 444 28125 . 1276 1.373 3. 03 37 17/2560.006640625 . 168671875

265625 .1205 1. 297 2.87 38 1/160 00625 . 15875

4 25

1134 1. 221 2. 69

MEASURES OF SURFACE

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CHANGE OF NAME Act Mar. 4, 1913, created the “Department of Labor", and renamed the "Department of Commerce and Labor", the “Department of Commerce".

TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS Act Feb. 14, 1903, transferred to National Bureau of Standards from the Treasury Department to the Department of Commerce and Labor. $ 208. Variations.

In the practical use and application of the standard gauge established in section 206 of this title a variation of 242 percent, either way may be allowed. Mar. 3, 1893, ch. 221, § 3, 27 Stat. 746.)

SCREW THREADS

$208a-212. Omitted.

CODIFICATION The Commission for the Standardization of Screw Threads, established by these sections, act July 18, 1918, ch. 156, $$ 1-5, 40 Stat. 912, 913; act Mar. 3, 1919, ch. 96, 40 Stat. 1291; act Apr. 16, 1926, ch. 148, 44 Stat. 297, was abolished by Ex. Ord. No. 6166, § 13, June 10, 1933, and its records, etc., transferred to the Department of Commerce.

STANDARD OF THREAD The Department of Commerce advises that the last standard promulgated under act July 18, 1918, ch. 156, $11–5, as amended, was the “1933 Report of the National Screw Thread Commission” which was accepted and approved by the Secretary of War on June 1, 1933, Secretary of Commerce on June 3, 1933, and Secretary of the Navy on June 5, 1933.

Quantity-coulomb.

The unit of electric quantity shall be the coulomb, which is the quantity of electricity transferred by a current of one ampere in one second. Capacitance-farad.

The unit of electrical capacitance shall be the farad, which is the capacitance of a capacitor that is charged to a potential of one volt by one coulomb of electricity. Inductance-henry.

The unit of electrical inductance shall be the henry, which is the inductance in a circuit such that an electromotive force of one volt is induced in the circuit by variation of an inducing current at the rate of one ampere per second. Power-watt.

The unit of power shall be the watt, which is equal to ten million units of power in the centimeter-gramsecond system, and which is the power required to cause an unvarying current of one ampere to flow between points differing in potential by one volt. Energy-joule; kilowatt-hour.

The units of energy shall be (a) the joule, which is equivalent to the energy supplied by a power of one watt operating for one second, and (b) the kilowatthour, which is equivalent to the energy supplied by a power of one thousand watts operating for one hour. Intensity of light-candle.

The unit of intensity of light shall be the candle, which is one-sixtieth of the intensity of one square centimeter of a perfect radiator, known as a "black body", when operated at the temperature of freezing platinum. Flux of light-lumen.

The unit of flux of light shall be the lumen, which is the flux in a unit of solid angle from a source of which the intensity is one candle. (July 21, 1950, ch. 484, 3$ 1—11, 64 Stat. 370.)

CODIFICATION Section is comprised of sections 1–11 of act July 21, 1950.

STANDARDS OF ELECTRICITY

$$ 221, 222. Repealed. July 21, 1950, ch. 484, § 13, 64

Stat. 370. Sections, act July 12, 1894, ch. 131, $$ 1, 2, 28 Stat. 101, 102, related to units of electrical measure and are now covered by sections 223 and 224 of this title.

$ 223. Units of electrical measure.

From and after July 21, 1950, the legal units of electrical and photometric measurement in the United States of America shall be those defined and established as provided in the following paragraphs. Resistance-ohm.

The unit of electrical resistance shall be the ohm, which is equal to one thousand million units of resistance of the centimeter-gram-second system of electromagnetic units. Current-ampere.

The unit of electric current shall be the ampere, which is one-tenth of the unit of current of the centimeter-gram-second system of electromagnetic units. Electromotive force and electric potential-volt.

The unit of electromotive force and of electric potential shall be the volt, which is the electromotive force that, steadily applied to a conductor whose resistance is one obm, will produce a current of one ampere,

$ 224. Establishment of values of primary electric and

photometric units in absolute measure; legal

values. It shall be the duty of the Secretary of Commerce to establish the values of the primary electric and photometric units in absolute measure, and the legal values for these units shall be those represented by, or derived from, national reference standards maintained by the Department of Commerce. (July 21, 1950, ch. 484, § 12, 64 Stat. 370.)

STANDARD BARRELS & 231. Standard barrel for apples; steel barrels.

The standard barrel for apples shall be of the following dimensions when measured without distention of its parts: Length of stave, twenty-eight and one-half inches; diameter of head, seventeen and one-eighth inches; distance between heads, twentysix inches; circumference of bulge, sixty-four inches outside measurement, representing as nearly as pos

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